Vitold Fokin

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Vitold Fokin
Вітольд Фокін
Fokin vitold.jpg
1st Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
23 October 1990 – 1 October 1992
(acting until 24 August 1991)
President Leonid Kravchuk
Preceded by Vitaliy Masol (UkrSSR)
Succeeded by Valentyn Symonenko (Acting)
State Planning Committee of Ukrainian SSR (DerzhPlan)
In office
July 1987 – 1990
Prime Minister Vitaliy Masol
Preceded by Vitaliy Masol
Succeeded by post liquidated
Director of the Pervomaiskvuhillya trest
Chief of the Sverdlovatratsyt kombinat
Personal details
Born (1932-10-25) 25 October 1932 (age 86)
Novomykolaivka, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Ukrainian SSR
Political party Independent
(until 1990 KP(b)U)
Spouse(s) Tomila Hryhoriivna
Children 2
Alma mater National Mining University of Ukraine

Vitold Pavlovych Fokin (Ukrainian: Віто́льд Па́влович Фо́кін; born 25 October 1932 in Novomykolaivka, Novomykolaivskyi Raion, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast), the son of a teacher, was appointed first deputy prime minister of Ukraine in November 1991. Today Novomykolaivka is located in Zaporizhia Oblast.

Fokin graduated from National Mining University of Ukraine in Dnipropetrovsk.

After Vitaliy Masol was forced to resign Fokin was appointed Head of the Council of Ministers of Ukrainian SSR (today's equivalent of prime-minister) on 17 October 1990.[1]

Prime Minister of Ukraine

On 18 April 1991 Vitold Fokin was appointed the first Prime Minister of Ukraine.[2]

On 12 September 1991 Ukrainian parliament adopted its resolution on "Succession of Ukraine" where Ukraine was declared a direct successor of the Ukrainian SSR. On 22 August 1992 at a plenary session of Ukrainian parliament President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk accepted a succession diploma from the exiled government of the Ukrainian People's Republic.[3]

Fokin was one of the drafters and signers of the Belavezha Accords that effectively ended the Soviet Union and founded the Commonwealth of Independent States.

As prime minister he tried to avoid any radical pro-market reforms, however, critics argued that Fokin's inaction, and further credits to various unproductive enterprises contributed to hyperinflation (1,210% in 1992) and in general to the disastrous performance of the Ukrainian economy. He resigned on 8 October 1992 under pressure from the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian Parliament) and public.[4] Until May 1994, he was vice speaker of the Verkhovna Rada. He currently serves as chairman of the supervisory board of AOZT Devon.


  1. ^ Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States 1999, Routledge, 1998, ISBN 1857430581 (page 850)
  2. ^ Resolution of Verkhovna Rada "About appointment of Prime Minister of the Ukrainian SSR". Verkhovna Rada website. 18 April 1991.
  3. ^ 1992: The last president of the Ukrainian People's Republic hands over to Kravchuk regalia. Ukrayinska Pravda. 22 January 2012
  4. ^

External links

  • Interview of Fokin, Boulevard of Gordon; 23 October 2012.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ivan Samiylenko
as Head of government of the Ukrainian People's Republic (in exile)
Prime Minister of the Ukrainian SSR (Ukraine)
Succeeded by
Leonid Kuchma
Preceded by
as Chairman of Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR
Preceded by
Vitaliy Masol
Chairman of Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR (Ukraine)
Succeeded by
(as Prime Minister of the Ukrainian SSR)

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