Vitaliy Masol

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Vitaliy Masol
Віталій Масол
3rd Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
16 June 1994 – 6 March 1995
President Leonid Kravchuk
Leonid Kuchma
Preceded by Yukhym Zvyahilsky (Acting)
Succeeded by Yevhen Marchuk
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers of Ukrainian SSR
In office
July 10, 1987 – October 23, 1990
President Valentyna Shevchenko
Volodymyr Ivashko (acting)
Leonid Kravchuk (acting)
Preceded by Oleksandr Liashko
Succeeded by Vitold Fokin
Head of Derzhplan UkrSSR
In office
January 1979 – July 1987
Prime Minister Oleksandr Liashko
Preceded by Petro Rozenko
Succeeded by Vitold Fokin
People's Deputy of Ukraine
In office
May 1990 – May 1994
In office
May 1994 – May 1998
Personal details
Born (1928-11-14) November 14, 1928 (age 89)
Olyshivka, Chernihiv Oblast
Political party KPU
Spouse(s) Nina Masol
Children Ihor
Alma mater Kyiv Polytechnic Institute

Vitaliy Andriyovych Masol (Ukrainian: Віталій Андрійович Масол; born November 14, 1928)[1] is a Ukrainian politician who was Prime Minister of Ukraine from 1994 to 1995. He was confirmed as Prime Minister on June 16, 1994 and resigned from that post on March 1, 1995.[2]


Masol graduated in 1951 from Kyiv Polytechnic Institute as an engineer. In 1971 he was awarded a doctorate in technical science.[2]

Masol was Head of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR (today's equivalent of Prime Minister) from 1987 until 17 October 1990, when was forced to resign and was replaced by Vitold Fokin.[2][3] He was forced into resignation by Ukrainian student protests and hunger strikes known as the Revolution on Granite.[2][4]

President Leonid Kravchuk's appointment of Masol as Prime Minister of Ukraine on June 16, 1994[2] with his image of "an advocate of state-controlled economy" was seen as a surprise and a pre-election concession to the communist-dominated Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament).[5] Masol was once again reinstated by President Leonid Kuchma.[2] Masol was against most of Kuchma's reform plans and openly so; he sometimes mobilized the Verkhovna Rada against Kuchma.[2] Masol resigned on March 1, 1995[2] continuing to attend meetings of the Verkhovna Rada.


During his public service Vitaliy Masol received numerous civil and state awards and recognitions, including the Order of Lenin (in 1966 and 1986), the Order of the October Revolution (in 1971), the Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1978), the Order of the Badge of Honour (in 1960), the Order of Merit, 3rd class (in 1997) and 1st Class (in 2008), the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 5th Class (in 1998) and 4th Class (in 2003).[6]


  1. ^ Profile of Vitaliy Masol
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy by Anders Åslund, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2009, ISBN 978-0881324273
  3. ^ Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States 1999, Routledge, 1998, ISBN 1857430581 (page 850)
  4. ^ Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 2004, Routledge, 2003, ISBN 1857431871 (page 498)
    Week in numbers, UNIAN (05 October 2015)
    The lesson of the Revolution on Granite, Den (4 October 2016)
    (in Ukrainian) "Revolution on Granite". Photos of October 1990, Ukrayinska Pravda (accessdate: 11 November 2017)
  5. ^
  6. ^
Political offices
Preceded by
Oleksandr Liashko
Prime Minister of Ukraine (Ukrainian SSR)
Succeeded by
Vitold Fokin
Preceded by
Yukhym Zvyahilsky
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Succeeded by
Yevhen Marchuk
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