Vitality

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Vitality means Life

Vitality is life, life force, health, youth, or ability to live or exist. The word vitality is derived from the Latin word vita [1], which means life.

Biology

Outside of its own existence or "source", life is only recognized through some form of expression or "dynamic". A living organism experiences its own life from the internal dynamics of its own being, something not observable from outside – in the absence of an expression or dynamic. Under this definition, there cannot be vitality (life) with no internal or external expression.[citation needed]

Jainism

According to Jain philosophy, there are ten vitalities or life-principles:[1]-

  • The five senses
    • Touch
    • Taste
    • Smell
    • Sight
    • Hearing
  • Energy
  • Respiration
  • Life-duration
  • The organ of speech
  • The mind

The table below summaries the vitalities, living beings possess in accordance to their senses.[2]

Senses Number of vitalities Vitalities
One
Four Sense organ of touch, strength of body or energy, respiration, and life-duration
Two
Six The sense of taste and the organ of speech in addition to the former four
Three
Seven Addition of the sense of smell
Four
Eight Addition of the sense of sight
Five
Nine Addition of the sense of hearing (Without Mind)
Ten With Mind

According to major Jain text, Tattvarthsutra: "The severance of vitalities out of passion is injury".[2]

Urban planning

In the context of urban planning, that vitality of a place is its capacity to grow or develop its liveliness and level of economic activity.[3]

References

  1. ^ Pujyapada (Shri.) (1960). S. A. Jain, ed. Reality. Vira Sasana Sangha. Archived from the original on 2015. Not in Copyright 
  2. ^ a b Jain 2012, pp. 34–35.
  3. ^ "Planning Portal – Planning Portal Glossary: V". 

Sources

  • Jain, Vijay K. (2012), Acharya Amritchandra's Purushartha Siddhyupaya, ISBN 9788190363945, Non-copyright 
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