Visual Concepts

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Visual Concepts Entertainment
Subsidiary
Industry Video game industry
Founded May 1988; 30 years ago (1988-05)
Headquarters Novato, California, U.S.
Number of locations
6 studios (2018)
Key people
Greg Thomas (President)
Parent
Website vcentertainment.com

Visual Concepts Entertainment is an American video game developer based in Novato, California. Founded in May 1988, the company is best known for sport games in the 2K franchise. Visual Concepts was acquired by Sega in May 1999 and subsequently sold to Take-Two Interactive in January 2005. The acquisition of the company led Take-Two Interactive to open their 2K Games label, as well as its 2K Sports division, on the following day, which Visual Concepts became immediately part of.

Apart from their Novato headquarters, Visual Concepts operates five satellite studios, one each in Seoul, South Korea, Shanghai, China, Budapest, Hungary, Agoura Hills, California and Foothill Ranch, California.[1] A subsidiary, Kush Games, was split from Visual Concepts and became directly managed under 2K Sports with the latter's establishment in January 2005.

History

Visual Concepts was founded in May 1988. On January 25, 1995, Electronic Arts announced they they had acquired a stake in the company.[2] In September 1997, Sega announced their intentions to acquire the company; the deal was closed on May 18, 1999, and Visual Concepts switched ownership for an undisclosed sum.[3] Following a June 2004 deal between Sega and Take-Two Interactive, wherein the two would co-publish and distribute titles in Visual Concepts' ESPN-based game series,[4] rumors started spreading in December 2004, which suggested that Take-Two Interactive was planning to acquire Visual Concepts from Sega.[5][6] On January 24, 2005, Take-Two Interactive announced to have completed a transaction of US$24 million to Sega for the acquisition of Visual Concepts, its subsidiary Kush Games, and the intellectual property to the 2K franchise.[7][8] The publisher's 2006 Form 10-K filing later showed that a total of US$32.2 million had been paid to Sega for the acquisition of Visual Concepts and affiliate properties by January 2006.[9] On January 25, 2005, the day following the acquisition, Take-Two Interactive announced their new publishing label, 2K Games, and its 2K Sports division, the latter of which would henceforth manage Visual Concepts and Kush Games.[10]

A March 2009 research study on Metacritic scores, conducted by GameQuarry, ranked Visual Concepts as the number one "most consistent" video game developer on the review aggregator website, with 50 out of their 72 games at the time having received an aggregated review score of 80/100 or higher.[11] In August 2010, Visual Concepts laid off 30 employees due to "the need for resource alignment and better efficiency".[12]

Games developed

Year Title Platform(s)
1989 Gnarly Golf Apple IIGS
Great Western Shootout
1990 Designasaurus II DOS
Pipe Mania Apple IIGS
Task Force
Trog NES
1992 McDonaldland Game Boy
Spot: The Cool Adventure
Star Trek: 25th Anniversary
Desert Strike: Return to the Gulf SNES
1993 Bill Walsh College Football
ClayFighter
Harley's Humongous Adventure
Madden NFL '94
Taz-Mania
We're Back! A Dinosaur's Story
1994 Claymates
Dominus DOS
Lester the Unlikely SNES
Madden NFL '95
MLBPA Baseball
NHL 95
Nickelodeon GUTS
1995 Toughman Contest Sega Genesis
Weaponlord Sega Genesis
SNES
Viewpoint PlayStation
1996 NHL 97 PlayStation
Sega Saturn
1997 NBA Action 98 Sega Saturn
Microsoft Windows
NBA Fastbreak '98 PlayStation
1998 One
1999 NBA 2K Dreamcast
NFL 2K
NHL 2K
2000 NBA 2K1
NFL 2K1
NHL 2K
2001 Floigan Bros.
NBA 2K2 Dreamcast
PlayStation 2
Xbox
GameCube
NCAA College Football 2K2: Road to the Rose Bowl Dreamcast
NFL 2K2 Dreamcast
PlayStation 2
Xbox
NHL 2K2
Ooga Booga Dreamcast
Sonic Adventure 2
World Series Baseball 2K2 Dreamcast
Xbox
2002 NBA 2K3 PlayStation 2
Xbox
GameCube
NCAA College Basketball 2K3
NCAA College Football 2K3
NFL 2K3
NHL 2K3
Sega Soccer Slam
ToeJam & Earl III: Mission to Earth Xbox
2003 ESPN College Hoops PlayStation 2
Xbox
ESPN NBA Basketball
ESPN NHL Hockey
ESPN NFL Football
World Series Baseball 2K3
2004 ESPN College Hoops 2K5
ESPN NBA 2K5
ESPN NFL 2K5
ESPN NHL 2K5
ESPN MLB Baseball
2005 College Hoops 2K6 PlayStation 2
Xbox
Xbox 360
Major League Baseball 2K5 PlayStation 2
Xbox
NBA 2K6 PlayStation 2
Xbox
Xbox 360
NHL 2K6
2006 College Hoops 2K7 PlayStation 2
Xbox
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Major League Baseball 2K6 PlayStation 2
Xbox
Xbox 360
GameCube
PlayStation Portable
NBA 2K7 PlayStation 2
Xbox
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
NHL 2K7
2007 All-Pro Football 2K8 PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
College Hoops 2K8 PlayStation 2
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Major League Baseball 2K7 PlayStation 2
Xbox
Xbox 360
PlayStation 3
PlayStation Portable
Nintendo DS
Game Boy Advance
NBA 2K8 PlayStation 2
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
NHL 2K8
2008 Major League Baseball 2K8 PlayStation 2
PlayStation 3
PlayStation Portable
Wii
Xbox 360
NBA 2K9 PlayStation 2
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
NHL 2K9 PlayStation 2
PlayStation 3
Wii
Xbox 360
2009 Major League Baseball 2K9 Microsoft Windows
Xbox 360
PlayStation 3
PlayStation 2
PlayStation Portable
Wii
NBA 2K10
NBA 2K10: Draft Combine Xbox 360
PlayStation 3
NHL 2K10 Wii
Xbox 360
PlayStation 3
PlayStation 2
2010 Major League Baseball 2K10 Microsoft Windows
Xbox 360
PlayStation 3
PlayStation 2
Wii
Nintendo DS
PlayStation Portable
NBA 2K11 PlayStation 2
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Microsoft Windows
Wii
PlayStation Portable
NHL 2K11 Wii
iOS
2011 Major League Baseball 2K11 Xbox 360
PlayStation 3
PlayStation 2
PlayStation Portable
Wii
Nintendo DS
Microsoft Windows
NBA 2K12 PlayStation 2
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Microsoft Windows
Wii
PlayStation Portable
iOS
2012 Major League Baseball 2K12 PlayStation 2
PlayStation 3
PlayStation Portable
Microsoft Windows
Nintendo DS
Wii
Xbox 360
MyNBA 2K iOS

Android

NBA 2K13 PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Wii
Wii U
PlayStation Portable
iOS
Android
Microsoft Windows
NBA 2K All Stars Web Browser
NBA 2K MyLIFE
NBA 2K Online
2013 Major League Baseball 2K13 PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
MyNBA 2K14 iOS
Android
NBA 2K14 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
iOS
Android
Microsoft Windows
Pro Baseball 2K Microsoft Windows
WWE 2K14 PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
2014 MyNBA 2K15 iOS
Android
NBA 2K15 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
iOS
Android
Microsoft Windows
NHL 2K iOS
Android
WWE SuperCard iOS
Android
WWE 2K iOS
Android
WWE 2K15 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Microsoft Windows
2015 MyNBA 2K16 iOS
Android
NBA 2K16 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
iOS
Android
Microsoft Windows
NHL SuperCard iOS
Android
WWE 2K16 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Microsoft Windows
2016 MyNBA 2K17
NBA 2K17 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
iOS
Android
Microsoft Windows
NBA 2K17: The Prelude PlayStation 4
Xbox One
NBA 2KVR Experience HTC Vive
PlayStation VR
Samsung Gear VR
Oculus Rift
WWE 2K17 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Microsoft Windows
2017 NBA 2K18 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
Microsoft Windows
Nintendo Switch
WWE 2K18 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
Microsoft Windows
Nintendo Switch
2018 WWE 2K19 PlayStation 4
Xbox One
Microsoft Windows

References

  1. ^ https://vcentertainment.com/studios/
  2. ^ Business Wire (1995-01-25). "Electronic Arts takes equity stake in leading software developer, Visual Concepts Entertainment". The Free Library. Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  3. ^ Kennedy, Sam (May 15, 1999). "Sega to Acquire Visual Concepts". GameSpot. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  4. ^ Adams, David (June 8, 2004). "Take-Two Takes SEGA Sports". IGN. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  5. ^ Thorsen, Tor (December 23, 2004). "Take-Two taking over Visual Concepts?". GameSpot. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  6. ^ Orry, Tom (December 24, 2004). "Take-Two to purchase Visual Concepts?". VideoGamer.com. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  7. ^ Feldman, Curt (January 24, 2005). "Sega officially out of the sports game". GameSpot. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  8. ^ Adams, David (January 24, 2005). "Take Two Buys Visual Concepts". IGN. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  9. ^ Sinclair, Brendan (January 31, 2006). "Take-Two reveals acquisition prices, hints at future lawsuits". GameSpot. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  10. ^ Jenkins, David (January 25, 2005). "Take-Two Acquires Visual Concepts, Announces 2K Games Brand". Gamasutra. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  11. ^ Elliott, Phil (March 17, 2009). "Visual Concepts 'most consistent' developer". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  12. ^ Bennett, Colette (August 16, 2010). "NBA 2K11 Developer Visual Concepts Lays Off 30 Employees". Gamasutra. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 

External links

  • Official website
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