Virginia Washington Monument

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Virginia Washington Monument
Virginia Washington Monument 2011.JPG
Virginia Washington Monument is located in Virginia
Virginia Washington Monument
Virginia Washington Monument is located in the US
Virginia Washington Monument
Location Capitol Square, Richmond, Virginia
Coordinates 37°32′21″N 77°26′4″W / 37.53917°N 77.43444°W / 37.53917; -77.43444Coordinates: 37°32′21″N 77°26′4″W / 37.53917°N 77.43444°W / 37.53917; -77.43444
Area less than one acre
Built 1849–1869
Architect Thomas Crawford (sculptor), Randolph Rogers (sculptor)
Architectural style Greek Revival
NRHP reference # 03001421[1]
VLR # 127-0189
Significant dates
Added to NRHP January 15, 2004
Designated VLR June 18, 2003[2]

The Virginia Washington Monument, also known as the Washington Monument, is a 19th-century neoclassical statue of George Washington located on the public square in Richmond, Virginia. It is the terminus for Grace Street. The cornerstone of the monument was laid in 1850 and it became the second equestrian statue of Washington to be unveiled in the United States (following the one in Union Square, New York City, unveiled in 1856).[3] It was not completed until 1869.[3]


The Washington Monument features a 21-foot (6.4 m), 18,000-pound (8,200 kg) bronze statue of George Washington on horseback. The base of the monument (finished after the American Civil War) includes statues of six other noted Virginians who took part in the American Revolution: Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, Andrew Lewis, John Marshall, George Mason, and Thomas Nelson Jr..[3] On February 22, 1862, the monument was the location for the second inauguration of the President and Vice President of the Confederate States. The presidential oath of office was administered to Jefferson Davis by Judge J.D. Halyburton and the vice presidential oath to Alexander H. Stevens by senate president R.M.T. Hunter.[4] Elements of the statue were incorporated into the Seal of the Confederate States.[5]

See also


  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "National Register of Historic Places nomination" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
  4. ^ Programme for the Inauguration of the President and Vice-President of the Confederate States. 1862. p. 2. OL 24601341M.
  5. ^ Matthews, James M., ed. (1863). The Statutes at Large of the Confederate States of America, Passed at the Third Session of the First Congress; 1863. Richmond: R. M. Smith, Printer to Congress. p. 167. OL 25389078M.

Further reading

  • Historical Account of the Washington Monument, in Capitol Square, Richmond, Va., with Biographical Sketches of Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, Partick Henry, George Mason, Thomas Nelson, and Andrew Lewis, Also a Brief Notice of the Houdon Statute of Washington, With the Inscription on the Pedestal Thereof. Richmond, Va.: W. A. R. Nye, Whig Building. 1869. LCCN 19015444. OCLC 6203579. OL 6619259M.

External links

  • Washington Monument, Capitol Square, Richmond, Independent City, VA: 4 photos and 1 photo caption page at

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