Villages of the People's Republic of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
formally
Village-level divisions
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 村级行政区
Traditional Chinese 村級行政區
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese
Second alternative Chinese name
Chinese 嘎查
Mongolian name
Mongolian translate as Gaqa(嘎查)
ᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ

Villages (Chinese: ; pinyin: Cūn), formally village-level divisions (村级行政区; Cūn Jí Xíngzhèngqū) in China, serve as a fundamental organizational unit for its rural population (census, mail system). Basic local divisions like neighborhoods and communities are not informal, but have defined boundaries and designated heads (one per area). In 2000, China's densely populated villages (>100 persons/square km) had a population greater than 500 million and covered more than 2 million square kilometers, or more than 20% of China's total area.[1]

Types of villages

Urban

Note
Urban village (Chinese: 城中村; pinyin: chéngzhōngcūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within urban area, which is not an administrative division.

Rural

A typical rural village in Hainan, China
The building housing the local village committee and other government offices and organizations in Baisha Village, Xiqiuwan Township, Badong County, Hubei
Note
Natural village (Chinese: 自然村; pinyin: zìráncūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within rural area, which is not an administrative division.

See also

References

Bibliography
  • Ellis, E.C. (2004). DeFries, R. S.; Asner, G. P.; Houghton, R. A., eds. "Ecosystems and Land Use Change" Long-term ecological changes in the densely populated rural landscapes of China (PDF). Geophysical Monographs. Washington, D.C.: American Geophysical Union. 153: 303–320. 
  • Joseph Esherick; Mary Backus Rankin; Joint Committee on Chinese Studies (U.S.) (1990). Chinese Local Elites and Patterns of Dominance. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06763-9. 
  • Roxann Prazniak (1 January 1999). Of Camel Kings and Other Things: Rural Rebels Against Modernity in Late Imperial China. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8476-9007-7. 

External links

  • Chinese Village Government Information Network
  • Two Chinese Villages, Two Views of Rural Poverty
  • Long-term changes in China's village landscapes are changing the world
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