Viktoria Brezhneva

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Viktoria Brezhneva
Виктория Брежнева
Viktoria Brezhneva.jpg
First Lady of the Soviet Union
In office
16 June 1977 – 10 November 1982
Preceded by Natalya Podgornaya
Succeeded by Tatyana Andropova
In office
7 May 1960 – 15 July 1965
Preceded by Ekaterina Voroshilova
Succeeded by Ashkhen Mikoyan
Personal details
Born Viktoria Denisova
11 December 1908
Belgorod, Kursk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 5 July 1995(1995-07-05) (aged 86)
Moscow, Russian Federation
Nationality Soviet and Russian
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Spouse(s) Leonid Brezhnev
Children Yuri and Galina

Viktoria Petrovna Brezhneva (Russian: Викто́рия Петро́вна Бре́жнева; 11 December 1908 – 5 July 1995) was the wife of Soviet politician and longtime General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev. She was the mother of Yuri Brezhnev and Galina Brezhneva.

Biography

Leonid and Viktoria Brezhnev as a young couple, 1926.

She was born in Belgorod in 1908 as Viktoria Denisova (Дени́сова).[1] It is claimed by historian Robert Service that she was of Jewish ancestry, this is disputed however.[2] She met Leonid Brezhnev for the first time in 1926. It took some time, but after two years of dating, Brezhnev and Viktoria got married in 1928. The same year Viktoria gave birth to their first child, Galina. Five years later, their second child was born, Yuri.[3] Victoria's relationship with Brezhnev was described as "old fashioned" and "without exaggeration be called gentle".[4] According to the memoirs of Brezhnev's relatives, it was Viktoria who encouraged Brezhnev's materialistic outlook.[5] During Brezhnev's General Secretaryship Viktoria remained at the sidelines; she did not like attracting public attention.[3] Her last appearance in public was at Brezhnev's state funeral in 1982.[4] Following the death of Brezhnev Viktoria lived on for another 13 years, dying after struggling for several years with diabetes in 1995.[3] She lived in Brezhnev's old apartment for the remainder of her life. Her own daughter, Galina, did not show up for the funeral; the rest of the family did, however.[4]

References

  1. ^ Vronskaya, Jeanne (11 July 1995). "OBITUARY: Victoria Brezhnev". The Independent. Retrieved 17 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Robert Service (2009). History of Modern Russia: From Tsarism to the Twenty-first Century. Penguin Books Ltd. p. 382. ISBN 0-14-103797-0. 
  3. ^ a b c Виктория Петровна Брежнева [Viktoria Petrovna Brezhnev] (in Russian). All Biography. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Moskvin, Vitaliy. ПОХОРОНЫ БРЕЖНЕВОЙ [Brezhnev's funeral] (in Russian). ZN. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  5. ^ Moskvin, Vitaliy. Виктория Брежнева [Viktoria Brezhnev] (in Russian). Nashekino. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
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