Viet comics

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Viet comics (Vietnamese: Tranh-truyện Việt-nam) is a term created by Floral Age Bimonthly magazine in the 1960s to refer to comics originating in Vietnam.

History

Pre-1900

During the medieval period, "Viet comics" were often called mạn họa (漫畫) or liên-hoàn họa (連環畫, sequential drawings), and were influenced by China and sometimes India.[1]. They illustrated philosophy or stories and were printed using woodcuts.[2]. There were some drawings called "moral books" (Luân-lý giáo-khoa thư) for the education of women.

French Indochina (1900–1953)

Lý-Toét and the Chief Justice in Customs & Mores Weekly
Madame Nguyễn Minh Mỹ – An artist who made paintings of children

After the establishment of French Indochina, printing technology developed enough that books and newspapers became more common. Viet comics appeared gradually as cartoons called hoạt kê họa (滑稽畫), hí họa (戲畫) or biếm họa (貶畫).

In the 1930s during the Westernization movement, Viet comics became an independent art with numerous artists and readers. Customs & Mores Weekly (Phong-Hóa tuần-báo) and Today Weekly (Ngày-Nay tuần-báo) published cartoons such as Bang Bạnh - Xã Xệ - Lý Toét. The weekly newspaper Cậu-Ấm tuần-báo featured the "Three adventurous kids" (Ba đứa trẻ mạo-hiểm), Drake Weekly (Vịt-Đực tuần-báo) published sequential drawings that often satirized Annamese writers and the Indochinese government, especially the Governors-General. Viet comics were called chuyện bằng tranh (stories by drawings).

After World War II, there were propaganda comics against the occupying French forces. In Hanoi and Saigon there were comics what based on romance novels or knightly tales. Some comics were on the topic of Vietnamese history and mythology.

Northern and Southern Vietnam (1954–1975)

Article about ViVi and his career in Floral Age Bimonthly

Floral Age Bimonthly (established in 1962) called "Viet comics" as Tranh-truyện Việt-nam (Vietnamese pictorial stories).

Topics included family, friendship, adventure, detective stories, science fiction, wuxia, and fairy tales. The works were influenced by French comics, American comics, Hollywood, and even Jin Yong's works.

In the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, comics usually appeared in Pioneer Magazine, Children Magazine and Kim-Đồng books. Northern artists' styles were influenced by Soviet art.

Era of Subsidy (1976–1985)

After Reunification Day, Viet comics' style became less diverse because of censorship and a lack of printing facilities. In the 1980s there were some artists of Kim Đồng Publishing House who began working using inexpensive dó paper. Topics were often chosen to avoid censorship.

Era of Reform (1986–2006)

The most famous artist was Nguyễn Hùng Lân, whose popular comics included Hero Hesman, Vietnamese supermen, and Vietnamese fairytales. Many artists borrowed topics and characters from international comics and animated films for imitating. Examples include Well, Just You Wait!, Superman, Jurassic Park and Tom and Jerry.

Era of Recession (2007 to now)

Youth Laughs Monthly, Hoa Học Trò Weekly and Truyện Tranh Trẻ Magazine (Youth Publishing House) continue to produce comics. Some of the work is influenced by manga, manhwa, and manhua.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Vietnamese sequential drawings" (in Vietnamese). Thethaovanhoa.vn. 2009-01-26.
  2. ^ "Kaleidoscope". Vietnam News Agency. 2005-03-13. Archived from the original on 2005-11-23.
  3. ^ Caricatures should better be thrilling
  4. ^ Can Vietnamese comics win readers' hearts ?
  5. ^ Biographie de Marcelino Truong
  6. ^ Without comics which about 1930-45 Vietnam

External links

  • A Vietnamese family's refugee story, told through comics
  • Awakening Luc-van-Tien fairytale after 100 years
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