Victoria line

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Victoria line
Victoria line in Johnston typeface, as used by tfl
11001 - Pimlico.jpg
A 2009 stock Victoria line train at Pimlico (2016)
Type Deep-level
System London Underground
Stations 16 (6 of which are step free)
Ridership 199.988 million (2011/12)[1] passenger journeys
Colour on map Light blue
Opened 1968
Depot(s) Northumberland Park
Rolling stock 2009 stock, 8 cars per trainset
Line length 21 km (13 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
London Underground
Hammersmith & City
Waterloo & City
Other lines
Docklands Light Railway
TfL Rail

The Victoria line is a London Underground line that runs between Brixton in south London and Walthamstow Central in the north-east, via the West End. It is coloured light blue on the Tube map and is one of just two lines to run entirely below ground, the other being the Waterloo & City line.[note 1]

Constructed in the 1960s, it was the first entirely new Underground line in London for 50 years and was designed to relieve congestion on other lines, particularly the Piccadilly line and the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line. The first section, from Walthamstow Central to Highbury & Islington, opened in September 1968, with an extension to Warren Street following soon afterward. By March 1969 the line reached Victoria station, with the southern portion to Brixton opening in 1971. Finally, Pimlico station was added in 1972.

The Victoria line is a deep-level line and has always been operated using automatic train operation, but all trains carry drivers. There are 16 stations on the route, all but Pimlico providing interchanges with other Underground lines or National Rail services. It is used by 200 million passengers each year, making it the sixth-most heavily used line on the network in absolute figures, but in terms of the average number of journeys per mile it is by far the most intensively used line.[1]


Planning and construction

A tube railway running from Victoria to Walthamstow was first proposed by a Working Party set up by the British Transport Commission in 1948,[2] though that largely followed a 1946 plan for a Croydon to Finsbury Park line. The main purpose was to relieve congestion in the central area. The necessary Private Bill was introduced into Parliament in 1955. It described a line from Victoria to Walthamstow (Wood Street). There was also a proposal, though not included in the Bill, for a subsequent extension from Victoria to Fulham Broadway station on the District line.[3]

Construction began in 1962 on the initial Walthamstow to Victoria section, opening Walthamstow to Highbury on 1 September 1968.[4] A test tunnel from Tottenham to Manor House under Seven Sisters Road had been bored in 1959 and was later incorporated into the running tunnels.[2]

In August 1967 the government gave approval for the Brixton extension. Preparatory work had already started at Bessborough Gardens near Vauxhall Bridge Road in May 1967. In June 1968 a proposal to build a station at Pimlico was approved.[2] The entire Walthamstow-Brixton line was completed in 1972.

The name "Victoria line" dates back to 1955; other suggestions were "Walvic line" (Walthamstow–Victoria) and "Viking line" (Victoria–King's Cross).[5] During the planning stages, it was known as Route C and then was named the Victoria line after Victoria Station by David McKenna, whose suggestion was seconded by Sir John Elliot.[6]

It had been intended to build the line beyond Walthamstow Central to Wood Street (Walthamstow), where it would have surfaced to terminate next to the British Rail station. Proposals were also made to extend the line as far north as South Woodford or Woodford, to provide interchange with the Central line.[7] However, in a late decision in 1961 the line was cut back to Walthamstow (Hoe Street) station, renamed Walthamstow Central in 1968.[2]


The first section to be opened was between Walthamstow Central and Highbury & Islington. There was no initial opening ceremony; instead the normal timetable started on Sunday 1 September 1968. The first train left Walthamstow Central for Highbury & Islington at about 6:30 am. Later that year, the section between Highbury & Islington and Warren Street was opened, again without ceremony, on 1 December 1968.[8]

The official opening ceremony took place at Victoria station on 7 March 1969: Queen Elizabeth II unveiled a commemorative plaque on the station concourse. After a short ceremony, she bought a 5d ticket and travelled to Green Park. She was thus the first reigning monarch ever to ride on London's underground.

The 3.5 mile extension from Victoria to Brixton was approved in August 1967. At the time, London Transport mentioned the possibility of further extensions to Streatham, Dulwich and Crystal Palace, but these were never built.

Princess Alexandra opened the Brixton extension on 23 July 1971, making a journey from Brixton to Vauxhall.[9] The Prince of Wales and the Duke of Edinburgh had previously visited the line during its construction: in July 1968, they visited tunnel workings under Vauxhall Park.

When the line was opened from Victoria to Walthamstow Central, the station at Blackhorse Road, also served by Kentish Town – Barking trains, was ignored for interchange purposes, and publicity materials even went as far as to state specifically that it was a station with no interchange. This was probably because the Kentish Town-Barking service was proposed for closure under the Beeching axe. An interchange was provided later, when surface line platforms and a connecting overbridge were built on the same side as the tube station and the original railway station was closed and demolished.

Subsequent events

On 23 January 2014, during upgrade work at London Victoria station, construction workers accidentally penetrated the signalling room of the Victoria line and flooded it with quick-drying concrete, leading to the suspension of services south of Warren Street.[10] Services resumed the following day after using sugar as a retardant so as to make it easier to shovel the concrete out.[11][12]


Every Victoria line station apart from Pimlico and Blackhorse Road was built as an interchange station, and several existing stations were rearranged to allow for cross-platform interchange with the new line. In some cases this was achieved by placing the Victoria line platforms on either side of the existing station; in others, the Victoria line uses one of the older platforms and the existing line was diverted into a new platform.[2] At many points across the network interchanges with other tube lines are provided, which facilitate a wide variety of north/south journeys across central London.

All Victoria line stations were originally tiled in blue/grey. Each station was decorated with tiled motifs in seating recesses to help identify the station. During the construction of the first stage of the Jubilee line in the late 1970s, the original motifs on Green Park station were replaced by motifs matching the new design for the Jubilee line platforms.[2] These were in turn replaced in 2009 by replicas of the original design.

Each platform constructed specifically for the Victoria line from new is 132.6 metres (435 ft) long.[13] The line has hump-backed stations to allow trains to store gravitational potential energy as they slow down and release it when they leave a station, providing an energy saving of 5% and making the trains run 9% faster.[14] The line was constructed with increased tunnel diameters to reduce air resistance, with the tube varying between 3.71m (12'2") and 3.86m (12'8") in diameter, depending on the type of lining (concrete, bolted iron, flexible iron).

In late 2010 and 2011, platform humps were installed on all Victoria line stations except Pimlico to provide step-free access to trains.[15] This project was in accordance with the Rail Vehicle Accessibility (Non Interoperable Rail System) Regulations 2010 and the Disability Discrimination Act 1995.[16][17] The Victoria line humps resemble in form the Harrington Hump, a ramp type being installed on some mainline stations, but are of a masonry construction.[18]

Service and rolling stock

1967 stock at Holborn
The line's original 1967 Stock was used until mid-2011. It is seen here at Holborn on a farewell tour.

From May 2017, trains run every 100 seconds (slightly less than two minutes) during peak periods, providing 36 trains per hour.[19] In normal service all trains run from Brixton to Seven Sisters, with roughly three out of five continuing to Walthamstow Central.[20]

When the line was opened, it was served by a fleet of ​39 12 eight-car trains of 1967 Tube Stock trains. In the early planning stages of the line an articulated type of rolling stock was considered, but the idea was dropped because of difficulties in transferring the stock to Acton Works for heavy overhauls.[21] With the demise of Acton Works this no longer applies, and the new 2009 tube stock has a wider profile and slightly longer carriages, which preclude it running on other deep-level tube lines. The 1967 stock were later supplemented by a number of cars of 1972 Mark I Tube Stock, transferred from the Northern line and converted to be compatible with the 1967 stock.[22] Ultimately there were 47 trains, each made up of two four-car units.

2009 stock stopped at Euston Station
2009 Stock at Euston

Replacement of the 1967 rolling stock began in July 2009 as part of Transport for London's 5-year £10 billion redevelopment project.[23] A new fleet of 47 eight-car trains, the 2009 Tube Stock, were built by Bombardier Transportation.[24] The first prototypes began testing in 2008. The main fleet began to be introduced in 2009 and went into squadron service - the majority of the trains in service - in 2010. The last of the 1967 stock trains ran on 30 June 2011, after which the whole service was provided by 2009 stock.[25]

On first opening in 1968, the line was equipped with a fixed block Automatic Train Operation system (ATO); the train operator closed the train doors and pressed a pair of "start" buttons and, if the way ahead is clear, the ATO drives the train at a safe speed to the next station. This system, which operated until 2012, made the Victoria line the world's first full-scale automatic railway.[note 2]

The original signalling has now been replaced with a more modern ATO system from Westinghouse Rail Systems[2][23] incorporating 'Distance to Go Radio' and more than 400 track circuits. LUL claims that this is the world's first ATO-on-ATO upgrade.[24] The new system allowed a revised timetable to be introduced from February 2013, initially allowing up to 33 trains per hour instead of 27.[29] This in combination with new, faster trains increased the line's capacity overall by 21%,[23] equivalent to an extra 10,000 passengers per hour.[25]

A 24-hour Night Tube service on Friday and Saturday nights was due to start in September 2015 on the entire Victoria line[30] but was delayed due to strike action.

As of August 2016, Night Tube services have started, with trains running at 10 minute intervals on the whole section of the line.[31]


Geographically accurate map of the Victoria line


Victoria line
Walthamstow Central Lea Valley lines
Blackhorse Road Gospel Oak to Barking line
Tottenham Hale National Rail
Seven Sisters Lea Valley lines National Rail
Finsbury Park Piccadilly Line National Rail
link with Piccadilly line
Highbury & Islington North London Line East London Line National Rail
King's Cross St. Pancras
Circle line (London Underground) Hammersmith & City Line Metropolitan Line
Northern Line Piccadilly Line National Rail
Euston Northern Line Watford DC Line National Rail
Warren Street Northern Line
Oxford Circus Bakerloo Line Central line (London Underground)
Green Park Jubilee Line Piccadilly Line
Victoria Circle line (London Underground) District Line National Rail
Vauxhall National Rail London River Services
Stockwell Northern Line
Brixton National Rail
Source: Detailled London transport map
Station Image Opened Victoria line service began Interchanges Position
Walthamstow Central London Overground Walthamstow Central stn new entrance.JPG 1870 1 September 1968

London Overground

51°34′59″N 000°01′11″W / 51.58306°N 0.01972°W / 51.58306; -0.01972 (01 - Walthamstow Central station)
Blackhorse Road London Overground Blackhorse Road stn building.JPG 19 July 1894

London Overground

51°35′13″N 000°02′29″W / 51.58694°N 0.04139°W / 51.58694; -0.04139 (02 - Blackhorse Road station)
Tottenham Hale National Rail Handicapped/disabled access Tottenham Hale station 070414.JPG 15 September 1840[TH]

Mainline trains

51°35′18″N 000°03′35″W / 51.58833°N 0.05972°W / 51.58833; -0.05972 (03 - Tottenham Hale station)
Seven Sisters London Overground National Rail [SS] Seven Sisters ground level entrance.JPG 22 July 1872

London Overground, mainline trains

51°34′56″N 000°04′31″W / 51.58222°N 0.07528°W / 51.58222; -0.07528 (04 - Seven Sisters station)
Finsbury Park National Rail Finsbury Park tube stn entrance Station Place.JPG 1 July 1861[FP]

Piccadilly line (CPI),[2] mainline trains

51°33′53″N 000°06′23″W / 51.56472°N 0.10639°W / 51.56472; -0.10639 (05 - Finsbury Park station)
Highbury & Islington London Overground National Rail Highbury & Islington station building.JPG 1872

Great Northern trains to Welwyn Garden City (CPI),[2] London Overground

51°32′45″N 000°06′18″W / 51.54583°N 0.10500°W / 51.54583; -0.10500 (06 - Highbury & Islington station)
King's Cross St. Pancras National Rail Handicapped/disabled access KXSP 2006-05-30 07.jpg 1863 1 December 1968

Northern (Bank branch), Piccadilly, Circle, Metropolitan, and Hammersmith and City lines; mainline trains

51°31′49″N 000°07′27″W / 51.53028°N 0.12417°W / 51.53028; -0.12417 (07 - King's Cross St. Pancras tube station)
Euston London Overground National Rail Euston station facade.jpg 12 May 1907

Northern line (CPI with Bank branch),[2] London Overground, mainline trains

51°31′42″N 000°07′59″W / 51.52833°N 0.13306°W / 51.52833; -0.13306 (08 - Euston tube station)
Warren Street Warren Street stn entrance.JPG 22 June 1907

Northern line (Charing Cross branch)

51°31′29″N 000°08′18″W / 51.52472°N 0.13833°W / 51.52472; -0.13833 (09 - Warren Street tube station)
Oxford Circus Oxford Circus stn Bakerloo building.jpg 30 July 1900 7 March 1969

Bakerloo (CPI)[2] and Central lines

51°30′55″N 000°08′30″W / 51.51528°N 0.14167°W / 51.51528; -0.14167 (10 - Oxford Circus tube station)
Green Park Handicapped/disabled access Green Park stn building.JPG 15 December 1906

Piccadilly and Jubilee lines

51°30′24″N 000°08′34″W / 51.50667°N 0.14278°W / 51.50667; -0.14278 (11 - Green Park tube station)
Victoria National Rail (Airport interchange Trains to Gatwick) Handicapped/disabled access Victoria tube antrance.jpg 1 October 1860

Circle and District lines, mainline trains

51°29′48″N 000°08′41″W / 51.49667°N 0.14472°W / 51.49667; -0.14472 (12 - London Victoria station)
Pimlico PimlicoStation.jpg 14 September 1972 N/A 51°29′22″N 000°08′00″W / 51.48944°N 0.13333°W / 51.48944; -0.13333 (13 - Pimlico tube station)
Vauxhall National Rail Handicapped/disabled access Vauxhall Railway Station - - 725651.jpg 11 July 1848 23 July 1971

Mainline trains, riverboat services

51°29′07″N 000°07′22″W / 51.48528°N 0.12278°W / 51.48528; -0.12278 (14 - Vauxhall station)
Stockwell StockwellTube.jpg 4 November 1890

Northern line (CPI)[2]

51°28′21″N 000°07′20″W / 51.47250°N 0.12222°W / 51.47250; -0.12222 (15 - Stockwell tube station)
Brixton National Rail Handicapped/disabled access Brixton tube station entrance.JPG 23 July 1971

Mainline trains (within 100 metres' walking distance)

51°27′45″N 000°06′54″W / 51.46250°N 0.11500°W / 51.46250; -0.11500 (16 - Brixton tube station)
SS Seven Sisters is the only station on the line with more than 2 platforms. The third is used as a holding platform for trains that terminate their journeys from Brixton at Seven Sisters instead of at Walthamstow. This third platform allows access to the Northumberland Park depot.
TH Opened as Tottenham, renamed at opening of Victoria line.
FP Opened as Seven Sisters Road (Holloway), renamed 15 November 1869.

Step-free access

(Wheelchair symbol) and the text: Stations with step free access from the Victoria line platforms to the street are shown with this symbol.
Notice explaining about step free access. This can be found inside every Victoria line train.

Tottenham Hale, King's Cross St. Pancras, Green Park, Victoria, Vauxhall and Brixton have step free access from street to train.[32][33][34][35][36] Platform humps have been installed at all stations on the Victoria line (except Pimlico) to provide level access to the trains, improving access for customers with mobility impairments, luggage or pushchairs.[37] Step-free routes are available between the Victoria and other lines at most interchange stations.


On 27 June 1991 the London Underground (Victoria) Act 1991 allowed for the construction of a new 43-metre (140 ft) underground pedestrian link at London Victoria station between the Victoria line platforms and the sub-surface Circle line platforms above.[38] On 18 September 2009 The London Underground (Victoria Station Upgrade) Order 2009 came into force, authorising the construction of a second 1,930-square-metre (21,000 sq ft) ticket hall at Victoria station.[39] By mid-2009 trial boreholes for a cooling system at Green Park station had taken place, with additional boreholes being scheduled to be created during the end of 2009.[40] In 2010 Engineering & Technology reported that 200 litres (44 imp gal) of water per second is being pumped through Victoria station from the River Tyburn, through heat-exchangers and into the River Thames, for the cooling system.[41]

Ventilation shafts

The aboveground Ferry Lane fan shaft building and emergency access point at Heron Island, approximately halfway between Blackhorse Road and Tottenham Hale tube stations
Ferry Lane fan shaft and emergency access point at Heron Island, approximately halfway between Blackhorse Road and Tottenham Hale

Around 50 shafts were created during the construction phase of the line.[42] Between each station remain midpoint tunnel ventilation shafts. Special "local arrangements" are in place should it be necessary to evacuate passengers from a Victoria line train out of Netherton Road emergency escape shaft.[43] Planning permission for the shaft at Ferry Lane was granted 11 January 1968.[44]

Between 2009–2014 thirteen ventilation shafts were scheduled to be revamped. In the first phase, during tranche 1 the air shafts for replacement were Drayton Park, Gillingham Street, Moreton Terrace, Pulross Road, Somerleyton Road and Tynemouth Road.[45] In tranche 2 for the second phase were scheduled those at Cobourg Street, Dover Street, Gibson Square, Great Titchfield Street, Isledon Road, Kings Cross, Palace Street and Rita Road.[45] By 2009 changes at Cobourg Street were in the planning stage, with demolition work at Moreton Terrace, Somerleyton Road and Drayton Park shafts having taken place.[40] Original planning permission for Netherton Road shaft had been granted on 8 September 1967.[46] On 31 March 2009 the demolition and rebuilding of Netherton Road shaft was allowed as permitted development.[47][48]


Two Victoria line trains sitting in sidings
2009 stock at the Northumberland Park Depot

Northumberland Park Depot is the service and storage area for trains on the Victoria line of the London Underground, as well as the only part of the line above ground. It also serves as the control centre for all 2009 Stock trains operating on the line.

Trains access the depot by a tunnelled branch line to the north of Seven Sisters. Opened with the first stage of the line in 1968, the depot is next to Northumberland Park railway station, on Tottenham Marshes, Tottenham in the London Borough of Haringey. As part of Transport for London's tube upgrade scheme, the depot has been expanded and upgraded to accommodate the new fleet of 2009 Tube Stock trains.[49]

Possible future projects

When the Victoria line was built, budget restrictions meant that station infrastructure standards were lower than on older lines and on later extension projects. Examples include narrower than usual platforms and undecorated ceilings at Walthamstow Central, Blackhorse Road and Tottenham Hale, adversely affecting lighting levels.

The lack of a third escalator linking station entrances to platforms can cause severe congestion at peak times. At most stations there is a concrete staircase between the up and down escalators; the space it occupies provides potential for an additional escalator to be installed, as was done at Brixton (in 2004) and Vauxhall (in 2006).[23] There have been station closures, for safety reasons, when both escalators have been unserviceable.

Supporters of Tottenham Hotspur (and the club itself) have campaigned for a surface station to be built next to Northumberland Park Station, adjacent to the line's depot, supported by Haringey Council.[50] This would improve the football ground's transport links, seen as essential if the club's wish to redevelop its ground and increase its capacity is to become a reality. The idea was looked into, but Network Rail owns the necessary land and needs it for its own expansion plans.[51] It was announced by Haringey Council in its 2012 A Plan for Tottenham report that there was "potential for a Victoria Line extension to Northumberland Park".[52]

Crossrail 2, also known as the Chelsea-Hackney line, is a planned but not funded project to build an additional route across central London between Victoria and King's Cross St. Pancras. This would be intended to relieve congestion on the Victoria line.

For many years there have been proposals to extend the line one stop southwards from Brixton to Herne Hill. Herne Hill station would be on a large reversing loop with one platform. This would remove a critical capacity restriction by eliminating the need for trains to reverse at Brixton.[53] The Mayor of London's 2020 Vision, published in 2013, proposed extending the Victoria line "out beyond Brixton" by 2030.[54]

See also

Notes and references


  1. ^ The exception is a connection not used by passengers between Seven Sisters and the line's depot at Northumberland Park, position: 51°36′04″N 000°03′11″W / 51.60111°N 0.05306°W / 51.60111; -0.05306 (1 - Northumberland Park Depot)
  2. ^ Although the system was tested on the Tube on a smaller scale before that, initially on a short section of the District line; then a larger trial was carried out on the Central line between Woodford and Hainault.[26][27][28]


  1. ^ a b "LU Performance Data Almanac". Transport for London. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Horne, M.A.C. (1988). The Victoria Line: A short history. London: Douglas Rose. ISBN 978-1-870354-02-8. 
  3. ^ Cooke, B.W.C., ed. (April 1955). "Proposed New London Underground". The Railway Magazine. London. 101 (648): 279–281. 
  4. ^ "London's new tube starts work". Modern Railways. Shepperton, Middlesex: Ian Allan Ltd. XXIV (241): 532. October 1968. 
  5. ^ "CULG – Victoria Line". Retrieved 15 July 2009. 
  6. ^ Klapper, Charles (1976). London's lost railways. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. OCLC 487714609. 
  7. ^ "Public Passenger Transport, London". Hansard. 18 December 1963. 
  8. ^ Rose, Douglas (December 2007) [1980]. The London Underground: A Diagrammatic History (8th ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-315-0. 
  9. ^ "Picture Gallery". The Times. London. 24 July 1971. p. 2. Retrieved 14 April 2018. (Subscription required (help)). 
  10. ^ "Victoria Tube line part shut hit by wet concrete flood". BBC News. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Underground blunder: 'sugar used to slow concrete setting'". The Daily Telegraph. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  12. ^ "Why sugar helped remove Victoria Line concrete flood". The Daily Telegraph. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "2009 Tube Stock on Track" (PDF). London Underground Railway Society. Retrieved 12 July 2009. 
  14. ^ MacKay, David J.C. (2008). Sustainable Energy - without the hot air (Free full text). ISBN 978-1-906860-01-1. 
  15. ^ "Tube Update Plan — Victoria". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  16. ^ "Victoria Line Platform Humps and RVAR". Livis. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  17. ^ "Victoria Line Platform Humps and RVAR" (PDF). Livis. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  18. ^ "Creating Step Free Access for All" (PDF). Marshalls. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  19. ^ Dan Templeton (26 May 2017). "New Victoria Line timetable increases frequency". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  20. ^ "Journey Planner timetables". Transport for London. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  21. ^ Day, John R. (1969). "XI. The trains". The Story of the Victoria Line. Westminster: London Transport. p. 81. 968/2719 RP/5M. 
  22. ^ Hardy, Brian (2002) [1976]. London Underground Rolling Stock (15th ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. pp. 10, 12. ISBN 1-85414-263-1. 
  23. ^ a b c d "Tube Upgrade Plan: Victoria line". Transport for London. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  24. ^ a b Waboso, David (December 2010). "Transforming the tube". Modern Railways. London. pp. 42–45. 
  25. ^ a b "Final 1960s stock withdrawn from Victoria Line". Rail. Peterborough. 10 August 2011. p. 14. 
  26. ^ "Driverless metros poised to expand". Railway Gazette International. 1 March 2000. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2007. These trials matured into 'attended ATO'. London's Victoria line was the first into revenue service on 1 September 1968, with Philadelphia's Lindenwold line close behind in January 1969. 
  27. ^ "Automatic Train Operation on the Victoria Line". The Tube Professionals' Rumour Network. Retrieved 6 September 2007. 
  28. ^ "House of Lords Hansard for 25 Feb 1998 (pt 9)". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Lords. 25 February 1998. col. 747. 
  29. ^ "Victoria line customers have most intensive train service in the country" (Press release). Transport for London. 4 February 2013. 
  30. ^ "The Night Tube". The Future of the Tube. Transport for London. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015. 
  31. ^ "The Night Tube". Transport for London. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  32. ^ Transport for London (December 2017). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 January 2018. 
  33. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 June 2015. 
  34. ^ "Avoiding stairs Tube guide" (PDF). Transport for London. July 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 January 2018. 
  35. ^ "£36m upgrade of Vauxhall Tube station reaches half way". 18 December 2014. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015. 
  36. ^ "Victoria". Improvements and Projects. Transport for London. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015. 
  37. ^ "Victoria line". What We've Done. Transport for London. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015. 
  38. ^ "London Underground (Victoria) Act 1991" (Statutory Instrument). The National Archives. 27 June 1991. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  39. ^ "The London Underground (Victoria Station Upgrade) Order 2009" (Statutory Instrument). The National Archives. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  40. ^ a b London Underground Limited (20 May 2009). Parry, Richard, ed. Performance Report to the Rail and Underground Panel (PDF). Managing Director's Report – London Underground (Report). Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  41. ^ Douglas, Lawrie (2 July 2010). "Air-conditioning of London Underground — reality or dream?". Engineering & Technology. Institution of Engineering and Technology. 5 (10). 
  42. ^ Dunton, C. E.; Kell, J.; Morgan, H. D. (1 June 1966). "Discussion on Paper No. 6845". Victoria Line: experimentation, design, programming, and early progress (PDF). ICE Proceedings (Report). 34. Institution of Civil Engineers. pp. 447–460. ISSN 1753-7789. [dead link]
  43. ^ London Underground (28 April 2002). "Detrainment of Passengers" (PDF). Standards. Tc100. The Independent (02): 1. 
  44. ^ "OLD/1968/0211". Online Planning Services. Haringey Council. 11 January 1968. Retrieved 1 August 2013. Land At Ferry Lane: Construction of new fan house form Victoria Line. 
  45. ^ a b Klettner (24 January 2008). "Underground keeps its cool". Construction News. Event occurs at Andrea. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  46. ^ "OLD/1967/0517". Online Planning Services. Haringey Council. 8 September 1967. Retrieved 1 August 2013. Construction of new ventilation shaft and emergency staircase for Victoria Line. 
  47. ^ Urban Environment Directorate (6 April 2004). "01/03/2009 to 31/03/2009". HGY/2009/0151: LUL Mid-Tunnel Vent Shaft, Netherton Road N15 (PDF). Planning Applications Decided (Report). Haringey Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2012. Demolition and rebuilding of existing headhouse in order to upgrade existing cooling system to Victoria Line. 
  48. ^ "HGY/2009/0151". Online Planning Services. Haringey Council. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2013. Demolition and rebuilding of existing headhouse in order to upgrade existing cooling system to Victoria Line. 
  49. ^ Waboso, David (December 2010). "Transforming the tube". Modern Railways. London. pp. 43–44. 
  50. ^ "Victoria Line to Northumberland Park". 10 June 2005. 
  51. ^ "Have/would we consider extending the Victoria line to Northumberland Park?". Transport for London. Retrieved 7 February 2008. [permanent dead link]
  52. ^ Strickland, Alan; Kober, Claire; Vanier, Bernice; Lipton, Stuart; Lammy, David; Fletcher-Smith, Fiona; Head, Paul; Campling, Andrew; Travers, Tony; Boylan, Brian; Girt, Matthew (26 July 2012). A Plan for Tottenham (PDF) (Report). Haringey Council. p. 10. Retrieved 2 August 2012. potential for a Victoria Line extension to Northumberland Park 
  53. ^ "Unlocking Herne Hill and the Kent route to the City". Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  54. ^ (Click on the arrow pointing south east from Brixton and then, on the popup, click on "more")

External links

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata
  • "Victoria Line: Report Number One" on YouTube
  • "Opening of the Victoria Line". British Pathe. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  • "Victoria line". Clive's UndergrounD Line Guides. 30 December 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2008. 
  • "Automatic Train Operation on the Victoria Line". Tube Prune. 15 March 2003. Retrieved 11 July 2008. 
  • "BCV (Bakerloo, Central & Victoria) Upgrade". 8 September 2006. Retrieved 11 July 2008. 
  • "Victoria Line Underground Stations – Facts, Trivia And Impressions". 22 October 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  • Victoria line on Twitter
  • London Transport Museum Poster Archive – images of the station tiling motifs:
  • Brixton
  • Stockwell
  • Vauxhall
  • Pimlico
  • Victoria
  • Green Park (2nd version)
  • Oxford Circus (2nd version)
  • Warren Street
  • Euston
  • King's Cross St. Pancras
  • Highbury & Islington
  • Finsbury Park
  • Seven Sisters
  • Tottenham Hale
  • Blackhorse Road
  • Walthamstow Central
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