Vice President of Iraq

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President of Iraq
Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2008.svg
Incumbent
Nouri al-Maliki
Osama al-Nujaifi
Ayad Alawi

since 10 October 2016
Style His Excellency
Appointer Parliamentary vote
Term length Four years, renewable once
Formation 14 July 1958
10 October 2016 (restored)
Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2008.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iraq
Constitution

Iraq has three vice presidents or deputy presidents, although a debate is ongoing about a political reform to abolish their posts.

The office of Vice-President was historically largely ceremonial but prestigious. In post-war Iraq, the Constitution of Iraq, in its "Transitional Guidelines," creates a three-member Presidency (or Presidential) Council, consisting of the President of the Republic and two deputy presidents, who must act in unison. The Presidency Council had three members to accommodate Iraq's three largest groups: Sunni Muslim Arabs, Shiite Muslim Arabs, and the mostly Sunni Kurds. As a unit, the Presidency Council was meant to symbolize the unity of the nation. This arrangement is required by the constitution to continue until the Council of Representatives, enters its second set of sessions. At this point, the Presidency Council would be replaced by a solitary President of the Republic, who would have only one deputy, the Vice-President. In any case, the Presidency is appointed by the Council of Representatives.

The three-member arrangement was a hold-over from the Iraqi interim government and the Iraqi Transitional Government.

On 13 May 2011, three vice-presidents were elected.[1] On July 11, 2011, Adil Abdul-Mahdi resigned after he had presented his resignation to President Jalal Talabani on May 30, 2011. [2] [3]

On September 2014, three new Vice Presidents where elected: former Prime Ministers Nouri al-Maliki and Ayad Allawi and former Speaker of Parliament Osama al-Nujaifi.[citation needed]

On August 11, 2015 the Council of Representatives approved the al Abadi government plan to abolish the posts of both Vice President and Deputy Prime Minister. [4] Later, Osama al-Nujaifi filed a complaint against the decision, considering it to be against the Constitution.[5] Also Nuri al-Maliki promised to cling to his post.[6] On 10 October 2016, the three posts of Vice President were restored by the Supreme Court of Iraq which deemed their abolition unconstitutional.[7]

List of officeholders

Name Portrait Born-Died Entered office Left office Political party
Ibrahim al-Jaafari
إبراهيم الجعفري
Ibrahim al-Jaafari 2014.jpg 1947– 1 June 2004 7 April 2005 Islamic Dawa Party
Rowsch Shaways
روز نورى شاويس
Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2008.svg 1947– 1 June 2004 7 April 2005 Kurdistan Democratic Party
Adil Abdul-Mahdi
عادل عبد المهدي
ADIL ABD AL-MAHDI iq.jpg 1942– 7 April 2005 11 July 2011 Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq
Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer
غازي مشعل عجيل الياور
Ghazi al Jawar.jpg 1958– 7 April 2005 22 April 2006 The Iraqis
Tariq al-Hashimi
طارق الهاشمي
Tariq Al-Hashimi.jpg 1942– 22 April 2006 10 September 2012 Iraqi Islamic Party
Khodair al-Khozaei
Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2008.svg 1947– 13 May 2011 9 September 2014 Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation
Nouri al-Maliki
نوري المالكي
Nouri al-Maliki with Bush, June 2006, cropped.jpg 1950– 9 September 2014 11 August 2015[8] Islamic Dawa Party
Osama al-Nujaifi
Osama al nujaifi.jpg 1956– 9 September 2014 11 August 2015 Muttahidoon
Ayad Allawi
أياد علاوي
Allawi1.jpg 1945– 9 September 2014 11 August 2015 Iraqi National Accord
Post abolished (11 August 201510 October 2016)
Post restored (10 October 2016–present)
Nouri al-Maliki[9][10]
نوري المالكي
Nouri al-Maliki with Bush, June 2006, cropped.jpg 1950– 10 October 2016[11] Islamic Dawa Party
Osama al-Nujaifi[12][13]
Osama al nujaifi.jpg 1956– 10 October 2016[11] Muttahidoon
Ayad Allawi[14][15]
أياد علاوي
Allawi1.jpg 1945– 10 October 2016[11] Iraqi National Accord

Vice-Presidents of Ba'athist Iraq

The Ba'athist regime of Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr and Saddam Hussein also used the office of Vice President. However, the post was not as influential as the Vice Chairmen of the Revolutionary Command Council in Ba'athist Iraq. Vice Presidents were appointed at the discretion of the President.

Name Entered office Left office
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr November 1963 January 1964
Saddam Hussein November 1969 July 1979
Hardan al-Tikriti April 1970 October 1970
Salih Mahdi Ammash April 1970 December 1971
Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf April 1974 May 2003
Taha Yassin Ramadan March 1991 May 2003

References

  1. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90777/90854/7379161.html
  2. ^ (Al-Aswat)
  3. ^ (USA Today)
  4. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2015/08/14/premature-excitement-about-iraqs-new-government-reforms/
  5. ^ http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/iraq-vice-president-files-court-case-keep-post-521531666
  6. ^ http://english.aawsat.com/2015/09/article55344978/iraq-maliki-nujaifi-say-pms-decision-to-cancel-vice-president-posts-unconstitutional
  7. ^ "Iraqi court nullifies Abadi's earlier decision to sack 3 vice president posts". Xinhua. 11 October 2016. 
  8. ^ http://english.aawsat.com/2015/09/article55344978/iraq-maliki-nujaifi-say-pms-decision-to-cancel-vice-president-posts-unconstitutional
  9. ^ "‘I will declare independent Kurdistan if Al-Maliki returns to power,’ warns Barzani". Middle East Monitor. 23 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Barzani says to declare Kurdistan’s independence if Maliki returns as Iraq PM". Iraqi News. 23 January 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c "Iraqi court nullifies Abadi's earlier decision to sack 3 vice president posts". Xinhua. 11 October 2016. 
  12. ^ "Will Mosul witness a political battle post-IS?". Al-Monitor. 18 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "Iraq cuts off support for PKK, vice president says". TRT World. 13 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Iraq VP accuses Iran of violating Iraqi sovereignty in the Arabian Gulf". Middle East Monitor. 16 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "ISHM: February 3 - 9, 2017". Reliefweb.int. 9 February 2017. 

See also


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