Venues of the 2014 Winter Olympics and Paralympics

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The 2014 Winter Olympics and Paralympics venues are divided between two "clusters" located in and around Sochi, Russia.


Coastal Cluster

Located in the Adler City District of Sochi, Imeretinsky Valley, on the Black Sea, the Olympic Park houses the main Olympic Stadium used for the Games' ceremonies, and venues for indoor sports such as hockey, figure skating, curling, and speed skating. It also houses training facilities, the Olympic Village, the international broadcasting centre, and other amenities. The park is designed so that all of the venues are accessible within walking distance of each other. The venues are situated around a water basin containing a fountain known as "The Waters of the Olympic Park"; designed by California-based WET (which also designed the cauldron for the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City), the fountain measures 5.3 meters in diameter with a capacity of about 700,000 gallons of water, featuring more than 250 nozzles and jet systems that can create fog and choreographed water displays set to music.[1][2]

The Olympic Village is built in the Olympic Park, on the shores of the Black Sea. It was built by Basic Element. It consists of 47 buildings and is designed for three thousand people. Athletes, journalists and members of the Olympic family will live there. After the competition, the Olympic Village will be an off-season resort complex Sochnoye or "Juicy".

Coastal Cluster concept with all venues gathered around the Medals Plaza
Venue Coordinates Sports Capacity Ref.
Olympics Paralympics
Bolshoy Ice Dome 43°24′16″N 39°57′00″E / 43.4044778°N 39.9499333°E / 43.4044778; 39.9499333 (Bolshoy Ice Dome) Hockey (final) - 12,000 [3]
Fisht Olympic Stadium 43°24′08″N 39°57′22″E / 43.4022667°N 39.9561111°E / 43.4022667; 39.9561111 (Fisht Olympic Stadium) Ceremonies (opening/ closing) Ceremonies (opening/ closing) 40,000 [4]
Shayba Arena 43°24′08″N 39°57′07″E / 43.4023417°N 39.9519528°E / 43.4023417; 39.9519528 (Shayba Arena) Hockey Ice sledge hockey 7,000 [5]
Ice Cube Curling Center 43°24′24.48″N 39°56′58.54″E / 43.4068000°N 39.9495944°E / 43.4068000; 39.9495944 (Ice Cube Curling Center) Curling Wheelchair Curling 3,000 [6]
Adler Arena Skating Center 43°24′31″N 39°57′10″E / 43.4086167°N 39.9528111°E / 43.4086167; 39.9528111 (Adler Arena Skating Center) Speed skating - 8,000 [7]
Iceberg Skating Palace 43°24′27″N 39°57′30″E / 43.40739177°N 39.95835°E / 43.40739177; 39.95835 (Iceberg Skating Palace) Figure skating. Short track speed skating - 12,000 [8]
Sochi Medals Plaza 43°24′20″N 39°57′17″E / 43.4056472°N 39.9545917°E / 43.4056472; 39.9545917 (Sochi Medals Plaza) Victory ceremonies - [9]

Mountain Cluster[10]

2014 Winter Olympics Mountain Cluster Venues (interactive map)
Venue Coordinates Sports Capacity Ref.
Olympics Paralympics
Laura Biathlon & Ski Complex 43°41′32″N 40°19′29″E / 43.692297°N 40.324845°E / 43.692297; 40.324845 (Laura Biathlon and Ski Complex) Biathlon, Cross-country skiing, Nordic combined (cross-country skiing) Biathlon, Cross-country skiing 7,500 [11]
Rosa Khutor Extreme Park 43°39′27″N 40°19′11″E / 43.6573778°N 40.3196139°E / 43.6573778; 40.3196139 (Rosa Khutor Extreme Park) Freestyle skiing, Snowboarding Snowboarding[12] 4,000 (freestyle)
6,250 (snowboard)
Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort 43°38′47″N 40°19′56″E / 43.6464472°N 40.3322056°E / 43.6464472; 40.3322056 (Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort) Alpine skiing Alpine skiing 7,500 [14]
RusSki Gorki Jumping Center 43°40′33″N 40°14′28″E / 43.67588°N 40.241°E / 43.67588; 40.241 (RusSki Gorki Jumping Center) Nordic combined (ski jumping), Ski jumping - 7,500 [15]
Sliding Center Sanki 43°40′01″N 40°17′19″E / 43.667°N 40.28857°E / 43.667; 40.28857 (Sliding Center Sanki) Bobsleigh, Luge, Skeleton - 5,000 [16]


Environmental protection measures are being used in venue construction. These include being climate-neutral, games in harmony with nature, zero waste, and raising environmental awareness in preparing and hosting the 2014 Games. The 100th environmental protection measure was completed in October 2010.[17] Slopes at the Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort were completed on 26 November 2010. A European Ski competition took place in early 2011 while a World Cup event took place in 2012.[18]

Post-Olympic usage

The Olympic venues were to be used for the 40th G8 summit[19] but this was cancelled when Russia was suspended from G8 because of its military intervention in Ukraine. The leaders of the remaining G7 member countries met in Brussels instead.

In October 2010, it was announced that the area around the Coastal Cluster will be used as part of a Formula 1 racing circuit that will hold its first race in 2014. The Winter Games were completed with no problems and the first Grand Prix at the Sochi Autodrom took place on the 12th October 2014, which was won by Lewis Hamilton and the fastest lap was set by Valteri Bottas.

The World Chess Championship 2014 was held in Sochi in November.

On 2 December 2010, FIFA (International Federation of Association Football) awarded their 2018 World Cup to Russia. Among the venues to be used will be Central Stadium (known as Sochi Olympic Stadium in Russia's bid package to FIFA), which will be expanded to seat 47,659 after the Games.


  1. ^ Madler, Mark (February 24, 2014). "WET Design Runs Rings Around Rivals". San Fernando Business Journal. Los Angeles, California: California Business Journals. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  2. ^ "California-based WET makes the waters dance at Sochi". Gizmag. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  3. ^ profile of the Bolshoi Ice Palace. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  4. ^ profile of Central Stadium. Archived September 8, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Accessed 31 December 2010.
  5. ^ profile of the Maly Ice Palace. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  6. ^ profile of the Olympic Curling Centre. Archived November 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Accessed 31 December 2010.
  7. ^ profile of the Olympic Oval. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  8. ^ profile of the Sochi Olympic Skating Centre. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  9. ^ profile of the Sochi Olympic Skating Centre. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  10. ^ Mountain Cluster Sochi 2014. Official site
  11. ^ profile of the Biathlon & ski Complex. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  12. ^ Para-Snowboard secures Paralympic Games inclusion Accessed 21 August 2012.
  13. ^ profile of the Freestyle Skiing Center and Snowboard Park. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  14. ^ profile of the Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  15. ^ profile of the Russian National Ski Jumping Centre. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  16. ^ profile of the Russian National Sliding Centre. Accessed 31 December 2010.
  17. ^ "Volunteers mark Sochi2014's 100th environmental protection measure. 26 October 2010 article accessed 31 December 2010.
  18. ^ "Olympic Slopes Ready for Sochi Games." 26 November 2010 accessed 31 December 2010.
  19. ^ "Russia to hold 2014 G8 summit in Sochi: Putin". Archived from the original on June 24, 2013.

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