Vauxhall station

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Vauxhall London Underground National Rail
Vauxhall station, platforms - geograph.org.uk - 1013188.jpg
Vauxhall is located in Greater London
Vauxhall
Vauxhall
Location of Vauxhall in Greater London
Location Vauxhall
Local authority London Borough of Lambeth
Managed by South Western Railway
Station code VXH
DfT category B
Number of platforms 8
Accessible Yes (National Rail only)
Fare zone 1 and 2
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 25.15 million[1]
2014 Increase 27.51 million[1]
2015 Decrease 26.83 million[1]
2016 Increase 32.23 million[1]
2017 Decrease 30.83 million[1]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2012–13 Increase 19.066 million[2]
2013–14 Increase 19.402 million[2]
2014–15 Increase 21.111 million[2]
2015–16 Decrease 20.932 million[2]
2016–17 Increase 22.483 million[2]
Key dates
11 July 1848 Opened (LSWR)
23 July 1971 Opened (London Underground)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
  • TfL station info page
  • Departures
  • Layout
  • Facilities
  • Buses
WGS84 51°29′07″N 0°07′22″W / 51.4854°N 0.1229°W / 51.4854; -0.1229Coordinates: 51°29′07″N 0°07′22″W / 51.4854°N 0.1229°W / 51.4854; -0.1229
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Vauxhall (/ˈvɒksɔːl/, VOK-sawl) is a National Rail, London Underground and London Buses interchange station in central London. It is at the Vauxhall Cross road junction opposite the southern approach to Vauxhall Bridge over the River Thames in the district of Vauxhall. The station is on the boundary of zones 1 and 2 of the London Travelcard area and, although a through station, it is classed as a central London terminus for ticketing purposes.[3]

Location

The station sits just to the east of Vauxhall Bridge, on a viaduct with eight platforms. On the National Rail network it is the next station along from London Waterloo, 1 mile 29 chains (2.2 km) to the south-west. On the Underground it is on the Victoria line between Pimlico to the north and Stockwell to the south.[4] The area has several surrounding railways, including the line from Victoria to Streatham.[5]

There is a bus station located north next to the station offering services to various parts of London. The bus station, at ground level across the road from the rail station, has a photovoltaic roof supplying much of its electricity. It is the second-busiest London bus station, after Victoria.[6]

History

Mainline station

A 1912 Railway Clearing House map of lines around Clapham Junction. Vauxhall station is at the extreme right of this map

The station is incorporated within the Nine Elms to Waterloo Viaduct. It was opened by the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) as "Vauxhall Bridge Station" on 11 July 1848 when the main line was extended from Nine Elms to Waterloo, then known as "Waterloo Bridge Station". The viaduct was constructed to minimize property disturbances; nevertheless some 700 properties were demolished extending the line past Nine Elms and through Vauxhall. It was renamed Vauxhall in 1862.[7][8][a]

Milk trains

Vauxhall was located opposite a major creamery and milk bottling plant for United Dairies, and milk trains regularly stopped at the station.[10][5] The regular daily milk train was from Torrington, but milk trains from all over the West Country would stop at Clapham Junction in the evening,[11] and reduce their length by half so that they did not block Vauxhall station while unloading. They would then proceed to Vauxhall, and pull into the Up Windsor Local platform, where a discharge pipe was provided to the creamery on the other side of the road.[10][12] There was also pedestrian access from below the station, under the road to the depot, in the tunnel where the pipeline ran. Unloaded trains would then proceed to Waterloo, where they would reverse and return to Clapham Junction to pick up the other half of the train. The procedure was then repeated, so that the entire milk train was unloaded between the end of evening peak traffic and the start of the following morning.[12]

Underground

The first proposed underground station at Vauxhall was as part of the West and South London Junction Railway. The line intended to connect Paddington to Oval via Vauxhall, crossing the River Thames slightly downstream of Vauxhall Bridge. It was rejected in January 1901 for failing to comply with Standing Orders and giving correct notice of eviction, and the plans were quietly shelved.[13] Another abandoned scheme to connect Cannon Street with Wimbledon would have seen an interchange at Vauxhall; these plans were scrapped in 1902 owing to lack of funds.[14]

The current deep tube London Underground station is on the Victoria line, which was the first major post-war underground project in Central London. It opened on 23 July 1971 when the line was extended from Victoria to Brixton.[8][15]

Services

There is a frequent service of trains to London Waterloo and to the suburbs of south-west London. Trains to the Richmond/Hounslow direction leave from platforms 3 & 4 and return on platform 2 or, to a lesser extent, platform 1. Trains to the Wimbledon direction leave from platform 8 and return on platform 7. The inner platforms (5 & 6) serve tracks are used by long-distance and "fast" suburban trains, which do not stop at Vauxhall and are normally closed by gates at the concourse level.[citation needed]

National Rail

Vauxhall railway station platforms from the western end.

Vauxhall rail station is served by South Western Railway to and from London Waterloo. The typical off-peak service is 26 trains per hour to/from London Waterloo, consisting of:

Underground

Vauxhall underground station is between Pimlico and Stockwell with a peak time service interval of about two minutes.

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Brixton
Victoria line
National Rail National Rail
London Waterloo   South Western Railway
South Western Main Line
  Clapham Junction or
Queenstown Road
(Battersea)
Vauxhall with a train to London Waterloo in 2002.

Accidents

  • On 29 August 1912, a light engine collided with a rake of nine carriages. One passenger was killed and 43 were injured.[16]

References

Notes

  1. ^ A station in Birmingham called "Vauxhall" had been opened by the London and North Western Railway on 1 March 1869; it was renamed "Vauxhall and Duddeston" on 1 November 1889 and "Duddeston" on 6 May 1974.[9]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ "Section A" (PDF). National Fares Manual 98. Association of Train Operating Companies. Retrieved 2 January 2010. [dead link]
  4. ^ Brown, Joe. London Railway Atlas. Ian Allan. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-7110-3819-6. 
  5. ^ a b Davies & Grant 1983, p. 68.
  6. ^ Glancey, Jonathan (11 April 2005). "Architecture - Route master". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 
  7. ^ Jackson 1984, p. 213-215.
  8. ^ a b Butt 1995, p. 238.
  9. ^ Butt 1995, pp. 83,238.
  10. ^ a b Course 1962, p. 92.
  11. ^ Maidment 2015, p. 15.
  12. ^ a b "The Torrington Milk Train". SVS Films. 21 January 2012. 
  13. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 98.
  14. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 135.
  15. ^ Wallinger, Mark (2014). Labyrinth: A Journey Through London's Underground. Art / Books. p. 133. ISBN 978-1-908-97016-9. 
  16. ^ Brodrick, Nick. "LSWR "lavatory brake third"". Steam Railway. Bauer Media (375, 30 April – 27 May 2010): 56. 

Sources

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Badsey-Ellis, Antony (2005). London's Lost Tube Schemes. Capital Transport. ISBN 185414-293-3. 
  • Course, Edwin (1962). London railways. B. T. Batsford. 
  • Davies, R; Grant, M.D. (1983). London and its railways. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8107-5. 
  • Jackson, Alan (1984) [1969]. London's Termini (New Revised ed.). London: David & Charles. ISBN 0-330-02747-6. 
  • Maidment, David (2015). A Privileged Journey: From Enthusiast to Professional Railwayman. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-473-85949-4. 

External links

  • Train times and station information for Vauxhall station from National Rail
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