Vauxhall station (London)

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Vauxhall London Underground National Rail
Vauxhall station, platforms - geograph.org.uk - 1013188.jpg
Vauxhall is located in Greater London
Vauxhall
Vauxhall
Location of Vauxhall in Greater London
Location Vauxhall
Local authority London Borough of Lambeth
Managed by South Western Railway
Station code VXH
DfT category B
Number of platforms 8
Accessible Yes (National Rail only)
Fare zone 1 and 2
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 No Data[1]
2014 No Data[1]
2015 No Data[1]
2016 No Data[1]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2011–12 Increase 18.168 million[2]
2012–13 Increase 19.066 million[2]
2013–14 Increase 19.402 million[2]
2014–15 Increase 21.111 million[2]
2015–16 Decrease 20.932 million[2]
Key dates
11 July 1848 Opened (LSWR)
23 July 1971 Opened (London Underground)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
  • Departures
  • Layout
  • Facilities
  • Buses
WGS84 51°29′07″N 0°07′22″W / 51.4854°N 0.1229°W / 51.4854; -0.1229Coordinates: 51°29′07″N 0°07′22″W / 51.4854°N 0.1229°W / 51.4854; -0.1229
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London Transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Vauxhall (/ˈvɒksɔːl/, VOK-sawl) is a National Rail, London Underground and London Buses interchange station in central London. It is at the Vauxhall Cross road junction opposite the southern approach to Vauxhall Bridge over the River Thames in the London district of Vauxhall. The station is on the boundary of zones 1 and 2 of the London Travelcard area and, although a through station, it is a central London railway terminus for ticketing purposes.[3]. It is on a viaduct with eight platforms.

The bus station, at ground level across the road from the rail station, has a photovoltaic roof supplying much of its electricity. It is the second busiest London bus station, after that at Victoria.

History

A 1912 Railway Clearing House map of lines around Vauxhall station

The station is incorporated within the Nine Elms to Waterloo Viaduct. It was opened by the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) as "Vauxhall Bridge Station" on 11 July 1848 when the main line was extended from Nine Elms to Waterloo, then "Waterloo Bridge Station". It was renamed Vauxhall in 1863[4]. The deep tube London Underground station is on the Victoria line, and opened on 23 July 1971.

Milk trains

Vauxhall was located next to a major creamery and milk bottling plant for United Dairies. The regular daily milk train was from Torrington, but milk trains from all over the West Country would stop at Clapham Junction in the evening, and reduce their length by half so that they did not block Vauxhall station while unloading. They would then proceed to Vauxhall, and pull into the Up Windsor Local platform, where a discharge pipe was provided to the creamery on the other side of the road. There was also pedestrian access from below the station, under the road to the depot, in the tunnel where the pipeline ran. Unloaded trains would then proceed to Waterloo, where they would reverse and return to Clapham Junction to pick up the other half of the train. The procedure was then repeated, so that the entire milk train was unloaded between the end of evening peak traffic and the start of the following morning.[5]

Services

There is a frequent service of trains to London Waterloo and to the suburbs of south-west London. Trains to the Richmond/Hounslow direction leave from platforms 3 & 4 and return on platform 2. Trains to the Wimbledon direction leave from platform 8 and return on platform 7. Few trains call at the inner platforms (5 & 6) whose tracks are used by long-distance and "fast" suburban trains. Platform 1 is not used in regular passenger service.

National Rail

Vauxhall railway station platforms from the western end.

Vauxhall rail station is served by South West Trains to and from London Waterloo. The typical off-peak service is 26 trains per hour to/from London Waterloo, consisting of:

Underground

Vauxhall underground station is between Pimlico and Stockwell with a peak time service interval of about two minutes.

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Brixton
Victoria line
National Rail National Rail
London Waterloo   South Western Railway
South Western Main Line
  Clapham Junction or
Queenstown Road
(Battersea)
Vauxhall with a train to London Waterloo in 2002.

Connections

There is a bus station located north next to the station offering services to various parts of London.

Accidents

  • On 29 August 1912, a light engine collided with a rake of nine carriages. One passenger was killed and 43 were injured.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. March 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ "Section A" (PDF). National Fares Manual 98. Association of Train Operating Companies. Retrieved 2 January 2010. [dead link]
  4. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley page 87
  5. ^ "The Torrington Milk Train". SVS Films. 21 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Brodrick, Nick. "LSWR "lavatory brake third"". Steam Railway. Bauer Media (375, 30 April – 27 May 2010): 56. 

External links

  • Train times and station information for Vauxhall station (London) from National Rail
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