Vaughan Jones
Sir Vaughan Jones KNZM FRS FRSNZ FAA | |
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Vaughan Jones in 2007
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Born |
Vaughan Frederick Randal Jones 31 December 1952 Gisborne, New Zealand |
Nationality | New Zealand, American |
Alma mater |
University of Geneva University of Auckland |
Known for | Von Neumann algebras, knot polynomials, conformal field theory |
Awards | Fields Medal (1990) |
Scientific career | |
Fields | Mathematics |
Institutions |
University of California, Berkeley Vanderbilt University University of California, Los Angeles University of Pennsylvania |
Doctoral advisor | André Haefliger |
Sir Vaughan Frederick Randal Jones KNZM FRS FRSNZ FAA (born 31 December 1952) is a New Zealand and American^{[1]} mathematician, known for his work on von Neumann algebras and knot polynomials. He was awarded a Fields Medal in 1990, and famously wore a New Zealand rugby jersey when he gave his acceptance speech in Kyoto.
Biography
Vaughan Jones was born in Gisborne, New Zealand and brought up in Cambridge, New Zealand, completing secondary school at Auckland Grammar School. His undergraduate studies were at the University of Auckland, from where he obtained a BSc in 1972 and an MSc in 1973. For his graduate studies, he went to Switzerland, where he completed his PhD at the University of Geneva in 1979. His thesis, titled Actions of finite groups on the hyperfinite II_{1} factor, was written under the supervision of André Haefliger. In 1980, he moved to the United States, where he taught at the University of California, Los Angeles (1980–1981) and the University of Pennsylvania (1981–1985), before being appointed as Professor of Mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley.
His work on knot polynomials, with the discovery of what is now called the Jones polynomial, was from an unexpected direction with origins in the theory of von Neumann algebras, an area of analysis already much developed by Alain Connes. It led to the solution of a number of classical problems of knot theory, and to increased interest in low-dimensional topology.
Jones has since 2011 been at Vanderbilt University as Stevenson Distinguished Professor of mathematics.^{[2]} He remains Professor Emeritus at University of California, Berkeley where he has been on the faculty since 1985^{[3]} and is a Distinguished Alumni Professor at the University of Auckland.^{[4]}
He was made an honorary vice-president for life of the International Guild of Knot Tyers in 1992.
Honours
- 1990 – awarded the Fields Medal.
- 1990 – elected Fellow of the Royal Society.^{[5]}
- 1991 – awarded the Rutherford Medal by the Royal Society of New Zealand.
- 1991 – awarded the degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Auckland
- 1992 – elected to the Australian Academy of Science as a Corresponding Fellow.
- 1992 - awarded a Miller Professorship at the University of California Berkeley.
- 2002 – appointed Distinguished Companion of The New Zealand Order of Merit in the Queen's Birthday Honours 2002, for services to mathematics.^{[6]}
- 2009 – in the Special Honours 2009, redesignated his DCNZM to a Knight Companion of The New Zealand Order of Merit.^{[7]}
- 2012 – became a Fellow of the American Mathematical Society.^{[8]}
Publications
- Actions of finite groups on the hyperfinite type II_{1} factor. Memoirs of the AMS. 1980.
- with Frederick M. Goodman and Pierre de la Harpe: Coxeter graphs and towers of algebras. Springer-Verlag. 1989.^{[9]}
- Subfactors and knots. AMS. 1991.^{[10]}
- with V. S. Sunder: Introduction to subfactors. Cambridge University Press. 1997.
See also
References
- ^ http://www.nasonline.org/member-directory/members/3005749.html
- ^ Personal web page at Vanderbilt University
- ^ Personal web page at Berkeley
- ^ Personal web page at Auckland
- ^ "Fellows". Royal Society. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- ^ "The Queen's Birthday and Golden Jubilee Honours 2002" (5 June 2002) 57 New Zealand Gazette 1553.
- ^ Special Honours List (12 August 2009) 118 New Zealand Gazette 2691
- ^ List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 26 January 2013.
- ^ Birman, Joan S. (1991). "Review: Coxeter graphs and towers of algebras, by F. M. Goodman, P. de la Harpe, and V. F. R. Jones". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 25 (1): 195–199. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1991-16063-5.
- ^ Kauffman, Louis H. (1994). "Review: Subfactors and knots, by V. F. R. Jones". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 31 (1): 147–154. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1994-00509-9.
External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vaughan Jones. |
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Vaughan Jones", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Vaughan Jones at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Jones' home page
- Career profile page at the University of Auckland
- Joan S. Birman: The Work of Vaughan F. R. Jones in Ichirō Satake (ed.): Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, 21–29 August 1990, Kyoto, Japan, Springer, 1991 (Laudatio for Fields-Medal 1990; online)
- 1952 births
- Living people
- People from Gisborne, New Zealand
- People from Waikato
- People educated at Auckland Grammar School
- University of Auckland alumni
- New Zealand mathematicians
- 20th-century mathematicians
- 21st-century mathematicians
- Fields Medalists
- University of California, Berkeley faculty
- University of Geneva alumni
- University of California, Los Angeles faculty
- University of Pennsylvania faculty
- Knights Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit
- Fellows of the American Mathematical Society
- Fellows of the Royal Society of New Zealand
- New Zealand Fellows of the Royal Society
- Guggenheim Fellows
- Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences
- Recipients of the Rutherford Medal
- Fellows of the Australian Academy of Science