Variations on a Theme of Chopin (Rachmaninoff)

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Chopin's Prelude No. 20 in C minor. Rachmaninoff uses only the first 8 bars plus end-chord, and changes the E in the last chord of bar 3 to E.

Not to be confused with works of the same title by Federico Mompou, Ferruccio Busoni, or Roger Smalley.

Variations on a Theme of Chopin (Russian: Вариации на тему Ф. Шопена, Variatsii na temu F. Shopena), Op. 22, is a group of 22 variations on Frédéric Chopin's Prelude in C minor (Op. 28, No. 20), composed by Sergei Rachmaninoff in 1902–03. In the first edition, it is noted that 3 of the variations and the final Presto section can be omitted if the performer wishes.

Variations

The form of the piece is:

Theme: Largo, 9 bars
Variation Tempo marking Key Description Score
I Moderato (66 bpm) C minor 8 bars
RachVar1.png
II Allegro (122 bpm) C minor 8 bars
RachVar2.png
III 132 bpm C minor 8 bars
RachVar3.png
IV 132 bpm C minor 24 bars of 3
4
RachVar4.png
V Meno mosso (92 bpm) C minor 8 bars
RachVar5.png
VI Meno mosso (84 bpm) C minor 8 bars 12 bars of 6
4
RachVar6.png
VII Allegro (120 bpm) C minor 8 bars

*This variation may be omitted

RachVar7.png
VIII 120 bpm C minor 8 bars
RachVar8.png
IX 120 bpm C minor 8 bars
RachVar9.png
X Piú vivo (144 bpm) C minor 14 bars

*This variation may be omitted

RachVar10.png
XI Lento (44 bpm) E♭ major 14 bars of 12
8
RachVar11.png
XII Moderato (60 bpm) C minor 32 bars

*This variation may be omitted

RachVar12.png
XIII Largo (52 bpm) C minor 16 bars
RachVar13.png
XIV Moderato (72 bpm) C minor 24 bars of 4
4
then one bar of 2
4
RachVar14.png
XV Allegro scherzando (132 bpm) F minor 45 bars of 12
8
in F minor
RachVar15.png
XVI Lento (54 bpm) F minor 14 bars in F minor
RachVar16.png
XVII Grave (46 bpm) B minor 18 bars of 3
4
in B minor
RachVar17.png
XVIII Piú mosso B minor 12 bars in B minor
RachVar18.png
XIX Allegro vivace A major 35 bars in A major
RachVar19.png
XX Presto (92 bpm) C minor 108 bars of 3
4
in A major and C minor
RachVar20.png
XXI Andante (60 bpm) - Più vivo (100 bpm) D major C major 24 bars in D major followed by 29 bars of 3
4
in C major marked Più vivo (100 bpm)
RachVar21.png
XXII Maestoso (100 bpm) C major 82 bars of 3
4
in C major. Then 9 bars marked Meno mosso. Finally, 19 bars marked Presto (These final 19 bars may be omitted)
RachVar22.png

References

Notes
Sources
  • Anderson, Keith (1999). Rachmaninov: Variations on a Theme of Chopin/Preludes (CD). Naxos Records. 8.554426.
  • Kim, Ji Hyun (2018). A Study of Rachmaninoff's Variations on a theme by Chopin, Op. 22 (PDF) (D.M.). Indiana University.
  • Matthew-Walker, Robert (1993). Rachmaninov: The Complete Solo Piano Music (PDF) (CD). Hyperion Records. CDS44041/8.
  • Rachmanov, Dimitry (2007). "Rachmaninoff: Variations on a Theme of Corelli, Op. 42" (PDF). Pianist.

External links

  • Variations on a Theme of Chopin, Op. 22: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
  • (in Russian) Piano.ru - Sheet music download
  • (in Russian) Chubrik.ru - Audio download
  • Rachmaninoff Variations on a theme by Chopin op.22. Performed by Marianna Prjevalskaya


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