Valeriana

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Valeriana
Valeriana officinalis 002.JPG
Garden valerian, Valeriana officinalis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Subfamily: Valerianoideae
Genus: Valeriana
L.

Valeriana is a genus of flowering plants in the family Caprifoliaceae,[1] members of which may by commonly known as valerians. It contains many species, including the garden valerian, Valeriana officinalis. Some species are native to Europe, others to North America and South America (especially in the Andes).

Fossil record

Fossil seeds of Valeriana sp, among them †Valeriana pliocenica, have been recovered from Late Miocene deposits of southern Ukraine, from Pliocene deposits of south-eastern Belarus and Bashkortostan in central Russia. The fossil seeds are most similar to the extant European Valeriana simplicifolia.[2]

Species

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Valeriana", The Plant List (version 1.1), retrieved 2014-09-19 
  2. ^ The Pliocene flora of Kholmech, south-eastern Belarus and it's correlation with other Pliocene floras of Europe by Felix Yu. VELICHKEVICH and Ewa ZASTAWNIAK - Acta Palaeobot. 43(2): 137–259, 2003
  3. ^ a b c Stevanovic, V. (1996). "Analysis of the central European and Mediterranean orophytic element on the mountains of the W and central Balkan peninsula with special reference to endemics" (PDF). Bocconea. 5 (1): 77–97. 
  4. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 668. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Retrieved 24 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service. 
  5. ^ Sims, John (1816). Curtis's Botanical Magazine, Or, Flower-garden Displayed. London, UK: Sherwood, Neely, and Jones. Volume 43, No.1825. 
  6. ^ "Valeriana uliginosa (Torr. & A. Gray) Rydb.: mountain valerian". United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 

External links

  • USDA records of the distribution of the genus in the United States
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