Val-d'Oise's 1st constituency by-election, 2018

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Val-d'Oise's 1st constituency by-election, 2018

← 2017 28 January 2018 (first round)
4 February 2018 (second round)
2022 →
Turnout 20.33% Decrease27.76% (first round)
19.09% Decrease20.51% (second round)
  No image.svg Isabelle Muller-Quoy.jpg
Nominee Antoine Savignat Isabelle Muller-Quoy Leïla Saïb
Party LRUDI REM FI
1st round
%
3,855
23.67% Increase5.92%
4,768
29.28% Decrease6.65%
1,867
11.47% Increase1.34%
2nd round
%
7,167
51.45% Increase5.69%
6,762
48.55% Decrease5.69%
Eliminated

  Bénédicte Ariès (cropped).jpg
Nominee Stéphane Capdet Sandra Nguyen-Derosier Bénédicte Ariès
Party FN PS EELV
1st round
%
1,647
10.11% Decrease5.19%
1,121
6.88% Increase1.40%
1,009
6.20% Increase2.33%
2nd round
%
Eliminated Eliminated Eliminated

Deputy before election

Isabelle Muller-Quoy
REM

Elected deputy

Antoine Savignat
LR

The first round of a by-election was held in Val-d'Oise's 1st constituency on 28 January 2018, with a second round on 4 February because no candidate secured a majority of votes in the first round. The by-election was called due to the invalidation of the election of Isabelle Muller-Quoy, candidate of La République En Marche! (REM), in the June 2017 legislative elections by the Constitutional Council on 16 November 2017. It is the first legislative by-election held during the 15th National Assembly.

In the first round on 28 January, Isabelle Muller-Quoy of La République En Marche! and Antoine Savignat of The Republicans (LR) advanced to the second round, as they did in June 2017, with Muller-Quoy securing a considerably lower share of the vote amid low turnout. Savignat was elected in the second round with 51.45% of the vote, defeating Muller-Quoy.

Background

On 14 November 2017, the Constitutional Council heard an appeal regarding the 2017 legislative elections within Val-d'Oise's 1st constituency by the three main defeated candidates, Antoine Savignat of The Republicans (LR), Denise Cornet of the National Front (FN), and Leïla Saïb of La France Insoumise (FI), who argued that the election should be invalidated because Michel Alexeef, selected as a substitute to elected deputy Isabelle Muller-Quoy of La République En Marche! (REM), previously served as a president of an employment tribunal within the constituency from January 2016 to January 2017, rendering him ineligible to run in a legislative election under the electoral code.[1]

The Constitutional Council annulled the election of Muller-Quoy on 16 November 2017 under article L.O. 132 of the electoral code, and a by-election was held in the constituency in 2018 to fill the vacant seat.[2][3] The legislative by-election was the first to be held since the election of Emmanuel Macron, and the first to be contested by a REM candidate.[4]

Since the 2017 legislative elections, the Constitutional Council received 298 appeals within 122 constituencies; since 21 July, 242 of these were rejected, with another forty cases outstanding when the result in Val-d'Oise was annulled.[4]

Though the poll opening and closing times were initially set as 8:00 and 18:00 CET,[5] these hours were later extended to 20:00 CET.[6]

Candidates

On 14 December 2017, the by-election was scheduled for 28 January 2018, with a second round on 4 February should no candidate secure a majority of votes in the first round; candidates are required to file between 2 and 5 January.[7] As of 17 December 2017, Isabelle Muller-Quoy declared her candidacy for La République En Marche!, Antoine Savignat for The Republicans, Stéphane Capdet for the National Front, Leïla Saïb for La France Insoumise, Sandra Nguyen-Derosier for the Socialist Party (PS), Bénédicte Ariès for Europe Ecology – The Greens (EELV), Hélène Halbin for Lutte Ouvrière (LO), and Denise Cornet for The Patriots (LP), having stood under the FN label in June.[8] In addition, Huguette François of the Party of France (PDF), previously invested in June as part of a far-right electoral alliance, Debout la France (DLF) candidate Jean-Paul Nowak, Christophe Hayes of the Popular Republican Union (UPR), and Brigitte Poli of the French Communist Party (PCF) also filed to run.[9]

Campaign

On 9 January 2018, the Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI) announced its support for Savignat, whose substitute, Nathalie Groux, is an elected member of the UDI.[10] Xavier Renou, substitute to Leïla Saïb, candidate of La France Insoumise, alleged that mayor of Beaumont-sur-Oise Nathalie Groux, substitute to Antoine Savignat of The Republicans, made it deliberately difficult to register as a candidate, a claim that Groux denied.[11] On 13 January, Florian Philippot visited in support of Denise Cornet, followed by Christophe Castaner in support of Muller-Quoy on 14 January. Nicolas Bay visited on 19 January in support of Stéphane Capdet, and La France Insoumise deputies Alexis Corbière and Adrien Quatennens visited on 20 January to support the candidacy of Leïla Saïb, the same day that Valerie Pécresse came to support Antoine Savignat. Minister Agnès Buzyn visited to campaign with Muller-Quoy on 22 January,[12] followed by Prime Minister Édouard Philippe on 25 January,[13] the latter's visit considered an appeal to the traditionally right-wing tendencies of the constituency.[14]

In the first round on 28 January, Muller-Quoy received 29.28% of the vote, compared to Savignat with 23.67% of the vote, a significantly smaller margin than that in June. Saïb arrived in third with 11.47% of the vote, followed by Capdet with 10.11%, Nguyen-Dérosier with 6.88%, and Ariès with 6.20%.[15] On 30 January, Castaner came to Beaumont-sur-Oise to support Muller-Quoy,[16] followed by Pécresse and Laurent Wauquiez on 31 January to back Savignat, not long after a tense meeting of the two at the national council of the party on 27 January,[17] and were accompanied by deputy and LR vice president Damien Abad. On 1 February, Philippe and Castaner visited the constituency together at a public meeting in support of Muller-Quoy, who was introduced by deputy Aurélien Taché.[18] In the second round on 4 February, Savignat was elected deputy with 51.45% of the vote, defeating Muller-Quoy, who received 48.55%.[19]

2017 election result

First round results by commune
Second round results by commune
Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Isabelle Muller-Quoy REM 13,817 35.93 15,400 54.23
Antoine Savignat LR 6,827 17.75 12,996 45.77
Denise Cornet FN 5,886 15.31
Leïla Saïb FI 3,895 10.13
Sandra Nguyen-Derosier PS 2,107 5.48
Bénédicte Ariès EELV 1,486 3.86
Brigitte Poli PCF 988 2.57
Albert Lapeyre LT 839 2.18
Michel Boisnault 577–LI 719 1.87
Huguette François UDP 491 1.28
Lionel Mabille UPR 374 0.97
Thierry Sallantin AEI 321 0.83
Hélène Halbin LO 304 0.79
Brigitte Gilibert SIEL 300 0.78
Mistafa Fanouni SE 94 0.24
Katia Lebaillif PVB 2 0.01
Élisabeth Gaucher R&PS 2 0.01
Rudy Bruyelle SE 0 0.00
Anne-Sophie Vuillemin PCD 0 0.00
Votes 38,452 100.00 28,396 100.00
Valid votes 38,452 98.04 28,396 87.92
Blank votes 599 1.53 3,066 9.49
Null votes 168 0.43 837 2.59
Turnout 39,219 48.09 32,299 39.61
Abstentions 42,328 51.91 49,250 60.39
Registered voters 81,547 81,549
Source: Ministry of the Interior, political parties

2018 by-election result

First round results by commune
Second round results by commune
Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % +/– Votes % +/–
Isabelle Muller-Quoy REM 4,768 29.28 –6.65 6,762 48.55 –5.69
Antoine Savignat LRUDI 3,855 23.67 +5.92 7,167 51.45 +5.69
Leïla Saïb FI 1,867 11.47 +1.34
Stéphane Capdet FN 1,647 10.11 –5.19
Sandra Nguyen-Derosier PS 1,121 6.88 +1.40
Bénédicte Ariès EELV 1,009 6.20 +2.33
Jean-Paul Nowak DLF 702 4.31 +4.31
Huguette François PDF 429 2.63 +1.36
Brigitte Poli PCF 320 1.97 –0.60
Hélène Halbin LO 204 1.25 +0.46
Denise Cornet LP 193 1.19 +1.19
Christophe Hayes UPR 169 1.04 +0.07
Votes 16,284 100.00 13,929 100.00
Valid votes 16,284 97.24 –0.80 13,929 88.69 +0.77
Blank votes 332 2.04 +0.46 1,210 7.70 –1.79
Null votes 130 0.80 +0.35 567 3.61 +1.02
Turnout 16,746 20.33 –27.76 15,706 19.09 –20.51
Abstentions 65,607 79.67 +27.76 66,550 80.91 +20.51
Registered voters 82,353 82,256
Source: Préfecture du Val d'Oise, Préfecture du Val d'Oise

References

  1. ^ "Législatives dans la 1re circonscription du Val-d'Oise : les recours enfin examinés". Le Parisien. 14 November 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Législatives : le Conseil constitutionnel annule l'élection d'une députée LREM du Val d'Oise". franceinfo. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Décision n° 2017-4999/5007/5078 AN du 16 novembre 2017". Conseil constitutionnel. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  4. ^ a b Emmanuel Galiero (16 November 2017). "L'élection d'une députée LREM du Val d'Oise invalidée". Le Figaro. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Décret n° 2017-1685 du 14 décembre 2017 portant convocation des électeurs pour l'élection d'un député à l'Assemblée nationale (1re circonscription du Val-d'Oise)". Légifrance. 15 December 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  6. ^ Julie Ménard (26 January 2018). "Législative/ Val-d'Oise : les bureaux de vote sont ouverts". Le Parisien. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Election législative partielle 2018 - 1ère circonscription du Val-d'Oise". Préfecture du Val d'Oise. 15 December 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  8. ^ Marie Persidat (17 December 2017). "Législative/1re circonscription du Val-d'Oise : déjà neuf candidats sur la ligne de départ". Le Parisien. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Election législative partielle / 1ère circonscription du Val-d'Oise : les candidats au 1er tour". France 3 Paris-Île-de-France. 18 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  10. ^ "L'UDI soutient les candidats LR lors de deux législatives partielles". Europe 1. Agence France-Presse. 9 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  11. ^ "Législative/1re circonscription : embûches entre les candidats insoumis et la mairie de Beaumont-sur-Oise". Le Parisien. 4 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  12. ^ Marie Persidat (21 January 2018). "Val-d'Oise : dur de mobiliser les électeurs pour la législative partielle". Le Parisien. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  13. ^ Ludovic Vigogne; Béatrice Houchard (16 January 2018). "A Belfort, bousculades garanties pour la prochaine législative partielle". L'Opinion. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  14. ^ Valérie Hacot (27 January 2018). "Législative partielle : Edouard Philippe en tête d'affiche". Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  15. ^ Thibault Chaffotte; Julie Menard; Laurence Allezy (28 January 2018). "Législative partielle dans le Val-d'Oise : nouveau duel entre Muller-Quoy (LREM) et Savignat (LR)". Le Parisien. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  16. ^ Mathilde Siraud (1 February 2018). "Édouard Philippe en campagne dans le Val-d'Oise". Le Figaro. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  17. ^ Marion Mourgue (29 January 2018). "Pécresse et Wauquiez vont s'afficher ensemble dans le Val d'Oise". Le Figaro. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  18. ^ Pierre Lepelletier (30 January 2018). "Dans le Val-d'Oise, l'élection législative partielle vire au duel national". Le Figaro. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  19. ^ "Législative partielle Résultats second tour 4/02/2018" (PDF). Préfecture du Val d'Oise. 5 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2018.

External links

  • Results of past legislative by-elections from the Ministry of the Interior (in French)
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