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Vacationers at the beach in Broadstairs, Kent, UK

A vacation or holiday is a leave of absence from a regular occupation, or a specific trip or journey, usually for the purpose of recreation or tourism. People often take a vacation during specific holiday observances, or for specific festivals or celebrations. Vacations are often spent with friends or family[citation needed].

A person may take a longer break from work, such as a sabbatical, gap year, or career break.

The concept of taking a vacation is a recent invention, and has developed through the last two centuries. Historically, the idea of travel for recreation was a luxury that only wealthy people could afford (see Grand Tour). In the Puritan culture of early America, taking a break from work for reasons other than weekly observance of the Sabbath was frowned upon. However, the modern concept of vacation was led by a later religious movement encouraging spiritual retreat and recreation. The notion of breaking from work periodically took root among the middle and working class.[1]


In the United Kingdom, vacation once specifically referred to the long summer break taken by the law courts and then later the term was applied to universities.[2] The custom was introduced by William the Conqueror from Normandy where it facilitated the grape harvest.[citation needed] In the past, many upper-class families moved to a summer home for part of the year, leaving their usual home vacant.[citation needed]

Impact of digital communications

Recent developments in communication technology—internet, mobile, instant messaging, presence tracking, etc.— have begun to change the nature of vacation. Vacation today means absence from the workplace rather than temporary cession of work. It is now the norm in North America and the United Kingdom to carry on working or remain on call while on vacation rather than abandon work altogether. Office employees telecommute whilst on vacation. Workers may choose to unplug for a portion of a day and thus create the feeling of a "vacation" by simply separating themselves from the demands of constant digital communications. Antithetically, workers may take time out of the office to go on vacation, but remain plugged-in to work-related communications networks. While remaining plugged-in over vacation may generate short-term business benefits, the long-term psychological impacts of these developments are only beginning to be understood.[3]

Regional meaning

Vacation, in English-speaking North America, describes recreational travel, such as a short pleasure trip, or a journey abroad. People in Commonwealth countries use the term holiday to describe absence from work as well as to describe a vacation or journey. Vacation can mean either staying home or going somewhere.

Canadians often use vacation and holiday interchangeably referring to a trip away from home or time off work. In Australia and the UK, holiday can refer to a vacation or a public holiday.

The Vanderbilts, Rockefellers, Carnegies, Huntingtons and other fabulously wealthy industrialists built their own spectacular “great camps” in the Adirondacks of upstate NY where they could disport with their families in private luxury. The scions of New York City took to declaring that they would “vacate” their city homes for their lakeside summer retreats, and the term “vacation” replaced the British “holiday” in common parlance.

In Hungarian, the word vakáció can mean both a recreational trip, an officially granted absence from work (generally in warmer months), and the summer (longest) school break. For absence from work, the word szabadság (freedom/liberty) can be used, possibly as betegszabadság (sickness freedom/sickness liberty) when the reason of absence is medical in nature.

Family vacation

Family vacation refers to recreation taken together by the family. The intended purpose of family vacation is for family to get away from day-to-day chores and to devote time specifically for the relaxation and unity of family members. Family vacation can be ritual—for example, annually around the same time—or it can be a one-time event. It can involve travel to a far-flung spot or, for families on a tight budget, a stay-at-home staycation.[4] Some examples of favorite family vacations[5] might include family cruises, trips to popular theme parks, ski vacations, beach vacations, food vacations[6][7] or similar types of family trips.

Vacation policy

Many large corporations have generous vacation policies, some allowing employees to take weeks off and some even allowing unlimited vacation.[8][9]

According to the U.S. Travel Association, Americans collectively did not use 662 million vacation days in 2016. More than half of all working people in the United States forfeited paid time off at the end of the year.[10] Two-thirds of people still do work while they are on vacation. [11]

In popular culture

Family vacation and vacation in general has become a common theme in many books, films and movies. Writers often draw on common occurrences that take place during a vacation such as bonding and disasters.

See also


  1. ^ All Things Considered (17 June 2009). "The History Of The Vacation Examined". NPR. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "United Kingdom University Term Times and Vacations". Retrieved 2016-01-05. 
  3. ^ Williams, Ray (6 May 2012). "Why It's so Hard to Unplug From the Digital World". Psychology Today. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Making the most of your Stress-free, Budget Staycation". Traveling Mom. 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "Top Ten Family Vacation Destinations". Favorite Family Vacations. 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Destination Food Towns In America, Suzy Strutner". Traveling Mom. 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Sai Gon Food Street, Saigon Adventure". Traveling Post. 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  8. ^ Vanderkam, Laura (3 October 2015). "Here's why unlimited vacation may be too good to be true". Fortune. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  9. ^ Slayton, Kaylene (27 November 2015). "15 Companies With The Best Vacation Policies". rantfinance. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  10. ^ Zillman, Claire (2017-05-23). "Americans Are Still Terrible at Taking Vacations". Fortune. Retrieved 2017-05-24. 
  11. ^

External links

  • Quotations related to Vacation at Wikiquote
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