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Final Fantasy character
Vaan as he appears in Final Fantasy XII. Designed by Akihiko Yoshida.
First appearance Itadaki Street Special (2004)
Last appearance Theatrhythm Final Fantasy: Curtain Call (2014)
Created by Yasumi Matsuno
Designed by Akihiko Yoshida
Voiced by Bobby Edner
Kouhei Takeda (Japanese, Final Fantasy XII)
Kenshō Ono (Japanese, Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy)
Home Rabanastre
Quickening Red Spiral, White Whorl, Pyroclasm

Vaan (ヴァン, Van) is a fictional character in the Final Fantasy series from Square Enix. Created by Yasumi Matsuno and designed by Akihiko Yoshida, he first appeared in Itadaki Street Special and then appeared in Final Fantasy XII as the protagonist. Final Fantasy XII establishes Vaan as an orphaned teenager from Rabanastre who dreams of becoming a sky pirate. He and his best friend Penelo join Dalmasca Princess Ashe in her fight against the tyranny of the Archadian Empire. Vaan also takes a more active role in the sequel Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings and has also been featured in few Final Fantasy crossover games.

Vaan was conceptualized as the main character for Final Fantasy XII in order to contrast the older hero from Square's previous title Vagrant Story as a result of negative feedback received by fans. Critical reception to Vaan's character has been mixed as a result of his lack of involvement with the Final Fantasy XII's plot although various video game publications still found him likable.


Vaan was first introduced in the 2004 crossover board game Itadaki Street Special for the PlayStation 2.[1] He also appears in Itadaki Street Portable for the PlayStation Portable.[2]

The protagonist of Final Fantasy XII, Vaan is a 17-year-old orphaned street urchin who lost his parents in a plague when he was 12 years old.[3] His only brother, Reks, died two years prior to the start of the game, during the Archadian invasion of Dalmasca. He makes a living as Migelo's assistant, running various errands for him, while at the same time pickpocketing from Archadian soldiers while claiming to take back what is Dalmasca's.[4] He is a cheerful and energetic boy. Vaan dreams of someday becoming a sky pirate in command of his own airship.[5] He trains to meet this goal by killing dire rats in the sewers of Rabanastre on a daily basis, for which Dalan gave him the nickname "Vaan Ratsbane."[6] Despite nominally being the protagonist, the majority of the game focuses on the events and conflicts of the world as a whole and of Ashe, rather than Vaan's individual problems, with his character instead used as a narrative device to allow the player to follow the events as an outside observer.[7] During the course of the game, Vaan comes to understand that he has spent his time running from his problems and blaming the Archadian empire for them, rather than moving on with his life after his brother and parents' deaths.[8] Vaan ends the game as a sky pirate, traveling the world along with Penelo. He also reprises his role from Final Fantasy XII in the manga adaptation by Gin Amou.[9]

During the events of Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings, Vaan becomes captain of the Airship Galbana and uses it to travel to Lemurés, meeting old friends while making new ones. By Final Fantasy Tactics A2: Grimoire of the Rift Vaan's and Penelo's adventures take them to the Jylland region of Ivalice, where they get caught up in events surrounding Clan Gully and a boy from another world named Luso Clemens, eventually joining up with the clan for a time.[10]

Vaan also appears in the PlayStation Portable fighting game, Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy, as one of Cosmos' warriors who seek to eliminate creatures known as Maninkins. He returns in the game's sequel, Dissidia Final Fantasy NT, as one of Materia's champions. He is also featured in the rhythm game Theatrhythm Final Fantasy and its sequel, Curtain Call, as the main character representing Final Fantasy XII.[11]

Concept and creation

Kouhei Takeda's work as Vaan's voice actor and motion capture affected his characterization

Yasumi Matsuno added Vaan and Penelo to be male and female avatar characters for the player in Final Fantasy XII. They would see and learn about Ivalice in sync with the player over the course of the game but would not be deeply connected to the story.[12] The development team explained that their previous game, Vagrant Story, which featured a "strong man in his prime" as the protagonist had been unsuccessful and unpopular; the change regarding Final Fantasy XII from a "big and tough" protagonist to a more effeminate one was thus decided after targeting demographics were considered.[13] Although originally conceived as more "rugged", Vaan was changed during development of the game to be more effeminate after "taking into consideration the target demographic". He was designed by character designer Akihiko Yoshida to look Asian.[14] In response to criticism from Western fans regarding Vaan's design executive producer Akitoshi Kawazu noted that while several members from the development team were not feeling Vaan was the right main character owing to his young age, it was common for Japanese RPG to start with an inexperienced characters who grow across the game.[15]

Motomu Toriyama, the writer and director of Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings, picked Vaan as his favourite character in the game.[16] In the making of the high-definition of Final Fantasy XII, the staff reflected on how "weak" and unreliable he was in the original game. However, they jokingly discussed together that ten years later, he could become more appealing than Balthier, a character Square found appealing.[17] Wanting characters who could appeal to long-term fans and new fans, the team incorporated Vaan and Penelo in Final Fantasy Tactics A2: Grimoire of the Rift.[18] Vaan's appearance, which was supposed to mirror that of Balthier, was suggested by Hiroaki Kato.[19] In Dissidia, he is featured in his Final Fantasy XII design, while alternative ones depict him as in Final Fantasy Tactics A2: Grimoire of the Rift, a new one by Yoshitaka Amano and another one featuring him as sea pirate by Akihiko Yoshida.[20][21][22] Another Final Fantasy XII centered-title, only known as Fortress, was in plans by Square Enix but was cancelled; in this video game, Vaan would remain with Penelo and live quiet lives due to the plot being more focused on other characters from the previous games, most notably Asche, Larsa and Basch.[23]

Vaan was voiced in Final Fantasy XII by Bobby Edner in English and by Kouhei Takeda in Japanese. With the casting of Takeda for the voice acting and motion capture, Vaan became a little less feminine and more "active, upbeat bright and positive" than planned.[13][24] In the making of the English version, some lines involving Vaan had to changed for its release but without the loss of the real information.[25] When asked how he compares to other Final Fantasy protagonists, Hideo Minaba stated that due in part to being designed by a different character designer than before, he did not feel he could be compared to any other Final Fantasy character.[24] Vaan's inclusion in Dissidia 012 met difficulties due to the fact Takeda was busy with other works to voice him. However, following a Japanese popularity survey, the staff in charge hired Kenshō Ono to replace Takeda as fans wanted him to appear in Dissidia 012.[26]


The similarities between the design of Vaan and Tetsuya Nomura's have been criticized, which artist Akihiko Yoshida noted was likely due to the similar colours used.[27] In the book Final Fantasy and Philosophy: The Ultimate Walkthrough, he is described by Greg Littmann as a pick pocket and, unlike many of Final Fantasy's protagonists, lacking in a "sense of honesty and justice".[28] GameSpot editor Greg Kasavin described Vaan as the "token androgynous male lead", also describing him as an "Aladdin-type".[29] G4 TV editor Greg Orlando described him as "eminently likable" due to the game's focus on "political intrigue" and Vaan trying to understand it all.[30] Cyril Lachel of stated that while he was not a fan of Vaan, he was surprised by how his story turned out.[31] editor Andrew Pfister stated that while everyone was expecting to hate what he describes as an "angsty teen", this is "tempered by the presence of Balthier and Basch", two fellow characters.[32] Kotaku's Jason Schreir considered Vaan and Penelo the game's weak points as they compared them with other characters such as Balthier and Asche whose actions were "interesting".[33] Christian Nutt of GamesRadar made fun of the character in an article about the best Final Fantasy heroes stating that Vaan would definitely not be included.[34] Meanwhile, US Gamer simply described him as a stereotypical character often seen in anime series aimed at young people.[35] Jason Schreier, another Kotaku writer, went harsher, to the point of making a podcast titled "Vaan Really Sucks" as he and his partner interacted about video games.[36]

Edner's English voice acting of Vaan was met with positive response.

His lessened involvement with the plot compared to protagonists from preceding Final Fantasy titles was met with mixed reception. Destructoid editor Aaron Linde described him as "arguably the most uninspiring character in the game".[37] editor Andrew Macarthy described Vaan as an "undescribing figure".[38] Eurogamer editor Rob Fahey stated that while "players may initially be somewhat dismayed to find themselves largely following around the cheerful prettyboy Vaan", the game introduces new characters who "fill out the cast superbly".[39] PSX Extreme editor Cavin Smith commented that due to the game not focusing on just one character, Vaan "spends the entire game as an observer of the events unfolding in front of him", adding that it is a "far different take on the protagonist compared to Nomura's egocentric tendencies".[40] Daily Collegian was harsher to the point of listing him as one of the most useless characters in the franchise due to his lack of appeal most notably in comparison to the party members from his game.[41] PALGN editor Phil Larsen called him a "rogue-ish bad boy with a heart of gold", adding that "while this may seem clichéd at first, Vaan is always presented as extremely young and never tries to control every situation", citing Tidus as an example of someone who does.[42] Worthplaying editor Agustin described the set-up as being "Dragon Quest-like", and that while he acts as a vehicle for players to view the plot through, he compared him to critically acclaimed characters Crono and Link from the Chrono Trigger and The Legend of Zelda series respectively.[7]

Bobby Edner's portrayal of Vaan has been met with mostly positive reception. Cavin Smith praised his acting, stating that he sounds like an actual teenager without sounding whiny.[40] Agustin praised the developers for giving Vaan a voice actor, commenting that it prevents any awkward silences from a silent protagonist. He added however that Vaan is "decidedly quiet", owing to many of the conversations not requiring his input, which Agustin called a "brilliant interactive storytelling device".[7] His design change from Final Fantasy XII to Revenant Wings was criticized by RPGFan editor Patrick Gann, for going from a teenage design to what appears to be the design of a 10-year-old Vaan.[43]


  1. ^ "ドラゴンクエスト&ファイナルファンタジー in いただきストリート Special" (in Japanese). Square Enix. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  2. ^ Calonne, Stéphane (March 24, 2006). "Itadaki Street surf sur la vague FFXII" (in French). Gamekyo. Retrieved September 24, 2009.
  3. ^ Square Enix (October 3, 2006). Final Fantasy XII. PlayStation 2. Square Enix. Vaan: A lot of kids lost their parents in the war. Mine- mine had already died before that. The Plague took them both. / Basch: I'm sorry. I didn't know. / Vaan: It's okay. It's been five years now. After that, I lived with my friend Penelo and her family.
  4. ^ Square Enix (October 3, 2006). Final Fantasy XII. PlayStation 2. Square Enix. Penelo: I thought that this money was the people of Dalmasca's property. The Imperials stole it from us, so it's only fair that we take it back. It's our duty as Dalmascans. Well, wasn't that what you said?
  5. ^ Square Enix (2006-10-31). Final Fantasy XII. PlayStation 2. Square Enix. Vaan: One of these days I'll fly an airship of my own. I'll be a sky pirate, free to go where I will.
  6. ^ Square Enix (October 31, 2006). Final Fantasy XII. PlayStation 2. Square Enix. Old Dalan: Now the right takes Vaan Ratsbane to his territorial hunting grounds in the sewerbottom.
  7. ^ a b c Agustin (November 21, 2006). "PS2 Review - 'Final Fantasy XII'". Worthplaying. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  8. ^ Square Enix (October 31, 2006). Final Fantasy XII. PlayStation 2. Square Enix. Vaan: Hating the Empire, getting revenge. It's all I ever thought about. But I never did anything about it. I mean, I realized there was nothing I could do. It made me feel hollow, alone. And then I'd miss my brother. I'd say stuff like "I'm gonna be a Sky Pirate" ... or some other stupid thing. Just anything to keep my mind off it. I was just—I was running away. I needed to get away from his death. That's why I followed you. Know what? I'm through with it. I'm through running. I'm ready to find my purpose. To find some real answers—some reasons. If I stick with you, I think I will.
  9. ^ Amou, Gin (2006). Final Fantasy XII 1. Square Enix. ISBN 978-4-7575-1830-8.
  10. ^ Calonne, Stéphane (August 19, 2007). "Final Fantasy Tactics A2 : Vaan et Penelo". Gamekyo. Retrieved October 1, 2008.
  11. ^ "Ifrit, Moogles, And Chocobos In New Theatrhythm: Final Fantasy Screenshots". Siliconera. December 26, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
  12. ^ Studio BentStuff. Final Fantasy XII Scenario Ultimania (in Japanese). Square Enix.
  13. ^ a b "Sortie française de Final Fantasy XII : le Compte rendu" (in French). Final Fantasy Ring. February 28, 2007. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
  14. ^ "Q&A: Final Fantasy XII developers". GameSpot. November 20, 2003. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
  15. ^ Wales, Matt (October 26, 2006). "Square Talks Firsts for Final Fantasy XII". GameSpot. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
  16. ^ "Square Enix Final Fantasy DS Interview". Kikizo. March 17, 2008. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  17. ^ "Final Fantasy XII: The Zodiac Age Developers Talk About Their Return To Familiar Grounds". Siliconera. April 5, 2017. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  18. ^ "Final Fantasy Tactics A2 Interview - Part 2: Music of Ivalice". Square Enix. 2008. Archived from the original on 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  19. ^ "Ryoma Ito Interview - Part 1: Beginning the Project and Character Inspirations". Square Enix. 2008. Archived from the original on 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  20. ^ "Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy Site Updated With Vaan". Andriasang. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  21. ^ "First Look: Dissidia Duodecim Final Fantasy's Dungeon Play". Andriasang. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  22. ^ "Pirate Vaan and Gunner Yuna Hit Dissidia Duodecim Final Fantasy Next Week". Andriasang. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  23. ^ "The Canceled Final Fantasy XII Sequel: Narrative and Gameplay Revealed". GameSpot. October 6, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  24. ^ a b "Final Fantasy XII Q&A". IGN. November 20, 2003. Retrieved September 2, 2006.
  25. ^ "A Voice for Ivalice: The Localization and Voice Acting of Final Fantasy XII". US Gamer. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  26. ^ Gantayat, Anoop (November 15, 2010). "Vaan Sees a Voice Change in Japanese Dissidia Final Fantasy". Andriasang. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  27. ^ Winkler, Chris. "Final Fantasy XII Preview". RPGFan. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  28. ^ Blahuta, Jason P.; S. Beaulieu, Michael (2009-09-18). Final Fantasy and Philosophy: The Ultimate Walkthrough). Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-73040-9.
  29. ^ Kasavin, Greg (October 31, 2006). "Final Fantasy XII Review". GameSpot. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  30. ^ Orlando, Greg (November 1, 2006). "Final Fantasy XII Review". G4. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  31. ^ Lachel, Cyril (October 31, 2006). "Final Fantasy XII - Review". Archived from the original on July 9, 2007. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  32. ^ Pfister, Andrew (October 27, 2006). "Final Fantasy XII Review". Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  33. ^ Schreir, Jason (October 27, 2006). "Final Fantasy XII: The Zodiac Age: The Kotaku Review". Kotaku. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  34. ^ Christian Nutt. "The five best Final Fantasy heroes". GamesRadar. Future US. Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2010.
  35. ^ "The New Final Fantasy XII Zodiac Age Story Trailer is Very Game of Thrones-esque". US Gamer. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  36. ^ "Podcast: Vaan Really Sucks". Kotaku. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  37. ^ Linde, Aaron (November 23, 2007). "Destructoid review: Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings". Destructoid. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  38. ^ Macarthy, Andrew (March 31, 2007). "Final Fantasy XII - Review". Archived from the original on March 16, 2009. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  39. ^ Fahey, Rob (October 31, 2006). "Final Fantasy XII Review". Eurogame]. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  40. ^ a b Smith, Cavin (November 27, 2006). "Final Fantasy XII Review". PSX Extreme. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  41. ^ "The top useless Final Fantasy characters". Daily Collegian. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  42. ^ Larsen, Phil (February 22, 2007). "Final Fantasy XII Review". PALGN. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  43. ^ Gann, Patrick (January 29, 2008). "Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings". RPGFan. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
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