Upper Peru

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Colony of Upper Peru (Alto Peru)
Alto Peru
Flag of Upper Peru
Naval flag, National Flag (of mother country)
Coat of arms
Motto: Plus Ultra
"Further Beyond"
Anthem: Marcha Real
"Royal March"
(1813–1822; 1823–1873)

Himno de Riego
"Anthem of Riego"
Territories of Alto Peru, 1821-1825
Territories of Alto Peru, 1821-1825
Capital La Paz
Common languages Spanish
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Absolute monarchy
• 1821–1825
Ferdinand VII
• 1821-1824
José de la Serna e Hinojosa
• 1824-1825
Pío de Tristán
Historical era 19th century
28 July 1821
• Independence from Spain as Bolivia
6 August 1825
Currency Spanish escudo
Spanish peseta
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
Bolivian Republic

Upper Peru (Spanish: Alto Perú) is a denomination for the land that was governed by the Real Audiencia of Charcas.[1] The denomination originated in Buenos Aires[2] towards the end of the 18th century[3] after the Audiencia of Charcas was transferred from the Viceroyalty of Peru to the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata in 1776.[4] It comprised the governorships of Potosí, La Paz, Cochabamba, Chiquitos, Moxos and Charcas (since renamed Sucre).

Following the Bolivian War of Independence, the region became an independent country and was renamed Bolivia in honor of Simón Bolívar.


  1. ^ Barnadas, Josep M. (1989). Es muy sencillo: Llámenle Charcas. La Paz: Juventud. p. 59-63
  2. ^ «J.M. Dalence, Bosquejo estadístico de Bolivia, Sucre 1851, p. 2». Consulted on 2 of September, 2011.
  3. ^ «Esther Aillón Soria, De Charcas/Alto Perú a la República de Bolivar, Bolivia. Trayectorias de la identidad boliviana, p. 7». Consulted on 2 of September, 2011.
  4. ^ Crespo Rodas, Alberto (1981). El ejército de San Martín y las guerrillas del Alto Perú. La Paz. p. 379

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