University of Dublin (constituency)

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University of Dublin
Seanad Éireann Constituency
Current constituency
Created 1938
Seats 3
Senators

University of Dublin is a university constituency in Ireland, which currently elects three senators to Seanad Éireann. Its electorate comprises the undergraduate scholars and graduates of the University of Dublin, whose sole constituent college is Trinity College, Dublin, so it is often also referred to as the Trinity College constituency. Between 1613 and 1937 it elected MPs or TDs to a series of representative legislative bodies.

Representation

From To Chamber Members
1613 1800 House of Commons of Ireland 2
1801 1832 House of Commons of the United Kingdom 1
1832 1922 House of Commons of the United Kingdom 2
1921 1922 House of Commons of Southern Ireland 4
1922 1923 Dáil Éireann 4
1923 1937 Dáil Éireann 3
1938 present Seanad Éireann 3

House of Commons of Ireland (1613–1800)

Dublin University
Former constituency
for the Irish House of Commons
Former constituency
Created 1613 (1613)
Abolished 1801

When James I first convened the Parliament of Ireland, the University of Dublin was given two MPs, elected by the Provost, Fellows and Scholars of Trinity College. It was not represented among the 30 Irish MPs which were part of the Protectorate Parliament during the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

Party organisations were not persistent during this time period, and have been added where appropriate. Among the MPs for the university in this period was John FitzGibbon, who later as Lord Chancellor of Ireland played a key role in the passage of the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the Kingdom of Ireland with the Kingdom of Great Britain to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Parliament Election MP (Party) MP (Party)
Parliament of James I 1613 William Temple Charles Doyne
1628 William Bedell James Donnellan
1628 William Fitzgerald
First Parliament of Charles I 1634 Sir James Ware
Second Parliament of Charles I 1639 William Gilbert
First Protectorate Parliament 1654 University not represented
Parliament of Charles II 1661 Sir James Ware Lord John Butler
Parliament of James II 1689 Sir John Meade, Bt Joseph Coghlan
First Parliament of William III and Mary II 1692 Sir Cyril Wyche William Molyneux
(Whig)
Second Parliament of William III 1695 Richard Aldworth
1698 William Crowe
First Parliament of Anne 1703 Sir William Robinson Edward Southwell
Second Parliament of Anne 1713 Marmaduke Coghill
(Whig)
John Elwood
Parliament of George I 1715 Samuel Dopping
1721 Edward Hopkins
Parliament of George II 1727 Samuel Molyneux
1728 John Elwood
1739 Philip Tisdall
1741 Archibald Acheson
First Parliament of George III 1761 William Clement
Second Parliament of George III 1768 Sir Capel Molyneaux, Bt
Third Parliament of George III 1776 Walter Burgh
(Patriot)
Richard Hely-Hutchinson
[note 1]
1778 John FitzGibbon
1782 Lawrence Parsons
(Patriot)
Fourth Parliament of George III 1783 Arthur Browne
Fifth Parliament of George III 1790 Francis Hely-Hutchinson
Sixth Parliament of George III 1798 George Knox
  1. ^ Election deemed invalid.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom (1801–1922)

Dublin University
Former University constituency
for the House of Commons
18011922

The Acts of Union 1800 merged the Parliament of Ireland with the Parliament of Great Britain, to form the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The 300 seats in the Irish House of Commons were reduced to 100 Irish members in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. The union took effect on 1 January 1801. The University of Dublin had one seat in this Parliament. There was no new election for the First Parliament of the United Kingdom: for constituencies like the University of Dublin which were reduced to one MP, they were chosen by lot, in this instance, George Knox

In the Irish Reform Act 1832, the University was given a second seat in Parliament, elected by plurality-at-large, and the franchise was extended to all those with a Master of Arts. At this stage, there were 2,073 voters on the register. Plural voting by those who held a vote in both geographical and the university was allowed and prevalent.

A Topographical Directory of Ireland, published in 1837, describes the Parliamentary history of the university.

By charter of James I. the university returned two members to the Irish parliament till the Union; after which time it returned only one member to the Imperial parliament, till the recent Reform act, since which it has returned two. The right of election, which was originally vested solely in the provost, fellows, and scholars, has, by the same act, been extended to all members of the age of 21 years, who had obtained, or should hereafter obtain, a fellowship, scholarship, or the degree of Master of Arts, and whose names should be on the college books : members thus qualified, who had removed their names from the books, were allowed six months to restore them, on paying a fee of £2, and such as continued their names, merely to qualify them to vote, pay annually to the college the sum of £1, or a composition of £5 in lieu of annual payment. The number of names restored under this provision was 3005, and at present the constituency amounts to 3135. The provost is the returning officer.

The Representation of the People Act 1918 extended the electorate to include all male graduates and scholars over the age of 21 and all female graduates and scholars over the age of 30, to be elected by single transferable vote. There were 4,541 voters registered for the 1918 general election. Plural voting continued to be allowed.

During the period of the Union between Ireland and Great Britain, the constituency predominantly elected Tory, Conservative and Unionist MPs, including Edward Gibson, who was later (as Lord Ashbourne) responsible a major land purchase act, and Edward Carson, who led the Irish Unionist Alliance.

Dublin University was represented in the House of Commons until the dissolution of Parliament on 26 October 1922, shortly before the establishment of the Irish Free State became a dominion on 6 December 1922.

Election MP (Party) MP (Party)
1801 George Knox (T) University represented by
one seat until 1832
1802
1806
1807 John Leslie Foster (T)
1812 William Plunket (W)
1818
1820
1826
1827 by-election John Wilson Croker (T)
1830 Thomas Lefroy (T, C)
1831
1832 Frederick Shaw (C)
1835
1837
1841
1842 by-election Joseph Jackson (C)
1843 by-election George Hamilton (C)
1847
1848 by-election Joseph Napier (C)
1852
1857
1858 by-election Anthony Lefroy (C)
1859 by-election James Whiteside (C)
1859
1865
1866 by-election John Walsh (C)
1867 by-election Hedges Chatterton (C)
1867 by-election Robert Warren (C)
1868 John Ball (C)
1870 by-election David Plunket (C, U)
1874
1875 by-election Edward Gibson (C)
1880
1885 by-election Hugh Holmes (C, U)
1885
1886
1887 by-election Dodgson Madden (U)
1892 Edward Carson (U)
1895
1895 by-election W. E. H. Lecky (Lib U)
1900
1903 by-election James Campbell (U)
1906
Jan. 1910
Dec. 1910
1917 by-election Arthur Samuels (U)
1918 Sir Robert Woods (Ind U)
1919 by-election William Jellett (U)

House of Commons of Southern Ireland (1921–1922)

The Government of Ireland Act 1920 established a devolved home rule legislature, within the United Kingdom, for twenty-six Irish counties which were designated Southern Ireland.

Dublin University was given four seats in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. The seats were filled by Independent Unionist MPs who were returned unopposed. They were the only MPs who attended the abortive first meeting of the House. After the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the four MPs met with the Pro-Treaty members of the Second Dáil to ratify the Treaty. The Parliament was formally dissolved as part of the arrangements under the Treaty and the establishemt of the Irish Free State on 6 December 1922.

Dáil Éireann (1918–1937)

Sinn Féin contested the 1918 Westminster election on the basis that they would not take seats in the United Kingdom Parliament but would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin.

The University was, in Irish republican theory, entitled to return two Teachtaí Dála (known in English as Deputies and abbreviated as TDs) in 1918 to serve in the Irish Republic's First Dáil. This revolutionary body assembled on 21 January 1919.

In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland, including the two Unionist MPs from Dublin University, was a member of the First Dáil. In practice only Sinn Féin members participated.

The First Dáil passed a motion at its last meeting on 10 May 1921, the first three parts of which make explicit the republican view:

  1. That the Parliamentary elections which are to take place during the present month be regarded as elections to Dáil Éireann.
  2. That all deputies duly returned at these elections be regarded as members of Dáil Éireann and allowed to take their seats on subscribing to the proposed Oath of Allegiance.
  3. That the present Dáil dissolve automatically as soon as the new body has been summoned by the President and called to order.

The Second Dáil first met on 16 August 1921, thereby dissolving the First Dáil.

Sinn Féin used the polls for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as an election for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. No actual voting was necessary in Southern Ireland as all the seats were filled by unopposed returns. Except for this University all other constituencies elected Sinn Féin TDs. The University elected four Independent Unionist members unopposed. As with the First Dáil, those Deputies could have joined the Dáil if they chose.

The Third Dáil elected in 1922 was, in United Kingdom law, the constituent assembly for the Irish Free State. From this time the Dáil represented only the twenty-six Irish counties and not the six counties of Northern Ireland. Non-Sinn Féin Deputies, including those from the University, began to participate in the Dáil.

In the Electoral Act 1923, the Irish Free State defined its own Dáil constituencies. The University of Dublin was granted three seats, to be elected by single transferable vote by all graduates and scholars, regardless of sex, over the age of 21. Plural voting was not allowed.

The Constitution (Amendment No. 23) Act 1936, removed the provisions in Constitution of the Irish Free State for University representation in Dáil Éireann, with effect from the next dissolution of the Oireachtas, which took place on 14 June 1937. Voters resident in the State had their Dáil registration switched to the geographical constituency of their registered address.[1]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for University of Dublin 1918–1937
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
1st 1918 Arthur Samuels
(U)
Sir Robert Woods
(Ind U)
2 seats under 1918 Act
1919 by-election William Jellett
(U)
2nd 1921 Ernest Alton
(Ind U)
Sir James Craig
(Ind U)
William Thrift
(Ind U)
Gerald Fitzgibbon
(Ind U)
3rd 1922 Ernest Alton
(Ind)
Sir James Craig
(Ind)
William Thrift
(Ind)
Gerald Fitzgibbon
(Ind)
4th 1923 3 seats
from 1923
5th 1927 (Jun)
6th 1927 (Sep)
7th 1932
8th 1933
1933 by-election Robert Rowlette
(Ind)

Seanad Éireann (1938 to present)

Article 18.4 of the Constitution of Ireland adopted in 1937, provided that the university would have three seats in the new Seanad Éireann. The Seanad Electoral (University Members) Act 1937 gave effect to the constitutional provision, and provided that they would be elected by single transferable vote. The first Seanad election took place in 1938, and thereafter elections to the Seanad take place within 90 days of the dissolution of the Dáil. The Seventh Amendment, adopted in 1979, allows for a redistribution of the six university seats among the University of Dublin, the National University of Ireland, and any other institutions of higher education in the State which do not have representation. No legislation followed since to make any such change.

Its electorate is Irish citizens who have received a degree from the university, or undergraduates who have been awarded a foundation scholarship or non-foundation scholarship at Trinity College. After the Fourth Amendment in 1972, the age of eligibility was lowered from 21 to 18. Voting for the Seanad is distinct from that for the Dáil, so it is not considered plural voting; however, plural voting does exist for those who have received degrees from both the University of Dublin and the National University of Ireland. Trinity College, Dublin is the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin, so the electorate is predominantly composed of graduates of Trinity; however, from 1975 to 1998, the University of Dublin also awarded the degrees of graduates at the Dublin Institute of Technology.

Since 1922, most of the representatives of the University have been Independent, though Mary Robinson and Ivana Bacik took the Labour Party whip for periods of their time in the Seanad. A number of the senators have a reputation of being quite socially liberal, including Owen Sheehy-Skeffington, Noël Browne, and Catherine McGuinness. Three Senators were later appointed to the Supreme Court: T. C. Kingsmill Moore, Gardner Budd and Catherine McGuinness. Mary Robinson, first elected in 1969, was later elected as President of Ireland in 1990. In 1987, David Norris became the first openly gay member of either house of the Oireachtas. The senators have often included current or recent academics within Trinity College, such as professor of Latin and provost Ernest Alton, professor of Greek William Bedell Stanford, professor of mathematics Trevor West, and professor of medicine Mary Henry. Two of the three current senators teach or have taught in Trinity: Ivana Bacik in law, and David Norris in English.

Senators for University of Dublin 1938–
Sen Election Senator
(Party)
Senator
(Party)
Senator
(Party)
2nd 1938 Ernest Alton
(Ind)
Joseph Johnston
(Ind)
Robert Rowlette
(Ind)
3rd 1938
4th 1943 T. C. Kingsmill Moore
(Ind)
William Fearon
(Ind)
5th 1944 Joseph Johnston
(Ind)
1947 Joseph Bigger
(Ind)
6th 1948 William Stanford
(Ind)
7th 1951 Gardner Budd
(Ind)
1952 William Jessop
(Ind)
8th 1954 Owen Sheehy-Skeffington
(Ind)
9th 1957
1960 William Jessop
(Ind)
10th 1961 John Ross
(Ind)
11th 1965 Owen Sheehy-Skeffington
(Ind)
12th 1969 Mary Robinson
(Lab)
1970 Trevor West
(Ind)
13th 1973 Noël Browne
(Ind)
14th 1977 Conor Cruise O'Brien
(Ind)
1979 Catherine McGuinness
(Ind)
15th 1981 Shane Ross
(Ind)
16th 1982 Trevor West
(Ind)
17th 1983 Catherine McGuinness
(Ind)
18th 1987 David Norris
(Ind)
Mary Robinson
(Ind)
19th 1989 Carmencita Hederman
(Ind)
20th 1993 Mary Henry
(Ind)
21st 1997
22nd 2002
23rd 2007 Ivana Bacik
(Lab)
24th 2011 Sean Barrett
(Ind)
25th 2016 Lynn Ruane
(Ind)

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns.

Elections

From 1832 (when registers of electors were first prepared) a turnout figure is given, for the percentage of the registered electors who voted. If the number of registered electors eligible to take part in a contested election is unknown, then the last known electorate figure is used to calculate an estimated turnout. If the numbers of registered electors and electors taking part in the poll are known, an exact turnout figure is calculated. In two member bloc vote elections (in which an elector could cast one or two votes as he chose), where the exact number of electors participating is unknown, an estimated turnout figure is given. This is calculated by dividing the total number of votes cast by two. To the extent that electors used only one of their votes the estimated turnout figure is an underestimate.

Elections in the 2010s

2016

2016 Seanad election: University of Dublin[2]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9 Count 10 Count 11 Count 12 Count 13 Count 14 Count 15
Independent David Norris 25.3 4,070                            
Labour Party Ivana Bacik 17.8 2,853 2,871 2,887 2,904 2,936 2,956 3,043 3,113 3,197 3,306 3,482 3,758 4,144    
Independent Lynn Ruane 8.6 1,378 1,381 1,399 1,418 1,434 1,471 1,524 1,563 1,646 1,793 1,903 2,128 2,480 2,511 3,343
Independent Sean Barrett 8.2 1,317 1,326 1,333 1,353 1,362 1,386 1,443 1,570 1,683 1,766 1,972 2,097 2,502 2,557 3,228
Independent Averil Power 8.4 1,356 1,363 1,380 1,388 1,400 1,414 1,465 1,527 1,582 1,644 1,741 1,853 2,135 2,176  
Independent Thomas Clonan 7.0 1,131 1,133 1,147 1,153 1,157 1,172 1,233 1,280 1,364 1,458 1,590 1,742      
Independent Oisín Coghlan 4.3 683 685 690 696 720 743 778 796 847 945 1,017        
Independent Anthony Staines 4.1 665 668 674 684 689 707 742 788 852 904          
Independent William Priestley 3.4 548 550 561 574 598 634 661 689 737            
Independent Ethna Tinney 3.2 516 518 528 534 538 553 594 631              
Independent Sean Melly 2.8 450 451 452 465 471 497 513                
Independent Sabina Brennan 2.8 445 447 457 466 470 484                  
Independent Kevin Cunningham 1.4 232 233 246 255 259                    
Independent Edward Davitt 0.9 142 142 147 151                      
Independent Eoin Meehan 0.9 143 143 145                        
Independent Maeve Cox 0.8 135 136                          
Electorate:     Valid: 16,064   Spoilt: 43   Quota: 4,017   Turnout:  

2011

2011 Seanad election: University of Dublin[3]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9 Count 10 Count 11 Count 12 Count 13 Count 14 Count 15 Count 16 Count 17 Count 18
Independent David Norris 36.1 5623                                  
Labour Party Ivana Bacik 19.2 2982 3685 3685 3693 3701 3728 3781 3833 3889 3940                
Independent Sean Barrett 6.8 1051 1248 1256 1263 1273 1293 1314 1340 1356 1383 1391 1444 1493 1622 1823 1952 2450 3065
Independent Tony Williams 8.6 1336 1493 1494 1501 1504 1522 1527 1539 1558 1601 1605 1642 1677 1730 1805 1869 2098 2480
Independent Maurice Gueret 5.3 822 936 938 946 950 958 969 984 1005 1024 1030 1077 1149 1230 1333 1534 1803  
Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 2.9 446 511 511 513 522 522 528 544 559 576 584 622 762 837 909      
Independent Fiona O'Malley 2.8 441 590 550 550 554 562 570 596 619 632 637 660 685 752        
Independent Iggy McGovern 2.6 397 441 443 445 451 457 491 496 505 526 531 566 626          
Independent Robin Hannan 2.6 406 443 443 443 447 450 455 468 480 495 498 529            
Independent William Priestley 1.7 258 302 304 308 310 319 334 348 371 380 382              
Independent Jeffrey Dudgeon 1.3 205 236 237 237 241 242 245 252 258                  
Independent David Martin 1.3 194 221 221 221 223 226 233 241                    
Independent Maeve Cox 1.1 174 213 214 215 217 225 233                      
Independent Dermot Frost 1.1 178 199 199 203 207 208                        
Independent Graham Quinn 0.8 131 142 143 147 147                          
Independent Bart Connolly 0.4 72 80 80 80                            
Independent Dermot Sheehan 0.3 49 54 55                              
Independent Francis Donnelly 0.1 20 27                                
Electorate: 53,583   Valid: 15,557   Spoilt: 257   Quota: 3,890   Turnout: 29.5%

Elections in the 2000s

2007 Seanad election: Dublin University[4]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Shane Ross 5,379 31.8 1 1
Independent David Norris 5,240 31.0 2 1
Independent Ivana Bacik 2,794 16.5 3 8
Independent Maurice Gueret 1,155 6.8
Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 684 4.0
Independent Seán O'Connor 514 3.0
Independent David Hutchinson Edgar 330 2.0
Independent Shay Conway 214 1.7
Independent David Martin 223 1.3
Independent Ike Efobi 201 1.2
Independent Stephen Douglas 183 1.1
2002 Seanad election: Dublin University
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent David Norris 3,493 24.5 1 5
Independent Shane Ross 3,465 24.3 2 5
Independent Mary Henry 2,123 14.9 3 10
Independent Ivana Bacik 1,591 11.2
Independent Sean Barrett 994 7.0
Independent Maurice Gueret 780 5.5
Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 733 5.2
Independent P.J. O'Meara 265 1.9
Independent David Martin 212 1.5
Independent Prabu Kulkarni 185 1.3
Independent Gerard McHugh 156 1.1
Independent Anthony O'Donnell 142 1.0
Independent Declan Boland 98 0.7
Electorate: 38,488   Valid: 14,237   Quota: 3,560   Turnout: 37.0%

Elections in the 1940s

1944 Seanad election: Dublin University
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent T. C. Kingsmill Moore 755 32.9 1 1
Independent William Fearon 621 16.0 2 1
Independent Joseph Johnston 437 19.0 3 4
Independent Robert Rowlette 419 18.2
Independent Eoin O'Mahoney 65 2.8
Electorate: 3,886   Valid: 2,297   Quota: 575   Turnout: 59.1%[5]

Elections in the 1930s

Following the death of independent TD Sir James Craig, a by-election was held on 13 October 1933. The seat was won by the independent candidate Robert Rowlette.

1933 by-election: Dublin University[6]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Robert Rowlette Unopposed N/A 1
1933 general election: Dublin University[7]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3
Electorate: 3,260   Valid:   Quota:   Turnout:
1932 general election: Dublin University[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3

Elections in the 1920s

September 1927 general election: Dublin University[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3
June 1927 general election: Dublin University[10]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3
Independent William Thrift 38.6 614    
Independent Sir James Craig 22.4 356 415  
Independent Ernest Alton 18.1 287 386 398
Independent Bolton C. Waller 20.9 332 386 391
Electorate: 2,069   Valid: 1,589   Quota: 398   Turnout: 76.8%
1923 general election: Dublin University[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3
Electorate: 1,400   Valid:   Quota:   Turnout:
1922 general election: Dublin University[12]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent Gerald Fitzgibbon Unopposed N/A 3
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 4
Electorate: 1,150   Valid:   Quota:   Turnout:
1921 general election: Dublin University[13]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Unionist Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Unionist Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent Unionist Gerald Fitzgibbon Unopposed N/A 3
Independent Unionist William Thrift Unopposed N/A 4

Elections in the 1910s

By-election, 1919: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist William Morgan Jellett Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
This was the last UK Parliament election held in the 26 counties which became the Irish Free State
General Election 1918: Dublin University (2 seats)[14]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Irish Unionist Arthur Warren Samuels 43.1 1,273  
Independent Unionist Robert Henry Woods 26.8 793 1,094
Irish Unionist William Morgan Jellett 21.4 631 875
Independent Nationalist Stephen Lucius Gwunn 8.7 257 eliminated
Electorate: 4,541   Valid: 2,954   Quota: 985   Turnout: 59.4
Note: The Times edition of 23 December 1918 reported that the Provost of the University, as returning officer, did not announce the figures. It was ascertained that Woods had 1,094 votes when elected. The above is the best reconstruction of the later counts which is possible with the available information.
By-election, October 1917: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Arthur Warren Samuels Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
By-election, February 1917: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Arthur Warren Samuels 1,841 73.1 N/A
Irish Unionist Robert Henry Woods 679 26.9 N/A
Majority 1,162 46.1 N/A
Turnout 2,520 60.9 N/A
Registered electors 4,138
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
By-election, 1916: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
General election December 1910: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold
General election January 1910: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold
By-election, 1903: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist James Campbell 1,492 51.2 N/A
Irish Unionist Arthur Warren Samuels 1,421 48.8 N/A
Majority 71 2.4 N/A
Turnout 2,913 64.0 N/A
Registered electors 4,553
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
  • Caused by Lecky's resignation.
General election 1900: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Liberal Unionist William Edward Hartpole Lecky Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
Liberal Unionist hold
By-election, 1900: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
  • Caused by Carson's appointment as Solicitor-General for England.

Elections in the 1890s

By-election, 1895: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Edward Hartpole Lecky 1,757 63.5 N/A
Irish Unionist George Wright 1,011 36.5 N/A
Majority 746 27.0 N/A
Turnout 2,768 61.4 N/A
Registered electors 4,506
Liberal Unionist gain from Irish Unionist Swing N/A
  • Caused by Plunket's succession to the peerage, becoming Baron Rathmore.
General Election 1895: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist David Plunket Unopposed
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Registered electors 4,506
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold
General Election 1892: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist David Plunket 2,188 46.6 −2.1
Irish Unionist Edward Carson 1,609 34.3 N/A
Irish Unionist James Corry Jones Lowry 897 19.1 N/A
Majority 712 15.2 −31.8
Turnout 2,347 (est) 53.9 (est) +7.8
Registered electors 4,352
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s

By-election, 3 Feb 1888: Dublin University (1 seat)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Dodgson Hamilton Madden Unopposed
Registered electors 4,094
Irish Unionist hold
By-election, 12 Jul 1887: Dublin University (1 seat)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Dodgson Hamilton Madden 1,376 65.9 N/A
Irish Unionist Richard Clare Parsons 712 34.1 N/A
Majority 664 31.8 N/A
Turnout 2,088 51.0 N/A
Registered electors 4,092
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
  • Caused by Holmes' appointment as a judge.
By-election, 13 Aug 1886: Dublin University (2 seats)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist David Plunket Unopposed
Irish Unionist Hugh Holmes Unopposed
Registered electors 4,155
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold
General Election 1886: Dublin University (2 seats)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist David Plunket 1,865 48.7 N/A
Irish Unionist Hugh Holmes 1,855 48.4 N/A
Irish Parliamentary Hugh Herbert Johnston 56 1.5 N/A
Irish Parliamentary Edward Patrick Sarsfield Counsell 55 1.4 N/A
Majority 1,799 47.0 N/A
Turnout 1,916 (est) 46.1 (est) N/A
Registered electors 4,155
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1885: Dublin University (2 seats)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
Irish Conservative Hugh Holmes Unopposed
Registered electors 4,155
Irish Conservative hold
Irish Conservative hold
By-election, 30 Jun 1885: Dublin University (2 seats)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
Irish Conservative Hugh Holmes Unopposed
Irish Conservative hold
Irish Conservative hold
General Election 1880: Dublin University[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
Irish Conservative Edward Gibson Unopposed
Registered electors 3,539
Irish Conservative hold
Irish Conservative hold

Elections in the 1870s

1877 (13 February) by-election, Gibson appointed Attorney General for Ireland

Edward Gibson (C): Unopposed

1875 (11 February) by-election, Plunket appointed Solicitor General for Ireland

Hon. David Robert Plunket (C): Unopposed

1875 (21 January) by-election, Ball appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland

2,438 electors; 2,507 voted; estimated turnout 51.42%
Edward Gibson (C) 1,210 (48.26%)
Alexander Edward Miller (C) 759 (30.28%)
Anthony Traill (C) 538 (21.46%)

1874 (16 March) by-election, Ball appointed Attorney General for Ireland

Rt Hon. John Thomas Ball (C): Unopposed

1874 (2 February) general election (2 seats)

Rt Hon. John Thomas Ball (C): Unopposed
Hon. David Robert Plunket (C): Unopposed

1870 (14 February) by-election, Lefroy resigned

Hon. David Robert Plunket (C): Unopposed

Elections in the 1860s

1868 (23 November) general election (2 seats)

2,151 electors; 3,192 votes cast; estimated turnout 74.20%
Anthony Lefroy (C) 1,156 (36.22%)
John Thomas Ball (C) 1,077 (33.74%)
Sir Edward Grogan, Bt (C) 743 (23.28%)
Thomas Ebenezer Webb (L) 216 (6.77%)

1867 (27 August) by-election, Chatterton appointed Vice-Chancellor of Ireland

Robert Richard Warren (C): Unopposed

1867 (30 March) by-election, Chatterton appointed Attorney-General for Ireland

Hedge Eyre Chatterton (C): Unopposed

1867 (12 February) by-election, Walsh appointed Master of the Rolls in Ireland

Hedge Eyre Chatterton (C): Unopposed

1866 (30 July) by-election, Whiteside appointed Lord Chief Justice of Ireland

Rt Hon. John Edward Walsh (C): Unopposed

1865 (19 July) general election (2 seats)

1,700 electors; 2,797 votes cast; estimated turnout 82.26%
Rt Hon. James Whiteside (C) 1,210 (41.28%)
Anthony Lefroy (C) 1,045 (39.39%)
John Thomas Ball (L) 542 (13.55%)

Elections in the 1850s

1859 (30 April) general election (2 seats)

Anthony Lefroy (C): Unopposed
Rt Hon. James Whiteside (C): Unopposed

1859 (11 February) by-election, Hamilton resigned

Rt Hon. James Whiteside (C): Unopposed

1858 (27 March) by-election, Napier appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland

1,700 (1857) electors; 939 voted; estimated turnout 55.24%
Anthony Lefroy (C) 589 (62.73%)
Arthur Edward Gayer (C) 350 (37.27%)

1857 (4 April) general election (2 seats)

1,700 electors; 2,008 votes cast; estimated turnout 59.06%
Rt Hon. Joseph Napier (C) 829 (41.28%)
George Alexander Hamilton (C) 791 (39.39%)
James Anthony Lawson (L) 272 (13.55%)
John Wilson (L) 116 (5.78%)

1852 (13 July) general election (2 seats)

George Alexander Hamilton (C): Unopposed
Rt Hon. Joseph Napier (C): Unopposed

1852 (9 March) by-election, Napier appointed Attorney General for Ireland

Joseph Napier (C): Unopposed

Elections in the 1840s

1848 (19 February) by-election, Shaw resigned

Joseph Napier (C): Unopposed

1847 (9 August) general election (2 seats) (poll 4 days)

2,100 (1835) electors; 1,190 voted; estimated turnout 56.67%
George Alexander Hamilton (C) 738 (33.09%)
Rt Hon. Frederick Shaw (C) 572 (25.65%)
Joseph Napier (C) 540 (24.48%)
James McCullagh (L) 374 (16.77%)

1843 (10 February) by-election, Jackson appointed Justice of the Court of Common Pleas in Ireland

George Alexander Hamilton (C): Unopposed

1842 (11 February) by-election, Lefroy appointed Baron of the Court of Exchequer in Ireland

Rt Hon. Joseph Devonsher Jackson (C): Unopposed

1841 (1 July) general election (2 seats)

Rt Hon. Thomas Langlois Lefroy (C): Unopposed
Rt Hon. Frederick Shaw (C): Unopposed

Elections in the 1830s

1837 (4 August) general election (2 seats)

2,100 electors; 940 voted; turnout 44.76%
Rt Hon. Frederick Shaw (C) 852 (45.39%)
Rt Hon. Thomas Langlois Lefroy (C) 839 (44.70%)
Joseph Stock (L) 186 (9.91%)

1835 (8 January) general election (2 seats)

Rt Hon. Thomas Langlois Lefroy (C): Unopposed
Rt Hon. Frederick Shaw (C): Unopposed

1832 (18 December) general election (2 seats)

2,073 electors; 1,726 voted; turnout 83.26%
Thomas Langlois Lefroy (C) 1,304 (38.27%)
Frederick Shaw (C) 1,290 (37.86%)
Philip Cecil Crampton (L) 423 (12.42%)
Hon. George Ponsonby (L) 390 (11.45%)

1831 (7 May) general election

Thomas Langlois Lefroy (T) 44 (55.00%)
Philip Cecil Crampton (W) 36 (45.00%)

1830 (5 August) general election (poll 1 day)

Thomas Langlois Lefroy (T) 33 (43.42%)
John Wilson Croker (T) 30 (39.47%)
John Henry North (T) 13 (17.11%)

Elections in the 1820s

1827 (15 May) by-election (poll 2 days), Plunket created Baron Plunket

John Wilson Croker (T) 38 (42.70%)
John Henry North (T) 29 (32.58%)
Thomas Langlois Lefroy (T) 22 (24.72%)

1826 (12 June) general election

Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W): Unopposed

1822 (14 February) by-election, Plunket appointed Attorney General for Ireland

Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W): Unopposed

1820 (16 March) general election

Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W): Unopposed

Elections in the 1810s

1818 (25 June) general election (poll 1 day)

Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W) 34 (53.13%)
John Wilson Croker (T) 30 (46.88%)

1812 (12 October) general election

Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W): Unopposed

Elections in the 1800s

1807 (13 May) general election (poll 1 day)

John Leslie Foster (T) 46 (92.00%)
Thomas Thornton Macklin 4 (8.00%)

1805 (6 November) general election (poll 1 day)

Hon. George Knox (T) 35 (52.24%)
John Leslie Foster (T) 32 (47.76%)

1805 (28 March) by-election, Knox appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury

Hon. George Knox (T): Unopposed

1802 (14 July) general election

Hon. George Knox (T) 39 (57.35%)
William Conyngham Plunket (W) 29 (42.65%)

1801 (1 January) continued from former Parliament of Ireland (no new election)

Hon. George Knox (T), chosen by lot

References

  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  • The Times (of London), editions of 23 December 1918 and 17 June 1927

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Electoral (University Constituencies) Act, 1936". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Nominations for the University of Dublin Seanad Elections 2016". Trinity College Dublin. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "Seanad election 2011: Dublin University" (PDF). SeanadCount.ie. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  4. ^ "Seanad election 2007: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  5. ^ The Irish Times, 2 August 1944, p 1
  6. ^ "General election 1933: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "General election 1933: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "General election 1933: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "General election September 1927: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "General election June 1927: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  11. ^ "General election 1923: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  12. ^ "General election 1922: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  13. ^ "General election 1921: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127. 

External links

  • http://www.oireachtas.ie/members-hist/default.asp?housetype=1
  • http://historical-debates.oireachtas.ie/en.toc.dail.html
  • http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/1923/en/act/pub/0012/index.html

See also

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