1964 United States presidential election in New York

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United States presidential election in New York, 1964

← 1960 November 3, 1964 1968 →
  Black and White 37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpg Barry Goldwater photo1962.jpg
Nominee Lyndon B. Johnson Barry Goldwater
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Texas Arizona
Running mate Hubert Humphrey William E. Miller
Electoral vote 43 0
Popular vote 4,913,156 2,243,559
Percentage 68.56% 31.31%

New york presidential results 1964.svg
County Results
Johnson
  50-60%
  60-70%
  70-80%
  80-90%


President before election

Lyndon B. Johnson
Democratic

Elected President

Lyndon B. Johnson
Democratic

A popular 1964 campaign ad for President Johnson.

The 1964 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 3, 1964. All fifty states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1964 United States presidential election. New York voters chose forty three electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

New York was won by incumbent Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson, who was running against Republican Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona. Johnson ran with Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota, and Goldwater ran with Representative William E. Miller of New York.

Johnson carried the state in a historic landslide, taking 68.56 percent of the vote to Goldwater's 31.31 percent, a victory margin of 37.25%. This is the only election in history in which a Democratic presidential candidate carried every single county in the state of New York. Johnson not only dominated traditionally Democratic cities like New York City, Albany, and Buffalo, but also swept every county in traditionally Republican upstate New York and Long Island. Allegany,[1] Genesee,[2] Livingston,[3] Orleans,[4] Tioga,[5] Wayne[6] and Wyoming Counties[7] have never voted for a Democratic presidential candidate before or since. Unlike some analogous Northeastern counties where Johnson only won very narrowly, like Lancaster in Pennsylvania, Johnson won these normally Republican upstate counties by large margins: Genesee and Livingston were won for the Democratic Party by over thirty percentage points, and Orleans and Wayne by over twenty-five percentage points.[8]

Hamilton[9] and Greene Counties[10] had not voted Democratic since 1916, nor have they ever voted for a Democrat since 1968, whilst Putnam[11] and Steuben Counties[12] previously voted Democratic in 1912 and have never done so since.

This result also made Johnson one of only three presidential candidates of either party who have been able to sweep every county in New York State, the others being Republicans Warren G. Harding in 1920 and Calvin Coolidge in 1924.

New York weighed in for this election as 15 percent more Democratic than the national average.

The presidential election of 1964 was a very partisan election for New York, with almost 99.9% of the electorate voting for either the Republican Party or the Democratic Party.[8]

Lyndon Johnson carried all five boroughs of New York City, the first presidential candidate to do so since the landslide re-election of Franklin Roosevelt in 1936. In the borough of Manhattan, Johnson broke 80% of the vote, the first presidential candidate ever to do so. Brooklyn and the Bronx voted over 70% Democratic. Traditionally Republican Queens, narrowly carried by John F. Kennedy in 1960, gave over 60% of the vote to Johnson. Even Staten Island voted Democratic, the only occasion it would do so between 1936 and 1996, although Goldwater's best performances at around 45 percent of the vote were in Suffolk and Richmond Counties.[8] Overall, New York City gave LBJ about 73% of the vote, a citywide vote share no candidate would surpass until fellow Democrat Bill Clinton’s 77 percent in the 1996 election. With 2,183,646 votes from the five boroughs, Johnson also received more votes in New York City than any other presidential candidate in history, setting a record that would hold for over another half-century until Democrat Hillary Clinton would finally surpass him by winning the city by 2,191,869 votes in the 2016 election.

Johnson won the election in New York with a powerful 37 point sweep-out landslide. The staunch conservative Barry Goldwater was widely seen in the liberal New England states as a right-wing extremist;[13] he had voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Johnson campaign portrayed him as a warmonger who as president would provoke a nuclear war.[14] Thus Goldwater performed especially weakly in northeastern states like New York: he wrote off the state and neighbouring Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and Michigan off from the beginning of his presidential campaign before Kennedy's assassination.[15] By September, polls suggested Johnson would carry the Empire State by forty percentage points[16] – a result more accurate than polls in the South.

For the first time in history, a Democratic presidential candidate swept every Northeastern state in 1964. Not only did Johnson win every Northeastern state, but he won all of them with landslides of over sixty percent of the vote, including New York, which weighed in as the fifth most Democratic state in the nation.

However the results of this election in New York are typical of President Johnson's almost universal popularity across the United States at the time. The only region of the United States that did not send electors for Johnson were Arizona (Goldwater's home state), and several states in the Deep South. 1964 was the first election where the South showed a trend towards independent identification with the Republican Party. Johnson's Civil Rights Act had solidified integration which had already been happening in New York for the better part of fifty years by the 1964 election. Johnson's socially liberal and racially tolerant political position largely increased his popularity in New York, in contrast to the highly conservative Goldwater who opposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Johnson's 68.56 percent of the vote remains the highest vote share any presidential candidate of either party has ever received in New York State. His 37.25 percent victory margin also remains the widest margin by which any Democratic presidential candidate has ever won New York State, and the second-widest margin by which any candidate of either party has ever carried the state, only beaten narrowly by Republican Warren G. Harding’s 37.61 percent margin in the 1920 Republican landslide.[17]

Results

United States presidential election in New York, 1964
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson 4,570,724 63.78%
Liberal Lyndon B. Johnson 342,432 4.78%
Total Lyndon B. Johnson 4,913,156 68.56% 43
Republican Barry Goldwater 2,243,559 31.31% 0
Socialist Labor Eric Hass 6,085 0.08% 0
Socialist Workers Clifton DeBerry 3,215 0.04% 0
Totals 7,166,015 100.0% 43

Results by county

Lyndon Baines Johnson
Democratic
Barry Morris Goldwater
Republican
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Albany 114,827 78.03% 32,224 21.90% 101 0.07% 82,603 56.13% 147,152
Allegany 10,329 57.26% 7,688 42.62% 22 0.12% 2,641 14.64% 18,039
Bronx 403,014 74.69% 135,780 25.16% 800 0.15% 267,234 49.53% 539,594
Broome 59,021 64.76% 32,048 35.16% 70 0.08% 26,973 29.60% 91,139
Cattaraugus 21,994 66.78% 10,907 33.12% 32 0.10% 11,087 33.67% 32,933
Cayuga 24,090 67.73% 11,453 32.20% 23 0.06% 12,637 35.53% 35,566
Chautauqua 42,924 69.17% 19,069 30.73% 63 0.10% 23,855 38.44% 62,056
Chemung 26,332 64.10% 14,716 35.82% 34 0.08% 11,616 28.28% 41,082
Chenango 11,653 61.49% 7,293 38.48% 6 0.03% 4,360 23.01% 18,952
Clinton 18,398 75.12% 6,078 24.82% 16 0.07% 12,320 50.30% 24,492
Columbia 14,516 61.62% 9,023 38.30% 19 0.08% 5,493 23.32% 23,558
Cortland 11,110 64.33% 6,149 35.61% 11 0.06% 4,961 28.73% 17,270
Delaware 11,686 58.24% 8,359 41.66% 19 0.09% 3,327 16.58% 20,064
Dutchess 50,179 62.94% 29,503 37.01% 43 0.05% 20,676 25.93% 79,725
Erie 344,910 73.14% 125,962 26.71% 704 0.15% 218,948 46.43% 471,576
Essex 10,739 64.75% 5,837 35.19% 9 0.05% 4,902 29.56% 16,585
Franklin 12,467 71.94% 4,846 27.96% 16 0.09% 7,621 43.98% 17,329
Fulton 15,846 68.46% 7,278 31.44% 23 0.10% 8,568 37.02% 23,147
Genesee 15,713 65.91% 8,114 34.03% 14 0.06% 7,599 31.87% 23,841
Greene 10,034 56.07% 7,842 43.82% 18 0.10% 2,192 12.25% 17,894
Hamilton 1,603 55.80% 1,269 44.17% 1 0.03% 334 11.63% 2,873
Herkimer 20,136 66.42% 10,159 33.51% 22 0.07% 9,977 32.91% 30,317
Jefferson 25,175 70.10% 10,718 29.84% 21 0.06% 14,457 40.25% 35,914
Kings 684,839 74.80% 229,291 25.05% 1,373 0.15% 455,548 49.76% 915,503
Lewis 6,584 67.33% 3,185 32.57% 10 0.10% 3,399 34.76% 9,779
Livingston 13,481 65.38% 7,120 34.53% 18 0.09% 6,361 30.85% 20,619
Madison 14,313 61.75% 8,858 38.21% 9 0.04% 5,455 23.53% 23,180
Monroe 205,226 71.86% 80,099 28.05% 257 0.09% 125,127 43.81% 285,582
Montgomery 19,370 69.52% 8,471 30.40% 20 0.07% 10,899 39.12% 27,861
Nassau 382,590 60.53% 248,886 39.37% 639 0.10% 133,704 21.15% 632,115
New York 503,848 80.52% 120,125 19.20% 1,746 0.28% 383,723 61.33% 625,719
Niagara 67,260 70.07% 28,663 29.86% 62 0.06% 38,597 40.21% 95,985
Oneida 73,359 64.80% 39,737 35.10% 114 0.10% 33,622 29.70% 113,210
Onondaga 128,630 66.99% 63,205 32.92% 179 0.09% 65,425 34.07% 192,014
Ontario 19,922 64.72% 10,847 35.24% 15 0.05% 9,075 29.48% 30,784
Orange 48,244 61.13% 30,610 38.78% 70 0.09% 17,634 22.34% 78,924
Orleans 9,304 62.46% 5,567 37.37% 25 0.17% 3,737 25.09% 14,896
Oswego 24,788 66.59% 12,415 33.35% 23 0.06% 12,373 33.24% 37,226
Otsego 15,190 63.67% 8,643 36.23% 26 0.11% 6,547 27.44% 23,859
Putnam 12,636 57.75% 9,219 42.14% 24 0.11% 3,417 15.62% 21,879
Queens 541,418 66.28% 274,351 33.59% 1,059 0.13% 267,067 32.70% 816,828
Rensselaer 51,170 71.01% 20,814 28.88% 76 0.11% 30,356 42.13% 72,060
Richmond 50,524 54.36% 42,330 45.54% 92 0.10% 8,194 8.82% 92,946
Rockland 46,173 63.74% 26,187 36.15% 82 0.11% 19,986 27.59% 72,442
St. Lawrence 29,173 70.62% 12,102 29.30% 32 0.08% 17,071 41.33% 41,307
Saratoga 29,264 68.57% 13,364 31.32% 47 0.11% 15,900 37.26% 42,675
Schenectady 51,892 70.30% 21,848 29.60% 80 0.11% 30,044 40.70% 73,820
Schoharie 7,187 63.09% 4,193 36.81% 11 0.10% 2,994 26.28% 11,391
Schuyler 4,326 59.62% 2,925 40.31% 5 0.07% 1,401 19.31% 7,256
Seneca 8,890 66.46% 4,473 33.44% 13 0.10% 4,417 33.02% 13,376
Steuben 24,634 60.61% 15,988 39.34% 23 0.06% 8,646 21.27% 40,645
Suffolk 180,598 55.51% 144,350 44.37% 385 0.12% 36,248 11.14% 325,333
Sullivan 16,728 67.52% 8,006 32.31% 41 0.17% 8,722 35.20% 24,775
Tioga 10,411 59.26% 7,147 40.68% 9 0.05% 3,264 18.58% 17,567
Tompkins 16,103 63.90% 9,070 35.99% 29 0.12% 7,033 27.91% 25,202
Ulster 35,486 59.82% 23,749 40.03% 91 0.15% 11,737 19.78% 59,326
Warren 12,772 61.94% 7,834 37.99% 14 0.07% 4,938 23.95% 20,620
Washington 13,826 62.87% 8,160 37.10% 7 0.03% 5,666 25.76% 21,993
Wayne 18,729 63.83% 10,586 36.08% 27 0.09% 8,143 27.75% 29,342
Westchester 243,723 61.98% 149,052 37.90% 460 0.12% 94,671 24.07% 393,235
Wyoming 8,866 59.19% 6,099 40.71% 15 0.10% 2,767 18.47% 14,980
Yates 4,983 57.52% 3,675 42.42% 5 0.06% 1,308 15.10% 8,663
Totals 4,913,156 68.56% 2,243,559 31.31% 9,300 0.13% 2,669,597 37.25% 7,166,015

See also

References

  1. ^ The Political Graveyard; Allegany County, New York
  2. ^ The Political Graveyard; Genesee County, New York
  3. ^ The Political Graveyard; Livingston County, New York
  4. ^ The Political Graveyard; Orleans County, New York
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard; Tioga County, New York
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard; Wayne County, New York
  7. ^ Wyoming County, New York
  8. ^ a b c "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard; Hamilton County, New York
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard; Greene County, New York
  11. ^ The Political Graveyard; Putnam County, New York
  12. ^ The Political Graveyard; Steuben County, New York
  13. ^ Donaldson, Gary; Liberalism’s Last Hurrah: The Presidential Campaign of 1964; p. 190 ISBN 1510702369
  14. ^ Edwards, Lee and Schlafly, Phyllis; Goldwater: The Man Who Made a Revolution; pp. 286-290 ISBN 162157458X
  15. ^ Kelley, Stanley junior; ‘The Goldwater Strategy’; The Princeton Review; pp. 8-11
  16. ^ Johnson, Robert David; Al the way with LBJ: the 1964 Presidential Election, p. 232 ISBN 9780521425957
  17. ^ Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections; Presidential General Election Results Comparison – New York
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