United States presidential election in New Jersey, 1988

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United States presidential election in New Jersey, 1988

← 1984 November 8, 1988 1992 →
  George H. W. Bush, Vice President of the United States, official portrait.jpg Dukakis1988rally cropped.jpg
Nominee George H. W. Bush Michael Dukakis
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Texas Massachusetts
Running mate Dan Quayle Lloyd Bentsen
Electoral vote 16 0
Popular vote 1,743,192 1,320,352
Percentage 56.2% 42.6%

New Jersey Presidential Election Results by County, 1988.svg
County Results
  Dukakis—50-60%
  Bush—50-60%
  Bush—60-70%
  Bush—70-80%

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

George H. W. Bush
Republican

The 1988 United States presidential election in New Jersey took place on November 8, 1988. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1988 United States presidential election. New Jersey voters chose 16 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

New Jersey was won by incumbent Republican Vice President George H. W. Bush of Texas, who was running against Democratic Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. Bush ran with Indiana Senator Dan Quayle while Dukakis ran with Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen.

Bush carried New Jersey with 56.24 percent of the vote, while Dukakis received 42.60 percent, a 13.64 percent margin of victory. [1]

New Jersey weighed in for this election as almost six percentage points more Republican than the national average.

Bush won eighteen of New Jersey’s twenty-one counties, with Dukakis only winning the heavily Democratic counties of Mercer, Essex, and Hudson. This remains the last election in which a Republican presidential candidate has won the following counties: Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cumberland, Middlesex, and Union.[2] All of these counties would become reliably Democratic in every election that has followed as suburban voters shifted away from the GOP in the 1990s. Consequently, this would also be the last time that New Jersey as a whole would cast its electoral votes for a Republican presidential nominee, and New Jersey would subsequently become regarded as a solid blue state in modern elections.

Partisan background

International policy with the buckling Soviet Union was a critical component of the political landscape in the late 1980s. Vice President Bush can be seen here standing with then United States President Ronald Reagan and Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev, on the New York waterfront, 1988.

The presidential election of 1988 was a very partisan election for New Jersey, with more than 99 percent of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or Republican parties, though a total of eleven parties did appear on the ballot.[3]

Republican victory

Bush won the election in New Jersey with a strong 13.6 point margin. This is the most recent presidential election where New Jersey sent Republican electors to the Electoral College.[2] The election results in New Jersey are reflective of a nationwide political re-consolidation of base for the Republican Party, which took place in the through the 1980s. Through the passage of some very controversial economic programs, spearheaded by then President Ronald Reagan (called, collectively, “Reaganomics”), the mid-to-late 1980's saw a period of economic growth and stability. The hallmark for Reaganomics was, in part, the wide-scale deregulation of corporate interests, and tax cuts for the wealthy.[4]

Dukakis ran on a notably socially liberal agenda, and advocated for higher economic regulation and environmental protection. Bush, alternatively, ran on a campaign of continuing the social and economic policies of former President Reagan - which gained him much support with social conservatives and people living in rural areas, who largely associated the Republican Party with the economic growth of the 1980s. Additionally, while the economic programs passed under Reagan, and furthered under Bush and Clinton, may have boosted the economy for a brief period, they are criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United State after 2007, such as the Great Recession.[5]


Results

United States presidential election in New Jersey, 1988[6]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican George H. W. Bush 1,743,192 56.24% 16
Democratic Michael Dukakis 1,320,352 42.60% 0
Peace and Freedom Party Herbert Lewin 9,953 0.32% 0
Libertarian Ron Paul 8,421 0.27% 0
New Alliance Party Lenora Fulani 5,139 0.17% 0
Progressive Eugene McCarthy 3,454 0.11% 0
Socialist Willa Kenoyer 2,587 0.08% 0
America First David Duke 2,446 0.08% 0
Socialist Workers Party James Warren 2,298 0.07% 0
Workers World Larry Holmes 1,020 0.03% 0
Socialist Equality Party Edward Winn 691 0.02% 0
Totals 3,099,553 100.0% 16
Voter Turnout (Voting age/Registered) 52%/77%

Results by county

George Herbert Walker Bush
Republican
Michael Stanley Dukakis
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Atlantic 44,748 56.33% 34,047 42.86% 647 0.81% 10,701 13.47% 79,442
Bergen 226,885 58.19% 160,655 41.20% 2,393 0.61% 66,230 16.98% 389,933
Burlington 87,416 58.30% 61,140 40.77% 1,393 0.93% 26,276 17.52% 149,949
Camden 100,072 51.98% 90,704 47.12% 1,739 0.90% 9,368 4.87% 192,515
Cape May 28,738 65.14% 15,105 34.24% 274 0.62% 13,633 30.90% 44,117
Cumberland 26,024 53.83% 21,869 45.23% 456 0.94% 4,155 8.59% 48,349
Essex 111,491 40.25% 156,098 56.36% 9,378 3.39% -44,607 -16.11% 276,967
Gloucester 51,708 58.68% 35,479 40.26% 930 1.06% 16,229 18.42% 88,117
Hudson 84,334 45.72% 98,507 53.40% 1,622 0.88% -14,173 -7.68% 184,463
Hunterdon 31,907 69.09% 13,758 29.79% 517 1.12% 18,149 39.30% 46,182
Mercer 65,384 48.31% 68,712 50.77% 1,249 0.92% -3,328 -2.46% 135,345
Middlesex 143,422 54.30% 117,149 44.35% 3,548 1.34% 26,273 9.95% 264,119
Monmouth 147,320 61.14% 91,844 38.12% 1,793 0.74% 55,476 23.02% 240,957
Morris 127,420 68.05% 58,721 31.36% 1,108 0.59% 68,699 36.69% 187,249
Ocean 124,587 65.38% 64,474 33.83% 1,497 0.79% 60,113 31.55% 190,558
Passaic 88,070 55.91% 66,254 42.06% 3,189 2.02% 21,816 13.85% 157,513
Salem 15,240 59.52% 9,956 38.88% 410 1.60% 5,284 20.64% 25,606
Somerset 67,658 63.71% 37,406 35.22% 1,129 1.06% 30,252 28.49% 106,193
Sussex 36,086 71.94% 13,676 27.26% 398 0.79% 22,410 44.68% 50,160
Union 112,967 54.27% 93,158 44.75% 2,028 0.97% 19,809 9.52% 208,153
Warren 21,715 64.50% 11,640 34.57% 311 0.92% 10,075 29.93% 33,666
Totals 1,743,192 56.24% 1,320,352 42.60% 36,009 1.16% 422,840 13.64% 3,099,553

See also

References

  1. ^ "1988 Presidential General Election Results - New Jersey". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  3. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  4. ^ "Since 1980s, the Kindest of Tax Cuts for the Rich". The New York Times. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  5. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - NJ US President - Nov 08, 1988". 
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