United States of Indonesia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Republic of the United States of Indonesia
Republik Indonesia Serikat
Autonomous republic of the Netherlands
1949–1950
Flag
Flag
National emblem
National emblem
Anthem
Indonesia Raya
Capital Djakarta
Languages Indonesian
Government Federal parliamentary republic
President
 •  1949–1950 Sukarno
Assaat Datuk Mudo (provisional)
Prime Minister
 •  1949–1950 Mohammad Hatta
History
 •  Established 27 December 1949
 •  Disestablished 17 August 1950
Currency Rupiah (IDR)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Indonesia
Netherlands East Indies
Indonesia

The Republic of the United States of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia Serikat, RIS), abbreviated as RUSI, was a federal state to which the Netherlands formally transferred sovereignty of the Dutch East Indies (minus Netherlands New Guinea) on 27 December 1949 following the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference. This transfer ended the four-year conflict between Indonesian nationalists and the Netherlands that was fought over for control of Indonesia. It lasted less than a year, before being replaced by the unitary Republic of Indonesia.

Background

Following pressure from the United States and the United Nations, in particular in the form of a Security Council resolution, the Dutch agreed to negotiations with Indonesia to arrange a transfer of sovereignty. The Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference took place in The Hague from August to November 1949. However, many Indonesian nationalists believed that the Dutch had insisted on a federal state in an attempt to weaken or even break up the new nation, a manifestation of a "divide and conquer" strategy[1][2]

Form of state

The RUSI had a bicameral legislature. The People's Representative Council consisted of 50 representatives from the Republic of Indonesia and 100 from the various states according to their populations. The Senate had two members from each constituent part of the RUSI regardless of population, making 32 members in total. The state was governed according to the Federal Constitution of 1949, which had been drawn up on the sidelines of the Round Table Conference. It had a cabinet of 16 members, led by Prime Minister Hatta.[3][4][5]

Dissolution

Over the first half of 1950, the non-Republic states gradually dissolved themselves into the Republic. The United States of Indonesia was officially dissolved by President Sukarno on 17 August 1950 – the fifth anniversary of his proclamation of independence – and replaced by a unitary Republic of Indonesia.[6]

Constituent entities

The RUSI comprised sixteen state entities: a "Republic of Indonesia" consisting of territories in Java and Sumatra (a combined population of over 31 million); and the fifteen states established by the Dutch, which had populations between 100,000 and 11 million.[3]

The United States of Indonesia. The constituent state of the Republic of Indonesia is shown in red. The State of East Indonesia is shown in gold as Negara Indonesia Timur. Other constituent states are shown in blue. Autonomous constituent entities are shown in white.
States (Negara Bagian)
Autonom (Negara Otonom)
Republic of Indonesia

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Legge 1964, p. 160.
  2. ^ Indrayana 2008, p. 8.
  3. ^ a b Kahin 1970, p. 447.
  4. ^ Indrayana 2008, p. 7.
  5. ^ Feith 2007, p. 47.
  6. ^ Ricklefs 2008, p. 365-366.

References

  • Feith, Herbert (2008) [1962]. The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia. Singapore: Equininox Publishing (Asia) Pte Ltd. ISBN 979-3780-45-2. 
  • Friend, Theodore (2003), Indonesian Destinies, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-01834-6. 
  • Kahin, George McTurnan (1970), Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia, Cornell University Press, ISBN 0-8014-9108-8. 
  • Indrayana, Denny (2008), Indonesian Constitutional Reform 1999-2002, PT Gramedia, ISBN 978-979-709-394-5 
  • Legge, J.D. (1964), Indonesia, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc 
  • Ricklefs, M.C. (2008) [1981], A History of Modern Indonesia Since c. 1200 (4th ed.), Palgrave MacMillan, ISBN 978-0-230-54686-8 

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_of_Indonesia&oldid=793186495"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_of_Indonesia
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "United States of Indonesia"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA