United States gubernatorial elections, 1972

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United States gubernatorial elections, 1972
United States
← 1971 November 7, 1972 1973 →

20 governorships
18 states; 2 territories
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic Republican
Last election 30 governorships 20 governorships
Seats before 30 20
Seats after 31 19
Seat change Increase1 Decrease1

1972 Gubernatorial election map.svg
  Democratic holds
  Democratic pickups
  Republican holds
  Republican pickups

United States gubernatorial elections were held 7 November 1972 in 18 states and two territories, concurrent with the House, Senate elections and presidential election.

Gubernatorial elections were also held in Iowa, Kansas, South Dakota, and Texas. In these states, they were the last elections on a two-year cycle, before switching to a four-year term for governors (see United States gubernatorial elections, 1970 for more information).

Arkansas

In Arkansas, Dale Bumpers was re-elected to another two-year term in a landslide. Arkansas had two year terms for governors until 1984, when they switched to four year terms for governors with Amendment 63.[1]

Delaware and Illinois

In Delaware and Illinois, Republicans Russell W. Peterson and Richard B. Ogilvie were defeated by Democrats Sherman Willard Tribbitt and Dan Walker respectively.

Indiana

Indiana changed the rules so that governors could have two back-to-back 4 year terms in 1972, but the amendment didn't take place until November 1972.[2] This ruling in effect said that Edgar Whitcomb wasn't eligible for another term.

Iowa

In Iowa, Republican incumbent governor Robert D. Ray won a third 4-year term, defeating Democratic challenger Paul Franzenburg, whom Ray had defeated for governor four years earlier. This was the last gubernatorial election in Iowa where the winner served a 2-year term; starting with the 1974 election, governors would serve a 4-year term.

Kansas

In Kansas, incumbent governor Robert Docking won a fourth 2-year term. Beginning with the 1974 election, governors in Kansas would serve a 4-year term.

Missouri

In Missouri, during Governor Warren Hearnes' term, the rules were changed so that governors were allowed two back-to-back 4-year terms.[3] By the 1972 race, Hearnes had served two terms and was term limited.

Montana

In Montana, a new state constitution in 1972 allowed unlimited 4-year terms for a governor.[4] Anderson didn't run for another term because of health issues, and this bad health was considered the motive behind Anderson's suicide in 1989.[5]

North Carolina

In North Carolina, governors weren't allowed two consecutive terms in a row until 1977, thus term-limiting Scott.[6]

Rhode Island

In Rhode Island, governors served 2-year terms until 1994, when the state switched to 4-year terms for governors.[7]

Texas

In Texas, the defeat of Smith has been considered a casualty of the Sharpstown Scandal.[8] Texas also had a system of governors serving 2-year terms until 1974, when they switched to 4-year terms for governors.[9]

State Incumbent Party Status Opposing Candidates
Arkansas[10] Dale Bumpers Democratic Re-elected, 75.44% Len E. Blaylock (Republican) 24.56%
Delaware[11] Russell W. Peterson Republican Defeated, 47.91% Sherman Willard Tribbitt (Democratic) 51.27%
Virginia M. Lyndall (American) 0.64%
Harry H. Conner (Prohibition) 0.17%
Illinois[12] Richard B. Ogilvie Republican Defeated, 49.02% Dan Walker (Democratic) 50.68%
George LaForest (Socialist Labor) 0.17%
Ishmael Flory (Communist) 0.10%
Write in 0.03%
Indiana[13] Edgar Whitcomb Republican Term-limited, Republican victory Otis Bowen (Republican) 56.77%
Matthew Empson Welsh (Democratic) 42.46%
Berryman S. Hurley (American Independent) 0.40%
Finley N. Campbell (Peace and Freedom) 0.30%
John Marion Morris (Socialist Labor) 0.08%
Iowa[14] Robert D. Ray Republican Re-elected, 58.43% Paul Franzenburg (Democratic) 40.26%
Robert Dilley (American Independent) 1.30%
Kansas[15] Robert Docking Democratic Re-elected, 61.99% Morris Kay (Republican) 37.05%
Rolland Ernest Fisher (Prohibition) 0.96%
Missouri[16] Warren E. Hearnes Democratic Term-limited, Republican victory Kit Bond (Republican) 55.18%
Edward L. Doud (Democrat) 44.64%
Paul J. Leonard (Nonpartisan) 0.19%
Montana[17] Forrest H. Anderson Democratic Retired, Democratic victory Thomas Lee Judge (Democratic) 54.12%
Ed Smith (Republican) 45.88%
New Hampshire[18] Walter Peterson Republican Defeated in primary,[19] Republican victory Meldrim Thomson, Jr. (Republican) 41.38%
Roger J. Crowley (Democratic) 39.03%
Malcolm McLane (Independent) 19.56%
Scattering 0.03%
North Carolina[20] Robert W. Scott Democratic Term-limited, Republican victory James Holshouser (Republican) 51%
Hargrove "Skipper" Bowles (Democratic) 48.45%
Arlis F. Pettyjohn (American) 0.55%
North Dakota[21] William L. Guy Democratic-NPL Retired, Democratic-NPL victory Arthur A. Link (Democratic-NPL) 51.04%
Richard Larsen (Republican) 48.96%
Rhode Island[22] Frank Licht Democratic Retired, Democratic victory Philip W. Noel (Democratic) 52.55%
Herbert F. DeSimone (Republican) 47.07%
Adam J. Varone (Independent) 0.39%
South Dakota[23] Richard F. Kneip Democratic Re-elected, 60.03% Carveth Thompson (Republican) 39.97%
Texas[24] Preston Smith Democratic Defeated in primary,[25] Democratic victory Dolph Briscoe (Democratic) 47.91%
Henry Grover (Republican) 44.99%
Ramsey Muniz (La Raza Unida) 6.28%
Debbie Leonard (Socialist Workers) 0.71%
Scattering 0.11%
Utah[26] Calvin L. Rampton Democratic Re-elected, 69.68% Nicholas L. Strike (Republican) 30.32%
Vermont[27] Deane C. Davis Republican Retired, Democratic victory Thomas P. Salmon (Democratic) 55.24%
Luther Fred Hackett (Republican) 43.59%
Bernie Sanders (Liberty Union) 1.15%
Scattering 0.02%
Washington[28] Daniel J. Evans Republican Re-elected, 50.79% Albert Rosellini (Democratic) 42.83%
Vick Gould (Taxpayers) 5.90%
Robin David (Socialist Workers) 0.31%
Henry Killman (Socialist Labor) 0.18%
West Virginia[29] Arch A. Moore, Jr. Republican Re-elected, 54.74% Jay Rockefeller (Democratic) 45.26%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Office of the Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Article 5. Executive". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Missouri Governor Warren E. Hearnes". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Government". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  5. ^ AP (23 July 1989). "Forrest Anderson, Ex-Governor Of Montana, Kills Himself at 76". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "North Carolina State and Local Government at a Glance" (PDF). Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Pengjie Gao and Yaxuan Qi. "Political Uncertainty and Public Financing Costs: Evidence from U.S. Municipal Bond Markets" (PDF). p. 8. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "Modern Texas Part 1, 1949–1973". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "Modern Texas Part 2, 1973–1991". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  10. ^ "AR Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  11. ^ "DE Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  12. ^ "IL Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  13. ^ "IN Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "IA Governor". Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  15. ^ "KS Governor". Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  16. ^ "MO Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  17. ^ "MT Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  18. ^ "NH Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  19. ^ "NH Governor – R Primary". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  20. ^ "NC Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  21. ^ "ND Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  22. ^ "RI Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  23. ^ "SD Governor". Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  24. ^ "TX Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  25. ^ "TX Governor – D Primary". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  26. ^ "UT Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  27. ^ "VT Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  28. ^ "WA Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  29. ^ "WV Governor". Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
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