1948 United States elections

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1948 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election day November 2
Incumbent president Harry S. Truman (Democratic)
Next Congress 81st
Presidential election
Partisan control Democratic Hold
Popular vote margin Democratic +4.5%
Electoral vote
Harry S. Truman (D) 303
Thomas E. Dewey (R) 189
Strom Thurmond (SRD) 39
1948 United States presidential election in California 1948 United States presidential election in Oregon 1948 United States presidential election in Washington (state) 1948 United States presidential election in Idaho 1948 United States presidential election in Nevada 1948 United States presidential election in Utah 1948 United States presidential election in Arizona 1948 United States presidential election in Montana 1948 United States presidential election in Wyoming 1948 United States presidential election in Colorado 1948 United States presidential election in New Mexico 1948 United States presidential election in North Dakota 1948 United States presidential election in South Dakota 1948 United States presidential election in Nebraska 1948 United States presidential election in Kansas 1948 United States presidential election in Oklahoma 1948 United States presidential election in Texas 1948 United States presidential election in Minnesota 1948 United States presidential election in Iowa 1948 United States presidential election in Missouri 1948 United States presidential election in Arkansas 1948 United States presidential election in Louisiana 1948 United States presidential election in Wisconsin 1948 United States presidential election in Illinois 1948 United States presidential election in Michigan 1948 United States presidential election in Indiana 1948 United States presidential election in Ohio 1948 United States presidential election in Kentucky 1948 United States presidential election in Tennessee 1948 United States presidential election in Mississippi 1948 United States presidential election in Alabama 1948 United States presidential election in Georgia 1948 United States presidential election in Florida 1948 United States presidential election in South Carolina 1948 United States presidential election in North Carolina 1948 United States presidential election in Virginia 1948 United States presidential election in West Virginia 1948 United States presidential election in Maryland 1948 United States presidential election in Delaware 1948 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania 1948 United States presidential election in New Jersey 1948 United States presidential election in New York 1948 United States presidential election in Connecticut 1948 United States presidential election in Rhode Island 1948 United States presidential election in Maryland 1948 United States presidential election in Vermont 1948 United States presidential election in New Hampshire 1948 United States presidential election in Maine 1948 United States presidential election in Massachusetts 1948 United States presidential election in Maryland 1948 United States presidential election in Delaware 1948 United States presidential election in New Jersey 1948 United States presidential election in Connecticut 1948 United States presidential election in Rhode Island 1948 United States presidential election in Massachusetts 1948 United States presidential election in Vermont 1948 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1948.svg
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1948 presidential election results. Red denotes states won by Dewey, blue denotes states won by Truman, and orange denotes states won by Thurmond. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate.
Senate elections
Overall control Democratic Gain
Seats contested 33 of 96 seats
(32 Class 2 seats + 2 special elections)[1]
Net seat change Democratic +9
Us 1948 senate election map.svg
1948 Senate results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall control Democratic Gain
Seats contested All 435 voting members
Popular vote margin Democratic +7.2%
Net seat change Democratic +75

The 1948 United States elections was held on November 2, 1948. The election took place during the beginning stages of the Cold War. Democratic incumbent President Harry S. Truman was elected to a full term, defeating Republican nominee New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey and two erstwhile Democrats. The Republicans, who had just won both the House and the Senate two years earlier, ceded control of both chambers of Congress to the Democrats. Puerto Rico also elected Luis Muñoz Marín of the Popular Democratic Party as its first democratically elected governor.

President

In what is considered by most historians as the greatest upset in the history of American presidential politics, Democratic incumbent President Harry S. Truman defeated Republican nominee Thomas E. Dewey. Going into Election Day, virtually every prediction (with or without public opinion polls) indicated that Truman would lose. Truman took most states outside the Northeast and Deep South, and won the popular vote by four points. Dewey won his party's nomination for the second straight election, defeating Ohio Senator Robert A. Taft and former Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen on the Republican convention's second ballot. Truman won the Democratic nomination on the first ballot, but the party's platform on civil rights caused a third party run by Dixiecrat Strom Thurmond, the Governor of South Carolina. Thurmond took four states in the Deep South. Former Vice President and former Democrat Henry A. Wallace ran as the Progressive nominee, but took only two percent of the popular vote.

United States House of Representatives

As in the Senate, Truman's labeling of the Republican-controlled Congress as "obstructionist" helped the Democrats win a net gain of 75 seats in the House, giving them control of the chamber.

United States Senate

The Democrats gained nine seats in the Senate, enough to give them control of the chamber over the Republicans. Truman successfully campaigned against an "obstructionist" Congress that had blocked many of his initiatives. In addition, the U.S. economy had recovered from the postwar recession of 1946-1947.[2][3]

References

  1. ^ One Class 2 Senate seat held both a regularly-scheduled election and a special election in 1948. This seat is not double-counted for the number of total seats.
  2. ^ "1948 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 2, 1948" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 9 April 2017.


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