United States elections, 2016

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2016 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election day November 8, 2016
Presidential election
Electoral vote
Donald Trump (R) 304
Hillary Clinton (D) 227
United States presidential election in Alabama, 2016 United States presidential election in Alaska, 2016 United States presidential election in Arizona, 2016 United States presidential election in Arkansas, 2016 United States presidential election in California, 2016 United States presidential election in Colorado, 2016 United States presidential election in Connecticut, 2016 United States presidential election in Delaware, 2016 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia, 2016 United States presidential election in Florida, 2016 United States presidential election in Georgia, 2016 United States presidential election in Hawaii, 2016 United States presidential election in Idaho, 2016 United States presidential election in Illinois, 2016 United States presidential election in Indiana, 2016 United States presidential election in Iowa, 2016 United States presidential election in Kansas, 2016 United States presidential election in Kentucky, 2016 United States presidential election in Louisiana, 2016 United States presidential election in Maine, 2016 United States presidential election in Maryland, 2016 United States presidential election in Massachusetts, 2016 United States presidential election in Michigan, 2016 United States presidential election in Minnesota, 2016 United States presidential election in Mississippi, 2016 United States presidential election in Missouri, 2016 United States presidential election in Montana, 2016 United States presidential election in Nebraska, 2016 United States presidential election in Nevada, 2016 United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 2016 United States presidential election in New Jersey, 2016 United States presidential election in New Mexico, 2016 United States presidential election in New York, 2016 United States presidential election in North Carolina, 2016 United States presidential election in North Dakota, 2016 United States presidential election in Ohio, 2016 United States presidential election in Oklahoma, 2016 United States presidential election in Oregon, 2016 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania, 2016 United States presidential election in Rhode Island, 2016 United States presidential election in South Carolina, 2016 United States presidential election in South Dakota, 2016 United States presidential election in Tennessee, 2016 United States presidential election in Texas, 2016 United States presidential election in Utah, 2016 United States presidential election in Vermont, 2016 United States presidential election in Virginia, 2016 United States presidential election in Washington, 2016 United States presidential election in West Virginia, 2016 United States presidential election in Wisconsin, 2016 United States presidential election in Wyoming, 2016 United States presidential election in Delaware, 2016 United States presidential election in Maryland, 2016 United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 2016 United States presidential election in New Jersey, 2016 United States presidential election in Massachusetts, 2016 United States presidential election in Connecticut, 2016 United States presidential election in Vermont, 2016 United States presidential election in Rhode Island, 2016ElectoralCollege2016.svg
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Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Trump/Pence, blue denotes those won by Clinton/Kaine. Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state. Faithless electoral votes went to Powell (three), Kasich, Paul, Sanders and Spotted Eagle.
Senate elections
Seats contested 34 seats of Class III
Net change Overall Republican hold: Democratic +2
United States Senate election in Alabama, 2016 United States Senate election in Alaska, 2016 United States Senate election in Arizona, 2016 United States Senate election in Arkansas, 2016 United States Senate election in California, 2016 United States Senate election in Colorado, 2016 United States Senate election in Connecticut, 2016 United States Senate election in Florida, 2016 United States Senate election in Georgia, 2016 United States Senate election in Hawaii, 2016 United States Senate election in Idaho, 2016 United States Senate election in Illinois, 2016 United States Senate election in Indiana, 2016 United States Senate election in Iowa, 2016 United States Senate election in Kansas, 2016 United States Senate election in Kentucky, 2016 United States Senate election in Louisiana, 2016 United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016 United States Senate election in Missouri, 2016 United States Senate election in Nevada, 2016 United States Senate election in New Hampshire, 2016 United States Senate election in New York, 2016 United States Senate election in North Carolina, 2016 United States Senate election in North Dakota, 2016 United States Senate election in Ohio, 2016 United States Senate election in Oklahoma, 2016 United States Senate election in Oregon, 2016 United States Senate election in Pennsylvania, 2016 United States Senate election in South Carolina, 2016 United States Senate election in South Dakota, 2016 United States Senate election in Utah, 2016 United States Senate election in Vermont, 2016 United States Senate election in Washington, 2016 United States Senate election in Wisconsin, 20162016 US Senate election results map.svg
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2016 Senate results

Democratic   Gain   Hold

Republican   Hold
House elections
Seats contested All 435 voting-members and 6 non-voting delegates
Net change Overall Republican hold: Democratic +6
US House 2016.svg
Map of the 2016 House races (delegate races not shown)

Democratic-held seats   Hold   Gain

Republican-held seats   Hold   Gain
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested 14 (12 states, 2 territories)
Net change Republican +2
Delaware gubernatorial election, 2016 Indiana gubernatorial election, 2016 Missouri gubernatorial election, 2016 Montana gubernatorial election, 2016 New Hampshire gubernatorial election, 2016 North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2016 North Dakota gubernatorial election, 2016 Oregon gubernatorial election, 2016 Utah gubernatorial election, 2016 Vermont gubernatorial election, 2016 Washington gubernatorial election, 2016 West Virginia gubernatorial election, 2016 American Samoa gubernatorial election, 2016 Puerto Rico gubernatorial election, 20162016 gubernatorial election results map.svg
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Map of the 2016 gubernatorial elections

Democratic   Hold   Gain

Republican   Gain   Hold
Then-incumbent President Barack Obama casts his vote early in Chicago on October 7, 2016

The 2016 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. During this presidential election year, the President of the United States and Vice President were elected. In addition, elections were held for all 435 voting-member seats in the United States House of Representatives (as well as all six non-voting delegate seats) and 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate to determine the 115th Congress.

The Republican Party won the presidency, and retained its majorities in the House and Senate. Twelve state governorships, two territorial governorships, and numerous other state and local elections were also contested.

Federal elections

Presidential election

The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial presidential election. The electoral vote distribution was determined by the 2010 census from which presidential electors electing the President and Vice President were chosen; a simple majority (270) of the 538 electoral votes were required to win. Incumbent President Barack Obama, a member of the Democratic Party, was ineligible to be elected to a third term due to term limits established by the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution. Businessman and reality television personality Donald Trump of New York won the Republican Party's presidential nomination on July 19, 2016, after defeating Texas Senator Ted Cruz, Ohio Governor John Kasich, Florida Senator Marco Rubio, and several other candidates in the Republican primary elections.[1] Former Secretary of State, First Lady and New York Senator Hillary Clinton won the Democratic Party's presidential nomination on July 26, 2016 after defeating Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders and others in the Democratic primary elections. This was the first election with a female presidential nominee from a major political party, as well as the first election since 1944 that had major party presidential nominees from the same home state. Clinton won the popular vote, taking 48% of the vote compared to Trump's 46% of the vote, but Trump won the electoral vote and thus the presidency. Libertarian Gary Johnson won 3.3% of the popular vote, the strongest performance by a third party presidential nominee since the 1996 election. Trump won the states of Michigan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Florida, Ohio, and Iowa, all of which were won by Obama in 2008 and 2012. The election is one of five presidential elections in American history in which the winner of the popular vote did not win the presidency.

Russian Interference

The United States government's intelligence agencies concluded the Russian government interfered in the 2016 United States elections.[1][2][3] A joint US intelligence review stated with high confidence that, "Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US presidential election. Russia’s goals were to undermine public faith in the US democratic process, denigrate Secretary Hillary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency."[4] Further, the US intelligence community stated "Putin and the Russian Government developed a clear preference for President-elect Trump."[5] Per the Daily Caller and the National Review reports Democrat leaders stated there has been no actual evidence of Russian hacking on the elections, only speculation and investigation.[6][7]

Congressional elections

Senate elections

All seats in Senate Class 3 were up for election. Democrats won a net gain of two seats, but Republicans retained a majority with 52 seats in the 100-member chamber.[8]

House of Representatives elections

All 435 voting seats in the United States House of Representatives were up for election. Additionally, elections were held to select the Delegate for the District of Columbia as well as the delegates from U.S. territories. This includes the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, who serves a four-year term. Democrats won a net gain of six seats, but Republicans held a 241-to-194 majority following the elections.

State elections

Gubernatorial elections

Regular elections were held for the governorships of 11 U.S. states and two U.S. territories. Additionally, a special election was held in Oregon after the resignation of John Kitzhaber as Governor. Republicans won a net gain of two seats.

Legislative elections

In 2016, 44 states held state legislative elections; 86 of the 99 chambers were up for election. Only six states did not hold state legislative elections: Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, Virginia, Alabama, and Maryland.[9]

Other elections and ballot measures

Many states also held elections for other elected offices, such as attorney general. Many states held ballot measures.[10]

Local elections

Mayoral elections

Mayoral elections were held in many cities, including:

Table of state, territorial, and federal results

This table shows the partisan results of Congressional, gubernatorial, presidential, and state legislative races held in each state and territory in 2016. Note that not all states and territories hold gubernatorial, state legislative, and United States Senate elections in 2016; additionally, the territories do not have electoral votes in American presidential elections, and neither Washington, D.C. nor the territories elect members of the United States Senate. Washington, D.C. and the five inhabited territories each elect one non-voting member of the United States House of Representatives. Nebraska's unicameral legislature and the governorship and legislature of American Samoa are officially non-partisan. In the table, offices/legislatures that are not up for election in 2016 are already filled in for the "after 2016 elections" section, although vacancies or party switching could potentially lead to a flip in partisan control.

Subdivision and PVI[15] Before 2016 elections[16] After 2016 elections[17]
Subdivision PVI Governor State leg. US Senate US House Pres. Governor State leg. US Senate US House
Alabama R+14 Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1
Alaska R+12 Ind Rep Rep Rep 1-0 Rep Ind Rep Rep Rep 1-0
Arizona R+7 Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-4 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-4
Arkansas R+14 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0
California D+9 Dem Dem Dem Dem 39-14 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 39-14
Colorado D+1 Dem Split Split Rep 4-3 Dem Dem Split Split Rep 4-3
Connecticut D+7 Dem Dem Dem Dem 5-0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 5-0
Delaware D+8 Dem Dem Dem Dem 1-0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 1-0
Florida R+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 17-10 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 16-11
Georgia R+6 Rep Rep Rep Rep 10-4 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 10-4
Hawaii D+20 Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0
Idaho R+18 Rep Rep Rep Rep 2-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 2-0
Illinois D+8 Rep Dem Split Dem 10-8 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 11-7
Indiana R+5 Rep Rep Split Rep 7-2 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 7-2
Iowa D+1 Rep Split Rep Rep 3-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 3-1
Kansas R+12 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0
Kentucky R+13 Rep Split Rep Rep 5-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-1
Louisiana R+12 Dem Rep Rep Rep 5-1 Rep Dem Rep Rep Rep 5-1
Maine D+5 Rep Split Split R/I[18] Split 1-1 Dem Rep Split Split R/I[18] Split 1-1
Maryland D+10 Rep Dem Dem Dem 7-1 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 7-1
Massachusetts D+10 Rep Dem Dem Dem 9-0 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 9-0
Michigan D+4 Rep Rep Dem Rep 9-5 Rep Rep Rep Dem Rep 9-5
Minnesota D+2 Dem Split Dem Dem 5-3 Dem Dem Rep Dem Dem 5-3
Mississippi R+9 Rep Rep Rep Rep 3-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 3-1
Missouri R+5 Dem Rep Split Rep 6-2 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 6-2
Montana R+7 Dem Rep Split Rep 1-0 Rep Dem Rep Split Rep 1-0
Nebraska R+12 Rep NP Rep Rep 2-1 Rep Rep NP Rep Rep 3-0
Nevada D+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 3-1 Dem Rep Dem Split Dem 3-1
New Hampshire D+1 Dem Rep Split Split 1-1 Dem Rep Rep Dem Dem 2-0
New Jersey D+6 Rep Dem Dem Split 6-6 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 7-5
New Mexico D+4 Rep Split Dem Dem 2-1 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 2-1
New York D+11 Dem Split[19] Dem Dem 18-9 Dem Dem Split Dem Dem 18-9
North Carolina R+3 Rep Rep Rep Rep 10-3 Rep Dem Rep Rep Rep 10-3
North Dakota R+10 Rep Rep Split Rep 1-0 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 1-0
Ohio R+1 Rep Rep Split Rep 12-4 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 12-4
Oklahoma R+19 Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-0
Oregon D+5 Dem Dem Dem Dem 4-1 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 4-1
Pennsylvania D+1 Dem Rep Split Rep 13-5 Rep Dem Rep Split Rep 13-5
Rhode Island D+11 Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0
South Carolina R+8 Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1
South Dakota R+10 Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0
Tennessee R+12 Rep Rep Rep Rep 7-2 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 7-2
Texas R+10 Rep Rep Rep Rep 25-11 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 25-11
Utah R+22 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0
Vermont D+16 Dem Dem Split D/I[20] Dem 1-0 Dem Rep Dem Split D/I[20] Dem 1-0
Virginia Even Dem Rep Dem Rep 8-3 Dem Dem Rep Dem Rep 7-4
Washington D+5 Dem Split[19] Dem Dem 6-4 Dem Dem Split Dem Dem 6-4
West Virginia R+13 Dem Rep Split Rep 3-0 Rep Dem Rep Split Rep 3-0
Wisconsin D+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 5-3 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 5-3
Wyoming R+22 Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0
United States Even Rep 31-18 Rep 30-11 Rep 54-46[21] Rep 247-188 Rep Rep 33-16 Rep 32-13 Rep 52-48[21] Rep 241-194
Washington, D.C. D+40 Dem[22] Dem N/A Dem Dem Dem[22] Dem N/A Dem
American Samoa N/A NP NP Rep N/A NP NP Rep
Guam Rep Dem Dem Rep Dem Dem
N. Mariana Islands Rep Split Ind Rep Rep Ind
Puerto Rico PDP PDP PNP/Dem PNP Split PNP/Rep
U.S. Virgin Islands Ind Dem Dem Ind Dem Dem
Subdivision PVI Governor State leg. US Senate US House Pres. Governor State leg. US Senate US House
Subdivision and PVI Before 2016 elections After 2016 elections

References

  1. ^ Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam. "Declassified report says Putin ‘ordered’ effort to undermine faith in U.S. election and help Trump". Washington Post. 
  2. ^ Fleitz, Fred (7 January 2017). "Was Friday's declassified report claiming Russian hacking of the 2016 election rigged?". Fox News. 
  3. ^ EICHENWALD, Kurt (10 January 2017). "Trump, Putin and the hidden history of how Russia interfered in the U.S. presidential election". Newsweek. 
  4. ^ "Intelligence Report on Russian Hacking". The New York Times. January 6, 2017. p. 11. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  5. ^ Blake, Aaron. "The 11 most important lines from the new intelligence report on Russia’s hacking". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  6. ^ Chuck Ross (18 May 2017). "Even Maxine Waters Says There’s No Evidence Of Trump-Russia Collusion [VIDEO]". DailyCaller.com. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  7. ^ Jim Geraghty (May 19, 2017). "When Does All That Evidence of Collusion Arrive?". NationalReview.com. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  8. ^ "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 8, 2016". U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  9. ^ Warnock, Kae (March 11, 2016). "2016 Legislative Races by State and Legislative Chamber". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved May 17, 2016. 
  10. ^ "2016 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "Baltimore Mayor Rawlings-Blake says she won't seek re-election". Fox News. Retrieved September 14, 2015. 
  12. ^ Theen, Andrew (October 26, 2015). "Portland Mayor Charlie Hales withdraws re-election bid". OregonLive. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Mayor Kevin Johnson won’t seek re-election". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved April 18, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Steinberg wins Sacramento mayor’s race by wide margin". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved April 18, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Partisan Voter Index by State, 1994-2014" (PDF). Cook Political Report. Retrieved May 19, 2016.  PVI in 2014
  16. ^ "2016 State and Legislative Partisan Composition" (PDF). National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved May 17, 2016. 
  17. ^ "State & Legislative Partisan Composition (2016 Election)" (PDF). National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  18. ^ a b One of Maine's Senators is a Republican, the other (Angus King) is an independent who has caucused with the Democrats since taking office in 2013.
  19. ^ a b In New York and Washington, Democrats control the House and a coalition of Republicans and Democrats control the Senate.
  20. ^ a b One of Vermont's Senators is a Democrat, the other (Bernie Sanders) was elected as an independent but has caucused with the Democrats since taking office in 2007.
  21. ^ a b Including two Independents who caucus with the Democrats.
  22. ^ a b Washington, D.C. does not elect a governor, but it does elect a mayor.
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