1916 United States elections

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1916 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election day November 7
Incumbent president Woodrow Wilson (Democratic)
Next Congress 65th
Presidential election
Partisan control Democratic Hold
Popular vote margin Democratic +3.1%
Electoral vote
Woodrow Wilson (D) 277
Charles Evans Hughes (R) 254
United States presidential election in California, 1916 United States presidential election in Oregon, 1916 United States presidential election in Washington (state), 1916 United States presidential election in Idaho, 1916 United States presidential election in Nevada, 1916 United States presidential election in Utah, 1916 United States presidential election in Arizona, 1916 United States presidential election in Montana, 1916 United States presidential election in Wyoming, 1916 United States presidential election in Colorado, 1916 United States presidential election in New Mexico, 1916 United States presidential election in North Dakota, 1916 United States presidential election in South Dakota, 1916 United States presidential election in Nebraska, 1916 United States presidential election in Kansas, 1916 United States presidential election in Oklahoma, 1916 United States presidential election in Texas, 1916 United States presidential election in Minnesota, 1916 United States presidential election in Iowa, 1916 United States presidential election in Missouri, 1916 United States presidential election in Arkansas, 1916 United States presidential election in Louisiana, 1916 United States presidential election in Wisconsin, 1916 United States presidential election in Illinois, 1916 United States presidential election in Michigan, 1916 United States presidential election in Indiana, 1916 United States presidential election in Ohio, 1916 United States presidential election in Kentucky, 1916 United States presidential election in Tennessee, 1916 United States presidential election in Mississippi, 1916 United States presidential election in Alabama, 1916 United States presidential election in Georgia, 1916 United States presidential election in Florida, 1916 United States presidential election in South Carolina, 1916 United States presidential election in North Carolina, 1916 United States presidential election in Virginia, 1916 United States presidential election in West Virginia, 1916 United States presidential election in Maryland, 1916 United States presidential election in Delaware, 1916 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania, 1916 United States presidential election in New Jersey, 1916 United States presidential election in New York, 1916 United States presidential election in Connecticut, 1916 United States presidential election in Rhode Island, 1916 United States presidential election in Vermont, 1916 United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1916 United States presidential election in Maine, 1916 United States presidential election in Massachusetts, 1916 United States presidential election in Maryland, 1916 United States presidential election in Delaware, 1916 United States presidential election in New Jersey, 1916 United States presidential election in Connecticut, 1916 United States presidential election in Rhode Island, 1916 United States presidential election in Massachusetts, 1916 United States presidential election in Vermont, 1916 United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1916ElectoralCollege1916.svg
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1916 presidential election results. Red denotes states won by Hughes, blue denotes states won by Wilson. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate.
Senate elections
Overall control Democratic Hold
Seats contested 35 of 96 seats
(32 Class 1 seats + 3 special elections)
Net seat change Republican +2[1]
US 1916 senate election map.svg
1916 Senate results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall control Democratic Hold[2]
Seats contested All 435 voting members
Net seat change Republican +19

The 1916 United States elections elected the members of the 65th United States Congress. The election occurred during the Fourth Party System, six months before the United States entered World War I. Unlike 1912, the Democrats did not benefit from a split in the Republican Party, but the Democrats still retained the Presidency and the majority in the Senate. Democrats lost the majority in the House, but retained control of the chamber.

Democratic President Woodrow Wilson defeated the Republican nominee, former Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Hughes, in the presidential election.[3] Hughes won the Republican nomination on the third ballot of the 1916 Republican National Convention, defeating several other candidates. Republicans won several Northern states, but Wilson's success in the rest of the country gave him a small margin in the electoral college and the popular vote. Wilson's win made him the first sitting Democratic President to win re-election since Andrew Jackson. Wilson's running mate, Thomas R. Marshall, was the first sitting Vice President to win re-election since John C. Calhoun.

Republicans made moderate gains in the House, gaining a narrow plurality.[4] However, Democrat Champ Clark won re-election as Speaker of the House.

In the second Senate election since the ratification of the 17th Amendment, Republicans made minor gains, but Democrats retained a solid majority.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Republicans picked up one seat in the regularly-scheduled elections and an additional seat in the special elections.
  2. ^ Democrats lost their House majority in the 1916 elections, but the party retained control of the House through a coalition with minor parties.
  3. ^ "1916 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
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