1816 United States elections

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1816 United States elections
Presidential election year
Incumbent president James Madison
(Democratic-Republican)
Next Congress 15th
Presidential election
Partisan control Democratic-Republican Hold
Electoral vote
James Monroe (DR) 183
Rufus King (F) 34
1816 United States presidential election in Massachusetts 1816 United States presidential election in New Hampshire 1816 United States presidential election in Massachusetts 1816 United States presidential election in Rhode Island 1816 United States presidential election in Connecticut 1816 United States presidential election in New York 1816 United States presidential election in Vermont 1816 United States presidential election in New Jersey 1816 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania 1816 United States presidential election in Delaware 1816 United States presidential election in Maryland 1816 United States presidential election in Virginia 1816 United States presidential election in Ohio 1816 United States presidential election in Indiana 1816 United States presidential election in Kentucky 1816 United States presidential election in Tennessee 1816 United States presidential election in North Carolina 1816 United States presidential election in South Carolina 1816 United States presidential election in Georgia 1816 United States presidential election in LouisianaElectoralCollege1816.svg
About this image
1816 presidential election results. Green denotes states won by Monroe, burnt orange denotes states won by King. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.
Senate elections
Overall control Democratic-Republican Hold
Seats contested 12 of 36 seats[1]
Net seat change Democratic-Republican +2[2]
House elections
Overall control Democratic-Republican Hold
Seats contested All 184 voting members
Net seat change Democratic-Republican +25[2]

The 1816 United States elections elected the members of the 15th United States Congress. Mississippi and Illinois were admitted as states during the 15th Congress. The election took place during the First Party System. The Democratic-Republican Party controlled the Presidency and both houses of Congress, while the Federalist Party provided only limited opposition. The election marked the start of the Era of Good Feelings, as the Federalist Party became nearly irrelevant in national politics after the War of 1812 and the Hartford Convention.

In the Presidential election, Democratic-Republican Secretary of State James Monroe easily defeated Federalist Senator Rufus King of New York.[3] Monroe faced a more difficult challenge in securing his party's nomination, but was able to defeat Secretary of War William H. Crawford in the Democratic-Republican congressional nominating caucus.[4] The Federalists never again fielded a presidential candidate.

In the House, Democratic-Republicans won major gains, and continued to dominate the chamber.[5]

In the Senate, Democratic-Republicans picked up a moderate number of seats, increasing their already-dominant majority.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Not counting special elections.
  2. ^ a b Congressional seat gain figures only reflect the results of the regularly-scheduled elections, and do not take special elections into account.
  3. ^ "1816 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Presidential elections". History.com. History Channel. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
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