United States elections, 1792

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Factional control of Congress and the presidency
Previous faction
Incoming faction
President Independent Independent
House Pro-Administration Anti-Administration
Senate Pro-Administration Pro-Administration

The 1792 United States elections elected the members of the 3rd United States Congress. Congress was broadly divided between a Pro-Administration faction supporting the policies of George Washington's administration and an Anti-Administration faction opposed to those policies. Due to this, the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party were starting to emerge as the distinct political parties of the First Party System. In this election, the Pro-Administration faction maintained control of the Senate, but lost its majority in the House.

In the presidential election, incumbent President George Washington was re-elected without any major opposition.[1] Washington had considered retirement, but was convinced to seek re-election for the purpose of national unity.[2] Though Washington went unchallenged, Governor George Clinton of New York sought to unseat John Adams as vice president. However, Adams received the second most electoral votes, and so was re-elected to office.[2] Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his presidency.[3]

In the House, 37 seats were added following the 1790 census. The Anti-Administration faction picked up several seats, narrowly taking the majority from the Pro-Administration faction.[4] However, Frederick Muhlenberg, who leaned closer to the Pro-Administration faction, was elected Speaker of the House.[5]

In the Senate, the Anti-Administration faction picked up one seat, but the Pro-Administration faction maintained a small majority.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "1792 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Presidential elections". History.com. History Channel. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  3. ^ Jamison, Dennis (December 31, 2014). "George Washington's views on political parties in America". The Washington Times. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  4. ^ "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  5. ^ Jenkins, Jeffrey A.; Stewart, Charles Haines. Fighting for the Speakership: The House and the Rise of Party Government. pp. 57–58. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.


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