United States Senate elections, 1960 and 1961

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United States Senate elections, 1960
United States
← 1958 / 1959 November 8, 1960
(and a special election in 1961)
1962 →

35 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Senator Lyndon Johnson.jpg EverettDirksen.jpg
Leader Lyndon Johnson Everett Dirksen
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Texas Illinois
Seats before 66 34
Seats after 64 36
Seat change Decrease 2 Increase 2
Popular vote 18,547,250 14,894,867
Percentage 55.1% 44.2%
Swing Increase 0.1% Increase 1.1%
Seats up 22 11
Races won 20 13

Us 1960 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gain      Republican gain
     Democratic hold      Republican hold

Majority Leader before election

Lyndon Johnson
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

The United States Senate elections of 1960 (and a subsequent special election in 1961) coincided with the election of John F. Kennedy as president. The Republicans gained one seat at the expense of the Democrats. The Democrats nonetheless retained a commanding lead in the Senate with 64 seats to 36. As Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson was elected Vice President, Mike Mansfield became the new Majority Leader.

Retirements

Democratic seats held by Democrats

  1. Montana: James E. Murray (D) was replaced by Lee Metcalf (D)
  2. Oregon: Hall S. Lusk (D) was replaced by Maurine B. Neuberger (D)
  3. Rhode Island: Theodore F. Green (D) was replaced by Claiborne Pell (D)

Democrats replaced by Republicans

  1. Wyoming: Joseph C. O'Mahoney (D) was replaced by Edwin Keith Thomson (R). But Thomson died before the Congress began and was then replaced by a Democratic appointee.

Republican seats held by Republicans

  1. Iowa: Thomas E. Martin (R) was replaced by Jack Miller (R)

Republicans replaced by Democrats

  1. North Dakota (Class 1): Clarence N. Brunsdale (R) was replaced by Quentin N. Burdick (D)

Losing incumbents

Democrats lost to Republicans

  1. Delaware: J. Allen Frear, Jr. (D) lost to J. Caleb Boggs (R)

Other changes

The Republicans' net gain of one seat was eliminated after the election.

  1. Wyoming: Senator-elect Keith Thomson (R) died December 9, 1960, and was replaced by appointee John J. Hickey (D) at the beginning of the Congress.

Subsequent changes

The Republicans gained one seat early in the next Congress.

  1. Texas: Two-term Incumbent Lyndon Johnson (D) had been re-elected, but he resigned January 3, 1961 at the beginning of the term to become U.S. Vice President.

Change in Senate composition

Before the general elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45
Ran
D46
Ran
D47
Ran
D48
Ran
D49
Ran
D50
Ran
Majority → D51
Ran
D60
Ran
D59
Ran
D58
Ran
D57
Ran
D56
Ran
D55
Ran
D54
Ran
D53
Ran
D52
Ran
D61
Ran
D62
Ran
D63
Retired
D64
Retired
D65
Retired
D66
Retired
R34
Retired
R33
Ran
R32
Ran
R31
Ran
R21 R22 R23 R24
Ran
R25
Ran
R26
Ran
R27
Ran
R28
Ran
R29
Ran
R30
Ran
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the general elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45
Re-elected
D46
Re-elected
D47
Re-elected
D48
Re-elected
D49
Re-elected
D50
Re-elected
Majority → D51
Re-elected
D60
Re-elected
D59
Re-elected
D58
Re-elected
D57
Re-elected
D56
Re-elected
D55
Re-elected
D54
Re-elected
D53
Re-elected
D52
Re-elected
D61
Re-elected
D62
Re-elected
D63
Hold
D64
Hold
R36
Gain
R35
Gain
R34
Hold
R33
Re-elected
R32
Re-elected
R31
Re-elected
R21 R22 R23 R24
Re-elected
R25
Re-elected
R26
Re-elected
R27
Re-elected
R28
Re-elected
R29
Re-elected
R30
Re-elected
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the November special elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority → D51
D60 D59 D58 D57 D56 D55 D54 D53 D52
D61 D62 D63
Appointee elected
D64
Hold, like general
R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

Beginning of the next Congress

The Republican Senator-elect from Wyoming died between the election and the next Congress. A Democrat was appointed in his place by the beginning of the next Congress.

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority → D51
D60 D59 D58 D57 D56 D55 D54 D53 D52
D61 D62 D63 D64 D65
Gain
R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican

Race summaries

Special elections during the 86th Congress

In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1960 or before January 3, 1961; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
North Dakota
(Class 1)
Clarence N. Brunsdale Republican 1959 (Appointed) Interim apppointee retired.
New senator elected June 28, 1960.
Democratic gain.
Quentin N. Burdick (Democratic) 49.7%
John E. Davis (Republican) 49.2%
Missouri
(Class 3)
Edward V. Long Democratic 1960 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 8, 1960. Edward V. Long (Democratic) 53.2%
Lon Hocker (Republican) 46.8%
Oregon
(Class 2)
Hall S. Lusk Democratic 1960 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 8, 1960.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Maurine B. Neuberger (Democratic) 55.0%
Elmo Smith (Republican) 45.0%[1]

Elections leading to the next Congress

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning January 3, 1961; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama John Sparkman Democratic 1946 (Special)
1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. John Sparkman (Democratic) 70.2%
Julian Elgin (Republican) 29.8%
Alaska Bob Bartlett Democratic 1958 (New seat) Incumbent re-elected. Bob Bartlett (Democratic) 63.4%
Lee L. McKinley (Republican) 36.6%
Arkansas John L. McClellan Democratic 1942
1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. John L. McClellan (Democratic)
Unopposed
Colorado Gordon L. Allott Republican 1954 Incumbent re-elected. Gordon L. Allott (Republican) 53.5%
Robert L. Knous (Democratic) 46.0%
Delaware J. Allen Frear, Jr. Democratic 1948
1954
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
J. Caleb Boggs (Republican) 50.7%
J. Allen Frear, Jr. (Democratic) 49.3%
Georgia Richard Russell, Jr. Democratic 1933 (Special)
1936
1942
1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Richard Russell, Jr. (Democratic)
Unopposed
Idaho Henry C. Dworshak Republican 1946 (Special)
1948 (Lost)
1949 (Appointed)
1950 (Special)
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Henry C. Dworshak (Republican) 52.3%
R. F. Bob McLaughlin (Democratic) 47.7%
Illinois Paul Douglas Democratic {1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Paul Douglas (Democratic) 54.6%
Samuel W. Witwer (Republican) 45.2%
Iowa Thomas E. Martin Republican 1954 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Jack Miller (Republican) 51.9%
Herschel C. Loveless (Democratic) 48.1%
Kansas Andrew F. Schoeppel Republican 1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Andrew F. Schoeppel (Republican) 54.6%
Frank Theis (Democratic) 43.8%
Kentucky John S. Cooper Republican 1946 (Special)
1948 (Lost)
1952 (Special)
1954 (Lost)
1956 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. John S. Cooper (Republican) 59.2%
Keen Johnson (Democratic) 40.8%
Louisiana Allen J. Ellender Democratic 1936
1942
1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Allen J. Ellender (Democratic) 79.8%
George W. Reese, Jr. (Republican) 20.2%
Maine Margaret Chase Smith Republican 1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Margaret Chase Smith (Republican) 61.7%
Lucia M. Cormier (Democratic) 38.4%
Massachusetts Leverett Saltonstall Republican 1944 (Special)
1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Leverett Saltonstall (Republican) 56.2%
Thomas J. O'Connor, Jr. (Democratic) 43.5%
Michigan Patrick V. McNamara Democratic 1954 Incumbent re-elected. Patrick V. McNamara (Democratic) 51.7%
Alvin M. Bentley (Republican) 48.0%
Minnesota Hubert Humphrey Democratic 1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Hubert Humphrey (Democratic) 57.5%
P. Kenneth Peterson (Republican) 42.2%
Mississippi James Eastland Democratic 1942
1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. James Eastland (Democratic) 91.8%
Joe A. Moore (Republican) 8.2%
Montana James E. Murray Democratic 1934 (Special)
1936
1942
1948
1954
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Lee Metcalf (Democratic) 50.7%
Orvin B. Fjare (Republican) 49.3%
Nebraska Carl T. Curtis Republican 1954 Incumbent re-elected. Carl T. Curtis (Republican) 58.9%
Robert B. Conrad (Democratic) 41.1%
New Hampshire Styles Bridges Republican 1936
1942
1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Styles Bridges (Republican) 60.4%
Herbert W. Hill (Democratic) 39.7%
New Jersey Clifford P. Case Republican 1954 Incumbent re-elected. Clifford P. Case (Republican) 55.7%
Thorn Lord (Democratic) 43.2%
New Mexico Clinton P. Anderson Democratic 1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Clinton P. Anderson (Democratic) 63.4%
William Colwes (Republican) 36.6%
North Carolina B. Everett Jordan Democratic 1958 (Appointed)
1958 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. B. Everett Jordan (Democratic) 61.4%
Kyle Hayes (Republican) 38.6%
Oklahoma Robert S. Kerr Democratic 1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Robert S. Kerr (Democratic) 54.8%
B. Hayden Crawford (Republican) 44.6%
Oregon Hall S. Lusk Democratic 1960 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the term, see above.
Maurine B. Neuberger (Democratic) 54.6%
Elmo Smith (Republican) 45.4%[1]
Rhode Island Theodore F. Green Democratic 1936
1942
1948
1954
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Claiborne Pell (Democratic) 68.9%
Raoul Archambault (Republican) 31.1%
South Carolina Strom Thurmond Democratic 1954
1954 (Appointed)
1956 (Resigned)
1956 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Strom Thurmond (Democratic)
Unopposed
South Dakota Karl E. Mundt Republican 1948
1948 (Appointed)
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Karl E. Mundt (Republican) 52.4%
George S. McGovern (Democratic) 47.6%
Tennessee Estes Kefauver Democratic 1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. Estes Kefauver (Democratic) 71.8%
A. Bradley Frazier (Republican) 28.3%
Texas Lyndon B. Johnson Democratic 1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected.
Winner resigned at the end of the term to become U.S. Vice President.
New senator was appointed to begin the next term.
Lyndon B. Johnson (Democratic) 58.0%
John G. Tower (Republican) 41.1%
Bard A. Logan (Constitution) 0.9%
Virginia A. Willis Robertson Democratic 1946 (Special)
1948
1954
Incumbent re-elected. A. Willis Robertson (Democratic) 81.3%
Stuart D. Baker (Independent) 14.2%
West Virginia Jennings Randolph Democratic 1958 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Jennings Randolph (Democratic) 55.3%
Cecil H. Underwood (Republican) 44.7%
Wyoming Joseph C. O'Mahoney Democratic 1954 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Winner then died before the Congress began and was replaced by a Democratic appointee.
Edwin Keith Thomson (Republican) 56.4%
Raymond B. Whitaker (Democratic) 43.6%

Elections during the 87th Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated after January 3, 1959.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Texas
(Class 2)
William A. Blakley Democratic 1957 (Appointed)
1957 (Retired)
1961 (Appointed)
Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected May 27, 1961.
Republican gain.
John Tower (Republican)
William A. Blakley (Democratic)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.ourcampaigns.com/ContainerHistory.html?ContainerID=160
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