United States Senate elections, 1824 and 1825

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United States Senate elections, 1824 and 1825
United States
← 1822 / 1823 Dates vary by state 1826 / 1827 →

16 of the 48 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
25 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Tricolour Cockade.svg
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Seats won 8 10
Seats after 25 20
Seat change Increase 25 Increase 20
Seats up 0 0

  Third party Fourth party
  Tricolour Cockade.svg Federalist Cockade.svg
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 44 seats 3 seats
Seats before 43 5
Seat change Decrease 43 Decrease 5
Seats up 15 1

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Jacksonian

The United States Senate elections of 1824 and 1825 were elections for the United States Senate that saw the Jacksonians gain a majority over the Anti-Jacksonian National Republican Party.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Results summary

Senate Party Division, 19th Congress (1825–1827)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (26)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Jacksonian (22)
  • Total seats: 48

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

  DRa1
Resigned
DRa2
Retired
DRa3
Unknown
DRa4
Retired
DRc3 DRc2 DRc1 DRa11 DRa10 DRa9 DRa8
Ran
DRa7
Ran
DRa6
Unknown
DRa5
Ran
DRc4 DRc5 DRc6 DRc7 DRc8 DRc9 DRc10
Ran
DRc11
Unknown
DRc12
Ran
DRc13
Ran
 
DRj3 DRj2 DRj1 DRc20 DRc19 DRc18 DRc17 DRc16 DRc15
Retired
DRc14
Ran
DRj4 DRj5 DRj6 DRj7 DRj8 DRj9 DRj10 DRj11 DRj12
Unknown
Fa5
Retired
  Fa1 Fa2 Fa3 Fa4

Election results

  AJ1
Gain
AJ2
Gain
AJ3
Gain
AJ4
Gain
DRc3 DRc2 DRc1 DRa11 DRa10 DRa9 V2
Fa Loss
V1
DR Loss
AJ6
Gain
AJ5
Gain
DRc4 DRc5 DRc6 DRc7 DRc8 DRc9 J1
Gain
J2
Gain
J3
Gain
J4
Gain
 
DRj3 DRj2 DRj1 DRc20 DRc19 DRc18 DRc17 DRc16 J6
Gain
J5
Gain
DRj4 DRj5 DRj6 DRj7 DRj8 DRj9 DRj10 DRj11 J7
Gain
J8
Gain
  Fa1 Fa2 Fa3 Fa4

Beginning of the next Congress

  AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14 AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15 AJ16 AJ17 AJ18 AJ19 AJ20 V1 V2 V3 J25
Majority → J24
J15 J16 J17 J18 J19 J20 J21 J22 J23
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
  J1 J2 J3 J4
Key:
AJ# Anti-Jacksonian
DRx# Democratic-Republican (All factions)
DRa# Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction)
DRc# Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction)
DRj# Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction)
Fa# Federalist (Adams-Clay faction)
J# Jacksonian
V# Vacant

Race summaries

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the 18th Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1824 or before March 4, 1825; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 2)
Vacant Legislature had failed to elect.
Incumbent was re-elected late January 7, 1824.
Federalist gain.
Nicholas Van Dyke (Federalist (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware
(Class 1)
Vacant Caesar A. Rodney (DR) had resigned January 29, 1823 in the previous Congress.
Winner elected January 8, 1824.
Federalist gain.
Thomas Clayton (Federalist (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut
(Class 2)
Henry W. Edwards Democratic-Republican
(Jackson faction)
1823 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected May 5, 1824. Henry W. Edwards (Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction), later Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Louisiana
(Class 2)
Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1818 (Appointed)
1823 (Special)
Incumbent resigned May 27, 1824 to become Governor of Louisiana.
Winner elected November 19, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny (Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Illinois
(Class 3)
Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1818
1819
Incumbent resigned March 3, 1824.
Winner elected November 24, 1824, but not to next term.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John McLean (Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction))
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia
(Class 2)
Nicholas Ware Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1821 (Special)
1823
Incumbent died September 7, 1824.
Winner elected December 6, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas W. Cobb (Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction), later Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia
(Class 2)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1792 (Special)
1793
Died August 21, 1824.
Winner elected December 7, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Littleton Tazewell (Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction), later Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Races leading to the 19th Congress

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1825 (except where noted due to late election); ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama William Kelly Democratic-Republican
(Jackson faction)
1822 (Special) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner elected in 1824 or 1825.
Jacksonian gain.
Henry H. Chambers (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut James Lanman Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1819 Re-elected, but disqualified.
Vacant.
James Lanman ([Data unknown/missing. You can help!])
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia John Elliott Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1819 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Jacksonian gain.
John M. Berrien (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Illinois Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1818
1819
Winner elected to next term.
Jacksonian gain.
Elias Kane (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Indiana Waller Taylor Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1816
1818
Incumbent retired.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
William Hendricks (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky Isham Talbot Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1815 (Special)
1819 ([Data unknown/missing. You can help!])
1820 (Special)
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1824 or 1825.
Jacksonian gain.
John Rowan (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Louisiana Josiah S. Johnston Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1824 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected to a full term.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Josiah S. Johnston (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland Edward Lloyd Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1819 Re-elected as a Jacksonian.
Jacksonian gain.
Edward Lloyd (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Missouri David Barton Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1821 Re-elected as an Anti-Jacksonian.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
David Barton (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire John F. Parrott Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1819 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner took office late, on March 16, 1825.
Jacksonian gain.
Levi Woodbury (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York Rufus King Federalist
(Adams-Clay faction)
1789
1795
1796 (Resigned)
1813
1819/1820
Retired.
Vacant due to a deadlock in the New York State Legislature.
Vacant.
17 candidates
North Carolina Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1815 (Special)
1819
Re-elected as a Jacksonian.
Jacksonian gain.
Nathaniel Macon (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Ohio Ethan Allen Brown Democratic-Republican.
(Adams-Clay faction)
1822 (Special) Lost re-election.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
William Henry Harrison (Anti-Jacksonian)
Ethan Allen Brown (Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction))
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania Walter Lowrie Democratic-Republican.
(Crawford faction)
1819 Retired.
Winner elected in 1824/25.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
William Marks (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina John Gaillard Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1804 (Special)
1806
1812
1818
Re-elected as a Jacksonian.
Jacksonian gain.
John Gaillard (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont William A. Palmer Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1818 (Special)
1818
Retired.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Dudley Chase (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Special elections during the 19th Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1825 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut
(Class 3)
Vacant Vacant due to credentials challenge.
Winner elected May 4, 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Calvin Willey (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also

References

  • Party Division in the Senate, 1889-Present, via Senate.gov
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