United States Senate elections, 1818 and 1819

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
United States Senate elections, 1818 and 1819

← 1816/17 Dates vary by state 1820/21 →

14 of the 42 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
22 seats needed for a majority

  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 25 seats 13 seats
Seats before 28 12
Seats won 14 0
Seats after 30 9
Seat change Increase 3 Decrease 3
Seats up 11 3

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Democratic-Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1818 and 1819 were elections for the United States Senate that had the Democratic-Republican Party gain two seats. The Federalists had only three seats being contested, of which they lost two and the third was left vacant due to a failure to elect.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results summary

Senate Party Division, 16th Congress (1819–1821)

  • Majority Party: Democratic-Republican (30–37)
  • Minority Party: Federalist (9)
  • Vacant: 3–0
  • Total Seats: 42–46

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

At the beginning of 1818.

DR10 DR9 DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17 DR18 DR19
Ran
DR20
Ran
Majority → DR21
Ran
F11
Ran
F12
Ran
DR28
Resigned
DR27
Retired
DR26
Retired
DR25
Retired
DR24
Unknown
DR23
Unknown
DR22
Unknown
F10
Ran
F9 F8 F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Result of the general elections

DR10 DR9 DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17 DR18 DR19
Re-elected
DR20
Re-elected
Majority → DR21
Re-elected
V1
F Loss
DR30
New seat
DR29
Gain
DR28
Hold
DR27
Hold
DR26
Hold
DR25
Hold
DR24
Hold
DR23
Hold
DR22
Hold
V2
F Loss
F9 F8 F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Results of the special elections

  DR1
Hold
DR11 DR10 DR9 DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5
Hold
DR4 DR3 DR2
DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17 DR18 DR19 DR20 DR21
Majority → DR22
DR31
New seat
DR30
New seat
DR29 DR28 DR27 DR26 DR25 DR24 DR23
Hold
V1 V2 F9 F8 F7 F6 F5
Hold
F4 F3 F2
  F1
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant

Race summaries

Special elections during the 15th Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1818 or before March 4, 1819; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Louisiana
(Class 2)
William C. C. Claiborne Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent died November 23, 1817.
New senator elected January 12, 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 30 votes
Mr. Livingston 5 votes
John MacDonough 4 votes
Dr. Hood 2 votes[1]
Massachusetts
(Class 1)
Eli P. Ashmun Federalist 1816 (Special) Incumbent resigned May 10, 1818.
New senator elected June 5, 1818.
Federalist hold.
Prentiss Mellen (Democratic-Republican) 85 votes
William King 37 votes
James Bridge 2 votes
Mark L. Hill 1 vote[2]
Illinois
(Class 3)
New State New State.
New senators elected October 7, 1818[3] on the first and third ballot. Lots were drawn to assign them, respectively, to Classes 3 and 2. The Class 3 senator had to run again for re-election in 1819, see below.
Two Democratic-Republican gains.
First ballot:
Ninian Edwards (Democratic-Republican) 32 votes[3][4]
Illinois
(Class 2)
Third ballot:
Jesse B. Thomas (Democratic-Republican) 21 votes
Leonard White 18 votes
Michael Jones 1 vote[5]
Vermont
(Class 3)
James Fisk Democratic-Republican 1817 (Special) Incumbent resigned January 8, 1818 to serve as collector of customs for the district of Vermont.
New senator elected October 20, 1818 to finish the term.
Winner also elected to the following term, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Palmer (Democratic-Republican) 116 votes
Dudley Chase (Federalist) 54 votes
William A. Griswold (Democratic-Republican) 11 votes
Paul Brigham (Democratic-Republican) 7 votes
Scattering 4 votes[6]
Georgia
(Class 2)
George M. Troup Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special)
1816
Incumbent resigned September 23, 1818.
New senator elected November 7, 1818 on the fourth ballot.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Forsyth (Democratic-Republican) 86 votes
Nicholas Ware 29 votes
John M. Dooley 10 votes[7]

Races leading to the 16th Congress

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1819 (except where noted due to late election); ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Connecticut David Daggett Federalist 1813 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected October 22, 1818 on the third ballot.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Lanman (Democratic-Republican) 114 votes
David Daggett (Federalist) 84 votes
Elijah Boardman (Democratic-Republican) 7 votes
Nathan Smith (Democratic-Republican) 3 votes
William Bristol (Democratic-Republican) 1 vote[8]
Georgia Charles Tait Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special)
1813
Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
New senator elected November 11, 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Elliot (Democratic-Republican) 72
John Forsyth (Democratic-Republican) 53 votes[9]
Illinois Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected in early February 1819.[3] Ninian Edwards (Democratic-Republican) 23 votes
Michael Jones 19 votes[10][3]
Indiana Waller Taylor Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected December 16, 1818. Waller Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 21 votes
James Scott 15 votes
Isaac Blackford 2 votes[11]
Kentucky Isham Talbot Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
New senator elected December 17, 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Logan (Democratic-Republican) 67 votes
Richard M. Johnson 55 votes[12]
Louisiana Eligius Fromentin Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in January 11, 1819 on the second ballot.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Brown (Democratic-Republican)
John McDonough 9 votes
A. L. Duncan 12 votes
Eligius Fromentin (Democratic-Republican) 1 vote[13]
Maryland Robert Goldsborough Federalist 1813 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Legislature failed to elect.
Federalist loss.
None.
New Hampshire Clement Storer Democratic-Republican 1817 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
New senator elected in 1818 on the third ballot.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Fabyan Parrott (Democratic-Republican) 97 votes
William Plumer 54 votes
Jeremiah Smith 11 votes
Josiah Butler 5 votes
Clement Storer 1 vote[14]
New York Rufus King Federalist 1813 Incumbent ran for re-election.
Legislature failed to elect and the seat became vacant.
Federalist loss.
Incumbent would later be re-elected in 1820, late in the next Congress.
John C. Spencer (Democratic-Republican: Clintonian)
Philetus Swift
Rufus King (Federalist)
John Van Ness Yates (Democratic-Republican: Bucktail)
John Wells (Federalist)
Samuel Young (Democratic-Republican: Bucktail)[15]
North Carolina Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1818.[16] Nathaniel Macon (Democratic-Republican) 166 votes
Unopposed[17]
Ohio Jeremiah Morrow Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected January 30, 1819 on the fourth ballot.[18]
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Trimble (Democratic-Republican) 48 votes
Thomas Worthington 25 votes
John Hamm 18 votes[18]
Pennsylvania Abner Lacock Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected December 8, 1818.[19]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Walter Lowrie (Democratic-Republican) 87 votes
Isaac Weaver, Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 32 votes
Not Voting 8 votes
John Tod (Democratic-Republican) 1 vote[19]
South Carolina John Gaillard Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected in 1818.[20] John Gaillard (Democratic-Republican) 96 votes
John R. Richardson 61 votes[21]
Vermont
(Class 3)
James Fisk Democratic-Republican 1817 (Special) Incumbent resigned January 8, 1818 to serve as collector of customs for the district of Vermont.
New senator elected October 20, 1818.
Winner also elected to finish the term, see above.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Palmer (Democratic-Republican) 133 votes
Dudley Chase (Federalist) 49 votes
William A. Griswold (Democratic-Republican) 7 votes
Paul Brigham (Democratic-Republican) 5 votes[22]

Special elections during the 16th Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1819 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Tennessee
(Class 1)
John H. Eaton Democratic-Republican 1818 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected October 9, 1819. John H. Eaton (Democratic-Republican) 31 votes
Parry W. Humphreys 29 votes[23]
Georgia
(Class 2)
John Forsyth Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent resigned February 17, 1819 to become U.S. Minister to Spain.
New senator elected November 6, 1819.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Freeman Walker (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed[24]
Kentucky
(Class 2)
John Crittenden Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned March 3, 1819 to return to private practice.
New senator elected December 10, 1819.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Richard M. Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 68 votes
John Adair (Federalist) 53 votes[25]
Virginia
(Class 2)
John Eppes Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned December 4, 1819 because of ill health.
New senator elected December 10, 1819.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Pleasants (Democratic-Republican) 146 votes
John Taliaferro 42 votes[26]


Alabama
(Class 2)
New State New State.
New senator elected December 14, 1819.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William R. King (Democratic-Republican) 56 votes
John W. Walker 11 votes
Thomas D. Crabb 2 votes[27]
Alabama
(Class 3)
New State New State.
New senator elected December 14, 1819.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John W. Walker (Democratic-Republican) 59 votes
Thomas D. Crabb 7 votes
George Phillips 2 votes
William R. King 1 vote[28]
Maryland
(Class 3)
Legislature had failed to elect, see above.
New senator elected late December 14, 1819 and qualified December 21, 1819.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Edward Lloyd (Democratic-Republican) 50 votes
William Pinkney (Democratic-Republican) 49 votes
Charles Carroll (Federalist) 37 votes
Robert Goldsborough (Federalist) 34 votes
Charles Goldsborough (Federalist) 4 votes
Samuel Smith (Unknown) 1 vote
John Graham (Democratic-Republican) 1 vote[29][30]
Maryland
(Class 1)
Alexander Hanson Federalist 1816 (Special) Incumbent died April 23, 1819.
New senator elected December 14, 1819 and qualified December 21, 1819.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Pinkney (Democratic-Republican)
(2nd-place finisher to Edward Lloyd in a combined election in which both Lloyd and Pinkney were elected to the state's two seats, see above)[29][30]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Louisiana 1818 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  2. ^ "Massachusetts 1818 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Buck, Solon J. (1917). Bill Thayer, ed. "Illinois in 1818". University of Illinois Press. p. 304. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  4. ^ "Illinois 1818 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  5. ^ "Illinois 1818 U.S. Senate, Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  6. ^ "Vermont 1818 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  7. ^ "Georgia 1818 U.S. Senate, Special, Ballot 4". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  8. ^ "Connecticut 1818 U.S. Senate, Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
  9. ^ "Georgia 1818 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  10. ^ "Illinois 1819 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  11. ^ "Indiana 1818 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  12. ^ "Kentucky 1818 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  13. ^ "Louisiana 1819 U.S. Senate, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  14. ^ "New Hampshire 1818 U.S. Senate, Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  15. ^ "New York 1819 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
  16. ^ "MACON, Nathaniel, (1757 - 1837)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  17. ^ "North Carolina 1818 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  18. ^ a b Taylor, William A. (1900). Ohio in Congress from 1803 to 1901 with Notes and Sketches of Senators and Representatives and Other Historical Data and Incidents. Columbus, Ohio: The XX. Century Publishing Co. p. 100 – via Google Books.
  19. ^ a b Cox, Harold (January 31, 2007). "Pennsylvania Election Statistics: 1682-2006" (PDF). The Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.
  20. ^ "GAILLARD, John, (1765 - 1826)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  21. ^ "South Carolina 1818 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
  22. ^ "Vermont 1818 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  23. ^ "Tennessee 1819 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  24. ^ "Georgia 1819 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  25. ^ "Kentucky 1819 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  26. ^ "Virginia 1819 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  27. ^ "Alabama 1819 U.S. Senate, Class 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
  28. ^ "Alabama 1819 U.S. Senate, Class 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
  29. ^ a b "Maryland 1819 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  30. ^ a b "MD US Senate". Our Campaigns. August 30, 2004. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  • Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present, via Senate.gov
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_Senate_elections,_1818_and_1819&oldid=863816888"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Senate_elections,_1818_and_1819
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "United States Senate elections, 1818 and 1819"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA