United States Senate elections, 1816 and 1817

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
United States Senate elections, 1816 and 1817

← 1814/15 Dates vary by state 1818/19 →

12 of the 36 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
19 seats needed for a majority

  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 26 seats 11 seats
Seats before 23 12
Seats won 9 3
Seats after 25 13
Seat change Increase 2 Increase 1
Seats up 9 2

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Democratic-Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1816 and 1817 were elections for the United States Senate that had the Democratic-Republican Party gain a net of two seats from the admission of a new state, and which coincided with the presidential election.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Results summary

Senate Party Division, 15th Congress (1817–1819)

  • Majority Party: Democratic-Republican (25–28)
  • Minority Party: Federalist (13–12)
  • Total Seats: 38–42

Change in Senate composition

Results of the January 1816 special elections

DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17 DR18
Majority → DR19
F9 F10 F11 F12 F13
Gain
DR23
Gain
DR22 DR21 DR20
F8 F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Before the general elections

After the January 1816 special elections.

DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15
Ran
DR16
Unknown
DR17
Unknown
DR18
Unknown
Majority → DR19
Unknown
F9 F10 F11
Ran
F12
Unknown
F13
Unknown
DR23
Resigned
DR22
Resigned
DR21
Resigned
DR20
Retired
F8 F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Results of the general elections

DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15
Hold
DR16
Hold
DR17
Hold
DR18
Hold
Majority → DR19
Hold
F9 F10 F11
Hold
F12
Gain
F13
Gain
V1
DR Loss
DR22
Gain
DR21
Gain
DR20
Hold
F8 F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Results of the later special elections

DR9 DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17
Hold
DR18
Hold
DR19
Hold
Majority → DR20
F10
Hold
F11 F12 F13 V1 DR24
Gain
DR23
Gain
DR22
Hold
DR21
F9 F8 F7 F6 F5
Hold
F4 F3 F2 F1
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant

Race summaries

Special elections during the preceding Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1816 or before March 4, 1817; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Virginia
(Class 2)
Vacant William B. Giles (DR) had resigned March 3, 1815.
New senator elected January 3, 1816 on the fourth ballot despite being legally too young to serve.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Armistead Mason (Democratic-Republican) 128 votes
Scattering 33 votes[1]
Maryland
(Class 1)
Vacant The Maryland General Assembly failed to elect in time for the March 4, 1815 beginning of the term.
New senator elected January 29, 1816.
Federalist gain.
Robert Harper (Federalist) 45 votes
John T. Mason (Democratic-Republican) 44 votes[2]
Massachusetts
(Class 1)
Christopher Gore Federalist 1813 (Appointed)
1815 (Special)
Incumbent resigned May 30, 1816, unhappy with the politics of Washington and suffering from poor health.
New senator elected June 12, 1816.
Federalist hold.
Eli P. Ashmun (Federalist) 158 votes
Scattering 137 votes[3]
Georgia
(Class 2)
William Wyatt Bibb Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent resigned November 9, 1816.
New senator elected November 13, 1816.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George M. Troup (Democratic-Republican) 62 votes
Clark 49 votes
Spalding 6 votes[4]
North Carolina
(Class 2)
James Turner Democratic-Republican 1804
1810
Incumbent resigned November 21, 1816 due to ill health.
New senator elected December 4, 1816 on the third ballot.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Montfort Stokes (Democratic-Republican) 98 votes
John Branch 87 votes[5]
South Carolina
(Class 2)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special)
1810
Incumbent resigned November 1816.
New senator elected December 4, 1816.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Smith (Federalist) 101 votes
James R. Pringle 51 votes[6]
Kentucky
(Class 2)
Martin D. Hardin Federalist 1814 (Appointed) Incumbent appointee elected December 5, 1816.[7] Martin D. Hardin (Democratic-Republican) 74 votes
Samuel H. Woodson (Democratic-Republican) 31 votes
Norborn B. Beall (Democratic-Republican) 12 votes
Matthew Lyon 2 votes[8]
Indiana
(Class 1)
New seat Indiana was admitted to the Union December 11, 1816.
New senator elected November 8, 1816.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Noble (Democratic-Republican) 265 votes
Waller Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 20 votes
James Scott 16 votes
Jesse L. Holman 3 votes
Ezra Ferris 2 votes
Davis Floyd 2 votes
Walter Wilson 2 votes
Elias MacNamee 1 vote[9]
Indiana
(Class 3)
New seat Indiana was admitted to the Union December 11, 1816.
New senator elected November 8, 1816.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Maryland
(Class 1)
Robert Goodloe Harper Federalist 1816 (Special) Incumbent resigned December 6, 1816.
New senator elected December 20, 1816.
Federalist hold.
Alexander Hanson (Federalist) 46 votes
William H. Winder (Federalist) 39 votes
Scattering (Federalist) 3 votes[10]

Races leading to the next Congress

In these general elections, the winners were seated March 4, 1817; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Delaware William H. Wells Federalist 1799 (Special)
1799
1804 (Resigned)
1813 (Special)
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected January 31, 1817 on the third ballot.
Federalist hold.
Nicholas Van Dyke (Federalist) 14 votes
William Hill Wells (Federalist) 11 votes
James Tilton (Democratic-Republican) 1 vote[11]
Georgia William Wyatt Bibb Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Resigned November 9, 1816.
New senator elected November 13, 1816 on the second ballot.
Winner was also elected to finish the previous term, see above.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George M. Troup (Democratic-Republican) 62 votes
Clark 49 votes
Spalding 6 votes[4]
Kentucky Martin D. Hardin Federalist 1816 (Appointed)
1816 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected December 10, 1816 on the second ballot.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John J. Crittenden (Democratic-Republican) 72 votes
John Adair (Federalist) 47 votes[12]
Louisiana James Brown Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected in 1816 or 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Claiborne (Democratic-Republican) 27 votes
James Brown 22 votes
Blank 1 vote[13]
Massachusetts Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1811 Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
New senator elected June 12, 1816.
Federalist gain.
Harrison Gray Otis (Federalist) 183 votes
John Holmes 130 votes
Levi Lincoln Jr. 6 votes
Scattering 5 votes[14]
New Hampshire Thomas W. Thompson Federalist 1814 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
New senator elected in 1816 on the third ballot.
Democratic-Republican gain.
David L. Morrill (Democratic-Republican) 92 votes
John F. Parrott 86 votes
Scattering 5 votes[15]
New Jersey John Condit Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special)
1810
Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
New senator elected January 23, 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Mahlon Dickerson (Democratic-Republican) Unanimous
Unopposed[16]
North Carolina James Turner Democratic-Republican 1804
1810
Resigned November 21, 1816 due to ill health.
New senator elected December 4, 1816 on the second ballot.
Winner was also elected to finish the previous term, see above.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Montfort Stokes (Democratic-Republican) 96 votes
Bartlett Yancey 91 votes
[Data unknown/missing.][17]
Rhode Island Jeremiah Howell Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in 1816 or 1817.
Federalist gain.
James Burrill, Jr. (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing.]
South Carolina John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special)
1810
Incumbent resigned November 1816.
New senator elected December 4, 1816.
Winner was also elected to the previous term, see above.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Smith (Federalist) 101 votes
James R. Pringle 51 votes[6]
Tennessee John Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
Legislature failed to elect.
Incumbent was then appointed to start the term.
Democratic-Republican loss.
None.
Virginia Armistead T. Mason Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election, but he was an unsuccessful candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives.
New senator elected December 9, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John W. Eppes (Democratic-Republican) 103 votes
John Mercer (Democratic-Republican) 93 votes[18][19]

Special elections during the next Congress

In these special elections, the winners were elected in 1817 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Tennessee
(Class 2)
John Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Legislature had failed to elect and the incumbent was then appointed to start the term.
Interim appointee was re-elected October 2, 1817 to finish the term.
John Williams (Democratic-Republican) 51 votes
Unopposed[20]
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
Jeremiah Mason Federalist 1813 (Special) Incumbent resigned June 16, 1817.
New senator elected June 27, 1817 on the thirteenth ballot.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Clement Storer (Democratic-Republican)
Jeremiah Smith (Federalist)
"An unfortunate disagreement among some of the members of the House, with regard to a candidate for Senator to Congress, was the occasion of several ballotings before a choice could be made. The Hon. CLEMENT STORER, was however, elected by the unanimous voice of the Republican members of the Senate, which vote was concurred by the House, on Thursday, by a plurality of eleven votes."[21]
"The ballotings for a Senator to Congress, (after 13 trials, in which 33 persons were voted for) resulted in the choice of the Hon. CLEMENT STORER, by a majority of 8 or 10." Farmer's Cabinet (Amherst, NH). July 5, 1817.[21]
Vermont
(Class 3)
Dudley Chase Democratic-Republican 1812 Resgined November 3, 1817.
New senator elected November 4, 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Fisk (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Mississippi
(Class 1)
New state Mississippi was admitted as a new state.
New senator elected December 10, 1817.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Walter Leake (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Mississippi
(Class 2)
New state Mississippi was admitted as a new state.
New senator elected December 10, 1817.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas Williams (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Virginia 1816 U.S. Senate, Special, Ballot 4". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  2. ^ "Maryland 1816 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  3. ^ "Massachusetts 1816 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Georgia 1816 U.S. Senate, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  5. ^ "North Carolina 1816 U.S. Senate, Special, Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "South Carolina 1816 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  7. ^ Byrd, page 110.
  8. ^ "Kentucky 1816 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  9. ^ "Indiana 1816 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  10. ^ "Maryland 1816 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  11. ^ "Delaware 1817 U.S. Senate, Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  12. ^ "Kentucky 1816 U.S. Senate, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  13. ^ "Louisiana 1817 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  14. ^ "Massachusetts 1816 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  15. ^ "New Hampshire 1816 U.S. Senate, Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  16. ^ "New Jersey 1817 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  17. ^ "North Carolina 1816 U.S. Senate, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  18. ^ "VA US Senate". Our Campaigns. January 11, 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  19. ^ "Virginia 1816 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  20. ^ "Tennessee 1817 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  21. ^ a b "New Hampshire 1817 U.S. Senate, Ballot 13". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved May 17, 2018.

References

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_Senate_elections,_1816_and_1817&oldid=863816900"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Senate_elections,_1816_and_1817
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "United States Senate elections, 1816 and 1817"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA