United States Secretary of the Army

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United States Secretary of the Army
Emblem of the U.S. Department of the Army.svg
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Army.svg
Flag of the Secretary[1]
Mark T. Esper (cropped).jpg
Mark Esper

since November 20, 2017[2]
United States Department of the Army
Style Mr. Secretary
Reports to Secretary of Defense
Appointer The President
with the advice and consent of the Senate
Term length No fixed term
Precursor Secretary of War
Formation September 18, 1947
First holder Kenneth Claiborne Royall
Succession 2nd in SecDef succession
Deputy Under Secretary
(principal civilian deputy)
Chief of Staff
(military advisor and deputy)
Salary Executive Schedule, level II
Website www.army.mil

The Secretary of the Army (SA, SECARM[3] or SECARMY) is a senior civilian official within the Department of Defense of the United States with statutory responsibility for all matters relating to the United States Army: manpower, personnel, reserve affairs, installations, environmental issues, weapons systems and equipment acquisition, communications, and financial management.

Prior military service is not a requirement, but quite a few have served in the United States armed forces. Secretary Stone is the only holder to serve in the military outside of the United States.

The Secretary of the Army is nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. The Secretary is a non-Cabinet level official serving under the Secretary of Defense.[4] This position was created on September 18, 1947, replacing the Secretary of War, when the Department of War was split into the Department of the Army and Department of the Air Force.[5]

On November 15, 2017, Mark Esper was confirmed as the Secretary of the Army, and was sworn in to office on November 20, 2017.[2]

Roles and Responsibilities

The Senior Leadership of the Department of the Army consists of two civilians—the Secretary of the Army and the Under Secretary of the Army—and two military officers of four-star rank—the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.

The Secretary of the Army (10 U.S.C. § 3013) is in effect the chief executive officer of the Department of the Army, and the Chief of Staff of the Army works directly for the Secretary of the Army. The Secretary presents and justifies Army policies, plans, programs, and budgets to the Secretary of Defense, other executive branch officials, and to the Congressional Defense Committees. The Secretary also communicates Army policies, plans, programs, capabilities, and accomplishments to the public. As necessary, the Secretary convenes meetings with the senior leadership of the Army to debate issues, provide direction, and seek advice. The Secretary is a member of the Defense Acquisition Board.

The Secretary of the Army has several responsibilities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, including the authority to convene general courts-martial. Other duties include management of the Civilian Aides to the Secretary of the Army Program.[6]

Office of the Secretary of the Army

The Office of the Secretary of the Army is composed of the Under Secretary of the Army, the Assistant Secretaries of the Army, the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army, the General Counsel of the Department of the Army, the Inspector General of the Army, the Chief of Legislative Liaison, and the Army Reserve Forces Policy Committee. Other offices may be established by law or by the Secretary of the Army. No more than 1,865 officers of the Army on the active-duty list may be assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Army and on the Army Staff.[7]

Chart showing the organization of the Office of the Secretary of Army and its relationship to the Army Staff.

Chronological list of Secretaries of the Army

Kenneth Claiborne Royall, the last Secretary of War, became the first Secretary of the Army when the National Defense Act of 1947 took effect. Gordon Gray was the last Army secretary to hold the cabinet status, which was henceforth assigned to the Secretary of Defense.[5][8]

Photo Name Term of Office President(s) served under
KCR portrait.jpg Kenneth Claiborne Royall September 18, 1947 – April 27, 1949 Harry S. Truman
Gordon Gray - Project Gutenberg etext 20587.jpg Gordon Gray[9] April 28, 1949 – April 12, 1950
Frank Pace Sec. Army.jpg Frank Pace April 12, 1950 – January 20, 1953
Earl D. Johnson.jpg Earl D. Johnson
January 20, 1953 – February 4, 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Robert Ten Broeck Stevens.jpg Robert T. Stevens February 4, 1953 – July 21, 1955
Wilber Marion Brucker.jpg Wilber M. Brucker July 21, 1955 – January 19, 1961
Elvis Jacob Stahr.jpg Elvis Jacob Stahr Jr. January 24, 1961 – June 30, 1962 John F. Kennedy
CyrusVanceSoS.jpg Cyrus Roberts Vance July 5, 1962 – January 21, 1964 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
Stephen Ailes, official photo.jpg Stephen Ailes January 28, 1964 – July 1, 1965 Lyndon B. Johnson
Stanley Rogers Resor, official photo.jpg Stanley R. Resor July 2, 1965 – June 30, 1971 Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon
Robert Froehlke.jpg Robert F. Froehlke July 1, 1971 – May 14, 1973 Richard Nixon
Howard Callaway.jpg Howard H. Callaway May 15, 1973 – July 3, 1975 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
Norman Ralph Augustine.jpg Norman R. Augustine
July 3, 1975 – August 5, 1975 Gerald Ford
Martin Richard Hoffmann.jpg Martin R. Hoffmann August 5, 1975 – January 20, 1977
Clifford Alexander, speaking at a podium, March 1984.jpg Clifford Alexander Jr. February 14, 1977 – January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
No image.svg Percy A. Pierre
January 21, 1981 – January 29, 1981
John Otho Marsh speaking at Arlington Cemetery, March 1985.jpg John O. Marsh Jr. January 30, 1981 – August 14, 1989 Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush
Michael Stone, official portrait, 1989.JPEG Michael P. W. Stone August 14, 1989 – January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
John W. Shannon.JPEG John W. Shannon
January 20, 1993 – August 26, 1993 Bill Clinton
General Gordon Sullivan, official military photo 1992.JPEG Gordon R. Sullivan
August 28, 1993 – November 21, 1993
Togo West, official DoD photo portrait, 1994.JPEG Togo D. West Jr. November 22, 1993 – May 4, 1997
Robert M Walker.jpg Robert M. Walker
December 2, 1997 – July 1, 1998
CalderaLouis.jpg Louis Caldera July 2, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Gregory R Dahlberg.jpg Gregory R. Dahlberg
January 20, 2001 – March 4, 2001 George W. Bush
Joseph Westphal.jpg Joseph W. Westphal
March 5, 2001 – May 31, 2001
Thomas E White, Secretary of the Army.jpg Thomas E. White May 31, 2001 – May 9, 2003
Les Brownlee, official DoD photo.jpg Les Brownlee
May 10, 2003 – November 18, 2004
Francis J. Harvey, official photo as Secretary of the Army.jpg Francis J. Harvey November 19, 2004 – March 9, 2007
Pete Geren, Secretary of the Army, official photo.jpg Pete Geren March 9, 2007 – September 21, 2009 George W. Bush, Barack Obama
Army Secretary John McHugh.jpg John M. McHugh September 21, 2009 – November 1, 2015 Barack Obama
Secretary of the Army Eric Fanning.jpg Eric Fanning
November 3, 2015 – January 11, 2016
Patrick J. Murphy official portrait.jpg Patrick Murphy
January 11, 2016 – May 17, 2016
Secretary of the Army Eric Fanning.jpg Eric Fanning May 17, 2016 – January 20, 2017
Robert M. Speer.jpg Robert Speer
January 20, 2017 – August 2, 2017 Donald Trump
Ryan McCarthy-Acting Secretary of the Army.jpg Ryan McCarthy
August 2, 2017 – November 20, 2017
Mark T. Esper.jpg Mark Esper November 20, 2017 – present


  1. ^ http://www.apd.army.mil/pdffiles/r840_10.pdf Archived June 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, accessed on January 4, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Secretary of the Army". U.S. Army. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  3. ^ "SECARM sets goals, timeline for Rapid Capabilities Office: AUSA exclusive". defensenews.com. October 3, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  4. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,3013. Secretary of the Army". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  5. ^ a b Bell, William Gardner (1992). ""Kenneth Claiborne Royall"". Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  6. ^ "Secretary of the Army". Archived from the original on September 21, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  7. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,3014. Office of the Secretary of the Army". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  8. ^ Bell, William Gardner. ""Intro - Secretaries of War & Secretaries of the Army"". Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits & Biographical Sketches. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  9. ^ a b c d e f *Bell, William Gardner (1992). Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History.
  10. ^ "Secretary of the Army Accused of Shoplifting", Stephanie Griffith and Bill Miller, The Washington Post, August 28, 1993
  11. ^ The Daily Sentinel (Ohio/West Virginia), Acting Army Chief Ticketed for Shoplifting, August 29, 1993
  12. ^ U.S. Organization Chart Service, Department of Defense Fact Book, 2006, page 17

External links

  • Official website
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