United States House of Representatives elections, 1802

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1802
United States
← 1800 April 26, 1802 - December 14, 1803 1804 →

All 142 seats to the United States House of Representatives
72 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  NC-Congress-NathanielMacon.jpg John Cotton Smith engraving.png
Leader Nathaniel Macon John Cotton Smith
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat North Carolina-6th Connecticut-AL
Last election 68 seats 38 seats
Seats won 103 39
Seat change Increase 35 Increase 1

Speaker before election

Nathaniel Macon
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Nathaniel Macon
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 8th Congress were held at various dates in each state, from April 26, 1802 (in New York) to December 14, 1803 (in New Jersey) during Thomas Jefferson's first term in office. It was common in the early years of the United Congress for some states to elect representatives to a Congress after it had already convened. In the case of the 8th Congress, the representatives from New Jersey were only elected after its first meeting on October 17, 1803.

The membership of the House increased significantly as a result of population gains revealed in the United States Census of 1800. The greatest growth was in territories that constituted the western regions of the country at the time, a tremendous boost for Democratic-Republican candidates. Nearly all of the new seats created as a result of the Census of 1800 went to Democratic-Republicans, closely aligned as they were with the agrarian interests of Western farmers. As a result, the Democratic-Republicans won the largest proportion of seats that either they or the competing Federalists had ever been able to secure in any earlier Congress, a supermajority greater than two-thirds of the total number.

Election summaries

The 1802 elections were the first elections following reapportionment after the 1800 Census. Thirty-five new seats were added in reapportionment,[1] with three States having no change in apportionment, and thirteen States gaining between 1 and 7 seats. One further seat was added for the new state of Ohio.[2]

103 39
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Connecticut At-large August 20, 1802 7 Steady 0 Steady 7 Steady
Delaware At-large October 5, 1802 1 Steady 1 Increase1 0 Decrease1
Georgia At-large October 4, 1802 4 Increase2 4 Increase2 0 Steady
Massachusetts District November 1, 1802[Note 1] 17 Increase3 7 Steady 10 Increase3
New Hampshire At-large August 30, 1802 5 Increase1 0 Steady 5 Increase1
New York District (17) April 26–29, 1802 17 Increase7 12 Increase6 5 Increase1
Pennsylvania District (11[Note 2]) October 12, 1802 18 Increase5 18 Increase8 0 Decrease3
Rhode Island At-large August 31, 1802 2 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District (4) December 13, 1802[Note 3] 4 Increase2 1 Steady 3 Increase2
1803 elections
Kentucky District (6) August 2, 1803 6 Increase4 6 Increase4 0 Steady
Maryland District (8[Note 4]) January 1, 1803 9 Increase1 6 Increase1 3 Steady
New Jersey At-large December 14, 1803 6 Increase1 6 Increase1 0 Steady
North Carolina District (12) August 15, 1803 12 Increase2 11 Increase5 1 Decrease3
Ohio[Note 5] At-large June 21, 1803 1 Increase1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
South Carolina District (8) February 3, 1803 8 Increase2 6 Increase3 2 Decrease1
Tennessee At-large August 5, 1803 3 Increase2 3 Increase2 0 Steady
Virginia[Note 6] District (22) April, 1803 22 Increase3 18 Steady 4 Increase3
Total 142 Increase36 103
72.5%
Increase35 39
27.5%
Increase1
House seats
D-R
  
72.54%
Federalist
  
27.46%

The first session of the 8th Congress began October 17, 1803, before New Jersey had elected its Representatives. New Jersey was therefore unrepresented for part of the 1st session of the 8th Congress.

Complete list of races

Connecticut

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 7]
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Benjamin Tallmadge Federalist 1801 (special) Incumbent re-elected. John Cotton Smith (F) 15.8%
Benjamin Tallmadge (F) 13.3%
Samuel W. Dana (F) 13.1%
Elias Perkins (F) 12.6%
Calvin Goddard (F) 12.2%
Roger Griswold (F) 11.9%
John Davenport (F) 9.7%
Simeon Baldwin[Note 8] (F) 7.3%
Timothy Pitkin (F) 1.5%
Elias Perkins Federalist 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
John Cotton Smith Federalist 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
Roger Griswold Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected.
Calvin Goddard Federalist 1801 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
John Davenport Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected.

Elias Perkins (F) declined to serve a second term and was replaced by Simeon Baldwin (F)

Delaware

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large James A. Bayard Federalist 1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Caesar A. Rodney (DR) 50.1%
James A. Bayard (F) 49.9%

Georgia

Georgia gained 2 seats from the Census of 1800.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 7]
Georgia at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
John Milledge Democratic-Republican 1801 (special) Incumbent re-elected. John Milledge (DR) 21.2%
David Meriwether[Note 9] (DR) 20.2%
Peter Early[Note 9] (DR) 19.0%
Samuel Hammond (DR) 13.2%
Joseph Bryan[Note 8] (DR) 11.7%
Francis Willis (DR) 8.1%
Matthew MacAlister 6.6%
Vacant. Incumbent Benjamin Taliaferro (DR) resigned May 1802.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
None (Seat created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
None (Seat created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.

John Milledge (DR) did not serve as he was elected Governor of Georgia in November, 1802, he was replaced in a special election by Joseph Bryan. Samuel Hammond (DR) resigned February 2, 1805 after being appointed Governor of Upper Louisiana Territory, his seat remained vacant for the remainder of the 8th Congress.

Kentucky

Kentucky's representation in Congress increased from 2 seats to 6 after the Census of 1800.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Matthew Lyon (DR) 51.0%
David Walker (DR) 49.0%
Kentucky 2 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Boyle[Note 10] (DR)
Kentucky 3 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Matthew Walton[Note 10] (DR)
Kentucky 4 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas Sandford 43.2% (DR)
William Henry (DR) 27.5%
Richard M. Johnson (DR) 24.9%
Joseph H. Daviess (F) 4.4%
Kentucky 5 John Fowler
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent re-elected. John Fowler[Note 10] (DR)
Kentucky 6 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
George M. Bedinger (DR) 57.8%
Philemon Thomas (DR) 32.0%
George Culp (DR) 10.2%

Maryland

Maryland gained 1 seat as a result of the Census of 1800. Rather than increasing the number of districts, however, Maryland made the Maryland 5 a plural district with 2 seats.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 7]
Maryland 1 John Campbell Federalist 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Campbell (F) 79.5%
William Thomas (DR) 20.5%
Maryland 2 Walter Bowie Democratic-Republican 1802 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Walter Bowie (DR) 99.5%
Others 0.5%
Maryland 3 Thomas Plater Federalist 1801 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Plater (F) 51.9%
Patrick Magruder (DR) 41.7%
Richard Wooten (F) 6.4%
Maryland 4 Daniel Hiester Democratic-Republican 1788[Note 11]
1801
Incumbent re-elected. Daniel Hiester (DR) 60.0%
Eli Williams (F) 40.0%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1792 Incumbent retired to run for Senate.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Nicholas R. Moore (DR) 53.8%
William McCreery (DR) 38.3%
George Buchanan (F) 7.8%
None (Seat created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Maryland 6 John Archer Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Archer (DR) 100.0%
Maryland 7 Joseph H. Nicholson Democratic-Republican 1798 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Joseph H. Nicholson (DR) 99.6%
Others 0.4%
Maryland 8 John Dennis Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. John Dennis (F) 94.9%
Joshua Prideaux (DR) 3.4%
Samuel Heath 1.1%
Others 0.7%

Daniel Hiester (DR) of the 4th district died March 7, 1804. A special election was held concurrent with the general election to the 9th Congress electing Roger Nelson (DR) in his place.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts increased its representation in Congress from 14 seats to 17 after the Census of 1800. Two of the new seats were in Massachusetts proper and one was in the District of Maine. Massachusetts electoral law at the time required a majority for election to an office, which requirement was not met in the 6th district, requiring two additional ballots to elect a Representative.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 7]
First ballot Second ballot Third ballot
Massachusetts 1
Known as the Suffolk district
William Eustis
Redistricted from the 8th district.
Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. William Eustis (DR) 50.8%
John Quincy Adams (F) 49.2%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the Essex South district
None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Jacob Crowninshield (DR) 51.9%
Timothy Pickering (F) 48.0%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the Essex North district
Manasseh Cutler
Redistricted from the 11th district.
Federalist 1801 Incumbent re-elected. Manasseh Cutler (F) 75.5%
Thomas Kitteridge (DR) 21.4%
Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the Middlesex district
Joseph Bradley Varnum
Redistricted from the 9th district.
Democratic-Republican 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Bradley Varnum (DR) 70.1%
Timothy Bigelow (F) 27.7%
Samuel Kendall (F) 1.8%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the Hampshire South district
None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Thomas Dwight (F) 78.0%
Samuel Fowler (DR) 9.5%
Jonathan Smith (DR) 5.8%
Scattering 6.7%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the Hampshire North district
None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Hugh McClallan (F) 29.5%
John Williams (F) 15.2%
Samuel Taggart (F) 14.9%
Solomon Snead (DR) 12.3%
Joseph Lyman (F) 10.1%
Solomon Nose (F) 8.0%
Edward Upham (DR) 5.2%
Zebina Montague 4.8%
McClallan 36.9%
Taggart 27.5%
Snead 21.2%
Williams 14.4%
Samuel Taggart (F) 73.2%
Hugh McClallan (F) 26.8%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the Plymouth district
None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Nahum Mitchell (F) 58.3%
Henry Warren (DR) 41.6%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the Barnstable district
Lemuel Williams
Redistricted from the 5th district.
Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Lemuel Williams (F) 55.5%
Isaiah L. Green (DR) 44.5%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the Bristol district
Phanuel Bishop
Redistricted from the 7th district.
Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Phanuel Bishop (DR) 57.3%
Laban Wheaton (F) 42.4%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the Worcester South district
Seth Hastings
Redistricted from the 4th district.
Federalist 1801 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Seth Hastings (F) 62.2%
Edward Bangs (DR) 37.3%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the Worcester North district
None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
William Stedman (F) 71.7%
John Whiting (DR) 27.9%
Massachusetts 12
Known as the Berkshire district
None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomson J. Skinner (DR) 58.4%
Daniel Dewey (F) 41.0%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the Norfolk district
None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Ebenezer Seaver (DR) 65.1%
Oliver N. Everett (F) 29.4%
Samuel Dexter (DR) 2.8%
Benjamin Hitchbourne (DR) 2.8%
District of Maine Massachusetts 14
Known as the York district
Richard Cutts Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Cutts (DR) 52.3%
John Lord (F) 44.4%
Moses Sweat (F) 3.2%
Massachusetts 15
Known as the Cumberland district
Peleg Wadsworth
Redistricted from the 13th district.
Federalist 1792 Incumbent re-elected. Peleg Wadsworth (F) 88.5%
Isaac Parsons 8.5%
Scattering 3.0%
Massachusetts 16
Known as the Lincoln district
Samuel Thatcher
Redistricted from the 12th district.
Federalist 1802 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Thatcher (F) 63.7%
William King (DR) 18.1%
John Farley (DR) 12.7%
Scattering 5.5%
Massachusetts 17
Known as the Kennebec district
None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Phineas Bruce (F) 57.5%
Martin Kinsley (DR) 42.5%

There was one vacancy during the 8th Congress, in the 12th district, caused by the resignation of Thomson J. Skinner, which vacancy was filled in a special election by Simon Larned while in the 17th district, Phineas Bruce (F) did not qualify due to illness, but was never replaced[3]

New Hampshire

New Hampshire increased its representation in Congress from 4 seats to 5 as a result of the Census of 1800.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 7]
New Hampshire at-large
5 seats on a general ticket
George B. Upham Federalist 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Samuel Tenney (F) 12.6%
Samuel Hunt[Note 9] (F) 12.0%
David Hough (F) 11.8%
Silas Betton (F) 11.6%
Clifton Clagett (F) 11.3%
Nahum Parker (DR) 8.4%
Clement Storer (DR) 8.0%
Jonathan Smith (DR)8.0%
Moody Bedell (DR) 7.1%
Thomas Cogswell (DR) 4.5%
Obed Hall (DR) 2.1%
Scattering 2.7%
Vacant. Incumbent Joseph Peirce resigned in 1802.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Samuel Tenney Federalist 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
Abiel Foster Federalist 1794 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
None (Seat created) New seat.
Federalist gain.

New Jersey

New Jersey increased its representation in Congress from 5 seats to 6 as a result of the Census of 1800.

The Federalists did not run any official candidates in 1802, but a few Federalists did receive scattered votes.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
John Condit Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent retired to run for Senate.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Mott (DR) 16.5%
Henry Southard (DR) 16.4%
William Helms (DR) 16.4%
Ebenezer Elmer (DR) 16.3%
Adam Boyd (DR) 16.3%
James Sloan (DR) 16.3%
Aaron Ogden (F) 0.5%
Frederick Frelinghuysen (F) 0.4%
William Coxe (F) 0.3%
James H. Imlay (F) 0.3%
Richard Stockton (F) 0.3%
Jonathan Elmer (F) 0.2%
Ebenezer Elmer Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
William Helms Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
James Mott Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
None (Seat created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.

New York

New York's Congressional apportionment increased from 10 seats to 17 seats as a result of the Census of 1800. The state was subsequently redistricted. 11 open seats were available due to the increase in apportionment and retirement of incumbents.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1799 (special) Incumbent re-elected. John Smith (DR) 100%
New York 2 None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Joshua Sands (F) 51.3%
John Broome (DR) 48.7%
New York 3 Samuel L. Mitchill
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel L. Mitchill (DR) 96.5%
Joshua Sands (F) 3.5%
New York 4 Philip Van Courtlandt
Redistricted from the 3rd district.
Democratic-Republican 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Philip Van Courtlandt (DR) 83.5%
Peter Taulman (DR) 16.5%
New York 5 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Andrew McCord (DR) 84.4%
John Hathorn (F) 15.6%
New York 6 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Isaac Bloom (DR) 55.4%
Samuel Mott (F) 44.6%
New York 7 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Cantine (DR) 48.8%
Conrad C. Elmendorf (F) 46.3%
Conrad E. Elmendorf 4.9%
New York 8 John P. Van Ness
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Democratic-Republican 1801 (special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Henry W. Livingston (F) 51.5%
John P. Van Ness (DR) 48.5%
New York 9 Killian Van Rensselaer
Redistricted from the 8th district.
Federalist 1800 Incumbent re-elected. Killian Van Rensselaer (F) 62.4%
Abraham G. Lansing (DR) 37.6%
New York 10 None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
George Tibbits (F) 51.2%
Josiah Masters (DR) 48.8%
New York 11 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Beriah Palmer (DR) 74.2%
Guert Van Schoonhoven (F) 25.8%
New York 12 David Thomas
Redistricted from the 7th district.
Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. David Thomas (DR) 64.1%
John Williams 35.9%
New York 13 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas Sammons (DR) 68.3%
Robert McFarlan (F) 31.7%
New York 14 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Erastus Root (DR) 57.4%
Benjamin Gilbert (F) 42.8%
New York 15 None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Gaylord Griswold (F) 53.5%
Francis A. Bloodgood (DR) 46.5%
New York 16 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Paterson (DR) 55.4%
Comfort Tyler (F) 44.6%
New York 17 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Oliver Phelps (DR) 41.5%
Nathaniel W. Howell (F) 37.1%
William Stuart (DR) 21.4%

John Smith (DR) of the 1st district resigned February 23, 1804 upon being elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by Samuel Riker (DR).

Samuel L. Mitchill (DR) of the New York 3 resigned November 22, 1804 upon being elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by George Clinton, Jr. (DR).

Isaac Bloom (DR) of the 6th district died April 26, 1803 and was replaced in a special election by Daniel C. Verplanck (DR).

John Cantine (DR) of the 7th district resigned before the start of the 8th Congress and was replaced in a special election by Josiah Hasbrouck (DR).

North Carolina

North Carolina increased its representation in Congress from 10 to 12 seats as a result of the Census of 1800.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 Thomas Wynns
Redistricted from the 8th district.
Democratic-Republican 1802 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Wynns[Note 10] (DR)
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston
Redistricted from the 9th district.
Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Willis Alston (DR) 63.1%
William R. Davie (F) 26.9%
North Carolina 3 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Kennedy (DR) 51.1%
Thomas Blount (DR) 48.9%
North Carolina 4 John Stanly
Redistricted from the 10th district.
Federalist 1800 New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Blackledge (DR) 59.9%
John Stanly (F) 40.1%
North Carolina 5 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Gillespie (DR) 57.5%
Alexander D. Moore (F) 42.5%
North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon
Redistricted from the 5th district.
Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Macon (DR) 99.8%
North Carolina 7 None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Samuel D. Purviance (F) 42.3%
Duncan McFarlan (DR) 33.0%
Isaac Lanier (F) 23.6%
John Hay (DR) 1.1%
North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford
Redistricted from the 4th district.
Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Stanford (DR) 75.1%
Nathaniel Jones (F) 24.9%
North Carolina 9 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Marmaduke Williams (DR) 53.8%
Theophilus Lacy (DR) 28.3%
William Nash (DR) 15.5%
Anton Brown (F) 2.4%
North Carolina 10 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nathaniel Alexander (DR) 55.8%
Basil Gaither (F) 44.2%
North Carolina 11 James Holland
Redistricted from the 1st district.
Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. James Holland (DR) 70.7%
William Tate (F) 29.3%
North Carolina 12 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Joseph Winston (DR) 29.6%
Meshack Franklin (DR) 28.6%
William Lenoir (DR) 22.8%
George Houser (DR) 9.7%
Mussendine Matthews (F) 9.3%

Ohio

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 7]
Ohio at-large Ohio is considered to have been admitted to the Union near the end of the 7th Congress,[Note 12] but did not elect representatives until the 8th Congress. For this reason, Ohio is considered to have had a vacant seat in the House and two vacant seats in the Senate in the 7th Congress.[4] New seat.

Democratic-Republican gain
Jeremiah Morrow (DR) 48.2%
William McMillan[Note 13] (F) 26.6%
Michael Baldwin (DR) 11.7%
Elias Langham (DR) 8.0%
William Goforth (DR) 4.1%
Others 1.4%

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania increased its representation in Congress from 13 to 18 seats as a result of the Census of 1800. The state was re-districted from 12 into 11 districts, four of which were plural districts.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[5]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 3 seats
William Jones Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Clay (DR) 20.2%
Jacob Richards (DR) 20.0%
Michael Leib (DR) 18.4%
George Latimer (F) 13.4%
Peter Brown (F) 13.3%
Jonas Preston (F) 13.2%
Elisha Gordon (F) 1.4%
None (Seat created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Michael Leib
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
Democratic-
Republican
1798 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 3 seats
Robert Brown
Redistricted from the 4th district.
Democratic-
Republican
1798 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Robert Brown (DR) 33.0%
Isaac Van Horne (DR) 30.8%
Frederick Conrad (DR) 17.9%
Samuel Sitgreaves (F) 11.3%
Nathaniel Borleau (F) 4.8%
Lord Butler (F) 2.2%
None (Seat created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Isaac Van Horne
Redistricted from the 4th district.
Democratic-
Republican
1801
(Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Joseph Hemphill Federalist 1800 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Whitehill (DR) 22.1%
Isaac Anderson (DR) 22.0%
Joseph Hiester 21.7%
Jacob Bower (F) 11.6%
Joseph Hemphill (F) 11.4%
Thomas Boude (F) 11.3%
Joseph Hiester
Redistricted from the Pennsylvania 5
Democratic-
Republican
1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Thomas Boude
Redistricted from the 7th district.
Federalist 1800 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
John A. Hanna
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. John A. Hanna (DR) 50.5%
David Bard (DR) 49.3%
David Mitchell (F) 0.2%
None (Seat created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 5 Andrew Gregg
Redistricted from the 9th district.
Democratic-
Republican
1791 Incumbent re-elected. Andrew Gregg (DR) 100%
Pennsylvania 6 John Stewart
Redistricted from the 8th district.
Democratic-
Republican
1800 Incumbent re-elected. John Stewart (DR) 56.7%
John Edie (F) 43.3%
Pennsylvania 7 Henry Woods
Redistricted from the 10th district.
Federalist 1798 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Rea (DR) 66.6%
Henry Woods (F) 28.9%
John McLene (DR) 4.5%
Pennsylvania 8 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Findley (DR) 53.9%
Jacob Painter (DR) 46.1%
Pennsylvania 9 John Smilie
Redistricted from the 11th district.
Democratic-
Republican
1792
1798
Incumbent re-elected. John Smilie (DR) 100%
Pennsylvania 10 William Hoge
Redistricted from the 12th district.
Democratic-
Republican
1801 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William Hoge (DR) 100%
Pennsylvania 11 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Lucas (DR) 48.9%
John Wilkins (F) 36.7%
Alexander Foster (F) 14.4%

A vacancy occurred in the 10th district when William Hoge (DR) resigned October 15, 1804, which was filled in a special election by John Hoge (DR)

Rhode Island

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Thomas Tillinghast Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Stanton, Jr. (DR) 30.7%
Nehemiah Knight (DR) 30.6%
Thomas Tillinghast (F[Note 14]) 19.4%
Elisha Potter (F) 19.3%
Joseph Stanton, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina

South Carolina increased its representation in Congress from 6 seats to 8 as a result of the Census of 1800.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1
Also known as the Charleston district
Thomas Lowndes Federalist 1800 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Lowndes (F) 52.3%
Robert Marion (DR) 47.7%
South Carolina 2
Also known as the Beaufort and Edgefield district
John Rutledge, Jr. Federalist 1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Butler, Sr. (DR) 93.3%
John Rutledge, Jr. (F) 6.7%
William Butler, Sr.
Redistricted from the 5th district.
Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3
Also known as the Georgetown district
Benjamin Huger Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Benjamin Huger (F) 50.9%
Lemuel Benton (DR) 49.1%
South Carolina 4
Also known as the Orangeburgh district
None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Wade Hampton (DR) 50.9%
John Taylor (F) 49.1%
South Carolina 5
Also known as the Sumter district
Richard Winn
Redistricted from the 4th district.
Democratic-Republican 1802 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Richard Winn (DR) 52.1%
John Kershaw (F) 47.9%
South Carolina 6
Also known as the Abbeville district
None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Levi Casey (DR) 43.5%
John Calhoun (DR) 29.8%
Robert Creswell (F) 14.1%
James Saxon (F) 10.3%
Benjamin Herndon (F) 2.4%
South Carolina 7
Also known as the Chester district
Thomas Moore
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Moore (DR) 60.5%
William Hill (F) 25.8%
William Smith (DR) 13.8%
South Carolina 8
Also known as the Pendleton district
None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John B. Earle (DR) 71.8%
Eliab Moore (F) 28.2%

Tennessee

Tennessee increased its representation in Congress from 1 seat to 3 seats as a result of the Census of 1800.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee at-large
3 seats on a general ticket
William Dickson Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. William Dickson (DR) 30.2%
George W. Campbell (DR) 29.7%
John Rhea (DR) 23.0%
John Cocke (DR) 17.2%
None (Seat created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
None (Seat created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.

Vermont

Vermont increased its representation in Congress from 2 seats to 4 as a result of the Census of 1800. Vermont law at the time required a majority of votes to win an office, which frequently necessitated additional ballots.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 7]
First ballot Second ballot Third ballot
Vermont 1
Known as the Southwest district
None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Gideon Olin (DR) 54.3%
Jonas Galusha (DR) 18.1%
Abel Spencer (F) 14.0%
Chauncey Langdon (F) 10.2%
Daniel Fay 1.9%
Others 1.5%
Vermont 2
Known as the Southeast district
Lewis R. Morris Federalist 1797 (special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Lewis R. Morris (F) 45.6%
James Elliot (F) 42.7%
Paul Brigham (DR) 5.4%
Amasa Paine (F) 2.9%
Others 3.4%
James Elliot (F) 54.1%
Daniel Farrand (F) 37.6%
Aaron Leland (DR) 4.4%
Lewis R. Morris (F) 1.5%
Others 2.3%
Vermont 3
Known as the northeast district
None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
William Chamberlain (F) 53.9%
Nathaniel Niles (DR) 38.2%
James Fisk (DR) 7.3%
Others 0.5%
Vermont 4
Known as the northwest district
None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Udney Hay (DR) 45.3%
Martin Chittenden (F) 28.2%
Amos Marsh (F) 19.6%
Daniel Chipman (F) 2.3%
William C. Harrington (F) 1.9%
Others 2.7%
Hay 49.2%
Chittenden 29.8%
Marsh 19.9%
Others 1.1%
Martin Chittenden (F) 54.0%
Udney Hay (DR) 44.8%
Others 1.2%

Virginia

Virginia increased its representation in Congress from 19 to 22 seats as a result of the Census of 1800. Virginia's congressional delegation remained the largest of any state, but would lose this distinction permanently after the Census of 1810. Elections were held over three days in April 1803.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John G. Jackson[Note 10] (DR)
Thomas Wilson (F)
Virginia 2 None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
James Stephenson (F) 53.6%
Osborn Sprigg (DR) 46.4%
Virginia 3 John Smith
Redistricted from the 1st district.
Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Smith (DR) 89.9%
Joseph Sexton (DR) 10.1%
Virginia 4 David Holmes
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. David Holmes[Note 10] (DR)
Isaac Van Meter (F)
Virginia 5 None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Thomas Lewis, Jr. (F) 44.4%[Note 15]
Andrew Moore[Note 16] (DR) 36.8[Note 15]%
John Woodward (F) 18.7%
Virginia 6 Abram Trigg
Redistricted from the 4th district.
Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Abram Trigg[Note 10] (DR)
Virginia 7 Richard Brent
Redistricted from the 17th district.
Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Joseph Lewis, Jr. (F) 56.5%
Richard Brent (DR) 43.5%
Virginia 8 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Walter Jones[Note 10][Note 17] (DR)
James Ball (F)
Virginia 9 Philip R. Thompson
Redistricted from the 18th district.
Democratic-Republican 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Philip R. Thompson[Note 10] (DR)
Virginia 10 John Dawson
Redistricted from the 15th district.
Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. John Dawson[Note 10] (DR)
William I. Callis (F)
Virginia 11 Anthony New
Redistricted from the 16th district.
Democratic-Republican 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Anthony New (DR) 71.4%
John Taylor (F) 28.6%
Virginia 12 None (District created) New seat.
Federalist gain.
Thomas Griffin (F) 50.8%
Burwell Bassett (DR) 49.2%
Virginia 13 John J. Trigg
Redistricted from the 5th district.
Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. John J. Trigg[Note 10] (DR)
Virginia 14 Matthew Clay
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Matthew Clay (DR) 88.9%
James Hurt (F) 11.1%
Virginia 15 John Randolph
Redistricted from the 7th district.
Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. John Randolph[Note 10] (DR)
Paul Carrington (F)
Abraham B. Venable (DR)
Ischaxner Woodson
Virginia 16 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John W. Eppes[Note 10] (DR)
Virginia 17 Thomas Claiborne
Redistricted from the 8th district.
Democratic-Republican 1793
1801
Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Claiborne (DR) 51.3%
Richard Field (F) 48.7%
Virginia 18 None (District created) New seat.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Peterson Goodwyn (DR) 66.9%
James Jones (F) 33.1%
Virginia 19 Edwin Gray
Redistricted from the 10th district.
Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. Edwin Gray[Note 10] (DR)
Virginia 20 Thomas Newton, Jr.
Redistricted from the 11th district.
Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Newton, Jr.[Note 10] (DR)
Virginia 21 Samuel J. Cabell
Redistricted from the 14th district.
Democratic-Republican 1795 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas M. Randolph (DR) 50.4%
Samuel J. Cabell (DR) 49.6%
Virginia 22 John Clopton
Redistricted from the 13th district.
Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Clopton[Note 10] (DR)
James Rind (F)

In the 5th district, Thomas Lewis, Jr. (F) was initially declared the winner with 1,004 votes for Lewis, 832 for Andrew Moore (DR), and 423 for John Woodward (F). However, upon investigation by the House Committee on Elections, it was determined that 355 votes for Lewis and 124 votes for Moore were cast by individuals who did not meet Virginia's voter qualifications, making the adjusted totals 708 legal votes for Moore and 649 legal votes for Lewis, thus, the Committee awarded this seat to Moore on March 5, 1804.[6]

Two vacancies occurred during the 8th Congress. The first was in the 5th district when Andrew Moore (DR) resigned upon being elected to the Senate, which vacancy was filled by Alexander Wilson. The second occurred in the Virginia 13, when John J. Trigg (DR) died in office May 17, 1804, and was replaced in a special election by Christopher H. Clark (DR).

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Majority required for election, which requirement was not met in one district, necessitating two additional trials held on January 24 and April 3, 1803
  2. ^ Includes 4 plural districts
  3. ^ Majority required for election, which was not met in two districts. Two additional elections were required to achieve a majority, held on March 1 and May 9, 1803
  4. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  5. ^ New state
  6. ^ The 5th district was initially awarded to the Federalists, but that election was successfully challenged so that after the seat was awarded to the rightful winner, there were 19 DR and 3 F
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed
  8. ^ a b Elected in subsequent special election
  9. ^ a b c Also elected to fill vacancy in 7th Congress
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source
  11. ^ In Pennsylvania
  12. ^ The official date when Ohio became a state was not set until 1953, when the 83rd Congress passed legislation retroactively designating the date of the first meeting of the Ohio state legislature, March 1, 1803, as that date. However, on April 30, 1802 the 7th Congress had passed an act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union." (Sess. 1, ch. 40, 2 Stat. 173). On February 19, 1803, the same Congress passed an act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio." (Sess. 2, ch. 7, 2 Stat. 201) The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress states that Ohio was admitted to the Union on November 29, 1802, and counts its seats as vacant from that date.
  13. ^ Former delegate for the Northwest Territory
  14. ^ Changed parties
  15. ^ a b Initial returns, votes were successfully challenged
  16. ^ Successfully challenged Lewis' election
  17. ^ Only the two top candidates listed here, partial returns suggest Jones won by a very large majority

References

  1. ^ Stat. 128
  2. ^ Stat. 175
  3. ^ Eighth Congress (membership roster) – see footnote 15
  4. ^ Seventh Congress (membership roster)
  5. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  6. ^ A New Nation Votes: American Elections Returns 1787-1825: Virginia 1803 House of Representatives District 5

Bibliography

  • "A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787-1825". Tufts Digital Library, Tufts University. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  • Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701. 
  • "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015. 

External links

  • Office of the Historian (Office of Art & Archives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives)
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