United Kingdom general election, December 1910

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United Kingdom general election, December 1910
United Kingdom
← Jan 1910 3–19 December 1910 1918 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  H H Asquith 1908.jpg Gws balfour 02.jpg
Leader H. H. Asquith Arthur Balfour
Party Liberal Conservative and
Liberal Unionist
Leader since 30 April 1908 11 June 1902
Leader's seat East Fife City of London
Last election 274 seats, 43.5% 272 seats, 46.8%
Seats won 272 271
Seat change Decrease2 Decrease1
Popular vote 2,157,256 2,270,753
Percentage 44.2% 46.6%
Swing Increase0.7% Decrease0.3%

  Third party Fourth party
  John Redmond.png G N Barnes.JPG
Leader John Redmond George Barnes
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour
Leader since 6 February 1900 14 February 1910
Leader's seat Waterford City Glasgow Blackfriars & Hutchesontown
Last election 71 seats, 1.2% 40 seats, 7.0%
Seats won 74 42
Seat change Increase3 Increase2
Popular vote 90,416 309,963
Percentage 1.9% 6.4%
Swing Increase0.7% Decrease0.6%

United Kingdom general election 1910 December.svg
Colours denote the winning party.

Prime Minister before election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

Elected Prime Minister

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

The United Kingdom general election of December 1910 was held from 3 to 19 December. It was the last UK general election to be held over several days[1] and the last to be held prior to the First World War (1914–18).

The political context was the effort of the new Liberal Government to pass its budget, with higher taxes on the rich. It was blocked by the House of Lords. Government called an election to get a mandate for the Parliament Act 1911, which would prevent the House of Lords from permanently blocking legislation.[2] After the Liberals won a narrow majority, the House of Lords gave way and the budget was passed.

The Conservatives, led by Arthur Balfour with their Liberal Unionist allies, and the Liberals, led by H. H. Asquith, could not break the deadlock produced in the January general election, with the Conservatives again winning the largest number of votes. The Liberal Party under Asquith formed a government with the support of the Irish Nationalists. This was the last election in which the Liberals won the highest number of seats in the House of Commons. It was also the last United Kingdom national election in which a party other than Labour or the Conservatives won the most seats until the 2014 European Parliament elections.

Results

272 271 74 42 8 3
Liberal Conservative IP Lab AFIL O
UK General Election December 1910
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Arthur Balfour 548 271 -1 40.4 46.6 2,270,753 -0.3
  Liberal H. H. Asquith 467 272 -2 40.6 44.2 2,157,256 +0.7
  Labour George Nicoll Barnes 56 42 5 3 +2 6.3 6.4 309,963 -0.6
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 81 74 5 2 +3 11.0 1.9 90,416 +0.7
  All-for-Ireland William O'Brien 21 8 2 2 0 1.2 0.6 30,322 +0.2
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 2 0 0 0 0 0.1 5,733 -0.1
  Independent Conservative N/A 4 1 1 1 0 0.1 0.1 4,647
  Independent Labour N/A 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,492
  Independent Liberal N/A 1 0 0 1 - 1 0.0 1,946
  Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 913
  Independent Nationalist N/A 4 2 0 1 - 1 0.3 0.0 911
  Independent N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 57
Seat winners in England and Wales

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
46.57%
Liberal
44.23%
Labour
6.36%
Irish Parliamentary
1.85%
Independent
0.23%
Others
0.78%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
40.6%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
40.5%
Labour
6.3%
Irish Parliamentary
11.0%
All-for-Ireland
1.2%
Independent
0.5%

See also

References

  1. ^ General Election Dates 1832–2005, Parliament of the United Kingdom
  2. ^ D.C. Somervell, The Reign of King George V, (1936) pp 17 – 28.online free

External links

  • December 1910 Conservative manifesto
  • December 1910 Labour manifesto
  • December 1910 Liberal manifesto

Further reading

  • Blewett, Neal. Peers, the Parties and the People: General Elections of 1910 (1972).
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • Pelling, Henry. Social Geography of British Elections 1885–1910 (1967)

External links

  • United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979
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