United Kingdom general election, 1924

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United Kingdom general election, 1924
United Kingdom
← 1923 29 October 1924 1929 →

All 615 seats to the House of Commons
308 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 77.0% (Increase5.9%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg Ramsay MacDonald ggbain 35734.jpg Herbert Henry Asquith.jpg
Leader Stanley Baldwin Ramsay MacDonald H. H. Asquith
Party Conservative Labour Liberal
Leader since 23 May 1923 21 November 1922 30 April 1908
Leader's seat Bewdley Aberavon Paisley (defeated)
Last election 258 seats, 38.0% 191 seats, 30.7% 158 seats, 29.7%
Seats won 412 151 40
Seat change Increase 154 Decrease 40 Decrease 118
Popular vote 7,418,983 5,281,626 2,818,717
Percentage 46.8% 33.3% 17.8%
Swing Increase 8.8% Increase 2.6% Decrease 11.9%

UK Election 1924 Map.png
Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results.
Northern Ireland and university constituencies not shown.

Prime Minister before election

Ramsay MacDonald
Labour

Subsequent Prime Minister

Stanley Baldwin
Conservative

The 1924 United Kingdom general election was held on Wednesday 29 October 1924, as a result of the defeat of the Labour minority government, led by Ramsay MacDonald, in the House of Commons on a motion of no confidence. It was the third general election to be held in less than two years.

The Conservatives, led by Stanley Baldwin, performed dramatically better, in electoral terms, than in the 1923 general election and obtained a large parliamentary majority of 209. Labour, led by Ramsay MacDonald, lost 40 seats. The election also saw the Liberal Party, led by H. H. Asquith, lose 118 of their 158 seats which helped to polarise British politics between the Labour Party and Conservative Party.

The fourth party in terms of number of candidates, number of seats and number of votes were not a party but a group of former National Liberals standing under the Constitutionalist label. They favoured Conservative/Liberal co-operation. Three of the seven Constitutionalists elected, including Winston Churchill, had been opposed by official Liberal candidates, and sat as Conservatives after the election. The other four sat as Liberals.

The Conservative landslide victory and the Labour defeat in this general election has been, in part, attributed to the Zinoviev letter, a forgery, which was published in the Daily Mail four days before the election. However, it is difficult to prove that this had a major impact on the election result. The Labour vote increased by around one million popular votes in comparison to the 1923 general election, however, the increase in the number of popular votes for the Labour Party may be due, in part, to the party putting up eighty-seven more candidates than it did in the previous year's general election.

It is widely speculated that the combination of Labour forming its first government in January 1924 and the Zinoviev letter helped to stir up anti-socialist fears in Britain among many traditional anti-socialist Liberal voters, who then switched their support to the Conservative Party. This partly helps to explain the poor performance of the Liberal Party in the general election. The party also had financial difficulties which allowed it to contest only 339 seats, a lack of distinctive policies after the Conservative Party dropped their support for protected trade, and poor leadership under Asquith.

Results

UK General Election 1924
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative Stanley Baldwin 534 412 + 154 66.991 46.8 7,418,983 +8.8
  Labour Ramsay MacDonald 514 151 − 40 24.552 33.3 5,281,626 +2.6
  Liberal H. H. Asquith 339 40 − 118 6.504 17.8 2,818,717 −11.9
  Constitutionalist N/A 12 7 7 0 + 7 1.138 1.2 185,075 +1.1
  Communist Albert Inkpin 8 1 1 0 + 1 0.162 0.2 51,176 +0.1
  Sinn Féin Éamon de Valera 8 0 0 0 0 0.2 34,181 N/A
  Independent N/A 7 2 0 0 0 0.2 25,206 −0.1
  NI Labour Sam Kyle 1 0 0 0 0 0.1 21,122 N/A
  Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1 1 0 0 0 0.1 14,596 0.0
  Independent Liberal N/A 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 3,241 −0.1
  Independent Labour N/A 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,775 −0.1
  Independent Unionist N/A 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 517 −0.1
  Nationalist Joseph Devlin 1 1 0 2 − 2 0.0 0 −0.4

Total votes cast: 15,856,215. Turnout 77.0%.[1] All parties shown. The only Irish Nationalist candidate was elected unopposed. The Conservatives include the Ulster Unionists.

Votes summary

Popular vote
Conservative
  
46.79%
Labour
  
30.68%
Liberal
  
17.78%
Constitutionalist
  
1.17%
Others
  
3.58%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative
  
66.99%
Labour
  
24.55%
Liberal
  
6.5%
Constitutionalist
  
1.14%
Independent
  
0.49%
Others
  
0.81%

Seats changing hands

  • All comparisons are with the 1923 election.
  • In some cases the change is due to the MP defecting to the gaining party. Such circumstances are marked with a *.
  • In other circumstances the change is due to the seat having been won by the gaining party in a by-election in the intervening years, and then retained in 1923. Such circumstances are marked with a †.
Gain Gained from Number Seats
Communist Liberal 1 Battersea North
Labour Liberal 16 Stirling and Falkirk, Paisley, Edinburgh East, Gateshead, Rochdale, Bermondsey West, Southwark Central, Newcastle upon Tyne East, Newcastle upon Tyne West, Burslem, Middlesbrough East, Elland, Keighley, Penistone, Bradford South, Dewsbury
Conservative 7 Motherwell, Barrow-in-Furness, Liverpool West Toxteth, Lincoln, Peckham, Wolverhampton Bilston, Birmingham King's Norton
Labour gains: 23
Liberal Labour 8 Walthamstow West, Bristol North, Hackney South, Norwich (one of two), Bradford East, Batley and Morley, Wrexham, Swansea West
Independent Liberal 1 Cardiganshire
Liberal gains: 9
Conservative Labour 55 Stirlingshire West, Renfrewshire East, Dunbartonshire, Lanark, Glasgow Partick, Lanarkshire North, Renfrewshire West, Glasgow Maryhill, Kilmarnock, Midlothian & Peebles North, Linlithgow, Berwick & Haddington, Reading, Birkenhead West, Crewe, Carlisle, Whitehaven, Derby (one of two), Barnard Castle, Leyton East, East Ham North, Essex SE, Maldon, Upton, Dartford, Gravesend, Bolton (one of two), Eccles, Oldham (one of two), Salford North, Salford South, Salford West, Warrington, Leicester East, Holland with Boston†, Greenwich, Kennington, Hammersmith North, St Pancras North, St Pancras South East, Norfolk South, Norwich (one of two), Kettering, Northampton, Enfield, Tottenham South, The Wrekin, Frome, Lichfield, Ipswich, Coventry, Wakefield, Bradford Central, Pontefract, Cardiff South
Liberal 106 Bodmin, Cornwall North, Penryn and Falmouth, St Ives, Banff, East Aberdeenshire & Kincardineshire, Aberdeen and Kincardine Central, Forfarshire, Perth, Fife East, Argyll, Edinburgh West, Edinburgh North, Dumfriesshire, Galloway, Bedfordshire Mid, Luton, Abingdon, Newbury, Aylesbury, Wycombe, Huntingdonshire, Isle of Ely, Altrincham, Birkenhead East, Stalybridge and Hyde, Stockport (one of two), Wirral, Barnstaple, South Molton, Tavistock, Tiverton, Torquay, Totnes, Dorset North, Stockton-on-Tees, The Hartlepools, Chelmsford, Harwich, Stroud, Thornbury, Basingstoke, Portsmouth Central, Isle of Wight, Hemel Hempstead, Hull South West, Sevenoaks, Blackpool, Darwen, Lancaster, Lonsdale, Preston (one of two), Manchester Blackley, Manchester Exchange, Manchester Moss Side, Manchester Rusholme, Manchester Withington, Royton, Bootle, Liverpool Wavertree, Liverpool West Derby, Southport, Bosworth, Harborough, Leicester South, Gainsborough, Horncastle, Louth, Hackney North, Brixton, Islington East, Camberwell North-West, Hackney Central, Stoke Newington, Great Yarmouth, King's Lynn, Norfolk East, Hexham, Nottingham Central, Nottingham East, Finchley, Willesden East, Oxford†, Shrewsbury, Bath, Bridgwater, Taunton, Wells, Weston-super-Mare, Walsall, Sudbury, Chichester, Nuneaton, Rugby, Chippenham, Westbury, Devizes, Salisbury, Cleveland, Bradford North, Sowerby, Flintshire, Pembrokeshire, Brecon and Radnor, Cardiff East
National Liberal 1 Loughborough
Independent 1 Harrow1
Conservative gains: 163
Constitutionalist Liberal 4 Accrington, Heywood and Radcliffe, Stretford, Stoke
Independent Liberal 1 Camborne
Conservative 2 Epping, Walthamstow East
Ulster Unionist Nationalist 2 Fermanagh and Tyrone (both seats)

1previous MP had defected to Labour by the time of the 1924 election

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.parliament.uk/documents/commons/lib/research/rp2008/rp08-012.pdf
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1909
  • 1924 Conservative manifesto
  • 1924 Labour manifesto
  • 1924 Liberal manifesto
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