United Kingdom general election, 1895

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United Kingdom general election, 1895
United Kingdom
← 1892 13 July – 7 August 1895 1900 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Robert cecil.jpg The Earl of Rosebery.jpg John Redmond 1917.JPG
John Dillon - 1900.jpg
Leader Lord Salisbury Lord Rosebery John Redmond (INL)
John Dillon (INF)
Party Conservative and Liberal Unionist Liberal Irish Parliamentary
Leader since April 1881 5 March 1894 1891 (Redmond)
1892 (Dillon)
Leader's seat House of Lords House of Lords Waterford City (Redmond)
East Mayo (Dillon)
Last election 314 seats, 47.0% 271 seats, 45.4% 81 seats, 7.0%
Seats won 411 177 82
Seat change Increase 97 Decrease 94 Increase1
Popular vote 1,894,772 1,765,266 149,530
Percentage 49.0% 45.7% 4.0%
Swing Increase 2.0% Increase 0.3% Decrease 3.0%

United Kingdom general election 1895.svg
Colours denote the winning party.

Prime Minister before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Subsequent Prime Minister

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

The United Kingdom general election of 1895 was held between 13 July and 7 August 1895. It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery. This was the first election since 1841 in which the Conservatives won more votes than the Liberals/Whigs. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time, the majority of its MPs (the "Anti-Parnellites") following John Dillon whilst a rump (the "Parnellites") followed John Redmond.

Results

UK General Election 1895
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative Lord Salisbury 477 340 1,536,100
  Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain 111 71 358,672
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist Lord Salisbury 588 411 114 17 + 97 61.3 49.0 1,894,772 +2.0
  Liberal Lord Rosebery 447 177 18 112 - 94 26.4 45.7 1,765,266 +0.3
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond (INL)
John Dillon (INF)
105 82 1 0 + 1 12.2 4.0 152,959 -3.0
  Ind. Labour Party Keir Hardie 28 0 0 0 0 1.0 44,325
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,730
  Independent Lib-Lab N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.1 2,677
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 0 0 1 - 1 0.1 1,893
  Independent Labour N/A 1 0 0 0 - 3 0.0 608
  Independent N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 52

Total votes cast: 3,866,282. All parties shown.

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
49.01%
Liberal
  
45.66%
Irish Parliamentary
  
3.87%
Independent Labour
  
1.15%
Independent
  
0.22%
Others
  
0.1%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
61.34%
Liberal
  
26.42%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.24%

See also

Further reading

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918 (Macmillan, 1974)
  • Readman, Paul A. "The 1895 general election and political change in late Victorian Britain." Historical Journal 42#2 (1999): 467-493. in JSTOR
  • Roberts, Andrew. Salisbury: Victorian Titan (1999) pp 596–604

External links

  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results

External links

For an alternative view of the count where each vote in a two-member seat is counted as half a vote (because each elector had two votes) see:

  • United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979
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