United Kingdom general election, 1895

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United Kingdom general election, 1895
United Kingdom
← 1892 13 July – 7 August 1895 1900 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Photo of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg The Earl of Rosebery.jpg
Leader Lord Salisbury Earl of Rosebery
Party Conservative and
Liberal Unionist
Liberal
Leader since April 1881 5 March 1894
Leader's seat House of Lords House of Lords
Last election 313 seats, 47.0% 272 seats, 45.4%
Seats won 411 177
Seat change Increase97 Decrease94
Popular vote 1,759,484 1,628,405
Percentage 49.2% 45.5%
Swing Increase2.2% Increase0.2%

  Third party Fourth party
  John Dillon - 1900.jpg Picture of John Redmond.jpg
Leader John Dillon John Redmond
Party Irish National Federation Irish National League
Leader since 1892 1891
Leader's seat East Mayo Waterford City
Last election 72 seats, 5.2% 9 seats, 1.6%
Seats won 70 12
Seat change Decrease2 Increase3
Popular vote 92,556 47,698
Percentage 2.6% 1.3%
Swing Decrease2.6% Decrease0.2%

United Kingdom general election 1895.svg
Colours denote the winning party.

Prime Minister before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Subsequent Prime Minister

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

The United Kingdom general election of 1895 was held between 13 July and 7 August 1895. It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery. This was the first election since 1841 in which the Conservatives won more votes than the Liberals/Whigs. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time, the majority of its MPs (the "Anti-Parnellites") following John Dillon whilst a rump (the "Parnellites") followed John Redmond.

Results

UK General Election 1895
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Lord Salisbury 588 411 114 17 +97 61.3 49.0 1,759,484 +2.0
  Liberal Lord Rosebery 447 177 18 112 -94 26.4 45.5 1,628,405 +0.2
  Irish National Federation John Dillon 77 70 -2 10.4 2.6 92,556 -2.6
  Irish National League John Redmond 26 12 +3 1.8 1.3 47,698 -0.2
  Ind. Labour Party Keir Hardie 28 0 0 1.0 34,433 N/A
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 0 -1 0.1 3,733
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 4 0 0 0.1 3,122 +0.1
  Independent Lib-Lab N/A 2 0 0 0.1 2,348
  Independent Labour N/A 1 0 -3 0.0 608
  Independent N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 52

Total votes cast: 3,866,282. All parties shown.

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
49.0%
Liberal
45.5%
Irish National Federation
2.6%
Irish National League
1.3%
Independent Labour Party
1.0%
Others
0.6%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
61.3%
Liberal
26.4%
Irish National Federation
10.4%
Irish National League
1.8%

See also

Further reading

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918 (Macmillan, 1974)
  • Readman, Paul A. "The 1895 general election and political change in late Victorian Britain." Historical Journal 42#2 (1999): 467-493. in JSTOR
  • Roberts, Andrew. Salisbury: Victorian Titan (1999) pp 596–604

External links

  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results

External links

  • United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979
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