United Kingdom general election, 1895

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United Kingdom general election, 1895
United Kingdom
← 1892 13 July – 7 August 1895 1900 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Robert cecil.jpg The Earl of Rosebery.jpg John Redmond 1917.JPGJohn Dillon - 1900.jpg
Leader Lord Salisbury Lord Rosebery John Redmond (INL)
John Dillon (INF)
Party Conservative and Liberal Unionist Liberal Irish Parliamentary
Leader since April 1881 5 March 1894 1891 (Redmond)
1892 (Dillon)
Leader's seat Marquess of Salisbury Baron Rosebery Waterford City (Redmond)
East Mayo (Dillon)
Last election 314 seats, 47.0% 271 seats, 45.4% 81 seats, 7.0%
Seats won 411 177 82
Seat change Increase 97 Decrease 94 Increase 1
Popular vote 1,894,772 1,765,266 149,530
Percentage 49.0% 45.7% 4.0%
Swing Increase 2.0% Increase 0.3% Decrease 3.0%

Prime Minister before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Subsequent Prime Minister

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

The United Kingdom general election of 1895 was held between 13 July and 7 August 1895. It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery. This was the first election since 1841 in which the Conservatives won more votes than the Liberals/Whigs. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time, the majority of its MPs (the "Anti-Parnellites") following John Dillon whilst a rump (the "Parnellites") followed John Redmond.

Results

UK General Election 1895
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative Lord Salisbury 477 340 1,536,100
  Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain 111 71 358,672
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist Lord Salisbury 588 411 114 17 + 97 61.3 49.0 1,894,772 +2.0
  Liberal Lord Rosebery 447 177 18 112 - 94 26.4 45.7 1,765,266 +0.3
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond (INL)
John Dillon (INF)
105 82 1 0 + 1 12.2 4.0 152,959 -3.0
  Ind. Labour Party Keir Hardie 28 0 0 0 0 1.0 44,325
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,730
  Independent Lib-Lab N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.1 2,677
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 0 0 1 - 1 0.1 1,893
  Independent Labour N/A 1 0 0 0 - 3 0.0 608
  Independent N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 52

Total votes cast: 3,866,282. All parties shown.

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
49.01%
Liberal
  
45.66%
Irish Parliamentary
  
3.87%
Independent Labour
  
1.15%
Independent
  
0.22%
Others
  
0.1%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
61.34%
Liberal
  
26.42%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.24%

See also

Further reading

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918 (Macmillan, 1974)
  • Readman, Paul A. "The 1895 general election and political change in late Victorian Britain." Historical Journal 42#2 (1999): 467-493. in JSTOR
  • Roberts, Andrew. Salisbury: Victorian Titan (1999) pp 596–604

External links

  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results

External links

For an alternative view of the count where each vote in a two-member seat is counted as half a vote (because each elector had two votes) see:

  • United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979
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