United Kingdom general election, 1886

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United Kingdom general election, 1886
United Kingdom
← 1885 1–27 July 1886 1892 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Gladstone.jpg
Leader Lord Salisbury William Ewart Gladstone
Party Conservative Liberal
Leader since April 1881 April 1880
Leader's seat Marquess of Salisbury Midlothian
Last election 247 seats, 43.5% 319 seats, 47.4%
Seats won 317 191
Seat change Increase 70 Decrease 128
Popular vote 1,103,779 1,353,581
Percentage 37.1% 45.5%
Swing Decrease 6.4 Decrease 1.9

  Third party Fourth party
  Charles Stewart Parnell - Brady-Handy.jpg Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire.jpg
Leader Charles Stewart Parnell Marquess of Hartington
Party Irish Parliamentary Liberal Unionist
Leader since 17 October 1882 April 1886
Leader's seat Cork City Rossendale
Last election 86 seats, 6.9% Part of Liberal Party
Seats won 85 77
Seat change Decrease 1
Popular vote 97,905 417,107
Percentage 3.3% 14.0%
Swing Decrease 3.6%

United Kingdom general election 1886.svg
Colours denote the winning party.

Prime Minister before election

William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal

Subsequent Prime Minister

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

The 1886 United Kingdom general election took place from 1–27 July 1886. It resulted in a major reversal of the results of the 1885 election as the Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury in an electoral pact with the breakaway Unionist wing of the Liberals led by Lord Hartington (later the Duke of Devonshire) and Joseph Chamberlain. The new Liberal Unionist party gave the Conservatives their parliamentary majority but did not join them in a formal coalition.

William Ewart Gladstone's Liberals, who supported Irish Home Rule, and their sometimes allies, the Irish Parliamentary Party led by Charles Stewart Parnell, placed a distant second. This ended the period of Liberal dominance – they had held power for 18 of the 27 years since 1859 and won five of the six elections held during that time, but would only be in power for three of the next 19 years.

Results

UK General Election 1886
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % Net %
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 563 394 161 14 + 147 51.1 1,520,886
  Conservative 402 317 37.1 1,103,779
  Liberal Unionist 161 77 14.0 417,107
  Liberal 449 191 24 152 - 128 45.5 1,353,581
  Irish Parliamentary 100 85 1 2 - 1 3.3 97,905
  Independent Liberal 1 0 0 0 0 0.1 1,247
  Ind. Liberal Unionist 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 544

Vote summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
51.14%
Liberal
  
45.51%
Irish Parliamentary
  
3.29%
Independent
  
0.06%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
58.66%
Liberal
  
28.66%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.69%

Regional Results

Largest party in each constituent country.
Results within London & Middlesex.

Great Britain

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 528 115 376 Increase143 1,422,685 51.2 Increase5.6
Liberal 448 40 192 Decrease127 1,351,671 48.6 Decrease3.2
Irish Parliamentary Party 2 0 1 Steady 3,022 0.1 Steady
Other 3 0 0 Decrease16 1,791 0.1 Decrease2.4
Total 982 155 569 Steady 2,779,169 100
England
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 432 105 332 Increase119 1,193,289 52.6 Increase5.1
Liberal 347 23 123 Decrease115 1,087,065 47.2 Decrease4.2
Irish Parliamentary Party 1 0 1 Steady 2,911 0.1 Steady
Other 3 0 0 Decrease4 1,791 0.1 Decrease1.9
Total 783 128 456 Steady 2,285,056 100
Scotland
Scottish results.
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Liberal 68 7 43 Decrease8 193,801 53.6 Increase0.3
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 63 2 27 Increase19 164,314 46.4 Increase12.1
Total 131 9 70 Steady 358,115 100
Wales
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Liberal 32 10 26 Decrease3 70,289 53.9 Decrease4.4
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 24 2 8 Increase4 60,048 46.1 Increase7.3
Total 56 12 34 Steady 130,337 100

Ireland

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Irish Parliamentary Party 97 66 84 Decrease1 94,883 48.6 Decrease19.2
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 35 3 17 Increase1 98,201 50.4 Increase25.6
Liberal 1 0 0 Steady 1,910 1.0 Decrease5.8
Total 133 69 101 194,994 100

Universities

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 9 6 9 Increase1 5,034 84.7 Increase31.0
Liberal 1 0 0 Decrease1 516 13.8 Decrease32.5
Irish Parliamentary Party 2 0 0 Steady 111 1.5 Increase1.5
Total 12 6 9 Steady 5,661 100

See also

Further reading

  • Walker, Brian. "The 1885 and 1886 General Elections in Ireland," History Ireland 13#6 (2005), pp. 36–40 in JSTOR

References

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results
  • United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979
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