United Kingdom general election, 1886

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United Kingdom general election, 1886
United Kingdom
← 1885 1–27 July 1886 1892 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Photo of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg William Ewert Gladstone in later life.jpg Charles Stewart Parnell.jpg
Leader Lord Salisbury William Gladstone Charles Stewart Parnell
Party Conservative and
Liberal Unionist
Liberal Irish Parliamentary
Leader since April 1881 April 1880 17 October 1882
Leader's seat House of Lords Midlothian Cork City
Last election 247 seats, 43.4% 319 seats, 47.4% 86 seats, 6.9%
Seats won 393 192 85
Seat change Increase146 Decrease127 Decrease1
Popular vote 1,417,627 1,244,683 94,050
Percentage 51.4% 45.1% 3.4%
Swing Increase8.7% Decrease2.2% Decrease 3.4%

United Kingdom general election 1886.svg
Colours denote the winning party.

Prime Minister before election

William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal

Elected Prime Minister

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

The 1886 United Kingdom general election took place from 1–27 July 1886. It resulted in a major reversal of the results of the 1885 election as the Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury in an electoral pact with the breakaway Unionist wing of the Liberals led by Lord Hartington (later the Duke of Devonshire) and Joseph Chamberlain. The new Liberal Unionist party gave the Conservatives their parliamentary majority but did not join them in a formal coalition.

William Ewart Gladstone's Liberals, who supported Irish Home Rule, and their sometimes allies, the Irish Parliamentary Party led by Charles Stewart Parnell, placed a distant second. This ended the period of Liberal dominance – they had held power for 18 of the 27 years since 1859 and won five of the six elections held during that time, but would only be in power for three of the next 19 years.

Results

UK General Election 1886
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist 563 393 161 14 +146 58.7 51.1 1,417,627 +8.7
  Liberal 449 192 24 152 -127 45.5 45.1 1,244,683 -2.2
  Irish Parliamentary 100 85 1 2 -1 12.7 3.4 94,050 -3.4
  Independent Liberal 1 0 0 0 0 0.1 1,247
  Ind. Liberal Unionist 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 544

Vote summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
51.14%
Liberal
45.51%
Irish Parliamentary
3.29%
Independent
0.06%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
58.66%
Liberal
28.66%
Irish Parliamentary
12.69%

See also

Further reading

  • Walker, Brian. "The 1885 and 1886 General Elections in Ireland," History Ireland 13#6 (2005), pp. 36–40 in JSTOR

References

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results
  • United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979
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