United Kingdom general election, 1857

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United Kingdom general election, 1857

← 1852 27 March – 24 April 1857 (1857-03-27 – 1857-04-24) 1859 →

All 654 seats in the House of Commons
328 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party
  Lord Palmerston 1855.jpg 14th Earl of Derby (cropped).jpg
Leader Viscount Palmerston Earl of Derby
Party Whig Conservative
Leader since 6 February 1855 July 1846
Leader's seat Tiverton House of Lords
Last election 324 seats, 57.9% 330 seats, 41.9%
Seats won 377 264[1]
Seat change Increase53 Decrease66
Popular vote 464,127 239,712
Percentage 65.9% 34.0%
Swing Increase7.0% Decrease7.9%

Prime Minister before election

Viscount Palmerston
Whig

Appointed Prime Minister

Viscount Palmerston
Whig

In the 1857 United Kingdom general election, the Whigs, led by Lord Palmerston, finally won a majority in the House of Commons as the Conservative vote fell significantly. The election had been provoked by a vote of censure in Palmerston's government over his approach to the Arrow affair which led to the Second Opium War. Aged 72 Palmerston became the oldest person to win a general election for the first time. As of 2018 there has been no person as old as Palmerston to win a general election for the first time.

Results

UK General Election 1857
Party Candidates Votes
Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % Net %
  Whig 507 377 +53 57.65 64.77 464,127 +7.0
  Conservative 351 264 −66 40.37 33.45 239,712 −7.1
  Chartist 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 614 −0.1

Summary

Popular vote
Whig
64.77%
Conservative
33.45%
Others
1.69%
Chartist
0.09%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Whig
57.65%
Conservative
40.37%
Others
1.99%

Notes

  1. ^ Including Peelites.
  2. ^ "Others" are mostly Irish Independent Opposition.
  3. ^ The Conservative total votes cast and MPs includes around 26 Peelites—some reference works claim it was as few as 18.

References

External links

  • 1857 General Election
    • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results
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