United Kingdom general election, 1837

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United Kingdom general election, 1837
United Kingdom
← 1835 24 July–18 August 1837 1841 →

All 658 seats in the House of Commons
330 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  2nd V Melbourne.jpg Robert Peel.jpg
Leader Viscount Melbourne Sir Robert Peel
Party Whig Conservative
Leader since 16 July 1834 19 December 1834
Leader's seat House of Lords Tamworth
Last election 385 seats, 55.2% 273 seats, 40.8%
Seats won 344 314
Seat change Decrease41 Increase41
Popular vote 418,331 379,694
Percentage 51.7% 48.3%
Swing Decrease5.5% Increase5.5%

United Kingdom general election 1837.svg
Colours denote the winning party.

Prime Minister before election

Lord Melbourne
Whig

Elected Prime Minister

Lord Melbourne
Whig

The 1837 United Kingdom general election was triggered by the death of King William IV and produced the first parliament of the reign of his successor, Victoria. It saw Robert Peel's Conservatives close further on the position of the Whigs, who won their fourth election of the decade.

The election marked the last time that a parliament was dissolved as a result of the demise of the Crown. Immediate dissolution of parliament following the demise of the Crown was abolished by the Reform Act 1867.

Results

United Kingdom General Election 1837
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % Net %
  Whig 510 344 - 41 52.3 52.4 418,331 - 4.8
  Conservative 484 314 + 41 47.7 47.6 379,694 + 4.8

Total votes cast: 798,025

Voting summary

Popular vote
Whig
52.42%
Conservative
47.58%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Whig
52.28%
Conservative
47.72%

Regional Results

Great Britain

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 414 102 284 Increase46 353,000 48.2 Increase5.4
Whig 422 81 271 Decrease46 379,961 51.8 Decrease5.4
Total 836 183 555 Steady 732,961 100
England
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 348 80 239 Increase39 321,124 48.9 Increase6.3
Whig 352 60 225 Decrease39 347,549 51.1 Decrease6.3
Total 658 177 464 Steady 491,540 100
Scotland
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Whig 49 15 33 Decrease5 22,082 54.0 Decrease8.8
Conservative 35 7 20 Increase5 18,569 46.0 Increase8.8
Total 84 22 53 Steady 40,651 100
Wales
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 25 11 19 Increase2 11,616 52.8 Decrease11.1
Whig 20 6 13 Decrease2 10,144 47.2 Increase11.1
Total 45 17 32 Steady 21,760 100

Ireland

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Whig/Repeal Coalition 88 34 73 Increase5 38,370 58.5 Increase9.9
Conservative 70 19 30 Decrease5 26,694 41.5 Decrease9.9
Total 158 53 103 65,064 100

Universities

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 6 4 6 Steady 1,691 90.1
Whig 1 0 0 Steady 186 9.9
Total 6 6 6 Steady 1,877 100

References

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000)
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results
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