Union Station (New Haven)

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New Haven
New Haven Union Station, September 2018.JPG
New Haven Union Station in September 2018
Location 50 Union Avenue US 1.svg
New Haven, Connecticut
United States
Coordinates 41°17′51″N 72°55′36″W / 41.29750°N 72.92667°W / 41.29750; -72.92667Coordinates: 41°17′51″N 72°55′36″W / 41.29750°N 72.92667°W / 41.29750; -72.92667
Owned by ConnDOT
Line(s) Northeast Corridor
New Haven–Springfield Line
Platforms 4 island platforms
Tracks 9
Connections Intercity Bus CT Transit
Intercity Bus Greyhound
Intercity Bus Megabus
Intercity Bus Yale Shuttle
Parking Union Station parking garage
Bicycle facilities Yes
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Station code NHV (Amtrak)
Fare zone 21 (Metro-North)
Opened 1920
Rebuilt 1985
Electrified 12,500V (AC) overhead catenary
Passengers (2016) 642,471[1]Decrease 8% (Amtrak)
Preceding station   BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak   Following station
Acela Express
toward Boston South
Northeast Regional
toward Boston South
toward Springfield
Terminus New Haven–Springfield Shuttle
toward St. Albans
toward Stamford
Shore Line East
toward New London
Terminus Hartford Line
toward Springfield
MTA NYC logo.svg Metro-North Railroad
New Haven Line
(limited service)
Former services
Preceding station   New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad   Following station
toward New York
Main Line Terminus
Terminus Shore Line
New Haven Railroad Station
Location Union Avenue, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Built 1920
Architect Cass Gilbert[3]
Architectural style Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Second Renaissance Revival
NRHP reference # 75001941[2]
Added to NRHP September 3, 1975
New Haven is located in Connecticut
New Haven
New Haven
Location within Connecticut

Union Station, also known as New Haven Railroad Station (IATA: ZVE) or simply New Haven, is the main railroad passenger station in New Haven, Connecticut. Designed by noted American architect Cass Gilbert, the beaux-arts Union Station was completed and opened in 1920 after the previous Union Station (which was located at the foot of Meadow Street, near the site of the current Union Station parking garage) was destroyed by fire. It served the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad until it fell into decline, along with the rest of the railroad industry in North America after World War II. It was shuttered in 1972, leaving only the under-track 'subway' open for passengers, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 3, 1975,[2] but it was almost demolished before the Northeast Corridor Improvement Project in 1979. Reopened after extensive renovations in early 1985, it is now the premier gateway to the city.

The property is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as New Haven Railroad Station. Its significance is partly as an example of the work of Cass Gilbert, who also designed the Woolworth Building in New York and the U.S. Supreme Court Building.[4]

The restored building features interior limestone walls, ornate ceilings, chandeliers and striking stainless steel ceilings in the tunnels to the trains. The large waiting room is thirty-five feet high and features models of NYNH&NHRR trains on the benches.

Current service


Amtrak trains at New Haven

Amtrak runs frequent service through Union Station along the electrified Northeast Corridor rail line. Most Amtrak trains are Northeast Regional trains or Acela Express trains operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston.

New Haven–Springfield Shuttle trains to Springfield, Massachusetts connect with some Northeast Regional trains; other Northeast Regionals run through to Springfield from New York or vice versa. These through trains must change locomotives at New Haven, as the track north to Springfield is not electrified, unlike the Northeast Corridor. The locomotive change is from a Siemens ACS-64 for the electrified territory to a General Electric P40DC or P42DC for the non-electrified territory, or vice versa.

Additionally, the Vermonter provides through service from Washington, D.C. beyond Springfield to St. Albans, Vermont. At New Haven, the Vermonter also has a P42DC diesel-electric locomotive added to the train.

Amtrak operates a yard on the west side of the tracks, next to the station building.

Because of United Airlines code sharing on select Amtrak trains between Union Station and its hub at Newark Liberty International Airport in the New York City area, Union Station is assigned the IATA airport code of ZVE.

New Haven Union Station is the busiest Amtrak station in Connecticut. The station is the tenth busiest Amtrak station in the country, boarding or detraining nearly two thousand passengers daily.[5]


Metro-North Railroad operates its New Haven Line from Union Station to Grand Central Terminal in New York City. The service is well patronized by commuters, despite the travel time of nearly two hours. Shore Line East and Metro-North work together on schedules to provide quick transfers of trains for commuters traveling from the Shoreline to Grand Central Terminal or Stamford.

Metro-North operates a large train yard in New Haven on the east side of the tracks, opposite Amtrak's yard. Work is done here, as well as the storing of train cars and locomotives. It is not uncommon to find trains from the Waterbury Branch being stored in New Haven between schedules. The consist usually is made up of one BL20-GH locomotive as well as three Shoreliner passenger cars. Smaller yards are located in Bridgeport and Stamford.

A select number of trains start or end their run two minutes to the east at New Haven State Street.

New Haven is the northern terminal for Metro-North's Train to the Game service, which operates once in each direction for National Football League games at Meadowlands Sports Complex that have a kickoff time of 1 pm on Sundays. The service is operated by Metro-North, using equipment leased from New Jersey Transit, from this station to Penn Station and New Jersey Transit from Penn Station through Secaucus Junction, where a transfer to the Meadowlands Rail Line is available.

Hartford Line

Hartford Line is a newly established commuter rail service from New Haven to Springfield that uses the current New Haven–Springfield Line. Service launched on June 16, 2018.[6]

Shore Line East

Shore Line East is a commuter rail service owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation and operated by Amtrak designed to serve residents living east of New Haven along the coast of Connecticut who work in New Haven, Stamford, or New York. Shore Line East trains run primarily inbound from Old Saybrook, Connecticut in the morning, and primarily outbound in the evening, with a few runs continuing to New London, Connecticut.

Shore Line East trains are also primarily stored at night within the Metro-North train yard. Shore Line East consists can usually be found idling between platforms at New Haven.

Buses and shuttles

CTtransit's New Haven Division provides bus service to the station on four routes. One is a free shuttle that connects Union Station to downtown and the New Haven Green for connections to the remainder of the CTTransit New Haven routes, only running of weekdays. Route 271 on the Kimberly Avenue route to Savin Rock and Milford also serves the station. Route 272 serves Union Station from downtown New Haven via South Church Street and returns to downtown New Haven. Route 278 is the Commuter Connection only on afternoon times connecting Shore Line East.

Other providers at Union Station are Greyhound, Megabus, Peter Pan the Yale Shuttle, and Connecticut Limo.[7][8][9][10]

Station services

Union Station offers a magazine store that sells quick necessities, an AVIS car-rental outlet, and several restaurants, including Dunkin' Donuts, Sbarro pizza, and Subway. Parking is available at the station through garages owned by the New Haven Parking Authority.

The Union Station garage currently hosts two Zipcar vehicles along with parking spaces devoted to charging electric vehicles. Adjacent to the garage, the station also provides sheltered parking for over 100 bicycles, along with 10 bicycle storage lockers that are free to use (minus a key deposit) along with a repair station that contains free tools for use by cyclists.[11]

Split-flap display

The Connecticut Department of Transportation replaced the old mechanical split-flap display departure board made by Solari di Udine, with two LCD display boards that allow more text for messages to be displayed. They are easier for both viewing and maintenance. The departure boards are similar to the boards in Grand Central Terminal. The split-flap display has since been donated to the Danbury Railway Museum in Danbury, Connecticut, to eventually be shown on display.

The old split-flap display train departure list.
The replacement board.

This is part of a five million dollar project which also includes upgrading the PA system, replacing the tile in the tunnel connecting platforms, and adding departure LED screens on platforms and in the station tunnel.

The lobby at the back entrance to Union Station.
Tunnel connecting platforms to station building

See also


  1. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2016, State of Connecticut" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  3. ^ "National Register of Historical Places - CONNECTICUT (CT), New Haven County". nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  4. ^ Stephen J. Raiche (May 5, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: New Haven Railroad Station / Union Station". National Park Service. and Accompanying three photos, exterior and interior, from 1975
  5. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2011, State of Connecticut" (PDF). Amtrak. December 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  6. ^ Porter, Mikaela; Owens, David (June 17, 2018). "Thousands Take A Free Ride On Hartford Line's Inaugural Run". Hartford Courant. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
  7. ^ "Bus Station Locator". Greyhound. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  8. ^ megabus.com. "Bus Stops". megabus. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Customer Support | Peter Pan". support.peterpanbus.com. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  10. ^ "CT Limo, Connecticut Limousine Stretch Limo, Buses, Party Buses and Airport Shuttle". goctlimo.com. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  11. ^ Thomas MacMillan. "Bike Repair Station Arrives At Union Station". New Haven Independent.

External links

  • New Haven Union – Amtrak
  • New Haven Union – Metro-North Railroad
  • Hartford Line – New Haven Union Station
  • Shore Line East – Union Station, New Haven
  • Station Building from Union Avenue from Google Maps Street View
  • New Haven (NHV)--Great American Stations (Amtrak)

All of the following are filed under Vicinity of Union Avenue and/or Cedar & Lamberton Streets, New Haven, New Haven County, CT:

  • HAER No. CT-160, "New Haven Rail Yard", 2 photos, 26 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HAER No. CT-160-A, "New Haven Rail Yard, Interlocking Control Building", 8 photos, 7 data pages, 3 photo caption pages
  • HAER No. CT-160-B, "New Haven Rail Yard, Work Equipment Shop", 6 photos, 6 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HAER No. CT-160-C, "New Haven Rail Yard, Central Steam Plant and Oil Storage", 16 photos, 6 data pages, 3 photo caption pages
  • HAER No. CT-160-D, "New Haven Rail Yard, Freight Car Shop", 8 photos, 6 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HAER No. CT-160-E, "New Haven Rail Yard, Machine Shop", 7 photos, 10 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HAER No. CT-160-F, "New Haven Rail Yard, Small Stores Building", 3 photos, 4 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HAER No. CT-160-G, "New Haven Rail Yard, Oil Storage Building", 5 photos, 8 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HAER No. CT-160-H, "New Haven Rail Yard, Locker Building", 4 photos, 4 data pages, 1 photo caption page
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