Unified Team at the Olympics

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Unified Team at the
Olympics
Olympic flag.svg
The Unified Team used the Olympic flag
in place of a national flag
IOC code EUN
Summer appearances
1992
Winter appearances
1992
Other related appearances
 Russian Empire (1900–1912)
 Estonia (1920–1936, 1992–)
 Latvia (1924–1936, 1992–)
 Lithuania (1924–1928, 1992–)
 Soviet Union (1952-1988)
 Armenia (1994–)
 Belarus (1994–)
 Georgia (1994–)
 Kazakhstan (1994–)
 Kyrgyzstan (1994–)
 Moldova (1994–)
 Russia (1994–2016)
 Ukraine (1994–)
 Uzbekistan (1994–)
 Azerbaijan (1996–)
 Tajikistan (1996–)
 Turkmenistan (1996–)
 Olympic Athletes from Russia (2018W)

The Unified Team was the name used for the sports team of the former Soviet Union (except the Baltic states) at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville and the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. The IOC country code was EUN, after the French name, Équipe unifiée. The Unified Team was sometimes informally called the CIS Team (Commonwealth of Independent States, as a counterpart of CIS national football team taking part in Euro 1992 of the same year), although Georgia did not join the CIS until 1993.

During the Winter Olympics, the National Olympic Committees (NOCs) of the constituent countries had not yet been affiliated to the IOC, so the Olympic Flag was used in place of a national flag at the Opening Ceremony and at medals ceremonies, and the Olympic Hymn was played for gold medallists. By the time of the Summer Olympics, the NOCs had affiliated separately, though they fielded a joint team with a standard uniform as Olympic qualifying rounds had been completed before the final demise of the Soviet Union. Where an EUN individual won a medal, the national flag of the medallist's nation was raised rather than the Olympic flag, and a gold medallist's national anthem was played rather than the Olympic Hymn. In team sports, the EUN team continued to use the Olympic flag and the Olympic Hymn, as team members represented different nations.[1]

The team finished second in the medal table at the 1992 Winter Games, and first at the 1992 Summer Games, edging its old rival the US in the latter.

Participating countries

While only six of the EUN countries took part in the 1992 Winter Olympics, all twelve participated in the 1992 Summer Olympics. At the 1994 Winter Olympics and the 1996 Summer Olympics, the nations that were part of the Unified Team started to make their Olympic debuts as independent countries.

The Unified Team's participating countries in the Summer games and the IOC codes used by them in subsequent Olympics
Country (former
Soviet republic)
IOC code
(1994–)
 Armenia* ARM
 Azerbaijan AZE
 Belarus* BLR
 Georgia GEO
Kazakhstan* KAZ
Kyrgyzstan KGZ
 Moldova MDA
 Russia* RUS
Tajikistan TJK
Turkmenistan TKM
 Ukraine* UKR
 Uzbekistan* UZB

* Unified Team participant in Winter games.

Timeline of participation

Date Team
1900–1912  Russian Empire (RU1)
1920  Estonia (EST)
1924–1936  Latvia (LAT)  Lithuania (LTU)
1952–1988  Soviet Union (URS)
1992–  Unified Team (EUN)  Estonia (EST)  Latvia (LAT)  Lithuania (LTU)
1994–  Armenia (ARM)  Belarus (BLR)  Georgia (GEO)  Kazakhstan (KAZ)  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)  Moldova (MDA)  Russia (RUS)  Ukraine (UKR)  Uzbekistan (UZB)
1996–  Azerbaijan (AZE)  Tajikistan (TJK)  Turkmenistan (TKM)

Medal tables

Medals by games

Games Details Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
France 1992 Albertville Winter Olympics Unified Team at the 1992 Winter Olympics 9 6 8 23 2
Spain 1992 Barcelona Summer Olympics Unified Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics 45 38 29 112 1
Total 54 44 37 135

Medals by summer sport

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Artistic gymnastics 9 5 4 18
Athletics 7 11 3 21
Wrestling 6 5 5 16
Swimming 6 3 1 10
Weightlifting 5 4 0 9
Shooting 5 2 1 8
Judo 2 0 2 4
Fencing 1 2 2 5
Canoeing 1 1 0 2
Handball 1 0 1 2
Rhythmic gymnastics 1 0 1 2
Basketball 1 0 0 1
Diving 0 2 1 3
Boxing 0 1 1 2
Modern pentathlon 0 1 1 2
Volleyball 0 1 0 1
Archery 0 0 2 2
Tennis 0 0 2 2
Rowing 0 0 1 1
Water polo 0 0 1 1
Totals (20 sports) 45 38 29 112

Medals by winter sport

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Cross country skiing 3 2 4 9
Figure skating 3 1 1 5
Biathlon 2 2 2 6
Ice hockey 1 0 0 1
Freestyle skiing 0 1 0 1
Short track speed skating 0 0 1 1
Totals (6 sports) 9 6 8 23

Flag bearers

See also

References

  1. ^ http://blogs.bu.edu/guidedhistory/russia-and-its-empires/tyler-benson/

External links

  • "Results and Medalists—Unified Team". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.
  • "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee.
  • "Unified Team". Sports-Reference.com.
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