Ukrainian Braille

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Ukrainian Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Ukrainian
Parent systems
Braille
Print basis
Ukrainian alphabet

Ukrainian Braille is the braille alphabet of the Ukrainian language. It is based on Russian Braille, with a few additional letters found in the print Ukrainian alphabet.

Alphabet

Ukrainian does not use all the letters of the Russian alphabet, and it has the additional letters є, ґ, і, ї.

Print а a б b в v г h ґ g(?) д d е e є je ж zh з z и y
Braille ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24)
Print і i ї yi й j к k л l м m н n о o п p р r с s
Braille ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)
Print т t у u ф f х kh ц ts ч ch ш sh щ shch ь ю ju я ja
Braille ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)

The letter і was once found in Russian Braille, but has been dropped. є is the mirror image of a reported archaic form of Russian э. (See obsolete letters of Russian Braille.)

g was reported in Unesco (1990), but could not be confirmed by Unesco (2013). It is not repeated by Leksika.com.[1]

Punctuation

Punctuation is from Unesco (1990) and has not been confirmed.

Single punctuation:

Print , . ? ! ; : - '
Braille ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠢ (braille pattern dots-26) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)

Paired punctuation:

Print « ...... » ( ...... )
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)

Formatting

italics capital number
⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)

Numbers

Numbers are the letters a–j introduced with , as in other braille alphabets.

See also

References

  1. ^ БРАЙЛЯ ШРИФТ, Leksika.com.ua
  • UNESCO (2013) World Braille Usage, 3rd edition.
  • Ukrainian Braille decoder.
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