UEFA Euro 2012

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UEFA Euro 2012
Mistrzostwa Europy w Piłce Nożnej 2012
(in Polish)
Чемпіонат Європи з футболу 2012
(in Ukrainian)
UEFA Euro 2012 logo.svg
UEFA Euro 2012 official logo
Creating History Together
Tournament details
Host countries Poland
Ukraine
Dates 8 June – 1 July
Teams 16
Venue(s) 8 (in 8 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Spain (3rd title)
Runners-up  Italy
Tournament statistics
Matches played 31
Goals scored 76 (2.45 per match)
Attendance 1,440,896 (46,481 per match)
Top scorer(s) Italy Mario Balotelli
Russia Alan Dzagoev
Germany Mario Gómez
Croatia Mario Mandžukić
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
Spain Fernando Torres
(3 goals each)
Best player Spain Andrés Iniesta
2008
2016

The 2012 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2012 or simply Euro 2012, was the 14th European Championship for men's national football teams organised by UEFA. The final tournament, held between 8 June and 1 July 2012, was co-hosted for the first time by Poland and Ukraine, and was won by Spain, who beat Italy 4–0 in the final at the NSC Olimpiyskiy in Kiev, Ukraine.[1]

Poland and Ukraine's bid was chosen by UEFA's Executive Committee on 18 April 2007.[2] The two host teams qualified automatically while the remaining 14 finalists were decided through a qualifying competition, featuring 51 teams, from August 2010 to November 2011. This was the last European Championship to employ the 16-team finals format in use since 1996; from Euro 2016 onward, it was expanded to 24 finalists.

Euro 2012 was played at eight venues, four in each host country. Five new stadiums were built for the tournament, and the hosts invested heavily in improving infrastructure such as railways and roads at UEFA's request. Euro 2012 set attendance records for the 16-team format, for the highest aggregate attendance (1,440,896) and average per game (46,481).

Spain became the first team to win two consecutive European Championships, and also three straight major tournaments (Euro 2008, 2010 World Cup and Euro 2012).[3] Spain had already gained entry to the 2013 Confederations Cup by winning the 2010 World Cup, so runners-up Italy qualified instead. As at Euro 2008 in Austria and Switzerland, both 2012 host nations were eliminated in the group stage.

Bid process

The hosting of the event was initially contested by five bids representing seven countries: Croatia–Hungary, Greece, Italy, Poland–Ukraine, and Turkey.[4] In November 2005, after an initial consideration of the bid data by UEFA, both the Greek and Turkish bids were eliminated from the process, to leave three candidates.[5]

In May 2006, this was followed by a second round of the selection process, which included visits by UEFA to all candidates.[6] The final decision was due to be announced on 8 December 2006 in Nyon, but this was postponed to "give bidding associations more time for the fine-tuning of their bids".[7] On 18 April 2007, the Poland–Ukraine bid was chosen by a vote of the UEFA Executive Committee, at a meeting in Cardiff.[2]

Poland–Ukraine became the third successful joint bid for the European Championship, after those of Belgium–Netherlands (2000) and Austria–Switzerland (2008). Their bid received an absolute majority of votes, and was therefore announced the winner, without requiring a second round. Italy, which received the remaining votes,[2] had been considered favourites to win the hosting, but incidents of fan violence and a match fixing scandal were widely cited as factors behind their failure.[8][9][10]

There were some later alterations from the initial bid plan, regarding the venues, before UEFA confirmed the eight host cities in 2009.[11][12] During the preparation process in Poland and Ukraine, UEFA repeatedly expressed concern about their preparation to host the event, with different candidates reported as being alternative hosts if they did not improve;[13][14] however, in the end, UEFA affirmed their selection.[15]

Qualification

The draw for the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying competition took place in Warsaw on 7 February 2010.[16] Fifty-one teams entered to compete for the fourteen remaining places in the finals, alongside co-hosts Poland and Ukraine. The teams were divided into nine groups, with the draw using the new UEFA national team coefficient for the first time in order to determine the seedings. As defending champions, Spain was automatically top seeded.[17] The qualifying process began in August 2010 and concluded in November 2011. At the conclusion of the qualifying group stage in October 2011, the nine group winners qualified automatically, along with the highest ranked second placed team. The remaining eight-second placed teams contested two-legged play-offs, and the four winners qualified for the finals.[17]

Twelve of the sixteen finalists participated at the previous tournament in 2008. England and Denmark made their return to the Euro, having last participated in 2004, while Republic of Ireland returned after a twenty-four-year absence to make their second appearance at a European Championship. One of the co-hosts, Ukraine, made their debut as an independent nation (before 1992 Ukraine participated as part of the Soviet Union). With the exception of Serbia – according to UEFA's ranking at the end of the qualifying stage – Europe's sixteen highest-ranked teams all qualified for the tournament.

Qualified teams

The following sixteen teams qualified for the finals:[18]

Team Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament[A]
 Poland Co-host 18 April 2007 1 (2008)
 Ukraine Co-host 18 April 2007 0 (debut)
 Germany[B] Group A winner 2 September 2011 10 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Italy Group C winner 6 September 2011 7 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Netherlands Group E winner 6 September 2011 8 (1976, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Spain Group I winner 6 September 2011 8 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 England Group G winner 7 October 2011 7 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004)
 Russia[C] Group B winner 11 October 2011 9 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008)
 France Group D winner 11 October 2011 7 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Greece Group F winner 11 October 2011 3 (1980, 2004, 2008)
 Denmark Group H winner 11 October 2011 7 (1964, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004)
 Sweden Best runner-up 11 October 2011 4 (1992, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Croatia Play-off winner 15 November 2011 3 (1996, 2004, 2008)
 Czech Republic[D] Play-off winner 15 November 2011 7 (1960, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Portugal Play-off winner 15 November 2011 5 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Republic of Ireland Play-off winner 15 November 2011 1 (1988)
  1. ^ Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. ^ From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
  3. ^ From 1960 to 1988, Russia competed as the Soviet Union, and in 1992 as CIS.
  4. ^ From 1960 to 1980, the Czech Republic competed as Czechoslovakia.

Final draw

The draw for the final tournament took place on 2 December 2011 at the Ukraine Palace of Arts in Kiev, Ukraine.[19][20] The hour-long ceremony was hosted by Olha Freimut and Piotr Sobczyński, television presenters from the two host countries.

As was the case for the 2004 and 2008 finals, the sixteen finalists were divided into four seeding pots, using the UEFA national team coefficient ranking.[21] The pot allocations were based on the UEFA national team coefficient rankings of the sixteen finalists at the end of the qualifying competition in November 2011.[22] Each nation's coefficient was generated by calculating:

Aside from the coefficient, three teams were automatically placed in Pot 1. Ukraine and Poland were both assigned to Pot 1 as the two host nations, despite the fact that their rankings were the two lowest in the tournament; this also occurred in 2008 when the co-hosts Switzerland and Austria were also ranked below all other qualified teams. As defending champions, Spain were also automatically assigned to Pot 1, though their UEFA ranking at the time of the draw was coincidentally also the best.

In the draw procedure, one team from each pot was drawn into each of the four groups. The draw also determined which place in the group teams in pots 2–4 would take (e.g. A2, A3 or A4) to create the match schedule. With Poland automatically assigned in advance to A1, and Ukraine to D1, Pot 1 only had two teams as Spain and the Netherlands were to be drawn into position one in either group B or C.[21][23] The balls were drawn by four former players who had each been part of European Championship winning teams: Horst Hrubesch, Marco van Basten, Peter Schmeichel and Zinedine Zidane.[24]

Pot 1[a]
Team Coeff Rank
 Spain[b] 43,116 1
 Netherlands 40,860 2
Pot 2
Team Coeff Rank
 Germany 40,446 3
 Italy 34,357 4
 England 33,563 5
 Russia 33,212 6
Pot 3
Team Coeff Rank
 Croatia 33,003 7
 Greece 32,455 8
 Portugal 31,717 9
 Sweden 31,675 10
Pot 4
Team Coeff Rank
 Denmark 31,205 11
 France 30,508 12
 Czech Republic 29,602 13
 Republic of Ireland 28,576 14
  1. ^ Co-hosts Poland (coefficient 23,806; rank 28th) and Ukraine (coefficient 28,029; rank 15th) were automatically assigned to positions A1 and D1, respectively.
  2. ^ Defending champions Spain (coefficient 43,116; rank 1st) were automatically assigned to Pot 1.

Teams were drawn consecutively into Group A to D. First, the Pot 1 teams were assigned to the first positions of their groups, while next the positions of all other teams were drawn separately from Pot 4 to 2 (for the purposes of determining the match schedules in each group).

The draw resulted in the following groups:

Group A
Pos Team
A1  Poland
A2  Greece
A3  Russia
A4  Czech Republic
Group B
Pos Team
B1  Netherlands
B2  Denmark
B3  Germany
B4  Portugal
Group C
Pos Team
C1  Spain
C2  Italy
C3  Republic of Ireland
C4  Croatia
Group D
Pos Team
D1  Ukraine
D2  Sweden
D3  France
D4  England

Venues

Warsaw fan zone, view during a game, 16 June

Eight cities were selected by UEFA as host venues. In a return to the format used at Euro 1992, Euro 1996 and Euro 2008, each of the four groups' matches were played in two stadiums. Host cities Warsaw, Gdańsk, Wrocław, Poznań, Kiev, and Lviv are all popular tourist destinations, unlike Donetsk and Kharkiv, the latter of which replaced Dnipropetrovsk as a host city in 2009.[25]

In order to meet UEFA's requirement for football infrastructure improvements, five new stadiums were built and opened in advance of the tournament. The remaining three stadiums (in Kiev, Poznań and Kharkiv) underwent major renovations in order to meet UEFA's infrastructure standards.[26][27] Three of the stadiums are categorised as UEFA's highest category stadiums. The transport infrastructure in Poland and Ukraine was also extensively modified on the request of UEFA to cope with the large influx of football fans.[28]

UEFA organised fan zones in the eight host cities. They were located in the centre of each city, with all 31 matches shown live on a total of 24 giant screens. The zones enabled supporters to come together in a secure and controlled environment. The Warsaw Fan Zone occupied 120,000 square meters and accommodated 100,000 visitors. In all, the fans zones had a 20% increase in capacity compared to Euro 2008.[29]

Stadiums

A total of 31 matches were played during Euro 2012, with Ukraine hosting 16 of them and Poland 15.

Poland
Warsaw Gdańsk Wrocław Poznań
National Stadium
Built for tournament
Capacity: 58,145[30]
PGE Arena
Built for tournament
Capacity: 43,615[31]
Stadion Miejski
Built for tournament
Capacity: 42,771[32]
Stadion Miejski
Reconstructed
Capacity: 43,269[33]
3 matches in Group A
(incl. opening match),
1 quarter-final and
1 semi-final
3 matches in Group C and
1 quarter-final
3 matches in Group A 3 matches in Group C
Stadion Narodowy w Warszawie 20120422.jpg PGE Arena.jpeg Stadion Miejski we Wrocławiu2.JPG Stadion Miejski Poznan, 2011-08-23.jpg
Ukraine
Kiev Donetsk Kharkiv Lviv
Olympic Stadium
Reconstructed
Capacity: 70,050[34]
Donbass Arena
Built for tournament
Capacity: 52,187[35]
Metalist Stadium
Reconstructed
Capacity: 40,003[36]
Arena Lviv
Built for tournament
Capacity: 34,915[37]
3 matches in Group D,
1 quarter-final and
the final
3 matches in Group D,
1 quarter-final and
1 semi-final
3 matches in Group B 3 matches in Group B
Kyiv NSC Olimpiyskyi 8.jpg 2014. Донбасс Арена (14030720295).jpg Stadion Metalist1.jpg Arena Lviv 2012.jpg

Ticketing

Tickets for the venues were sold directly by UEFA via its website, or distributed by the football associations of the 16 finalists. Applications had to be made during March 2011 for the 1.4 million tickets available for the 31 tournament matches.[38] Over 20,000 were forecast to cross the Poland–Ukraine border each day during the tournament.[39] Over 12 million applications were received, which represented a 17% increase on the 2008 finals, and an all-time record for the UEFA European Championship.[40] Owing to this over-subscription for the matches, lotteries were carried out to allocate tickets. Prices varied from €30 (£25) (for a seat behind the goals at a group match) to €600 (£513) (for a seat in the main stand at the final). In addition to individual match tickets, fans could buy packages to see either all matches played by one team, or all matches at one specific venue.[41]

Team base camps

Each team had a "team base camp" for its stay between the matches. From an initial list of thirty-eight potential locations (twenty-one in Poland, seventeen in Ukraine),[42] the national associations chose their locations in 2011. The teams trained and resided in these locations throughout the tournament, travelling to games staged away from their bases.[43] Thirteen teams stayed in Poland and three in Ukraine.[43]

Team Arrival Last match Base camp Group stage venues QF venues SF venues Final venue
 Croatia 5 June 18 June Warka
Near Warsaw
Gdańsk and Poznań
 Czech Republic 3 June 21 June Wrocław Wrocław Warsaw
 Denmark 4 June 17 June Kołobrzeg Kharkiv and Lviv
 England 6 June 24 June Kraków Kiev and Donetsk Kiev
 France 6 June 23 June Donetsk Kiev and Donetsk Donetsk
 Germany 3 June 28 June Gdańsk Kharkiv and Lviv Gdańsk Warsaw
 Greece 3 June 22 June Jachranka
Near Warsaw
Warsaw and Wrocław Gdańsk
 Republic of Ireland 5 June 18 June Sopot
Near Gdańsk
Gdańsk and Poznań
 Italy 5 June 1 July Kraków Gdańsk and Poznań Kiev Warsaw Kiev
 Netherlands 4 June 17 June Kraków Kharkiv
 Poland 28 May 16 June Warsaw Warsaw and Wrocław
 Portugal 4 June 27 June Opalenica
Near Poznań
Kharkiv and Lviv Warsaw Donetsk
 Russia 3 June 16 June Warsaw Warsaw and Wrocław
 Spain 5 June 1 July Gniewino
Near Gdańsk
Gdańsk Donetsk Donetsk Kiev
 Sweden 6 June 19 June Kiev Kiev
 Ukraine 6 June 19 June Kiev Kiev and Donetsk
  •    Poland
  •    Ukraine

Match ball

Monumental Adidas Tango 12 in Kiev

The Adidas Tango 12 was the official match ball of UEFA Euro 2012.[44] The ball is named after the original Adidas Tango family of footballs; however, the Tango 12 and its variations have a completely new design. Variations of the ball have been used in other contemporary competitions including the Africa Cup of Nations and the Summer Olympics. It is designed to be easier to dribble and control than the reportedly unpredictable Adidas Jabulani used at the 2010 FIFA World Cup.[45]

Squads

Each national team had to submit a squad of 23 players, three of whom must be goalkeepers, at least ten days before the opening match of the tournament. If a player became injured or ill severely enough to prevent his participation in the tournament before his team's first match, he would be replaced by another player.[46]

Match officials

On 20 December 2011, UEFA named twelve referees and four fourth officials for Euro 2012.[47] On 27 March 2012, UEFA issued the full list of 80 referees to be used in Euro 2012, including the assistant referees, the additional assistant referees, and the four reserve assistant referees.[48] Each refereeing team consisted of five match officials from the same country: one main referee, two assistant referees, and two additional assistant referees. All of the main referees, additional assistant referees, and fourth officials were FIFA referees, and the assistant referees (including the four reserve assistant referees) were FIFA assistant referees.[49][50] For each refereeing team, a third assistant referee from each country was named to remain on standby until the start of the tournament to take the place of a colleague if required.[50] In two cases, for the French and Slovenian refereeing teams, the standby assistant referees took the place of one of the assistant referees before the start of the tournament. Continuing the experiments carried out in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League, the two additional assistant referees were used on the goal line for the first time in European Championship history with approval from the International Football Association Board.[47]

Country Referee Assistant referees Additional assistant referees Matches refereed
England England Howard Webb Michael Mullarkey
Peter Kirkup[A]
Stephen Child (standby)
Martin Atkinson
Mark Clattenburg
Russia–Czech Republic (Group A)
Italy–Croatia (Group C)
Czech Republic–Portugal (Quarter-final)
France France Stéphane Lannoy Frédéric Cano
Michaël Annonier
Eric Dansault (standby)
Fredy Fautrel
Ruddy Buquet
Germany–Portugal (Group B)
Greece–Czech Republic (Group A)
Germany–Italy (Semi-final)
Germany Germany Wolfgang Stark Jan-Hendrik Salver
Mike Pickel
Mark Borsch (standby)
Florian Meyer
Deniz Aytekin
Poland–Russia (Group A)
Croatia–Spain (Group C)
Hungary Hungary Viktor Kassai Gábor Erős
György Ring
Róbert Kispál (standby)
István Vad
Tamás Bognár
Spain–Italy (Group C)
England–Ukraine (Group D)
Italy Italy Nicola Rizzoli Renato Faverani
Andrea Stefani
Luca Maggiani (standby)
Gianluca Rocchi
Paolo Tagliavento
France–England (Group D)
Portugal–Netherlands (Group B)
Spain–France (Quarter-final)
Netherlands Netherlands Björn Kuipers Sander van Roekel[A]
Erwin Zeinstra
Norbertus Simons (standby)
Pol van Boekel
Richard Liesveld
Republic of Ireland–Croatia (Group C)
Ukraine–France (Group D)
Portugal Portugal Pedro Proença Bertino Miranda
Ricardo Santos
Tiago Trigo (standby)
Jorge Sousa
Duarte Gomes
Spain–Republic of Ireland (Group C)
Sweden–France (Group D)
England–Italy (Quarter-final)
Spain–Italy (Final)
Scotland Scotland Craig Thomson Alasdair Ross
Derek Rose
Graham Chambers (standby)
William Collum
Euan Norris
Denmark–Portugal (Group B)
Czech Republic–Poland (Group A)
Slovenia Slovenia Damir Skomina Primož Arhar
Matej Žunič
Marko Stančin (standby)
Matej Jug
Slavko Vinčić
Netherlands–Denmark (Group B)
Sweden–England (Group D)
Germany–Greece (Quarter-final)
Spain Spain Carlos Velasco Carballo Roberto Alonso Fernández
Juan Carlos Yuste Jiménez
Jesús Calvo Guadamuro (standby)
David Fernández Borbalán
Carlos Clos Gómez
Poland–Greece (Group A)
Denmark–Germany (Group B)
Sweden Sweden Jonas Eriksson Stefan Wittberg
Mathias Klasenius
Fredrik Nilsson (standby)
Markus Strömbergsson
Stefan Johannesson
Netherlands–Germany (Group B)
Greece–Russia (Group A)
Turkey Turkey Cüneyt Çakır Bahattin Duran
Tarık Ongun
Mustafa Emre Eyisoy (standby)
Hüseyin Göçek
Bülent Yıldırım
Ukraine–Sweden (Group D)
Italy–Republic of Ireland (Group C)
Portugal–Spain (Semi-final)
  1. ^ a b Peter Kirkup was replaced by Dutch assistant Sander van Roekel for the match Czech Republic–Portugal

Four match officials, who served only as fourth officials, and four reserve assistant referees were also named:[47][48]

Group stage

UEFA announced the schedule for the 31 matches of the final tournament in October 2010,[51] with the final confirmation of kick-offs times being affirmed following the tournament draw in December 2011.[52]

The teams finishing in the top two positions in each of the four groups progressed to the quarter-finals, while the bottom two teams were eliminated from the tournament.[53]

Tiebreakers

If two or more teams were equal on points on completion of the group matches, the following tie-breaking criteria were applied:[46][54]

  1. Higher number of points obtained in the matches played between the teams in question;
  2. Superior goal difference resulting from the matches played between the teams in question;
  3. Higher number of goals scored in the matches played between the teams in question;
  4. If, after having applied criteria 1 to 3, teams still had an equal ranking (e.g. if criteria 1 to 3 were applied to three teams that were level on points initially and these criteria separated one team from the other two who still have an equal ranking), criteria 1 to 3 would be reapplied exclusively to the matches between the teams who were still level to determine their final rankings. If this procedure did not lead to a decision, criteria 5 to 9 would apply;
  5. Superior goal difference in all group matches;
  6. Higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
  7. If two teams tie alone (according to 1–5) after having met in the last round of the group stage their ranking is determined by penalty shoot-out.
  8. Position in the UEFA national team coefficient ranking system;
  9. Fair play conduct of the teams (final tournament);
  10. Drawing of lots.

Group A

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Czech Republic 3 2 0 1 4 5 −1 6 Advance to knockout phase
2  Greece 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
3  Russia 3 1 1 1 5 3 +2 4
4  Poland (H) 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.

8 June 2012 (2012-06-08)
18:00 CEST
Poland  1–1  Greece
Lewandowski Goal 17' Report Salpingidis Goal 51'

8 June 2012 (2012-06-08)
20:45 CEST
Russia  4–1  Czech Republic
Report Pilař Goal 52'
Stadion Miejski, Wrocław
Attendance: 40,803[56]
Referee: Howard Webb (England)

12 June 2012 (2012-06-12)
18:00 CEST
Greece  1–2  Czech Republic
Gekas Goal 53' Report
Stadion Miejski, Wrocław
Attendance: 41,105[57]
Referee: Stéphane Lannoy (France)

12 June 2012 (2012-06-12)
20:45 CEST
Poland  1–1  Russia
Błaszczykowski Goal 57' Report Dzagoev Goal 37'
Stadion Narodowy, Warsaw
Attendance: 55,920[58]
Referee: Wolfgang Stark (Germany)

16 June 2012 (2012-06-16)
20:45 CEST
Czech Republic  1–0  Poland
Jiráček Goal 72' Report
Stadion Miejski, Wrocław
Attendance: 41,480[59]
Referee: Craig Thomson (Scotland)

16 June 2012 (2012-06-16)
20:45 CEST
Greece  1–0  Russia
Karagounis Goal 45+2' Report
National Stadium, Warsaw
Attendance: 55,614[60]
Referee: Jonas Eriksson (Sweden)

Group B

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Germany 3 3 0 0 5 2 +3 9 Advance to knockout phase
2  Portugal 3 2 0 1 5 4 +1 6
3  Denmark 3 1 0 2 4 5 −1 3
4  Netherlands 3 0 0 3 2 5 −3 0
Source: UEFA

9 June 2012 (2012-06-09)
19:00 EEST
Netherlands  0–1  Denmark
Report Krohn-Dehli Goal 24'
Metalist Stadium, Kharkiv
Attendance: 35,923[61]
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)

9 June 2012 (2012-06-09)
21:45 EEST
Germany  1–0  Portugal
Gómez Goal 72' Report
Arena Lviv, Lviv
Attendance: 32,990[62]
Referee: Stéphane Lannoy (France)

13 June 2012 (2012-06-13)
19:00 EEST
Denmark  2–3  Portugal
Bendtner Goal 41'80' Report
Arena Lviv, Lviv
Attendance: 31,840[63]
Referee: Craig Thomson (Scotland)

13 June 2012 (2012-06-13)
21:45 EEST
Netherlands  1–2  Germany
Van Persie Goal 73' Report Gómez Goal 24'38'
Metalist Stadium, Kharkiv
Attendance: 37,750[64]
Referee: Jonas Eriksson (Sweden)

17 June 2012 (2012-06-17)
21:45 EEST
Portugal  2–1  Netherlands
Ronaldo Goal 28'74' Report Van der Vaart Goal 11'
Metalist Stadium, Kharkiv
Attendance: 37,445[65]
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)

17 June 2012 (2012-06-17)
21:45 EEST
Denmark  1–2  Germany
Krohn-Dehli Goal 24' Report
Arena Lviv, Lviv
Attendance: 32,990[66]
Referee: Carlos Velasco Carballo (Spain)

Group C

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Spain 3 2 1 0 6 1 +5 7 Advance to knockout phase
2  Italy 3 1 2 0 4 2 +2 5
3  Croatia 3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 4
4  Republic of Ireland 3 0 0 3 1 9 −8 0
Source: UEFA

10 June 2012 (2012-06-10)
18:00 CEST
Spain  1–1  Italy
Fàbregas Goal 64' Report Di Natale Goal 61'
PGE Arena, Gdańsk
Attendance: 38,869[67]
Referee: Viktor Kassai (Hungary)

10 June 2012 (2012-06-10)
20:45 CEST
Republic of Ireland  1–3  Croatia
St Ledger Goal 19' Report
Stadion Miejski, Poznań
Attendance: 39,550[68]
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)

14 June 2012 (2012-06-14)
18:00 CEST
Italy  1–1  Croatia
Pirlo Goal 39' Report Mandžukić Goal 72'
Stadion Miejski, Poznań
Attendance: 37,096[69]
Referee: Howard Webb (England)

14 June 2012 (2012-06-14)
20:45 CEST
Spain  4–0  Republic of Ireland
Report
PGE Arena, Gdańsk
Attendance: 39,150[70]
Referee: Pedro Proença (Portugal)

18 June 2012 (2012-06-18)
20:45 CEST
Croatia  0–1  Spain
Report Navas Goal 88'
PGE Arena, Gdańsk
Attendance: 39,076[71]
Referee: Wolfgang Stark (Germany)

18 June 2012 (2012-06-18)
20:45 CEST
Italy  2–0  Republic of Ireland
Report
Stadion Miejski, Poznań
Attendance: 38,794[72]
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)

Group D

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  England 3 2 1 0 5 3 +2 7 Advance to knockout phase
2  France 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
3  Ukraine (H) 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
4  Sweden 3 1 0 2 5 5 0 3
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.

11 June 2012 (2012-06-11)
19:00 EEST
France  1–1  England
Nasri Goal 39' Report Lescott Goal 30'
Donbass Arena, Donetsk
Attendance: 47,400[73]
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)

11 June 2012 (2012-06-11)
21:45 EEST
Ukraine  2–1  Sweden
Shevchenko Goal 55'62' Report Ibrahimović Goal 52'
Olympic Stadium, Kiev
Attendance: 64,290[74]
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)

15 June 2012 (2012-06-15)
19:00 EEST
Ukraine  0–2  France
Report
Donbass Arena, Donetsk
Attendance: 48,000[75]
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)

15 June 2012 (2012-06-15)
22:00 EEST[note 1]
Sweden  2–3  England
Report
Olympic Stadium, Kiev
Attendance: 64,640[77]
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)

19 June 2012 (2012-06-19)
21:45 EEST
England  1–0  Ukraine
Rooney Goal 48' Report
Donbass Arena, Donetsk
Attendance: 48,700[78]
Referee: Viktor Kassai (Hungary)

19 June 2012 (2012-06-19)
21:45 EEST
Sweden  2–0  France
Report
Olympic Stadium, Kiev
Attendance: 63,010[79]
Referee: Pedro Proença (Portugal)

Knockout phase

Spain players holding the Henri Delaunay Trophy.

In the knockout phase, extra time and a penalty shoot-out were used to decide the winner if necessary.

As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there was no third-place match.

Bracket

 
Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
 
                   
 
21 June – Warsaw
 
 
 Czech Republic 0
 
27 June – Donetsk
 
 Portugal 1
 
 Portugal 0 (2)
 
23 June – Donetsk
 
 Spain (p) 0 (4)
 
 Spain 2
 
1 July – Kiev
 
 France 0
 
 Spain 4
 
22 June – Gdańsk
 
 Italy 0
 
 Germany 4
 
28 June – Warsaw
 
 Greece 2
 
 Germany 1
 
24 June – Kiev
 
 Italy 2
 
 England 0 (2)
 
 
 Italy (p) 0 (4)
 

Quarter-finals

21 June 2012 (2012-06-21)
20:45 CEST
Czech Republic  0–1  Portugal
Report Ronaldo Goal 79'
National Stadium, Warsaw
Attendance: 55,590[80]
Referee: Howard Webb (England)

22 June 2012 (2012-06-22)
20:45 CEST
Germany  4–2  Greece
Report
PGE Arena, Gdańsk
Attendance: 38,751[81]
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)

23 June 2012 (2012-06-23)
21:45 EEST
Spain  2–0  France
Alonso Goal 19'90+1' (pen.) Report
Donbass Arena, Donetsk
Attendance: 47,000[82]
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)

24 June 2012 (2012-06-24)
21:45 EEST
England  0–0 (a.e.t.)  Italy
Report
  Penalties  
2–4
Olympic Stadium, Kiev
Attendance: 64,340[83]
Referee: Pedro Proença (Portugal)

Semi-finals

27 June 2012 (2012-06-27)
21:45 EEST
Portugal  0–0 (a.e.t.)  Spain
Report
  Penalties  
2–4
Donbass Arena, Donetsk
Attendance: 48,000[84]
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)

28 June 2012 (2012-06-28)
20:45 CEST
Germany  1–2  Italy
Özil Goal 90+2' (pen.) Report Balotelli Goal 20'36'
National Stadium, Warsaw
Attendance: 55,540[85]
Referee: Stéphane Lannoy (France)

Final

1 July 2012 (2012-07-01)
21:45 EEST
Spain  4–0  Italy
Report
Olympic Stadium, Kiev
Attendance: 63,170[86]
Referee: Pedro Proença (Portugal)

Statistics

Goalscorers

Fernando Torres and Mario Balotelli (both with №9) in the final match
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
1 own goal

Awards

UEFA Team of the Tournament

The UEFA Technical Team was charged with naming a squad composed of the 23 best players over the course of the tournament.[87] The group of eleven analysts watched every game at the tournament before making their decision after the final. Ten players from the winning Spanish team were selected in the team of the tournament, while Zlatan Ibrahimović was the only player to be included whose team was knocked out in the group stage.[87][88]

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards
Germany Manuel Neuer
Italy Gianluigi Buffon
Spain Iker Casillas
Germany Philipp Lahm
Portugal Fábio Coentrão
Portugal Pepe
Spain Jordi Alba
Spain Gerard Piqué
Spain Sergio Ramos
England Steven Gerrard
Germany Sami Khedira
Germany Mesut Özil
Italy Andrea Pirlo
Italy Daniele De Rossi
Spain Xabi Alonso
Spain Sergio Busquets
Spain Andrés Iniesta
Spain Xavi
Italy Mario Balotelli
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
Spain Cesc Fàbregas
Spain David Silva
Sweden Zlatan Ibrahimović
Golden Boot

Fernando Torres tied with five other players on goals and with Mario Gómez on goals and assists; however, he played 92 fewer minutes than Gómez did, thus earning the title. Torres also became the first player to score in two finals.[3]

UEFA Player of the Tournament

Prizes

Prize money
Rank (unoff.) Team Million €
1  Spain 23.0
2  Italy 19.5
3  Germany 16.0
4  Portugal 15.0
5  England 12.5
6  Czech Republic 12.0
7  France,  Greece 11.5
9  Croatia,  Russia 10.5
11  Denmark,  Ukraine 10.0
13  Poland,  Sweden 9.0
15  Netherlands,  Republic of Ireland 8.0

A total of 196 million was given to the 16 teams competing in this tournament, an increase from the €184 million in the previous tournament. Each team received an initial €8 million and then received additional money, based on their performances.[91] Spain, the winners of Euro 2012, were awarded a total prize of €23 million for their performance.[92] The maximum prize achievable (for winning all group matches and winning the final) was €23.5 million. Complete list:

  • Prize for participating: €8 million

Extra payment based on teams performances:

  • Champions: €7.5 million
  • Runner-up: €4.5 million
  • Reaching the semi-finals: €3 million
  • Reaching the quarter-finals: €2 million
  • Finishing in third place in a group: €1 million
  • Winning a group match: €1 million
  • Drawing a group match: €500,000

Besides money, commemorative plaques were given to all participants together with special plaques for semi-final losers and finalists. Gold and silver medals were awarded to the winners and runners-up, respectively, whereas both semi-final losers were awarded bronze medals. The trophy given to the winners remains in the ownership of UEFA; however, the winning nation, Spain, received a full-size replica.[46]

Discipline

In the final tournament, a player was suspended for the subsequent match in the competition for either getting red card or accumulating two yellow cards in two different matches. UEFA's Control and Disciplinary body has the ability to increase the automatic one match ban for a red card (e.g. for violent conduct). Single yellow card cautions were erased at the conclusion of the quarter-finals, and were not carried over to the semi-finals (so that a player could only be suspended for the final by getting a red card in the semi-final). Single yellow cards and suspensions for yellow card accumulations do not carry over to the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification tournament matches.[46] The following players were suspended during the final tournament – for one or more games – as a result of red cards or yellow card accumulations:

Player Offences Suspensions
England Wayne Rooney Red card in qualification v Montenegro[93] Group D v France
Group D v Sweden
Greece Sokratis Papastathopoulos Yellow cardYellow cardRed card in Group A v Poland Group A v Czech Republic
Poland Wojciech Szczęsny Red card in Group A v Greece Group A v Russia
Germany Jérôme Boateng YC in Group B v Portugal
YC in Group B v Netherlands
Group B v Denmark
Greece Giorgos Karagounis YC in Group A v Poland
YC in Group A v Russia
Quarter-final v Germany
Greece José Holebas YC in Group A v Poland
YC in Group A v Russia
Quarter-final v Germany
Republic of Ireland Keith Andrews Yellow cardYellow cardRed card in Group C v Italy World Cup qualifying v Kazakhstan
France Philippe Mexès YC in Group D v Ukraine
YC in Group D v Sweden
Quarter-final v Spain
Italy Christian Maggio YC in Group C v Spain
YC in Quarter-final v England
Semi-final v Germany

Apart from discipline measures for yellow and red cards, UEFA fined the football associations of Croatia,[94][95] England,[96] Germany,[97] Portugal, Russia,[98][99][100] and Spain a total of €417,000 for spectators incidents.[101][102][103] Furthermore, the Portuguese association was fined €5,000 for delaying the start of the second half of the game against Germany.[102] In addition to these, Danish striker Nicklas Bendtner was fined €100,000 and given a one match ban (to be applied in the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification tournament) for revealing his sponsored underpants, violating UEFA regulations, during the celebration of his second goal in the match against Portugal.[104] His fine was later paid by his sponsor.[105]

Penalty kicks

Not counting penalty shoot-outs, four penalties were awarded during the tournament. Giorgos Karagounis was the only player who failed to convert his penalty, which occurred in the match against Poland.

Scored
Missed

Marketing

Trophy tour

The Henri Delaunay Trophy began a journey through the host cities seven weeks before the start of the tournament. A hundred days before the first match a 35.5-metre-high (116 ft) hot air balloon in the shape of the trophy was flown in Nyon, Switzerland and visited 14 cities throughout the host countries, reminding spectators of the impending tournament.[106] On 20 April 2012, the trophy tour started and visited the Polish cities of Warsaw, Wrocław, Gdańsk, Poznań, Kraków, Katowice and Łódź. After the Polish cities, the trophy visited seven Ukrainian cities: Kiev, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk, Lviv, and Odesa.[107][108]

Logo, slogan and theme songs

The competition slogan, Creating History Together (Polish: Razem tworzymy przyszłość, literally, "Together we are creating the future", Ukrainian: Творимо історію разом, Tvorymo istoriyu razom), was announced along with the logo.[109] The official logo for the tournament was unveiled at a special event at Mykhailivska Square, Kiev, on 14 December 2009 and was designed by Portuguese group Brandia Central.[110] It took its visual identity from Wycinanki or Vytynanky, a traditional form of paper cutting practised in rural areas of Poland and Ukraine. The art form symbolises the nature of the rural areas of both countries.[109][111] As part of the event, landmark buildings in the eight host cities were illuminated with the tournament logo.[112]

The official Euro 2012 song was "Endless Summer" by the German singer Oceana.[113] In addition, UEFA retained the melody that was composed by Rollo Armstrong of Faithless on its behalf for the 2008 tournament.[114][115] The Republic of Ireland also produced an official song: "The Rocky Road to Poland", recorded by a collaboration of Irish performers, quickly reached number 1 in Ireland and stayed there for three weeks.[116] In Spain, the broadcasting company Mediaset España commissioned the song "No hay 2 sin 3", performed by David Bisbal and Cali & El Dandee and produced by RedOne.[117]

The tournament was also associated with the song "Heart of Courage" by Two Steps From Hell, which was played in the stadiums during the entrance of the players (before the national anthems);[citation needed] and also "Seven Nation Army" by The White Stripes, in this case after every goal.[118]

Merchandise and mascots

The mascots Slavek & Slavko

UEFA signed a worldwide licensing agreement with Warner Brothers Consumer Products to help promote the tournament.[119] The agreement involved licensing to third parties for a variety of other merchandising items.[120]

Also designed by Warner Bros. were the official tournament mascots, "Slavek and Slavko", twins that wore the national colours of the two host nations. The mascots were unveiled in December 2010,[121] and named following an online poll.[122]

Video game

The UEFA Euro 2012 video game was released by EA Sports as a downloadable expansion pack for FIFA 12.[123]

Sponsorship

UEFA announced ten global sponsors and, for both Poland and Ukraine, three national sponsors as shown below.[124] These sponsorships together with the broadcasting revenues were estimated to earn UEFA at least US$1.6 billion.[125]

Global sponsors Event sponsors
Ukraine Poland

Broadcasting

According to UEFA requirements, TP ensured approximately 2х70 Gbit/sec data communication speed from Polish stadiums and 2х140 Gbit/sec between Poland and Ukraine. This was required due to the fact that the matches were broadcast in HD quality.[136] The multilateral production utilised 31 cameras to cover the action on and around the pitch at every match, with additional cameras following activities around the game, such as team arrivals at the stadiums, interviews, and media conferences.[137] The official Euro 2012 broadcasting centre was located at the Expo XXI International Centre in Warsaw.[136] The tournament was broadcast live by around 100 TV channels covering the whole world.[138] 150,000,000 people were expected to watch the matches each day.[139]

Concerns and controversies

Police in Warsaw before the match between Poland and Russia

After Poland and Ukraine were chosen by a vote of the UEFA Executive Committee as host countries for Euro 2012, several issues arose, which jeopardised the Polish/Ukrainian host status.

In Ukraine there were financial difficulties related to stadium and infrastructure renovation related to the economic crisis.[140] In Poland, issues arose related to corruption within the Polish Football Association.[141] In April 2009 however, the president of UEFA, Michel Platini announced that all was on track and that he saw no major problems. After a UEFA delegation visited Ukraine in September 2011, he stated the country was "virtually ready for Euro 2012".[142]

In the UK, there were allegations of racism in football in both host countries. The main cause of discussion was the BBC current affairs programme Panorama, entitled Euro 2012: Stadiums of Hate, which included recent footage of supporters chanting various antisemitic slogans and displays of white power symbols and banners in Poland, plus Nazi salutes and the beating of South Asians in Ukraine.[143] The documentary was first echoed in much of the British press, but was then attacked for being one-sided and unethical: critics included other British media outlets; anti-racism campaigners, black and Jewish community leaders in Poland; Polish and Ukrainian politicians and journalists; England fans visiting the host nations and Gary Lineker, a British football star.[144][145][146][147]

In response to Yulia Tymoshenko's hunger strike and her mistreatment in a Ukrainian prison some European politicians and governments announced that they would boycott the matches in Ukraine.[148][149]

Ukraine came under criticism from animal welfare organisations for killing stray cats and dogs in order to prepare for Euro 2012.[150] Ukrainian Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources and Minister of the Environment promised to take action to prevent killing animals but it still remains unclear how these measures were enforced.[151] The ministry's comments also suggested this would only be a temporary measure, drawing further criticism.[152][153][154]

Bomb explosions took place in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, on 27 April 2012 and were described as a terrorist attack that may jeopardise the organisation of the tournament in Ukraine.[155]

Other important issues were associated with FEMEN's group protests against prostitution and sex tourism in Ukraine, and enormous increases in hotel prices by many hoteliers in the country.[156][157]

In total, four nations were fined by UEFA for racist activities by their fans (none of them were hosts): Germany, Spain, Croatia and Russia.[158][159]

Notes

  1. ^ The match, originally scheduled for 22:00 local time, was delayed 15 minutes to prevent overlap with the other Group D match between Ukraine and France, which had been delayed due to rain.[76]

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External links

  • UEFA Euro 2012 at UEFA.com
  • Official Technical Report
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