U.S. Route 53

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

U.S. Route 53 marker

U.S. Route 53
US 53 highlighted in red
Route information
Length 404 mi[1] (650 km)
Existed 1926[citation needed] – present
Major junctions
South end US 14 / US 61 / WIS 16at La Crosse, Wis.
 
North end Highway 71 to Highway 11 / TCHat Fort Frances, ON
Location
States Wisconsin, Minnesota
Counties WI: La Crosse, Trempealeau, Eau Claire, Chippewa, Barron, Washburn, Douglas
MN: St. Louis, Koochiching
Highway system
  • Minnesota Trunk Highways
  • WIS 52 WI WIS 53
    US 52 MN MN 54

    U.S. Route 53, or U.S. Highway 53 (U.S. 53), is a north–south U.S. highway that runs for 403 miles (649 km) from La Crosse, Wisconsin to International Falls, Minnesota. It is the primary north–south route in northwestern Wisconsin, serving as a vital link between I-94 at Eau Claire, Wisconsin and the city of Duluth, Minnesota. The entire route from Eau Claire to the city limits of Superior, Wisconsin is a four lane divided highway. The highway's northern terminus is at the Fort Frances-International Falls Bridge in International Falls, Minnesota, at the Canada–US border. Its southern terminus is in La Crosse, Wisconsin, at U.S. Highway 14.

    Route description

    Wisconsin

    U.S. Highway 53 begins at its southern terminus with a junction at U.S. 14, U.S. 61, and Wisconsin Highway 16 in downtown La Crosse. From there, U.S. 53 crosses Interstate 90 and becomes a freeway bypass of Onalaska and Holmen before proceeding north to Eau Claire as a two-lane roadway. The interchange with Interstate 94 at Eau Claire begins a freeway / expressway stretch for U.S. 53 north to the city limits of Superior. The recently built (circa 2006) freeway in Eau Claire, bypasses most of the city, alleviating congestion on the original route (signed now as both "Business U.S. 53" and Hastings Way.) Business U.S. 53 / Hastings Way is a mix of grade-separated interchanges and at-grade intersections, and is routed through Eau Claire, passing within about one mile (1.6 km) of downtown Eau Claire. Other smaller towns between Eau Claire and Superior (Solon Springs and Minong) were bypassed in a similar manner.

    Wisconsin's first single-point urban interchange is found along the U.S. 53 bypass of Eau Claire, at its interchange with U.S. 12, in Altoona.[2] This interchange received the 2005 Outstanding Highway Construction award from the Bureau of Project Development.[3]

    U.S. 53 continues as a freeway north of Eau Claire past Chippewa Falls to Rice Lake, where it then becomes an expressway with only two grade-separated interchanges (one at Wisconsin Highway 70 near Spooner and one at Wisconsin Highway 13, immediately southeast of Superior). U.S. 53 has a partial grade-separated interchange with U.S. 2 at South Range, but traffic turning from U.S. 2 westbound onto U.S. 53 southbound must take a U-turn at an at-grade crossover past the interchange.

    After passing through the city of Superior as a four-lane city surface street (East Second Street) for a 5-mile (8.0 km) stretch, U.S. 53 then approaches the Saint Louis Bay. U.S. 53 then runs together with Interstate 535 and crosses the bay via the John Blatnik Bridge into Minnesota.

    Minnesota

    U.S. Highway 53 enters the state at the city of Duluth on the John Blatnik Bridge over the Saint Louis Bay. U.S. 53 is concurrent with I-535 for 2.8 miles (4.5 km) as it enters Minnesota.

    U.S. 53 / I-535 has an interchange with I-35 in Duluth, known locally as the "Can of Worms"; and features a pair of left exits from I-35, a stoplight, and lane drops over the I-35 bridge.[4]

    After its junction with I-35, U.S. 53 continues through Duluth on the recently upgraded Piedmont Avenue and Trinity Road for 3.5 miles (5.6 km).

    U.S. 53 is then concurrent with State Highway 194 for six miles (10 km), from Trinity Road in Duluth to Lindahl Road in the city of Hermantown. This four-lane stretch of Highways 53 and 194 are also known as the Miller Trunk Highway in the cities of Duluth and Hermantown.

    From Hermantown, the route proceeds north to the city of Virginia. The portion of the route from Duluth to Virginia is a four-lane expressway. U.S. 53 has a junction with State Highway 33 at the unincorporated community of Independence. Continuing northbound, U.S. 53 has an interchange with U.S. 169 in Virginia. Immediately north of Virginia, U.S. 53 has an interchange with State Highway 169 in Wuori Township.

    U.S. 53 then proceeds northwest to International Falls, where it has a junction with U.S. 71 and State Highway 11.

    U.S. Highway 53 in Minnesota passes through Saint Louis and Koochiching counties.

    Legally, the Minnesota section of U.S. 53 is defined as unmarked legislative routes 106, 11, and 315 in Minnesota Statutes §§ 161.115(37), (246), and 161.114(2). U.S. 53 is not marked with these legislative numbers along the actual highway.

    Designations

    • A portion of Highway 53 in Minnesota is officially designated the Voyageurs Highway. The Voyageurs Highway is a state designation that is also applied to various other state highways in Minnesota.
    • The 2008 Minnesota Legislature named Highway 53 between Superior Street and Central Entrance in the city of Duluth as Walter F. Mondale Drive. On June 12, 2008, this section of highway (Piedmont Avenue and Trinity Road) was dedicated as Walter F. Mondale Drive in honor of the former Vice President's public service.

    History

    U.S. Highway 53 was extended into Minnesota in 1934. When marked, it was paved from the Wisconsin border to its junction with U.S. 169 in Virginia, on a short segment between Britt and Idington, and from Cusson to the Canadian border.[5] The segment from Virginia to Britt was paved during that year,[6] and the remainder was paved in 1935.[7]

    A bypass around Virginia was completed in 1964; State Highway 135 was extended along the previous alignment through the city.[8]

    The expressway section between Duluth and Virginia was constructed by 1970, except the portion between Four Corners and Independence.

    A new four-lane divided highway section of U.S. 53 in Duluth was constructed in 2004. This section of the route is known locally as Piedmont Avenue. Previously, from 1934 to 2004, this same section of U.S. 53 was a narrow two-lane roadway that had proceeded up the hill to a seven-legged intersection that had included Duluth's Skyline Parkway. Locally, this now-defunct infamous intersection, had been known for 70 years by the name "Seven Corners".

    A new U.S. Highway 53 interchange with State Highway 169 in Wuori Township was built in 2006.

    A four-lane expressway from north of the city of Virginia to the south city limits of Cook was constructed beginning in 2009 as part of a long-range goal of providing a four-lane highway to Canada as part of the Falls-to-Falls Corridor. The first stage, from approximately County Road 307 to 0.25 miles south of County Road 652 (Goodell Road), was completed in 2009;[9] the second stage was completed in the fall of 2013.

    Relocation between Eveleth and Virginia

    On May 5, 2010, Cliffs Natural Resources provided notice to the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) that U.S. Highway 53 easement rights across the United Taconite Mine, per a 1960 agreement, would be terminated to allow for expansion of the mine. United Taconite and MnDOT negotiated an agreement to move the roadway by 2017.[10]

    There were three rerouting options proposed:[11]

    The East route was selected for the project and construction began in November 2015,[12] with the realignment reaching completion in 2017. On September 15, the new roadway was opened, with a dedication of the bridge spanning the Rouchleau Pit. The bridge is the tallest in the state at 204 feet (62 m) in height.[13]

    Falls-to-Falls Corridor

    The Falls-to-Falls Corridor (officially The Falls-to-Falls Corridor—United States Route 53 from International Falls on the Minnesota/Canada border to Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin) is, by the United States federal government, a recognized trade corridor.

    In the 1990s, the federal government listed the corridor as a priority for development. The primary development planned is infrastructure-related, specifically, a highway improvement project designed to spur economic development in northwestern Wisconsin and northeastern Minnesota by upgrading U.S. Highway 53 to full expressway standards from Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin to International Falls, Minnesota. Interstate Highway 535 forms the only section of the route that is part of the Interstate Highway System.

    Wisconsin

    With the exception of a 5-mile (8.0 km) stretch as a four-lane city surface street (East Second Street) in the city of Superior, the entire route within Wisconsin is completed to freeway or expressway standards. On the south end of the corridor, the connection to Interstate Highway 94 is a 7.5-mile (12.1 km) stretch through the Eau Claire-Chippewa Falls conurbation. After years of legal and political wrangling, the decision was made in the late 1990s to bypass the current route, rather than to upgrade the present highway to freeway standards. The northern half of this bypass, as far south as WIS 312 was opened to traffic in mid-2005. The southern half of the bypass, which includes a new pair of multilane bridges over the Eau Claire River, goes mostly through Altoona and includes new interchanges with WIS 312, U.S. Highway 12 and WIS 93. This project won multiple awards in 2005 and 2006.[3] This section of the bypass was opened mid-morning on August 21, 2006.

    Minnesota

    Federal funding for the project in northern Minnesota was $940,000 in 2003 and nearly $600,000 in 2004.[14] At present, with the exception of 3.5 miles (5.6 km) stretch within the city of Duluth (Piedmont Avenue and Trinity Road), the route is completed as expressway as far north as the north side of the city of Virginia, leaving approximately 90 miles (140 km) of the route as-yet incomplete. A section between Virginia and Cook was recently turned into a 4-lane highway.

    Major intersections

    State County Location mi[1][15] km Exit[16] Destinations Notes
    Wisconsin La Crosse La Crosse 0 0.0 WIS 16 east (Cameron Street) / US 14 east / US 61 / Great River Road south / I-90 Alt. Cameron St. is a one-way street; southern terminus of southbound US 53; I-90 Alt. follows US 14/WI 16 (Cameron St.); road continues as US 14 east/US 61/GRR south (3rd Street south)
    WIS 16 (Cass Street) / US 14 west / US 61 north / Great River Road / I-90 Alt. west – La Crescent Cass St. is a one-way street; southern terminus of northbound US 53; I-90 Alt. follows US 14/WI 16 west (Cass St.); road continues north from US 14/US 61/GRR (4th Street)
    WIS 35 south (George Street) Southern end of WIS 35 overlap
    4 6.4 I-90 west / WIS 35 north / Great River Road north – Minnesota, Onalaska Northern end of WIS 35 overlap; southern end of I-90 overlap; I-90 exit 3
    Onalaska I-90 east / WIS 157 east – Madison, LaCrosse South end of expressway; northern end of I-90 overlap; southern end of WIS 157 overlap; I-90 exit 4
    6 WIS 157 west / CTH-OS (Main Street) Northern end of WIS 157 overlap
    7 CTH-S (Sand Lake Road)
    Holmen 9 CTH-OT – Midway
    11 WIS 35 south / CTH-HD / Great River Road (Holmen Drive) Southern end of WIS 35 overlap
    13 CTH-MH (McHugh Road)
    15 WIS 35 north / CTH-HD / Great River Road – Holmen, Trempealeau
    WIS 93 begins
    North end of expressway; northern end of WIS 35 overlap; southern end of WIS 93 overlap
    Trempealeau Town of Gale WIS 54 east – Melrose Eastern end of WIS 54 overlap
    Galesville 23 37 WIS 54 west / WIS 93 north – Centerville Western end of WIS 54 overlap; northern end of WIS 93 overlap
    Blair WIS 95 east – Blair, Hixton Eastern end of WIS 95 overlap
    Town of Preston WIS 95 west – Arcadia Western end of WIS 95 overlap
    Whitehall WIS 121 west – Independence Southern end of WIS 121 overlap
    Pigeon Falls WIS 121 east – Northfield Northern end of WIS 121 overlap
    Osseo 69 111 US 10 east – Fairchild, Neillsville Eastern end of US 10 overlap
    Town of Sumner 70 110 US 10 west – Mondovi Western end of US 10 overlap
    Eau Claire Eau Claire 86 138 84 I-94 – Madison, St. Paul Cloverleaf interchange; south end of freeway; southbound exits signed as 84A (east) and 84B (west); no exit numbers northbound
    85 CTH-AA / Golf Road
    86
    Bus. US 53 (Hastings Way) / WIS 93 south – La Crosse
    US 53 Business only signed northbound
    Altoona 89 143 87 US 12 (Clairemont Avenue) – Fairchild, Eau Claire Wisconsin's first SPUI[3]
    89 River Prairie Drive
    Eau Claire 90 WIS 312 / CTH-Q (North Crossing)
    Chippewa Lake Hallie 92 Melby Street
    94
    Bus. US 53 / WIS 124 / CTH-OO – Chippewa Falls, Lake Hallie
    95 WIS 29 – Menomonie, Green Bay Signed as exits 95A (east) and 95B (west)
    Chippewa Falls 96
    Bus. WIS 29 / CTH-X – Menomonie, Chippewa Falls
    Town of Tilden 99 CTH-S – Chippewa Falls, Jim Falls
    102 CTH-B – Tilden
    Bloomer 110 WIS 40 – Bloomer, Colfax
    Town of Bloomer 112 WIS 64 – Cornell, New Richmond
    New Auburn 118 CTH-M – New Auburn
    Barron Town of Chetek 126 CTH-I – Chetek
    Cameron 137 220 135 US 8 – Barron, Cameron
    Rice Lake 140 CTH-O – Rice Lake
    143 WIS 48 – Rice Lake, Cumberland
    Oak Grove 26th Avenue At-grade intersection; north end of freeway
    150 CTH-V – Haugen Interchange
    Washburn Town of Sarona WIS 253 north – Spooner
    Town of Spooner 165 WIS 70 – Spooner, Stone Lake Interchange
    167 269 168 US 63 south – Spooner, Shell Lake Interchange; southern end of US 63 overlap
    Town of Trego 183 295 US 63 north – Hayward, Ashland Northern end of US 63 overlap
    Minong WIS 77 – Minong, Danbury
    Douglas Town of Amnicon 226 364 US 2 east – Ashland Interchange; southern end of US 2 overlap; no southbound entrance
    CTH-C to US 53 south – Spooner, Eau Claire Provides U-turn to US 53 south for travelers coming from US 2 west
    Town of Parkland 227 WIS 13 south / CTH-Z / LSCT east – Port Wing, Bayfield Interchange
    Superior 237 381 US 2 / LSCT west – Duluth Northern end of US 2 overlap
    239 385 I-535 begins / WIS 35 south – Duluth South end of freeway; southern end of I-535 overlap
    St. Louis Bay 240
    0.000
    390
    0.000
    John A. Blatnik Bridge
    Minnesota St. Louis Duluth 0.536–
    0.705
    0.863–
    1.135
    Garfield Avenue
    1.421–
    1.675
    2.287–
    2.696
    I-35 / I-535 ends / LSCT – St. Paul, Minneapolis Northern end of I-535 overlap
    W. Superior Street / 21st Avenue N.
    6th Street At-grade intersection; north end of freeway
    MN 194 east (Central Entrance) Southern end of MN 194 overlap
    Hermantown 11.526 18.549 MN 194 west to US 2 – Grand Rapids Northern end of MN 194 overlap
    New Independence Township 24.134 38.840 MN 33 south – Cloquet
    Fayal Township 55.871 89.916 MN 37 west – Hibbing Interchange; southern end of MN 37 overlap
    Eveleth 60.028–
    60.530
    96.606–
    97.414
    MN 37 east – Gilbert Interchange; northern end of MN 37 overlap
    Virginia 63.054–
    63.506
    101.476–
    102.203
    MN 135 north – Gilbert Interchange
    65.716–
    66.029
    105.760–
    106.263
    US 169 south – Mountain Iron, Hibbing, Grand Rapids Interchange
    Wuori Township 70.387–
    71.031
    113.277–
    114.313
    MN 169 north – Tower, Ely Interchange
    Sherman Corner 87.140 140.238 MN 1 east – Tower, Ely Southern end of MN 1 overlap
    Field Township 94.168 151.549 MN 1 west – Effie, Northome Northern end of MN 1 overlap
    101.030 162.592 MN 73 south – Chisholm, Hibbing
    Koochiching Ray 146.275 235.407 MN 217 west – Littlefork
    International Falls 163.968 263.881 MN 11 west (3rd Avenue) Western end of MN 11 overlap
    164.040 263.997 MN 11 east (4th Street) – Island View Eastern end of MN 11 overlap
    164.105 264.101 US 71 south (3rd Street) – Bemidji Southern end of US 71 overlap
    164.361 264.513 Highway 71 north – Fort Frances Northern end of US 71 overlap; northern terminus of US 53 and US 71; road continues into Canada as Ontario Hwy. 71
    1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

    See also

    References

    1. ^ a b "U.S. Route Number Database". Transportation.org. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Retrieved August 5, 2018. 
    2. ^ Chris Bessert. Wisconsin Highways - Highway 53 2006, URL accessed 2006 December 31
    3. ^ a b c "US 53 project". Wisconsin Department of Transportation. October 3, 2006. Archived from the original on October 7, 2006. 
    4. ^ Google (June 8, 2009). "overview map and aerial photo of the Can of Worms" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 8, 2009. 
    5. ^ 1934 Map of Trunk Highway System, State of Minnesota (Map). Cartography by McGill-Warner Co. Minnesota Highway Department. May 1, 1934. § L-3 to O-10. Retrieved September 14, 2018. 
    6. ^ 1935 Map of Trunk Highway System, State of Minnesota (Map). Cartography by McGill-Warner Co. Minnesota Highway Department. April 1, 1935. § L-3 to O-10. Retrieved September 14, 2018. 
    7. ^ 1936 Map of Trunk Highway System, State of Minnesota (Map). Cartography by McGill-Warner Co. Minnesota Highway Department. April 1, 1936. § L-3 to O-10. Retrieved September 14, 2018. 
    8. ^ Construction Project Log Record, Control Section 6918 (PDF), Minnesota Highway Department, retrieved September 14, 2018 
    9. ^ "U.S. Highway 53 from Virginia to Cook – Four-lane expansion improvement project". Minnesota Department of Transportation. 2009. Archived from the original on November 2, 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
    10. ^ "U.S. Highway 53 Relocation between Eveleth and Virginia". Minnesota Department of Transportation. May 5, 2010. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
    11. ^ "Highway 53 Realignment Study - United Taconite" (PDF). Short Elliot Hendrickson Inc. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2015 – via Minnesota Department of Transportation. 
    12. ^ "MnDOT to relocate highway to make room for now-idled iron mine". St. Paul Pioneer Press. November 3, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2018. 
    13. ^ Slater, Brady (September 16, 2017). "Tallest bridge in Minnesota is dedicated. You can drive over it really soon". St. Paul Pioneer Press. Retrieved September 15, 2018. 
    14. ^ "U.S. Transportation Secretary Mineta Announces $3.8 for Minnesota Transportation Projects". U.S. Department of Transportation. May 4, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2010. 
    15. ^ Minnesota Department of Transportation. "Statewide Trunk Logpoint Listing" (PDF). St. Paul: Minnesota Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 22, 2010. 
    16. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation. "Exit numbers on US 53". Retrieved 2007-12-12. 

    External links

    Route map: Google

    KML is from Wikidata
    • Endpoints of U.S. Highway 53
    • Details of Routes 51 to 75. Steve Riner's Unofficial Minnesota Highways Page
    Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=U.S._Route_53&oldid=859691944"
    This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Route_53
    This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "U.S. Route 53"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA