Type 054A frigate

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People's Liberation Army (Navy) frigate PLA(N) Yueyang (FF 575) steams in formation with 42 other ships and submarines during Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise 2014.jpg
Type 054A frigate 575 Yueyang
Class overview
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force
Preceded by: Type 054 frigate
Cost: ¥ 1.4 billion[1]
In commission: 2008–present[2]
Active: 28[3]
General characteristics
Type: Frigate
Displacement: 4,053 tonnes (full) (CCTV report)
Length: 134.1 m (440 ft) (CCTV report)
Beam: 16 m (52 ft) (CCTV report)
Propulsion: CODAD, 4 x Shaanxi 16 PA6 STC diesels, 5700 kW (7600+ hp @ 1084 rpm) each
Speed: 27 knots estimated
Range: 8,025 nautical miles (9,235 mi; 14,862 km) estimated
Complement: 165
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • 1 × 32-cell VLS
  • 2 × 4 C-803 anti-ship / land attack cruise missiles
  • 1 × PJ26 76 mm dual purpose gun
  • 2 × Type 730 7-barrel 30 mm CIWS guns or Type 1130
  • 2 × 3 324mm Yu-7 ASW torpedo launchers
  • 2 × 6 Type 87 240mm anti-submarine rocket launcher (36 rockets carried)
  • 2 × Type 726-4 18-tube decoy rocket launchers
Aircraft carried: 1 Kamov Ka-28 'Helix' or Harbin Z-9C
Aviation facilities: hangar

The Type 054A (NATO codename Jiangkai II) frigate is a class of Chinese multi-role frigates, the first of which entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force in 2007. As of August 2018, 28 are in service.[3] It is a development of the Type 054 frigate, using the same hull but with improved sensors and weapons.

The Type 054A was first revealed while under construction at the Guangzhou-based Huangpu Shipyard in 2005.

Improvements over Type 054

The Type 054A carries HQ-16 medium-range air defence missiles and various anti submarine rockets in a VLS system. The HQ-16 provides area air defence from all engagement angles up to a range of 50 km, a considerable improvement over the HQ-7 carried on the Type 054 which have inferior range and limited engagement angles. Contrary to HQ-9 VLS on Type 052C destroyer which adopts a cold launch method, HQ-16 appears to adopt a hot launch method instead, with the same design principle of US Mk 41 VLS: a shared common exhaust system is sited between the two rows of rectangular launching tubes. The VLS system is also capable of firing anti-submarine missiles.[4]

The 4 AK-630 close-in weapon systems (CIWS) of the Type 054 were replaced with 2 Type 730 CIWS on the Type 054A. The autonomous Type 730 provides improved reaction time against close-in threats.[5]

The Type 054A retains its predecessor's stealth features, including sloped hull design, radar absorbent materials, and a clean profile.[6]

Type 054A+

An improved variant beginning with the 17th unit[7] launched from Huangpu Shipyard in 2009[8] has the 7-barrelled Type 730 CIWS replaced by the more capable 11-barrelled Type 1130, and is unofficially referred as Type 54A+.[9] Another reported improvement over the original Type 054A includes the incorporation of variable depth sonar and towed array sonar.[10]


Type 054A frigate made its first operational deployment to the Gulf of Aden, when 570 Huangshan set sail as part of 2nd Escort Flotilla/Task Group 167 on 2 April 2009, the Escort Flotilla arrived there on 13 April 2009, and took over form 1st Escort Flotilla/Task Group 169 on 15 April 2009. Since then, 11 Type 054A have deployed to the Gulf of Aden for anti-piracy operations.

In the lead-up to the Libyan civil war, 530 Xuzhou was deployed from anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden to help evacuate Chinese nationals from Libya.

In January 2014, 546 Yancheng was redeployed from anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden to the eastern Mediterranean Sea to escort Syrian chemical weapons destined for destruction.[11]


According to an estimate by The Diplomat, Type 054A frigates have a per-unit cost of USD$348 million.[12]


The Pakistan Navy ordered four Type 054As; the last two orders were announced on 1 June 2018. The ships are expected to enter service by 2021.[13] The steel-cutting ceremony for the second Type 054A frigate for the Pakistan Navy (PN) was held in China on 19 December, marking the beginning of construction of the vessel at the Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai. [14]


In January 2013, it was confirmed that China offered to sell three Type 054As to the Royal Thai Navy for USD$1 billion.[15] Instead, Thailand selected a derivative of the South Korean Gwanggaeto the Great-class destroyer from Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering.[16]

Ships of Class

 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
515[17] 滨州/ Binzhou[17] 29 December 2016[17] East Sea Fleet[17] Active[17]
530[18] 徐州/ Xuzhou[18] 27 January 2008[19] East Sea Fleet[19] Active[19]
536[20] 许昌/ Xuchang[20] 23 June 2017[20] South Sea Fleet[20] Active[20]
538[18][21] 烟台/ Yantai[18][21] North Sea Fleet[21] Active[21]
539[22] 芜湖/ Wuhu[22] Hudong-Zhonghua[22] 8 June 2016[22] 29 June 2017[22] North Sea Fleet[22] Active[22]
546[18][21] 盐城/ Yancheng[18][21] North Sea Fleet[21] Active[23]
547[18] 临沂/ Linyi[18] Active[24]
548[18] 益阳/ Yiyang[18] Active
549[18][25] 常州 / Changzhou[18][25] Active[25]
550[18] 潍坊 / Weifang[18] 2013[26] North Sea Fleet[26] Active[24]
568[18] 衡阳 / Hengyang[18] Active
569[18] 玉林 / Yulin[18] Active[27]
570[18] 黄山 / Huangshan[18] Active[28]
571[18][29] 运城 / Yuncheng[18][29] Active[29]
572[18] 衡水 / Hengshui[18] Active[30]
573[18] 柳州 / Liuzhou[18] 2013[26] South Sea Fleet[26] Active
574[18] 三亚 / Sanya Active
575[18] 岳阳 / Yueyang[18] Active
576[18][31] 大庆 / Daqing[31] Huangpu[31] Active
577[32] 黄冈 / Huanggang[32] Huangpu[32] January 2015[32] East Sea Fleet[32] Active[32]
578[33] 扬州 / Yangzhou [33] Active[32][33]
579[33] 邯郸 / Handan[33] Active[32][33]
598[2] 日照 / Rizhao[2] Huangpu[2] April 2017[2] 12 January 2018[2] North Sea Fleet[2] Active[2]


Comparable ships

Ships of comparable role and size:

See also


  1. ^ 这位政府部长会见红海行动导演:要给其当后勤部长
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Dominguez, Gabriel (15 January 2018). "PLAN inducts Type 054A frigate into North Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/2018/august-2018-navy-naval-defense-news/6466-china-s-28th-type-054a-frigate-commissioned-with-plan-south-sea-fleet.html
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 January 2007. Retrieved 27 March 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 August 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ China's 24th Type 054A Frigate Commissioned with PLAN South Sea Fleet – Navyrecognition.com, 24 June 2017
  8. ^ 1st Type 054A+ launced
  9. ^ "中国海军054A+版护卫舰曝光:换装1130近防炮!(by anonymous author, with other person's photograph)" (in Chinese). 中华网. p. 4. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  10. ^ "中国海军054A+版护卫舰曝光:换装1130近防炮!(by anonymous author, with other person's photograph)" (in Chinese). 中华网. p. 9. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  11. ^ http://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Chinese-warship-in-Cyprus-to-aid-Syrian-chemical-weapons-removal-337057
  12. ^ Gady, Franz-Stefan (December 29, 2016). "China Commissions New Stealth Warship Into East Sea Fleet". The Diplomat. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. The Binzhou is the 23rd Type 054A frigate on active duty with the PLAN and constitutes the cornerstone of China’s surface warfare capabilities. The PLAN expects to commission another four Type 054 frigates by 2018. According to a cost estimate published in The Diplomat, the per unit price is set at around $348 million.
  13. ^ Rahmat, Ridzwan (3 June 2018). "Pakistan signs for two more Type 054A frigates from China". Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  14. ^ "China begins work on Pakistan's second Type 054A frigate". 21 December 2018. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  15. ^ Grevatt, Jon (30 January 2013). "China offers Type 054 to meet Thai frigate requirement". Archived from the original on 7 June 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  16. ^ Rahmat, Ridzwan (23 January 2017). "DSME launches Thailand's first multipurpose frigate". Archived from the original on 24 January 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (30 December 2016). "China commissions 23rd Type 054A frigate into East Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2015). PLA Navy Identification Guide (PDF) (Report). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  19. ^ a b c ""徐州舰"正式命名入列 命名授旗仪式在舟山举行". People's Daily Online (in Chinese). 徐州日报. 29 January 2008. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  20. ^ a b c d e Tate, Andrew (26 June 2017). "Another Jiangkai II-class frigate enters service with the Chinese navy". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Yeo, Mike; Streetly, Martin (8 December 2014). "Chinese special mission aircraft cross Okinawa into West Pacific". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g Tate, Andrew (30 June 2017). "Chinese navy commissions 25th Jiangkai II-class frigate". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  23. ^ Hardy, James (14 May 2015). "US announces, then 'clarifies' B-1 deployment to Australia, ramps up South China Sea rhetoric". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  24. ^ a b Weening, Cornelius (2 December 2014). "China sends 19th naval escort piracy task force to Somalia". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  25. ^ a b c Rahmat, Ridzwan; Fisher, Richard D Jr (21 September 2014). "China sends destroyer, frigate to Iran in sign of growing naval ties". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  26. ^ a b c d Zhang, Tao, ed. (30 December 2013). "Newly-commissioned main battle ships of PLAN in 2013". mod.gov.cn. China Military Online. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  27. ^ Tate, Andrew (28 May 2015). "Simultaneous international drills show growing PLAN confidence". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  28. ^ http://www.shipspotting.com/gallery/photo.php?lid=1770888
  29. ^ a b c Tate, Andrew (13 January 2015). "PLAN ships call at Portsmouth". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  30. ^ Jean, Grace (20 August 2014). "USCG's fourth National Security Cutter passes acceptance trials as fifth vessel is named". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  31. ^ a b c Tate, Andrew (31 August 2014). "China adding towed sonars to Type 054A, Type 056 vessels". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h Rahmat, Ridzwan (20 January 2015). "China commissions Type 054A frigate into East Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  33. ^ a b c d e f http://www.janes.com/article/53139/china-commissions-second-type-052d-ddg-pushes-ahead-with-frigate-corvette-launches

External links

  • Chinese Defense Today page
  • Chinese Navy
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