Naval Air Station Albany

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Naval Air Station Albany
Turnerafb-ga-1948.jpg
Turner Field in 1948
Summary
Owner Seal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg United States Navy
Location Albany, Georgia
Built 1941
In use 1941-74
Coordinates 31°35′38″N 84°06′00″W / 31.594°N 84.100°W / 31.594; -84.100Coordinates: 31°35′38″N 84°06′00″W / 31.594°N 84.100°W / 31.594; -84.100
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
12,000 3,658

Naval Air Station Albany (formerly Turner Air Force Base and Turner Field) is a former United States Air Force and United States Navy military airfield located in Albany, Georgia.

History

Turner Field/Turner Army Airfield (1941-6)

In mid-1940 the U.S. Army Air Corps approached the city of Albany about the possibility of building a training base near Albany. The city raised the necessary money and purchased 4,753,817.5 acres of land which was then leased to the Army for $1 a year. Construction of the base and airfield by the United States Army Corps of Engineers began on 25 March 1941.[1]

Once operational, Turner Field was used for acclimatization training (for foreign trainees) and advanced flight training as part of the 30th Flying Training Wing. Primary flight training in the Boeing-Stearman PT-17 Kaydet was done at Darr Aero Tech also in Albany.[2] Under the Arnold Scheme some 5,000 Royal Air Force trainees were trained at Turner Field and Darr Aero Tech between 1941 and 1943.[3] In 1944 Turner Field began training Free French Air Forces pilots to fly the North American B-25 Mitchell of which more than 100 were based at Turner Field.[4]

Turner Field was deactivated between 15 August 1946 and 1 September 1947.

Turner Air Force Base (1947-66)

In late 1947, the airfield was upgraded and reactivated as Turner Air Force Base.

On 20 November 1947 the 31st Tactical Fighter Wing equipped with North American F-51 Mustangs moved there from Langley Field and would remain there until 25 August 1948.[5]

In 1950 the base was transferred from Continental Air Command (CAC) to Strategic Air Command (SAC).[6]

The 40th Air Division was based at Turner from 14 March 1951 to 1 April 1957.[7]

The 508th Fighter-Escort Wing (later renamed the 508th Strategic Fighter Wing) was based at Turner from July 1952 until 11 May 1956.[5]:275

The 4080th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing was established at Turner in May 1956 and based there until 1 April 1957.

The base was transferred from SAC to Tactical Air Command (TAC) in 1957 when SAC gave up its escort mission, however, the base would be returned to SAC on 1 January 1959 when the 822d Air Division was established there on 1 January 1959.[6]:74-5 The 822nd Air Division would remain at Turner until it was inactivated on 2 September 1966.[8] One of the component units of the 822nd Air Division was the 4138th Strategic Wing which was activated at Turner and received its first combat aircraft when the 336th Bombardment Squadron, equipped with 15 B-52 Stratofortresses moved to Turner from Biggs AFB, Texas. In February 1963, the 4138th Strategic Wing and 336th Bombardment Squadron were inactivated and the 484th Bombardment Wing was activated at Turner to assume the mission, aircraft, personnel and equipment of the 4138th wing.[5]:270-1

In December 1965 it was announced that Turner Air Force Base would be closed.[6]:111

Naval Air Station Albany (1967-74)

RVAH-14 RA-5C Vigilante over NAS Albany in 1969

The base was recommissioned as Naval Air Station Albany on 1 July 1967.[9]

With the impending closure of Naval Air Station Sanford, Reconnaissance Attack Wing One moved to NAS Albany and it became the main operational base for the Navy's North American RA-5C Vigilante until 1974 when operations were moved to NAS Key West, Florida.

Miller Brewing Company (1979-present)

In 1979 the Miller Brewing Company purchased part of the former base as a site for a new brewery.[10]

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ "History". Turner Field Miller Coors. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  2. ^ "Air Corps Training". Turner Field Miller Coors. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  3. ^ "British Training". Turner Field Miller Coors. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  4. ^ "Free French Training". Turner Field Miller Coors. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947–1977 (PDF). Office of Air Force History. p. 54. ISBN 0912799129. 
  6. ^ a b c Shaw, Frederick (2004). Locating Air Force Base Sites History’s Legacy (PDF). Air Force History and Museums Program. p. 76. ISBN 9780160724152. 
  7. ^ "Factsheet 40 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 5 October 2007. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  8. ^ "Factsheet 822 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 11 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  9. ^ "Vietnam Conflict". Turner Field Miller Coors. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  10. ^ "Miller Comes to Turner Field Albany, GA". Turner Field Miller Coors. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
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