Turks in India

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Turks in India
Total population
126 (2001 census)[1]
est. 250 (2010)[2]
Languages
Turkish, Urdu, Hindi, Tamil, Malayalam
Religion
Islam

Turks in India comprise Turkish expatriates and Turkish-origin people living in India. In the 1961 census, 58 people stated that their mother tongue was Turkish.[3] According to the 2001 census, 126 residents of India stated their place of birth as Turkey.[1] In a state visit during early 2010, Prime Minister Abdullah Gül of Turkey met Turkish expatriates living in India and handed out Hindi–Turkish dictionaries to Turkish students in New Delhi.[4] There is also a significant population of Turkic descendants who are known as Rowther. They are believed to have migrated to India at the time of the Ottoman Empire. They are a highly assimilated community and their gene pool is highly diversified. They are mostly found in Southern India, especially in present-day Kerala and Tamil Nadu.[5]

Etymology

It is often believed that the Turks came to India during the Slave dynasty.[6] Qutb al-Din Aibak, the founder of the Slave dynasty, can be considered as the one who established the presence of the Turks in India.[7] The second king of this dynasty, Iltutmish (1211-36), was known by the title 'Saiyid as-salatin at-turk wa-l-ajam', meaning the 'Master of the kings of the Turks and the Persians'.[8] There were said to be numerous Turkish nobles (amirs) in Delhi during the Slave dynasty.[9] He conquered Rohilkhand, a region in modern day Uttar Pradesh, and Turks settled in this region in the time of Ghiyasuddin Balban (1266-86).

Present

Today people of the Turkic diaspora in the Indian Subcontinent are integrated and blended into the society. Many people in the region have Turkic ancestry.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Census India 2001. "POPULATION CLASSIFIED BY PLACE OF BIRTH AND SEX" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  2. ^ Mehmet Ozkan (2010). "Can the Rise of 'New' Turkey Lead to a 'New' Era in India-Turkey Relations?" (PDF). New Delhi: Institute for Defence Studies & Analyses. p. 10. 
  3. ^ Census India 1961. "MOTHER TONGUES OF INDIA ACCORDING TO THE 1961 CENSUS". Retrieved 2009-03-19. 
  4. ^ "India Exclusive". Retrieved 27 October 2017. 
  5. ^ ravuthar.blogspot.com/2011/10/rawther-history.html
  6. ^ "Istanbul opens its eyes to Rohilkhand's 11 lakh Turks - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-11-03. 
  7. ^ "T.Y.B.A History Paper- IV". p. 21. 
  8. ^ Wink, Andre (1997). AL-HIND The Making of the Indo-Islamic World, Volume II The Slave Kings and the Islamic Conquest 11th-13th Centuries. Brill. p. 155. 
  9. ^ "T.Y.B.A History Paper- IV". p. 24. 
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