Turkish National Division

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Millî Küme
Founded 1937
Folded 1950
Country Turkey
Number of teams 8
Level on pyramid 1
Domestic cup(s) Prime Minister's Cup
Last champions Fenerbahçe (6th title)
(1950)
Most championships Fenerbahçe (6 titles)
Most appearances Turkey Cihat Arman (122)
Top goalscorer Turkey Hakkı Yeten (95)

The National Division or National League (Turkish: Millî Küme) was a top-level football competition organised by the Turkish Football Federation, including the most successful teams from Istanbul, Ankara, and İzmir in Turkey.[1] It was the first national league in Turkish football history.[2] The league was played from 1937 to 1950.

The top four clubs from Istanbul and the top two clubs from the Ankara and İzmir regional leagues made up the league roster, since the leagues of these three major cities were the strongest in those decades. An exception was made in 1941, when 1940 Turkish Football Championship winners Eskişehir Demirspor (the only club from outside the three major cities) and a third club from Ankara were included. The matches in Ankara were played at 19 Mayıs Stadium, the matches in İzmir at Alsancak Stadium, and the matches in Istanbul at Taksim Stadium. The league was the most important and popular football competition in its era.[3]

Fenerbahçe are the most successful club, having won six titles.[4]

Champions

Name Year Winners Runners-up
Millî Küme 1937 Fenerbahçe (1) Galatasaray
Millî Küme 1938 Güneş (1) Beşiktaş
Millî Küme 1939 Galatasaray (1) Ankara Demirspor
Millî Küme 1940 Fenerbahçe (2) Galatasaray
Millî Küme 1941 Beşiktaş (1) Galatasaray
Millî Küme 1942
Not held as a result of the weather conditions and some international organizations delaying the regional leagues.
Maarif Kupası 1943 Fenerbahçe (3) Galatasaray
Maarif Kupası 1944 Beşiktaş (2) Fenerbahçe
Millî Eğitim Kupası 1945 Fenerbahçe (4) Beşiktaş
Millî Eğitim Kupası 1946 Fenerbahçe (5) Beşiktaş
Millî Eğitim Kupası 1947 Beşiktaş (3) Fenerbahçe
Millî Eğitim Kupası 1948
Not held due to the 1948 Summer Olympics in London.
Millî Eğitim Kupası 1949
Not held due to the Mediterranean Games.
Millî Eğitim Kupası 1950 Fenerbahçe (6) Galatasaray

Performance by club

Club Titles Runners-up Winning years
Fenerbahçe
6
2
1937, 1940, 1943, 1945, 1946, 1950
Beşiktaş
3
3
1941, 1944, 1947
Galatasaray
1
5
1939
Güneş
1
1938
Ankara Demirspor
1

Player records

  • All players are Turkish unless otherwise indicated.

See also

References

  1. ^ "...ilk deplasmanlı lig kapsamındaki Milli Küme maçları da yine bu dönemde tertip edilmiştir". www.tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  2. ^ "Milli Küme". Erdinç Sivritepe. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  3. ^ Yüce, Mehmet (2015). İdmancı Ruhlar: Futbol Tarihimizin Klasik Devreleri: 1923 - 1952. 2. İletişim Yayınları. p. 346. ISBN 9789750516955. 
  4. ^ "Turkey - List of Champions". RSSSF. Retrieved 25 February 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "Türkiye Milli Eğitim Kupası". mackolik.com. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
Sources
  • Yüce, Mehmet (2015). İdmancı Ruhlar: Futbol Tarihimizin Klasik Devreleri: 1923-1952 Türkiye Futbol Tarihi (in Turkish). 2. Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları. ISBN 9789750516955. 
  • Erdoğan Arıpınar; Tevfik Ünsi Artun, Cem Atabeyoğlu, Nurhan Aydın, Ergun Hiçyılmaz, Haluk San, Orhan Vedat Sevinçli, Vala Somalı (June 1992). Türk Futbol Tarihi (1904-1991) vol.1, Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Yayınları.
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